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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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Those who make Chitas for the month of Nisan possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח אברהם אהרן הלוי בן הוו״ח שניאור זלמן יששכר געציל רובאשקין
ליום היארצייט שלו ט׳ ניסן

L’ilui Nishmas
Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh ~ yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan

in honor of the engagement of Mendy Rapoport and Lakey Kulek
May the chasunah take place in a good and auspicious time,
and may they build a Binyan Adei Ad!


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Parshas Acharei - Shvi'i with Rashi

We learned yesterday that a Yid’s marriage is very holy!

The Torah says that the goyim in Eretz Yisroel were not acting in a very holy way. This bothered Hashem so much, that they were pushed out of Eretz Yisroel! Now that the Yidden are about to go into Eretz Yisroel, they need to be extra careful that they are not acting the way the goyim were. They need to act differently, since they are Hashem’s special nation!

- Two men can’t get married to each other.
- People can’t get married to animals.

If someone does these aveiros, even if the Beis Din can’t punish them, Hashem gives them a kind of kareis, cutting off their chayus from Hashem so they will pass away young, without having children.

Keeping these mitzvos shows that we understand that Hashem is in charge of the world, and knows what is good for us. We understand that He will punish us if we chas veshalom do these aveiros, and we understand that Hashem will reward us for acting the way He asks us to!



140 - 144

In one of today’s Kapitelach is a posuk we all know very well, because we say it every day at the end of davening! “Ach Tzadikim Yodu Lishmecha!”

In Tof-Shin-Mem-Daled (5744/1984), the Rebbe asked that EVERYONE, not only chassidim, should say this posuk after davening, and also to say Hareini before davening, to bring shalom in the world.



Likutei Amarim Perek Mem-Daled

Yesterday we learned about the kind of love for Hashem that a Yid can have where he feels that Hashem is his chayus and he wants very much to feel connected to that chayus, which he can do by learning Torah.

Today we learn about even a GREATER ahava for Hashem, where a person doesn’t think about himself, but only about what he can do for Hashem. This love is the way a child sometimes feels, where he is ready to do something for his parents without thinking about himself.

In the Zohar it talks about this kind of Ahavas Hashem as the way Moshe Rabbeinu felt.

EVERY YID has the same Father (Hashem), just like Moshe Rabbeinu! Through the Rebbe, the Moshe Rabbeinu of each generation, we receive the koach to feel a little taste of this kind of connection that Moshe Rabbeinu had for Hashem.

This Ahava is hiding, but we can “wake it up” so we will feel it. How do we wake it up? We need to talk about how Hashem is our true Father. Habits have a very special koach, that they can become part of us. So when we get into a habit of doing this, this kind of Ahavas Hashem will become part of us!



Chof-Tes Nisan

Today is fourteen days of the Omer!

The Alter Rebbe said a maamar to the Tzemach Tzedek called “Lehovin Inyan Nefesh Elokis” (about the neshama).

(This maamar is based on a posuk in Shlishi of Parshas Kedoshim, “Lo Sochlu,” which was the Chumash of Chof-Tes Nisan in the year the Hayom Yom was first written for.)

After the maamar, the Alter Rebbe said, “Nu, make the maamar even more geshmak!”

So the Tzemach Tzedek wrote down the Alter Rebbe’s maamar, and put notes of things he added, in [brackets]. Later, the Alter Rebbe said that the Tzemach Tzedek’s notes should be taken out of brackets, and should become part of the Alter Rebbe’s maamar!

Many years later, maamorim from the Rebbe Maharash were made into a sefer called “Likutei Torah L’Gimmel Parshios,” (maamorim for the first three parshios of the Torah). The Rebbe Rashab said to use this maamar of the Alter Rebbe as the hakdama (introduction) to this sefer!



Shiur #321 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #317, Asei #178

In today’s Rambam, we are finishing the set of halachos called Sanhedrin, and starting to learn Hilchos Eidus, which is all about witnesses. So today, we will have one mitzvah from Hilchos Sanhedrin, and one mitzvah about Eidus.

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #317) We aren’t allowed to curse another Yid.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: לֹא תְקַלֵּל חֵרֵשׁ

This posuk means, “You should not curse a person who is deaf.” The Rambam explains how we learn today’s mitzvah from this posuk:

When someone gets angry, he wants to take revenge — to hurt the other person the way he feels that he was hurt, to make things “fair.” Depending on how angry he is, he might think it is fair to destroy the other person’s things, or even to hurt him very badly! Then he will calm down and not be angry anymore.

If the other person did something small, he might only be a little angry. He will feel better after he screams at the other person, or even only curses him quietly, so the other person can’t hear.

We might think that there is nothing wrong with this! Why should it matter if we curse someone when he can’t hear, and it won’t hurt his feelings?

That’s why the Torah says “don’t curse a person who is deaf.” We might think, why should it matter if we curse someone who is deaf and can’t hear?

The Torah teaches us that the reason why not to curse another person is not only that the other person will hear and feel bad, but because WE shouldn’t be cursing other people! We are not allowed to let ourselves get angry and take revenge on another person.

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Shevuos perek Daled.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #178) If a person knows about something that Beis Din is judging, he needs to come be a witness, an Eid.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vayikra: וְהוּא עֵד אוֹ רָאָה אוֹ יָדָע

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin and Mesechta Shevuos.



Hilchos Sandhedrin - Eidus

Perek Chof-Hey: In this perek, we learn halachos about how a judge needs to treat his community. (This is probably important for ANY person who works with the community!) The Rambam reminds a judge not to act in a mean way to the people, because even if they are simple and not so ruchnius’dik, they are the children of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov!

Mr. George Rohr, a big Baal Tzedakah who supports many of the Rebbe’s mosdos, once came to the Rebbe. He wanted to share good news with the Rebbe, so he told the Rebbe about a minyan he organized for Yidden who didn’t have any Jewish background.

“What?!” the Rebbe asked. Mr. Rohr told the Rebbe again. “Go back to them and tell them that they DO have a Jewish background!” the Rebbe said. “They are all children of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov!”

Judges also need to be careful not to do things that would make people lose kavod for them, like getting drunk at parties.

We also learn that people need to have kavod for the Beis Din, and come if a Beis Din tells them to. The Beis Din is careful when they call someone, to make sure it is possible for him to come. For example, they don’t call people to come to a case on a Friday, because everyone is busy getting ready for Shabbos.

Perek Chof-Vov: Now the Rambam teaches halachos about the punishment for cursing. Even though there is already a mitzvah not to curse ANYONE, there is a special mitzvah not to curse a judge. Someone who does, gets malkos twice.

The last halacha reminds us how it is asur to go to a non-Jewish court (Arka’us). Yidden take care of their own disagreements in a Beis Din. Only if someone refuses to come to Beis Din are we allowed to take him to court.

Now we start a new set of halachos about witnesses.

Perek Alef: If someone is able to be a witness, he has a mitzvah to say what he knows in Beis Din.

We learn the way the judges ask the witnesses questions, in order that we can make sure they are really telling the truth, and that all of the witnesses agree. They first ask seven basic questions, about when and where the thing happened. Then they ask more details, like “Which melacha did he do?”

But the judges should also ask questions that don’t have to do with the specific thing, just to make sure that the person is telling the truth. For example, they will ask what color clothes the person was wearing.



Hilchos Shaar Avos HaTumos - Perek Yud-Alef

We learn about three levels of kedusha in foods. There is chulin, which is regular food without any kedusha, Terumah, and Kodesh, like korbanos. We learn about the different levels of tumah in these different kinds of food.

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Pirkei Avos

This Shabbos we learn the first perek of Pirkei Avos! Here is an explanation from Hayom Yom about one of the mishnas in this perek.

In Mishnah Vov of the first perek of Pirkei Avos, we learn that R’ Yehoshua ben Perachiah said: “Asei Lecha Rav,” you should make for yourself a Rav, “U’knei Lecha Chover,” and you should buy yourself a friend, “VeHevei Dan Es Kol HaAdam Lekaf Zechus,” and judge everyone favorably.

The simple meaning is that you will have a Rav who will teach you how to live, and your friend will help you actually do it.

The Alter Rebbe explained this to the Tzemach Tzedek in another way (when he started writing Niglah and Chassidus when he was just 12 years old!): That your pen (kaneh) should be your friend. That means that you should write down the things you learn, and that will help you keep what you learn!

Is it sometimes hard for you to remember certain halachos? Make your pen your friend! Write down the halachos you keep forgetting, and it will help you to do things just the way Hashem wants!

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Pirkei Avos

This week is Shabbos Mevorchim Iyar! We say the whole Tehillim in the morning, learn Chassidus (or review a Perek of Tanya), and then daven.

This week we also start saying Pirkei Avos on Shabbos. During the weeks between Pesach and Shavuos, we read a perek of Pirkei Avos each Shabbos, so that we finish the whole Mesechta before Matan Torah.

Pirkei Avos is a very good way to prepare for receiving the Torah on Shavuos! The first perek starts off with the way that the Torah was passed down to the Yidden. It teaches how to have good midos, which we work on during Sefiras Haomer. And the last perek is called Kinyan Torah, teaching us how to be able to learn and understand Torah.

The Alter Rebbe says in his siddur that we say Pirkei Avos after Mincha. It is almost like a part of davening, where the main thing is to say the words. Still, the Rebbe tells us that it is appropriate to also learn at least one Mishnah of that week’s perek with explanations.



Muktza Kal

Muktza Kal is the less strict kind of muktza.

Even though it is muktza, there are some times that the Chachomim let us move or use it.

We are allowed to move something that is Muktza Kal if we need to use it for something on Shabbos — “Letzorech Gufo.” For example, we can use a pair of scissors to cut open a bag of food on Shabbos.

We are also allowed to move something that is Muktza Kal if we need the space, like if a hammer is on the couch and we need to sit there. This is called “Letzorech Mekomo.”

We will IY”H learn what kinds of things are part of the group of Muktza Kal.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Bekiyas Hanahar

Do you feel bad that you missed Kriyas Yam Suf? Don’t worry! Something similar will happen again, as part of this Geulah! This will help us prepare for the new parts of Torah that Moshiach will teach us.

וְהֶחֱרִים ה׳ אֵת לְשׁוֹן יָם מִצְרַיִם וְהֵנִיף יָדוֹ עַל הַנָּהָר בַּעְיָם רוּחוֹ וְהִכָּהוּ לְשִׁבְעָה נְחָלִים וְהִדְרִיךְ בַּנְּעָלִים

Vehecherim Hashem Eis Leshon Yam Mitzrayim — Hashem will cut off the sea of Mitzrayim to dry it up, so that the Yidden can easily return to Eretz Yisroel

Veheinif Yado Al Hanahar Ba’eyam Rucho — And Hashem will lift His hand over the river Pras (on another side of Eretz Yisroel, for the Yidden coming from that direction) with the strength of His wind

Vehikahu Leshiva Nechalim — And Hashem will force it into seven streams, for the Yidden coming from each kind of Golus there

Vehidrich Bane’alim — And He will lead the Yidden through them in dry land.

Then the next posuk concludes:

וְהָיְתָה מְסִלָּה לִשְׁאָר עַמּוֹ אֲשֶׁר יִשָּׁאֵר מֵאַשּׁוּר כַּאֲשֶׁר הָיְתָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל בְּיוֹם עֲלֹתוֹ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם

Vehaysa Mesilah Li’she’ar Amo— And for the rest of the Yidden, coming from other parts of the world, there will be a clear path through the water

Asher Yisha’er Me’Ashur — For the Yidden who were left in Ashur,

Ka’asher Haysa LeYisrael — Like there was for the Yidden

Beyom Aloso Me’Eretz Mitzrayim — On the day they came out of Mitzrayim!

See Yeshayahu perek Yud-Alef, pesukim Tes-Vov and Tes-Zayin, and Rashi there

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