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CHUMASH

Parshas Chukas - Shishi with Rashi

Today we learn about the great miracle Hashem made to save the Yidden from the Emoriim and the song the Yidden sang to thank Hashem.

The Yidden continued traveling and came closer to where the Emori people lived.

To go there, they had to go in a valley with high cliffs on both sides. The Arnon River goes through this valley, and the Emorim knew that the Yidden were coming that way. They had a mean idea, to hide in the caves in the cliffs and then throw arrows and rocks down on the Yidden when they came through!

But Hashem saved the Yidden! He moved the cliffs together, and both cliffs fit together like puzzle pieces — wherever there was a cave on one side, there was a rock sticking out on the other. All of the Emorim that wanted to hurt the Yidden were killed.

The Yidden were able to see the blood in the Arnon River, and they realized that Hashem had saved them! Some of the blood went into the Yidden’s well of water to make sure all of the Yidden got to see that Hashem did a great neis for them. The Yidden sang a song to Hashem, called “Ali Be’er,” “come up well,” which showed them the neis Hashem made!

 
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TEHILLIM

49 - 54

Today’s kapitelach are Mem-Tes to Nun-Daled.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a posuk that says “Avon Akeivai Yesubeini” — “the aveiros of my heels surround me.” Dovid Hamelech was saying that he’s not worried that he’s not keeping the “big” mitzvos that are written in the Torah or taught by the Chachomim, he’s worried that the “small” mitzvos — even though he’s keeping them — might not be kept carefully.

The Rebbe teaches: When we say this in Tehillim, we are also talking about our own mitzvos. Of course we are doing mitzvos — like keeping Shabbos and davening — and even being very careful with them. But we need to be worried about the “small” mitzvos, our Chassidishe Hanhagos — like saying Chitas or having Ahavas Yisroel for a Yid we never met, since we might not be doing these as carefully.

We need be careful with ALL of our mitzvos, the “big” ones AND the “little” ones!

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Yud-Beis

Today we learn the details about how Hashem created everything using the osios of the Alef-Beis.

If you have a box of Legos and wanted to make a house, what would you call that house in Lashon Kodesh? Bayis! That’s beis, yud, sof. What about the box? That’s a “Teiva” — tof, yud, veis, hey.

But if they have three of the same letters, why are they such different things? Well, one of them has an extra letter, and they are in a different order!

Hashem made EVERYTHING in the world with letters. Hashem said “Yehi Rakia” — and there was a sky! Hashem used the letters reish, kuf, yud, ayin which became one word! Each letter has a special chayus, and when it is put together into a whole word, it gets the perfect chayus to make that thing.

When Hashem takes the same letters and makes a different word — like a vegetable (yerek) with yud, reish, kuf — then it gets a different chayus. It has many of the same letters, but in a different order, and it’s a different word. That’s why its chayus is different too, and it becomes a different thing in the world!

(Words that include a lot of things get a VERY strong chayus, like the sky. The different levels of the sky (Zvul, Machon, Shechakim...) don’t need as strong of a chayus. The Alter Rebbe also teaches us that the first letter of each word gives it more chayus than all of the other letters in the word.)

That’s how everything in the entire world was made with just 22 letters of the Alef-Beis. It might seem like SO many things — lakes and rocks and sky and sun and moon and stars and plants and fish and animals and people.... and so many of each kind of thing...

But it is ALL from one Hashem and the chayus He gives to everything with the 22 holy letters of the Alef-Beis!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Tes Tammuz

Today we learn a good eitzah of what to do when parents need help with their children.

A Mommy and Tatty can sometimes have a very hard problem: Chas veshalom something might be not going so well for one of their kinderlach! Maybe one of them is not acting so nicely in school anymore, or maybe one isn’t feeling so good.

What should they do?

Today the Rebbe tells us: The best thing a Mommy and Tatty can do is to give tzedakah to help people to learn Torah. Then Hashem will help them, and things will become better.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #315 - Mitzvas Asei #226, #227, #230, #231, Lo Saasei #66

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos we learn 5 more mitzvos. The first two are kinds of Misas Beis Din — the ways Beis Din needs to punish people who are Chayav Misa.

1) (Mitzvas Asei #226) The Beis Din needs to follow the halachos of Hereg

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: נָקֹם יִנָּקֵם

2) (Mitzvas Asei #227) The Beis Din needs to follow the halachos of Chenek

We also learn this mitzvah from Parshas Mishpatim: מוֹת יוּמָת

We learn the details of both of these mitzvos in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Zayin.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #230) After being put to death, people who did certain aveiros need to be hung

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְתָלִיתָ אֹתוֹ עַל עֵץ

4) (Mitzvas Asei #231) A person who is put to death by Beis Din needs to be buried on the same day. Part of this mitzvah is also that a person who passes away should be buried on that day (unless it is more kavod for the meis to wait before burying him).

We also learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: כִּי קָבוֹר תִּקְבְּרֶנּו בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא ּ

5) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #66) It is asur to leave a person hanging overnight. We learned in today’s third mitzvah that the Beis Din needs to punish people for certain aveiros by hanging them. These aveiros are connected to Avodah Zarah or Birchas Hashem, the opposite of bentching Hashem. The reason we don’t leave a person hanging overnight is so that Yidden won’t be reminded about these aveiros.

We also learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: לֹא תָלִין נִבְלָתוֹ עַל הָעֵץ

We learn the details of all of these mitzvos in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Vov.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Sanhedrin

Today we learn more of Hilchos Sanhedrin, the halachos of a Beis Din and how the judges need to act.

Perek Zayin: One interesting halacha is called Zabla — if two people who are arguing (like about money) and each want to go to a different judge, they can each choose one judge, and then those judges pick out a third judge to make sure that the halacha will be paskened the way Hashem wants.

Perek Ches and Tes teach us the halachos about following the Rov (majority), what most judges say. We act differently when it is a case of Dinei Nefashos, when someone may be Chayav Misa.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shaar Avos Hatumah - Perek Hey

This perek teaches us the halachos about Zera — a kind of liquid that makes things Tomei.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Singing Shirah

In the entire Chumash, we find two places where the Yidden sang shirah, a song to praise Hashem. One of them is at the time of Kriyas Yam Suf, and the other is in our parsha, where the Yidden praised Hashem for the neis in saving them from the Emoriim.

Why are these the only places where the Yidden sang shirah? Didn’t Hashem save the Yidden many more times, and do many more nisim?

The answer is that with these two nissim, the Yidden were able to see Hashem’s love for them much more clearly. This made them feel a matching love for Hashem, and they sang to Hashem to show how much they loved Him!

At the time of Kriyas Yam Suf, Hashem told the Yidden they wouldn’t need to fight, and the Mitzriyim would not be able to hurt them. Seeing how Hashem took care of them without them needing to do anything showed Hashem’s special love!

In our parsha too, the Yidden saw Hashem’s special love in the way they were saved from the Emoriim. Not only did they not need to fight, they didn’t even need to worry about the Emoriim — they only found out about the neis afterwards! This woke up the Yidden’s strong love for Hashem, and they sang shirah to thank Hashem for this incredible neis.

See Dvar Malchus parshas Chukas p. 53, from Likutei Sichos 23 p. 153

 

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TEFILLAH

Ana B'koach

In Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah, we have the paragraph of Ana B’koach, which we say during many tefillos.

This paragraph is very special and very holy! It was written by R’ Nechunya ben Hakana with deep meanings in Kabbalah. Ana B’koach has 42 words. The first letters of each word together spell out one of Hashem’s holy names!

When we finish reading these words, we say Baruch Sheim, blessing the name of Hashem we just read through the words of Ana B’koach.

This tefillah always helps us elevate ourselves. In Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah, it helps us elevate the avodah of the entire day!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Ana B'koach

In our siddurim, the Roshei Teivos of Ana B’koach, which spell out Hashem’s name, are written next to each line.

In Hayom Yom, it teaches that we should look at and think about these words, but we shouldn’t actually say them.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

We Will Never Be Worried Again!

In most of his nevuos, the Navi Yirmiyah was warning the Yidden about the Churban which would happen if they did not do teshuvah. That’s why most of this sefer of Navi is very sad.

Still, some of Yirmiyah’s nevuos are very happy, very famous ones about the Geulah!

In this posuk, the Navi tells the Yidden about how good things will be when Moshiach comes. Hashem will give them so much good, they will never be worried again!

וּבָאוּ וְרִנְּנוּ בִמְרוֹם צִיּוֹן וְנָהֲרוּ אֶל טוּב ה׳ עַל דָּגָן וְעַל תִּירֹשׁ וְעַל יִצְהָר וְעַל בְּנֵי צֹאן וּבָקָר וְהָיְתָה נַפְשָׁם כְּגַן רָוֶה וְלֹא יוֹסִיפוּ לְדַאֲבָה עוֹד

Uva’u Verinenu — The Yidden will come and celebrate

ViMerom Tzion — On the highest part of Yerushalayim (the Beis Hamikdash).

Venaharu El Tuv Hashem — And they will gather to get the goodness of Hashem

Al Dagan Ve’al Tirosh Ve’al Yitzhar— In their grain, their wine, and their oil

Ve’al Bnei Tzon Uvakar — And in their sheep and cattle.

Vehaysa Nafsham KeGan Raveh — They will feel satisfied from the goodness of Hashem

Velo Yosifu LeDa’avah Od — And they will never feel sad or worried again!

See Yirmiyah perek Lamed-Alef posuk Yud-Alef

 
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