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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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Parshas Va'eschanan - Chamishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is preparing the Yidden to have hatzlacha in Eretz Yisroel!

Moshe Rabbeinu reminds the Yidden about how much Yiras Shomayim they had from Matan Torah! Hashem said, “If only they would ALWAYS feel this way!”

The Yidden should be very careful to do the mitzvos of Hashem all the time, and then they will be able to live for a long time in Eretz Yisroel!



69 - 71

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Samach-Tes to Ayin-Alef.

One of the pesukim in Kapitel Samech-Tes is “Va’ani Sefilosi Lecha Hashem Eis Ratzon.” We ask Hashem that our Tefilos should come at a special time! We say this posuk every day in Mah Tovu.

There is another place we say this posuk as well — before we take the Torah out on Shabbos at Mincha time. The reason why we say it by Mincha on Shabbos is because that’s ALSO a very special time, the most special time of the whole Shabbos! This special time of Mincha on Shabbos has its own name in the Zohar, it is called “Raavah Deraavin.



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

It says in the posuk, “Vaya’as Dovid Sheim” — “Dovid made a name.” The Zohar explains that Dovid Hamelech made HASHEM’S name!

How can a person make Hashem’s name? Isn’t Hashem’s name already there?

In this Igeres Hakodesh we will see how this can be, and that the way we do it is through giving tzedakah.

But first let’s learn something about the way a person speaks. We see something very interesting about speaking: A person THINKS about what they are going to say! But we don’t think about the way we move our mouth to talk — that part comes from a deeper part of the neshama than the WORDS we want to say. That’s why a little kid can understand what’s happening, and WANTS to say something, but can’t say the words yet. Because that part of the neshama takes more time for the body to grow into.

What does this have to do with making Hashem’s name? We will see IY”H over the next few days!



Yud-Gimmel Menachem Av

Reminder: When we lein the Aseres Hadibros in shul on Shabbos, stand up and face the Sefer Torah.

Shema is in this week’s Parsha, Parshas Vaeschanan! In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn a deeper meaning of one of the pesukim in Shema:

In Shema, it says “Vedibarta Bam” — “you should say them.” What is “them”? The words of Torah! But there are 4 kinds of learning Torah that this posuk is hinting to:

1) Beshivtecha Beveisecha (when you sit in your house) — the way the neshama learns Torah when it is “home” in Shomayim, before it comes down in the world.

2) Uvelechtecha Baderech (when you go on your way) — When the neshama comes down into the world, into a body. There, it goes “on its way” its whole life!

3) Uveshachbecha (when you lie down) — when a person passes away. Even then the Torah protects him!

4) Uvekumecha (when you get up) — when the neshama has Techiyas Hameisim and comes back into a body, and we will learn Torah even more, in a very special way!



Shiur #39 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #320

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #320) is that we are not allowed to do melacha on Shabbos.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תַעֲשֶׂה כָל מְלָאכָה

The details are explained in Mesechta Shabbos.

This is the matching mitzvah to the one we just learned yesterday and the day before. Hashem often gives us TWO mitzvos for one thing so we get double rewards — one for the Mitzvas Asei, doing what we are supposed do, and one for the Mitzvas Lo Saasei, not doing what Hashem told us not to!



Hilchos Shabbos

Perek Vov: In this perek, we learn that the Chachomim made it asur to tell a goy to do something for us on Shabbos, so that we won’t treat Shabbos lightly and come to do the melacha ourselves. There are some times we are allowed to ask a goy to do something, like if someone is even a little bit sick or if it is important for another mitzvah.

We are not allowed to have any benefit from melacha that was done on Shabbos when it is asur, even if it was done by a goy.

Perek Zayin: We now start to learn the 39 melachos of Shabbos! The Rambam lists them, and teaches us the difference between an Av Melacha and a Tolda. The Av Melacha is the way the melacha was done to build the Mishkan. A tolda is something that accomplishes the same thing, but in a different way.

Perek Ches: In this perek, we learn the first 10 melachos, from plowing the earth to kneading the dough. The Rambam tells us the halachos of each of these melachos.



Hilchos Terumos - Perek Gimmel

Now we learn the first three mitzvos of this set of halachos, which are: separating Terumah, separating Terumas Maaser, and doing the Terumos and Maasros in the right order.



Shabbos Nachamu

This week we start a set of seven Haftaros called the “Shiva DeNechemta.” In each one, Hashem makes us feel better from our suffering in Golus, and tells us that Moshiach will come very soon!

We will say these Haftaros all the way until Rosh Hashana. This shows us that these seven weeks are a preparation for Rosh Hashana. We make a Cheshbon Hanefesh for all of the things that happened this year. As we get closer to Rosh Hashana, this will become stronger and stronger.

We think about how we learned Torah all year — can we make more time to learn?

In Tzedakah — can we give more? Maybe we need to give a Chomeish (1/5 or 20%) instead of just Maaser (10%)? Maybe we need to start giving with a smile?

The same is true with all parts of our Yiddishkeit. We can ask ourselves how we can do each mitzvah better.

We should especially ask ourselves — what have I done to bring Moshiach faster?

From a sicha of the Rebbe

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Terumas Hadeshen

When we say the pesukim describing korbanos in the Beis Hamikdash during davening, Hashem counts it as if we are actually bringing these korbanos!

The first part of the korbanos that we say in davening is the paragraph talking about the Terumas Hadeshen. This is when the kohanim would clean off the ashes on the Mizbeiach from the korbanos of the day before so it would be ready for the new day.

Terumas Hadeshen was the first avodah in the Beis Hamikdash every day, and so it’s also the first part of korbanos in our davening.

Chassidus explains a Ruchnius reason why we say the Terumas Hadeshen first and what it means in Avodas Hashem:

We might think that the way we are behaving is very good, and there really isn’t anything we need to do to become better. But when we come to daven to Hashem, we are reminded that first we need to clean off our “ashes,” the parts of our behavior that are not appropriate. Coming close to Hashem in davening helps us realize that we need to fix things up, and we will work on ourselves to become better!

See Sefer Hamaamarim Tof-Shin-Zayin p. 203, Ohr Hatefillah, vol. 2, p. 232



Tzedakah Before Learning

Ani Betzedek Echezeh Panecha.” “With tzedek I will see Your face.”

The Chachomim explain this posuk to mean that with tzedakah (tzedek) we will see Hashem’s face in davening. It teaches us that in order to be close to Hashem when we daven, we should first give tzedakah.

The Rebbe adds that learning Torah is also coming close to Hashem, “seeing Hashem’s face.” So based on this posuk, we should also give tzedakah before learning Torah!

Giving tzedakah before learning also helps our learning. One of the rewards for giving tzedakah is that our mind and heart become a thousand times more clear. This will help us have hatzlacha in our learning!

See Toras Menachem 5749,vol. 2. p. 223, Shulchan Menachem vol. 4, p. 231

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Milchemes Gog U'Magog

Perakim Lamed-Ches and Lamed-Tes of Yechezkel speak about the war of Gog and Magog, a war that will happen when Moshiach comes.

The Rambam says that this war will happen in the beginning of the times of Moshiach, and that Eliyahu Hanavi will come before that.

Who is Gog? Who is Magog? What kind of war is this?

Some Chachomim say it is a Ruchnius’dike war, others say it is a Gashmius’dike war. Some say that Gog and Magog are the names of nations, and others say that it is between two people.

The Rambam writes that this is one of the things that we don’t know.

In many parts of Torah, the Chachomim have a kabbalah — they heard an explanation from their teachers, who heard it from their teachers, who heard it from Moshe Rabbeinu. But with Milchemes Gog Umagog, along with other things that will happen when Moshiach comes, there is no kabbalah. The Chachomim know only what it says in the Neviim.

Even though Yechezkel has many pesukim about this war, they are not written in a clear way. That’s why there are so many different opinions about this war. When Moshiach comes, we will understand what everything meant!

See Yechezkel 38 and 39; Rambam Hilchos Melachim perek Yud-Beis halacha beis

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