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CHUMASH

Parshas Tazria-Metzora - Shishi with Rashi

Today Moshe Rabbeinu is teaching the Yidden about Tzoraas on the wall of a house, which will happen to the Yidden when they live in Eretz Yisroel.

We learn that Hashem gives Tzoraas on a house as a special gift to the Yidden. Some of the Emoriim (who lived in Eretz Yisroel before the Yidden came there) hid a lot of money under their houses before they left Eretz Yisroel. When the Yidden came and took these houses, this money was hidden. The only way they would find the money is if they had to knock down the house! So having Tzoraas on the house turned out to be a big gift from Hashem, letting them find these hidden treasures.

Here are the details of the mitzvah:

If a person sees dark green or dark red spots on the wall of his house, he has to show them to the kohen, because they might be Tzoraas. But before the kohen comes, the person needs to take everything out of the house. Because if the kohen says the house is tomei, everything inside will become tomei too!

First the kohen comes and checks to see if the spot looks like tzoraas. Tzoraas spots look like they are deeper than the wall. If the spot looks this way, the kohen closes off the house for a week to see if the tzoraas gets bigger or goes away.

When the kohen comes back again to check, if the spot got bigger, the person needs to take out that whole part of the wall and build a new wall there. If tzoraas comes back on the new wall, the whole house needs to get broken down!

Once the tzoraas goes away, the person needs to bring the same kind of korbanos as we do for tzoraas on a person’s body or his clothes.

This is the end of the mitzvah of tzoraas, and now we will learn about other kinds of Tumah:

One kind of tumah that a man can get is called Tumas Zav. This kind of tumah can happen when a person is sick. If a man becomes tamei in this way, anything he touches can be tomei too.

To become tahor, he has to wait 8 days from when he was tomei, and then go to the mikvah and bring two birds as korbanos.

 
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TEHILLIM

145 - 150

Today is the first day of Rosh Chodesh, so we are finishing the entire Sefer Tehillim! You might already know the whole Yom of Tehillim by heart from davening! It’s Ashrei and the paragraphs that start with Hallelukah.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a posuk that it is very important to understand: “Poseiach Es Yodecha Umasbia Lechol Chai Ratzon.” “Hashem opens His hand and gives every living thing what they want.”

In Shulchan Aruch, it says that we need to be very careful to have kavana when we say this posuk in Ashrei! If someone doesn’t have kavana, they need to say the posuk again. (If you listen to the Rebbe davening, the Rebbe stops for a second after this posuk before going on to the next posuk in Ashrei.)

Chassidus also explains this posuk to mean that Hashem gives all of us Ratzon, that we should WANT to act the way Hashem shows us in the Torah!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Mem-Gimmel

For our mitzvos to go up to Hashem, they need to have two “wings” — like a bird, to fly up. In the last few perakim, we learned about how a Yid has Yiras Shomayim. We learned about two kinds of Yiras Shomayim — the lower level (Yirah Tata’ah) and a higher level (Yirah Ila’ah). Until the end of Perek Nun, we are going to learn about many ways a person can have Avhavas Hashem!

Today we learn about two kinds of Ahavah.

A person can love Hashem with Ahavah Rabah, which is like fire! This means they love Hashem very much, like a fire that tries to get higher all the time! A person can’t feel this by himself, but Hashem can help a person have this kind of Ahavas Hashem. But to have Ahava Rabbah, a person MUST first keep Torah and mitzvos properly, which comes from Yiras Shomayim.

Another kind of Ahava comes from thinking about the greatness of Hashem. A person thinks about how the chayus of everything is from Hashem, and so he wants to love the chayus that everything comes from, instead of the Gashmius things themselves! This is called Ahavas Olam.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Lamed Nisan

Today is fifteen days of the Omer! It is also Rosh Chodesh.

Here are some kinds of farbrengens that should be in Shul:

- The “Shalosh Seudosfarbrengen
- the Shabbos Mevorchim farbrengen
- the Yom Tov farbrengens (like Rosh Chodesh and Chassidishe Yomim Tovim)

Melaveh Malka farbrengens should be in people’s houses.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #263 - Mitzvas Asei #245

We start a new Sefer in Rambam, called Kinyan (acquiring)!

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #245) is that we need to follow the halachos about when something is counted as sold. The Torah teaches us that the person who bought it has to show it belongs to him, like by picking it up.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Mechirah

In today’s Rambam, we learn halachos of buying things.

In Perek Alef we learn about buying a field or house. Just saying that you are selling it doesn’t make it sold according to halacha! There are three ways that make the sale happen: One is by giving money. The second is with a shtar document. The third way is by the person walking through it, getting a key, locking it or other things that show that it is his.

In Perek Beis we learn how to buy a slave to work for you, and how to buy an animal.

In Perek Gimmel we learn about buying things like furniture, and the Chachomim said that it is bought by shlepping it or picking it up.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Sanhedrin - Perek Hey

In this perek we learn what each type of Beis Din is able to pasken on. For example, setting up a king can only be done by a big Sanhedrin of 71 judges, and a case where someone might be chayav misa can only be done by a Beis Din of at least 23 — a small Beis Din of 3 is not allowed to pasken in such a case.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Sefiras Haomer

This week, in Sefiras Haomer, we are working on the midah of Tiferes.

What is Tiferes?

One of the ways we show Tiferes when we deal with other people is by showing Rachmanus to another person.

Chesed is giving. Sometimes we need to have Chesed — like we learn from Avraham Avinu. One time we need just chesed if we have a guest. We have to give them food and comfortable things, not think about if they deserve it!

Gevurah is the opposite of Chesed. It is holding back and being strict. Sometimes we need to have Gevurah — which was a midah Yitzchak Avinu, like how a parent or teacher might have to hold back and not give a child what they want, if it isn’t good for them.

But there are other times when we need to have Tiferes, like Yaakov Avinu. Tiferes lets us have part Chesed, and part Gevurah.

We think about what the person needs, and what the person deserves, with Gevurah. But we might decide to give them something even if they DON’T deserve it — to have rachmanus on them. This is Tiferes.

Let’s say you are upset at your brother for taking something that belongs to you. You know that it’s not okay to take things without asking. At first you think you should tell him not to use your things again! But in the end, you have Rachmanus and let him use them.

You understand that your brother also has a Yetzer Hara, just like you do. You understand that this was a hard nisayon, and probably next time he will do better. You decide not to be so strict with him. That’s Tiferes.

When we use our Tiferes and Rachmonus with another Yid, it makes Hashem act that way to us too! Hashem will also have Tiferes and Rachmonus on us and judge us for the good.

 

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TEFILLAH

Humbling Thoughts

There are times when we need to look at all the good things we are doing, and remind ourselves that we are working hard to serve Hashem!

But there are other times when it is the right thing to remind ourselves that we are NOT so special, to think things that make us feel humble.

We are supposed to use our heart to daven, and if we are feeling too proud of ourselves, it makes it hard to feel kedusha in our heart. The Yetzer Hara fills it all up and blocks it from thoughts of kedusha.

That is why it is important to think thoughts that make us feel more humble.

For example, a person can think about what is important to him: That he should have enough money, that people should be nice to him, and that he should be healthy. But that is all about Gashmiyus! How is that different than an animal? The only difference is that animals think about hay, and he thinks about bread.

A Yid should be worried about other things that are more important: He should be trying to accomplish more things in Torah, and to do mitzvos in a more beautiful way.

When we realize that we are not the way we should be, our heart becomes more humble and can think about Hashem. It is ready to feel kedusha and connect to Hashem by davening.

In our davening, there is a section that helps us to be more humble. Before korbanos, we say a paragraph starting “Le’olam Yehei Adam,” reminding ourselves that we aren’t coming to connect to Hashem and ask for our needs because we are special. We are coming to daven only because of Hashem’s Rachmanus, and with the zechus that we are children of the Avos, Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov Avinu, and that we have a neshama.

See Tanya Perek Chof-Tes, Maamar Shemini 5716

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Keeping Halacha is Good for Health!

It is brought in seforim that the name of the new month, Iyar, stands for the words “Ani Hashem Rofecha” — “I am Hashem Who heals you.” This is a month that is a special time for refuah directly from Hashem!

The Rebbe wrote an answer to a woman who had a health issue, that we can all learn from:

תְּסַדֵר חַיֶיהָ עַל פִּי שֻׁלְחָן עָרוּךְ (כּוֹלֵל הַפָצַת הַיַהַדוּת בְּסְבִיבָתָה) וְזֶה יוֹסִיף גַם בְּבְּרִיאוּתָה

The Rebbe wrote that she should make sure to follow halacha, including helping others with their Yiddishkeit. This will help her health!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Trips to the Beis Hamikdash

If we look inside the Chumash, we see that we are supposed to come to Hashem’s home three times a year, on Pesach, Shavuos, and Sukkos. But when Moshiach comes, we will come to the Beis Hamikdash much more often!

וְהָיָה מִדֵּי חֹדֶשׁ בְּחָדְשׁוֹ וּמִדֵּי שַׁבָּת בְּשַׁבַּתּוֹ יָבוֹא כָל בָּשָֹר לְהִשְׁתַּחֲו‍ֹת לְפָנַי אָמַר ה׳

Vehaya Midei Chodesh Bechadsho — It will be that every Rosh Chodesh

Umidei Shabbos BeShabbato — and every Shabbos

Yavo Chol Basar Lehishtachavos Lefanai — every person will come to bow to Hashem, in the Beis Hamikdash

Amar Hashem — so says Hashem.

See Yeshayahu 66:23

 
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נפטר ב' מנחם אב ה'תשע"ג

 
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