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Chamishi with Rashi

Hashem chose Moshe Rabbeinu to be the one to take the Yidden out of Mitzrayim. Hashem appeared to Moshe through a burning bush, and is giving him the details of his shlichus.

In today’s Chumash, we learn how Hashem told Moshe to go tell the leaders of the Yidden He will take them out, and then go tell Paraoh. Moshe said that the Yidden won’t believe him, so Hashem gave him signs. Still, Hashem had to convince Moshe to go.

Hashem told Moshe to gather all of the leaders of the Yidden, and tell them that Hashem didn’t forget about His promise! He will take the Yidden out of Mitzrayim, and bring them to Eretz Yisroel.

The leaders of the Yidden will believe Moshe, because the Yidden know that they will hear about the Geulah with the words “Pakod Pokadeti” — “I remembered you!”

Hashem told Moshe, “Then, go with them to Paraoh and tell him to let the Yidden go to the desert for three days to bring korbanos.”

Hashem told Moshe that Paraoh won’t listen until Hashem uses His “strong arm” and punishes them and shows them nisim. When he does let them go in the end, the Yidden will take gold and silver, and clothes for the way, because Hashem promised Avraham that the Yidden will be very rich when they go!

Moshe was afraid the Yidden wouldn’t believe that Hashem really talked to him! So Hashem gave Moshe a sign to show them: Moshe should throw his sapphire stick on the ground, and it will turn into a snake. When he picks it up, it will turn back into a staff.

Hashem also gave him another sign: He should put his hand into his shirt, and when it comes out, it will be covered with Tzoraas. When he puts it back into his shirt, the Tzoraas will go away.

Hashem gave Moshe davka these two signs to tell him that he shouldn’t talk Lashon Hara about the Yidden and say they won’t believe him! Lashon Hara is like a snake, and Tzoraas is the punishment for Lashon Hara.

Hashem also gave Moshe ANOTHER sign if they still didn’t believe him: Take some water from the Nilus and pour it on the ground, and it will turn into blood.

Still, Moshe didn’t want to go. He was very humble and he didn’t think he deserved to have such an important job, especially since he couldn’t speak clearly, and also he had an older brother, Aharon! 

Hashem wasn’t so happy with Moshe, and told him that because he wasn’t listening right away, Aharon would become a Kohen, and Moshe would become a Levi.

Hashem told Moshe not to worry about having a more important job than Aharon — Aharon would come meet him when he went to Mitzrayim, and he would be very happy for Moshe. Moshe could tell Aharon what to say, and Aharon would speak clearly so everyone will understand.

“Now,” said Hashem, “Take your staff so you can do the nisim.”



90 - 96

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Tzadik through Tzadik-Vov.

The first kapitel in today’s Tehillim was written by Moshe Rabbeinu. Dovid Hamelech later put it in Tehillim. It starts with the words “Tefillah LeMoshe, Ish HaElokim” — “This is a Tefillah by Moshe Rabbeinu, a person of Hashem.”

Why is Moshe Rabbeinu called a “person of Hashem”?

Hashem is everything and everything is Hashem — but we can’t see Him! Hashem made the world because He wanted Yidden to act in a certain way that will make Hashem happy here.

But if we can’t see Hashem, how do we know how to act? That’s why Hashem gave Yidden a Moshe Rabbeinu, who is “a person of Hashem.” A Moshe Rabbeinu has two parts — one part of him that is “of Hashem” — very close to Hashem so he knows what Hashem wants, but he is also “a person” — so he can teach us what we need to do!

There is ALWAYS a Nasi, like Moshe Rabbeinu, who helps the Yidden do what Hashem wants at that time. Now, of course, the Rebbe is our Moshe Rabbeinu!

The Rebbe told us that we are about to see the Geulah, and we need to learn and teach about it! We need to spread Yiddishkeit and Chassidus everywhere, and ask Hashem for Moshiach NOW!



Likutei Amarim Perek Yud-Beis

Today’s shiur in Tanya is a very exciting section! It is the beginning of Perek Yud-Beis, where we start to learn about the Beinoni. After all of the introductions of the past Perakim — about the Yetzer Tov, the Yetzer Hara, a Tzadik and a Rasha — we are finally ready to learn about the Beinoni, which is the whole point of the Sefer HaTanya, Sefer Shel Beinonim!

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe starts to teach us about the beinoni:

A beinoni is when someone only lets the Yetzer Tov (Nefesh Elokis) use the body. The Yetzer Tov is the only one who decides what the person should do — to learn Torah, to do mitzvos, and do everything else with the Gashmius’dike things to serve Hashem — L’sheim Shomayim!

A beinoni doesn’t let their Yetzer Hara (Nefesh Habehamis) have even one chance to use the body to think or say or do any aveiros or to be involved in anything that is not for the purpose of serving Hashem. That’s why it says about a beinoni that he never did any aveiros — because he never let his Yetzer Hara have even once chance!

The Rebbe explains that it doesn’t mean that if we did an aveira we can never be a beinoni. It means that the way we are now, it’s impossible for us to do an aveira! We want to do what Hashem wants so much, that it feels now like we could never do an aveira.



Yud-Tes Teves

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn about the Chumash part of Chitas and where it comes from!

Chassidim have a minhag that started from the Alter Rebbe, that every day we learn part of Chumash with Rashi. The Rebbeim also kept this minhag!



Mitzvas Asei #145, Lo Saasei #110

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn two mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #145) We learn about if a person says that something is Cherem. That means it is set aside for Hashem. Usually, it goes to the kohanim, unless he said “Cherem LaHashem,” which would go to the Beis Hamikdash. We learn many halachos about this in today’s Rambam!

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #110) Something that is the kind of cherem that needs to be given to a kohen is not allowed to be sold. It needs to be given the kohen the way it is. (The kohen can decide to sell it later if he wants, because it belongs to him.)



Hilchos Erchin V'Charamin

Perek Hey: We finish learning the halachos about giving a field as a donation to the Beis Hamikdash. We also learn the halachos of donating a house, or an animal that can’t be a korban (like a non-kosher animal or one with a mum). An animal that IS good for a korban is sold to people who need to bring a korban, and the money goes to Bedek Habayis (maintenance of the Beis Hamikdash).

Perek Vov: Now we start learning the halachos of Charomim (things that are cherem). We learn the halachos of today’s mitzvos in Sefer Hamitzvos. We also learn what happens if someone gives something that wasn’t his, or promises to give something that isn’t there yet (like a fruit that didn’t grow yet), or if someone gives by mistake.

Perek Zayin: we learn many halachos about pediyah — redeeming, meaning buying back something that was donated to the Beis Hamikdash.

One interesting thing that we see in these halachos is that the Beis Hamikdash always gets the best of any deal! This way, any donation to the Beis Hamikdash is used as much as it can be.



Hilchos Klei Hamikdash - Perek Tes

In this perek the Rambam describes the clothes of the Kohen Gadol. We learn about the golden tzitz, which had letters sticking out. The me’il looked similar to a long pair of tzitzis!



Proud Soldiers in Tzivos Hashem

One time, there was a little girl who went with her father to 770. He had just bought her a little present, a Tzivos Hashem pin! He wanted her to put it on when they went to 770. The little girl was embarrassed to wear it, and refused to put it on! Finally, after lots of begging, she agreed to put on the pin… but only on her skirt, not on her shirt.

Soon, the Rebbe came into 770! He saw the little girl, and smiled. He made a sign with his hand to show her that she shouldn’t be embarrassed to wear a Tzivos Hashem pin!

As soon as the Rebbe walked past, lots of Chassidim rushed over to make sure that the little girl’s Tatty would move the pin onto the top of her shirt.

Now, that little girl is a VERY proud shlucha, helping Yidden do more and more mitzvos and bring Moshiach closer!

Are YOU proud to be a soldier in Tzivos Hashem?


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Modeh Ani

When children are very young, we start teaching them to say Modeh Ani as soon as they wake up. And even for children that are too young to talk, it is a minhag that mothers say Modeh Ani FOR them!

See sicha of Parshas Vayeishev, 5749



Derech Malbush

Wearing something outside as clothing is not called carrying. This is called “Derech Malbush.”

Still, the Chachomim want to make sure that it is something that we will not take off and carry around! Two of these halachos are just about kids:

For example, if a kid goes outside in Tatty or Mommy’s shoes, the shoes will probably fall off. Then he will end up carrying them. So going outside in Tatty or Mommy’s shoes on Shabbos is not allowed because of hotza’ah!

But a shirt that is too big won’t usually fall off by itself. So even if it looks silly, a kid IS allowed to go out on Shabbos with a shirt that is too big, and it’s not a problem of carrying. We are not worried that it will bring him to carrying outside.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, 301:3

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Chumash With Rashi

We learned in today’s Hayom Yom that the Alter Rebbe asked us to learn Chumash with Rashi every day.

But why just Rashi? There are so many important explanations on the Chumash! There is Ibn Ezra, Ramban, Kli Yakar, Or Hachayim, and many more!

The Rebbe gives us three reasons:

1) It’s in Shulchan Aruch! In Shulchan Aruch, it says that when we are Maavir Sedra before Shabbos, the best way to review the parsha is with Rashi. (If we already learned Chitas, we don’t have to do it with Rashi again!)

2) It has secrets of Torah! We learned in another Hayom Yom that Rashi is “Yeina Shel Torah” — the wine (hidden secrets) of Torah.

3) It gets us ready for the Geulah! Rashi explains peshat, the basic meaning of the Torah. Rashi wants us understand the Peshuto Shel Mikra, the peshat of every word of Torah.

And what about the hidden secrets? They’re all hidden inside the peshat! In many sichos, the Rebbe showed us how to find some of the secrets inside of Rashi.

When Moshiach comes, the hidden secrets of the Torah won’t be hidden anymore — we’ll be able to see them in the “basic” parts of life, the regular things we do! So learning Rashi and the Torah secrets inside helps us get ready for Moshiach, when we will be able to see the secrets of Torah in everything!

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