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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
~ by Rabbi Aryeh & Esther Kaltmann ~


לזכות רחל בת ראשא ראזע לרפואה שלימה וקרובה
~ by the Duchman Family ~


מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש


Those who make Chitas for the month of Tammuz possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

L’ilui Nishmas R’ Simcha ben R’ Mishael Babayov ~ yartzeit Chof-Gimmel Tammuz
He was careful to learn the daily shiurim and encouraged his family to do the same!

May there be many simchas by Yidden!


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Parshas Pinchas - Shvi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden about the korbanos of Sukkos and Shemini Atzeres.

SUKKOS: There are many korbanos on Sukkos! We bring 2 rams, 13 lambs, and a goat every day, but a different number of bulls. (Can you figure out the pattern?)

Day #1: Bring 13 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs, AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #2: Bring 12 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #3: Bring 11 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #4: Bring 10 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #5: Bring 9 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #6: Bring 8 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #7: Bring 7 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas

SHMINI ATZERES: (like the Korbanos of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur) 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas.

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha with fine flour (soles) and oil, and a Nesech (wine).

For each lamb (Keves) : 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine
For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine
For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

Rashi explains that the numbers of Korbanos we bring on Sukkos remind us of different things in our history!

Moshe reminded the Yidden about all of these Korbanos, just like Hashem told him to.



108 - 112

Today’s kapitelach are Kuf-Ches to Kuf-Yud-Beis.

Dovid Hamelech, who wrote the Tehillim, had to lead the Yidden through many wars. He made a Sefer Tehillim to encourage and warm the hearts of the Yidden, and to strengthen their bitachon in Hashem, for his time and for all generations to come.

In Kapitel Kuf-Yud, Dovid Hamelech looks back to the first Yid and the first of the Avos, Avraham Avinu. From Avraham, who also had to fight wars, Dovid Hamelech learns a secret for battle!

In posuk Gimmel, it says “Amcha Nedavos Beyom Cheilecha, Behadrei Kodesh Meirechem Mish’char, Lecha Tal Yaldusecha.” The posuk is speaking about Avraham. It means, “Your nation of helpers (Aner, Eshkol and Mamrei) will come to help you on the day of your battle (who came to help Avraham during the war with the four kings). This is a reward because you are beautiful with holiness, and from the time you were born (when you came to recognize Hashem), your childhood was pleasant like dew.”

Because of Avraham’s kedusha, that’s why other nations came to help him. And because he recognized Hashem when he was young, and his behavior was a Kiddush Hashem, it was in this zechus that he had these helpers in a time of war.

The Rebbe told us so many times how important Yiddishe children are for the protection of Yidden! Their kedusha, their Torah and Tefillah, along with their good behavior, are what will bring a yeshuah to all of the Yidden. In this kapitel we see that Avraham Avinu was our first example for this!



Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Ches

To make sure our teshuvah lasts, we need to feel rachmanus for our neshama, that has to come all the way into the Gashmius world, and we need to remember what happens to the neshama when it does an aveira.

We also learned that aveiros are like clouds that block the neshama from the light of Hashem.

When we have rachmonus on our neshama by thinking these things, Hashem has rachmanus on us, and fixes up whatever not good things happened from the aveira that was done. And when we think about what happens when we do aveiros (so we’ll never want to do them again), Hashem wipes away our aveiros. It is like a big wind coming and blowing away the clouds, so that we can see the sun again. The same way, our aveiros are wiped away and our connection with Hashem isn’t blocked anymore, so our neshama can shine in our body!

That is called Teshuvah Tata’ah.

We said that the neshama of a Yid has the name of Hashem inside of it, and when a Yid does an aveira, the last Hey of Hashem’s name where the neshama comes from goes into Golus. When the Yid does teshuvah, that last Hey goes back and becomes connected with the other letters of Hashem’s name. It is called Teshuvah Tata’ah because tata’ah means the “lower” one — this teshuvah returns the last Hey of Hashem’s name to its proper place.

Now, the neshama is also cleaned off from the kelipah that stuck to it from the aveira, and it is able to feel the chayus of kedusha again.



Chof-Gimmel Tammuz

Today we learn the Chabad minhag about Kriyas HaTorah when Parshas Masei is by itself (not together with Parshas Matos).

Besides for leining the Torah on Shabbos, every week we also lein the NEXT parsha on Shabbos by Mincha, and on Monday and Thursday. Usually, what we read is Rishon (the first aliyah), split into three parts, so a Kohen, Levi, and Yisroel will be called up.

In Parshas Masei, we review all of the places where the Yidden traveled in the Midbar.

In many Chumashim, you will see that the first aliyah of Parshas Masei has in it only the first seven places where the Yidden stopped. Since the minhag is to lein just this one aliyah (split into three) on Monday, Thursday and Mincha of Shabbos, the kriyah ends with the Yidden arriving at the Yam Suf after these first seven travels.

But Minhag Chabad is not to stop in the middle of leining the Yidden’s travels. Whenever we lein the beginning of Parshas Masei, during Mincha or on Monday or Thursday (and also in Chitas), we do it without stopping. We lein through all of the 42 stops in the same aliyah, so that the kriyah ends with the Yidden arriving at the border of Eretz Yisroel.



Shiur #20 - Mitzvas Asei #73, #10

In today’s Rambam, we finish Hilchos Teshuvah and the whole Sefer Mada! We start a new sefer, Sefer Ahava, which starts with the halachos of Kriyas Shema. So we have two mitzvos, one about teshuvah and the other about Kriyas Shema.

We learn the same mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #73) one last time: If someone does an aveira (Chas Veshalom!) he needs to SAY to Hashem what he did and ask Hashem to forgive him.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vayikra: וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא

The details are explained in the end of Mesechta Yoma.

We learn the mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #10) to say Kriyas Shema two times every day — one time in the morning (by a certain time) and once at night.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vaeschanan: וְדִבַּרְתָּ בָּם בְּשִׁבְתְּךָ בְּבֵיתֶךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Brachos.



Hilchos Teshuvah - Hilchos Kriyas Shema

Perek Yud: In this perek, the Rambam tells us that the best way to serve Hashem is lishma, since a person knows it’s the right thing to do. But that doesn’t happen on its own, it takes time and work! In the meantime, a person first serves Hashem for rewards and prizes, until he learns how to serve Hashem lishma.

The Rambam also says “Al Pi HaDeiah Tihiyeh HoAhava” — the more we learn about Yiddishkeit and Hashem, the more we will appreciate it, and our love for Hashem and Avodas Hashem will be greater!

Now we have finished Sefer Mada, and we start Sefer Ahava!

In Perek Alef of Hilchos Kriyas Shema, we learn about the mitzvah of saying Shema in the morning and at night. The Rambam tells us that Yaakov Avinu asked his sons, before he passed away, if all of them believed in Hashem. They all answered, “Shema Yisroel,” “listen, our father Yisroel,” “Hashem Elokeinu, Hashem Echod!” “We all believe in Hashem!” When Yaakov Avinu heard this, he said, “Boruch Sheim Kevod Malchuso Le’olam Va’ed!” to thank Hashem.

In Perek Beis, the Rambam tells us HOW to say Shema. We need to make sure we have kavana when we say the first line of Shema, otherwise we need to say it again! If a person is working and realizes that he will soon miss saying Shema on time, he needs to stop working so he can say Shema properly.



Hilchos Kela'im - Perek Daled

What do we need to do if we want to plant two kinds together in the same field? Sometimes they need to be far enough apart that they can’t join into one plant, and sometimes they need to LOOK like they are separate.



Hilchos Beis Habechirah

In the Three Weeks, the Rebbe tells us that we should learn about the Beis Hamikdash, which will weaken the feeling of the Churban which we are remembering during this time.

It will also speed up the building of the Third Beis Hamikdash, which will be rebuilt very soon!

Today we will learn about one of the gates in the second Beis Hamikdash:

At the top of the 15 steps going into the Azara, where the Mizbeiach was, there were two big gates, called Shaar Nikanor. These gates were very unusual — they were the only ones in the whole Beis Hamikdash that weren’t covered with gold, and they were named after a person! Why?

Nikanor was a Yid who loved the Beis Hamikdash so much, that he wanted to do something special for it! He decided to take all of his money and go to Alexandria, in Mitzrayim, where there were coppersmiths who could do the most beautiful work in the world. He paid them a lot of money to make two huge doors for the Beis Hamikdash out of the finest copper that money could buy.

They worked very hard, and made two magnificent doors. Nikanor paid them, and hired a ship to bring the heavy doors to Eretz Yisroel.

On the way, there was a big storm, and the sailors were afraid the ship would sink! “It’s because of these heavy copper doors!” they cried out, and even though Nikanor begged them not to, they threw one of the doors into the sea. At first, the ship seemed to be doing better, but then it started to rock again like it would sink! The sailors wanted to throw the other door into the water too, but this time Nikanor held onto the door tightly! He yelled, “If you throw this one in, you will have to throw me in too!”

The sailors didn’t want to do that, and soon the storm ended and the ship made it to Eretz Yisroel. Nikanor was very sad that he had only one door for the Beis Hamikdash — but then, he saw something shining in the water! The second door didn’t sink, even though it was so heavy! It floated behind the ship, all the way to Eretz Yisroel!

The Chachomim decided not to cover these doors with gold, so that everyone will see the neis that Hashem made!

These doors were so heavy, it took 20 kohanim to open them! They were only opened on Shabbos and Yom Tov and if the king was there. On other days, you would go into the Azara using smaller doors on the sides of Shaar Nikanor.

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Kriyas HaTorah on Shabbos Mincha

The Gemara says that Moshe Rabbeinu set up for the Yidden that they shouldn’t go three days without reading the Torah. So we lein on Monday and Thursday every week, in addition to Shabbos.

Later Ezra and his Beis Din added more details to this takana. They taught that three people get an aliyah on Monday and Thursday, and we lein at least 10 pesukim from the Torah.

Ezra also added an extra Kriyas HaTorah because of those who are very busy during the week, and don’t get to shul to hear Kriyas HaTorah on Monday and Thursday. That is why we lein as well on Shabbos during Mincha.

See Rambam Hilchos Tefillah, perek Yud-Beis halacha Alef



Good Shabbos After Mincha

There is a minhag not to say “Good Shabbos” after Mincha time on Shabbos.

This is because at Mincha time on Shabbos is when Moshe Rabbeinu, Yosef Hatzadik, and Dovid Hamelech passed away. (This is also why we say the 3 pesukim of Tzidkoscha after Shemoneh Esrei during Shabbos Mincha, for these three tzadikim.)

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch with Biurei Halacha, siman 292 se’if 5

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Moshiach Will Be Our Leader!

We are learning some of the pesukim from Torah Shebichsav that teach us about the Geulah. Here, the Navi is telling the leaders of the Yidden in his time that their behavior is not the way it should be, and how things will be different when Moshiach comes!

The Navi Yechezkel is warning the leaders of the Yidden that Hashem does not like the way they are acting! Instead of taking care of the Yidden, they are just using their power to have kavod and money.

Hashem will not let “leaders” like that stay in charge! In the time of the Geulah, Hashem will send the “sheep” (the Yidden) a true shepherd (Moshiach) to take proper care of them.

The Navi tells the Yidden what Hashem promises:

וַאֲנִי ה׳ אֶהְיֶה לָהֶם לֵאלֹקִים וְעַבְדִּי דָוִד נָשִׂיא בְתוֹכָם אֲנִי ה׳ דִּבַּרְתִּי

Va’ani Hashem Eheyeh Lahem Leilokim — I, Hashem, will be their Aibershter to save them

Ve’avdi Dovid Nasi Besocham — And Moshiach, who comes from Dovid Hamelech, will be their king.

Ani Hashem Dibarti — I, Hashem, have said this, so it will definitely happen!

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Daled posuk Chof-Daled

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