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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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לזכות רחל בת ראשא ראזע לרפואה שלימה וקרובה
~ by the Duchman Family ~


מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש


Those who make Chitas for the month of Nissan possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות רפואה שלימה וקרובה לזאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל

The Gaerman Family
L'ilui Nishmas Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh
~ for her yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan ~


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Parshas Shemini - Rishon with Rashi

During the whole Shivas Yemei Hamiluim, Moshe Rabbeinu brought the korbanos. But Hashem didn’t show the Yidden that His Shechinah was resting in the Mishkan! The Yidden felt very embarrassed that they worked so hard to build the Mishkan so that Hashem would forgive them for the Cheit Ha’eigel, but the Shechinah did not yet come down.

Moshe Rabbeinu told the Yidden that the Shechinah would rest in the Mishkan when Aharon Hakohen started doing his avodah!

So on the eighth day of preparing the Mishkan (Shemini Lamiluim), Aharon brought some korbanos for the first time on the Mizbeiach! Moshe had prepared the Mishkan, but now it was time for Aharon and his sons to be the kohanim.



77 - 78

In today’s Tehillim, there is a posuk that says “Nachisa Katzon Avdecha BeYad Moshe VeAharon,” “You led Your nation like sheep, in the hands of Moshe and Aharon.”

Why does Dovid Hamelech say that Hashem led the Yidden with Moshe AND Aharon? Wasn’t MOSHE RABBEINU the Rebbe of the Yidden then? Why does Hashem say that Moshe AND Aharon were the leaders?

The Tzemach Tzedek explains this:

Hashem gave Yidden the Torah. He wants Yidden to live exactly like the Torah tells us. But Yidden aren’t born automatically living that way! Just like we need our parents to help us grow to be good Yidden, the Yidden also needed help when they left Mitzrayim. Yidden were just “born” from a hard Golus and became Hashem’s nation. All of the sudden, Hashem gave them a Torah that had so many rules! How could they be ready to do it all right away?

Hashem DIDN’T expect them to do it all right away! Hashem gave them a leader with one neshama that was split into two people, and both of them worked together to help the Yidden.

Moshe Rabbeinu had the shlichus to teach Yidden the proper way to live, whether they were ready for it or not. He told them the way things need to really be! Aharon’s shlichus was the other half of the job — to help Yidden be the way Hashem wants. He needed to take each Yid by the hand and help him become closer to the Torah. He showed each one what he was ready to start doing now, and what he should get ready to start later. He helped each individual Yid to become the best he could.



Likutei Amarim Perek Mem

Even though words of Torah and words of davening are holy, when we say them with our mouth, they are Gashmius too. They can’t fly up to Hashem themselves.

But when we say these words with kavana, the kavana fills the words with Ruchnius, and they can go up to wherever the kavana comes from! (Like we learned, this is usually the world of Yetzirah, where malachim come from, and sometimes Beriyah, if our love for Hashem comes through hisbonenus.)

When Moshiach comes, we will always be able to see the Ruchnius in ALL the words of Torah and Tefillah that we say. Then, even the Gashmius world will be able to feel Ruchnius, and it will also be felt in the Gashmius’dike words of Torah and Tefillah that we say. Nowadays, though, in order for the Gashmius words to be full of Ruchnius, we need to have kavana.



Tes-Vov Nisan

- It is our minhag to put lettuce and horseradish for BOTH the Maror and Chazeres on the kaarah!
- We stand up when we say Kiddush.
- Some say “Ha Lachma Anya” (with a komatz) but it is our minhag to say “Hey Lachma Anya” (with a tzeirei)
- When we make the bracha “Al Achilas Maror,” we also think about the maror we will eat in our Korech sandwich.

At the first seder, the Rebbe Rashab would go quickly through the Haggadah, so he could finish the Afikoman before chatzos (midnight). But on the second night, it didn’t matter how late it went! He would explain everything in the Haggadah for a long time — the seder lasted for 6 or 7 hours! (They started before 9:00 at night and weren’t finished until 3:00 or 4:00 in the morning!)

The Alter Rebbe said about matzah:

1) The matzah on the first night of Pesach is Michla Dimeheimenusa — food that makes us have Emunah.

2) The matzah on the second night is Michla De’asvasa — food that makes us healthy!

The Alter Rebbe explained that it is important that it is in this order — first Emunah, then Refuah. Because if a person first gets better and then has emunah, that shows that something bad happened, and he only has emunah after Hashem saves him. But if the emunah comes first, then he knows that everything is from Hashem, and then there is really nothing wrong to begin with!



Shiur #262 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #299, Asei #202, #203, Lo Saasei #270

In Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn four mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #299) Lifnei Iver — we are careful not to make someone else do the wrong thing, by giving them bad advice, or helping them to do an aveira.

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: וְלִפְנֵי עִוֵּר לֹא תִתֵּן מִכְשֹׁל

2) (Mitzvas Asei #202) If we see an animal that fell down because of the load it was carrying, we need to help unload the bags from the animal, and not leave the animal stuck under its load!

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: כִּי תִרְאֶה חֲמוֹר שׂנַאֲךָ רֹבֵץ תַּחַת מַשָּׂאוֹ ... עָזֹב תַּעֲזֹב עִמּוֹ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in the second perek of Mesechta Bava Metziah.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #203) We need to help reload the bags back onto an animal that fell down because of what it was carrying. This mitzvah is also to help if a person is having a hard time carrying his things.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: הָקֵם תָּקִים עִמּוֹ

The details of this mitzvah are also explained in the second perek of Mesechta Bava Metziah.

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #270) We are not allowed to ignore a person or an animal that need help because of what they are carrying, even if we don’t like the person.

This mitzvah comes from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְחָדַלְתָּ מֵעֲזֹב לוֹ

The details of this mitzvah are also explained in the second perek of Mesechta Bava Metziah.



Hilchos Rotzeiach U'Shmiras HaNefesh

In today’s Rambam, we finish this set of halachos, AND the whole Sefer Nezikin!

Perek Yud-Alef teaches us halachos about being careful of dangerous things. For example, we need to have a fence around the roof, to keep people from falling.

Perek Yud-Beis explains more about how to stay safe. We make sure food is safe before we eat it. We don’t go into a house that might fall down. We are also careful about not selling something to a person who might use it to hurt Yidden. In fact, we should ALWAYS be careful not to make another person do something wrong (today’s first mitzvah)!

Perek Yud-Gimmel teaches us about the mitzvah of “Azov Taazov” — helping another person if the bags on his donkey fell down. (These are the details about today’s last three mitzvos.)

Mazel Tov! Now we finished the eleventh sefer of the Rambam!



Hilchos Isurei Biah - Perek Gimmel

Today’s Rambam talks about what the punishment if someone gets married to a person they aren’t allowed to.




The Medrash explains the posukMagid Devarav LeYaakov, Chukav Umishpatav LeYisroel.” (“Hashem tells HIS words to Yaakov, HIS chukim and mishpatim to Yisroel.”) That means that whatever mitzvos Hashem tells us to do, He does too!

So when we are all sitting down at our Pesach seder, Hashem is saying the Haggadah with us!

Hashem also says, “Hey Lachma Anya” — “this is the bread of tzaros.” It is Hashem’s tzaros too, because as long as we are in Golus, Hashem’s Shechinah is in Golus too, and it has to be hidden in the world.

But, Hashem says, “Kol Dichfin Yeisei VeYeichol!” “Everyone who is hungry, come and eat!” If you really want to be connected to Hashem, even in Golus, Hashem promises you will be able to.

But next year, we are sure that we will be able to see Hashem clearly! “Leshana Haba BiYerushalayim!” By next year, we will be in Yerushalayim, when Hashem brings Moshiach and builds the Beis Hamikdash and doesn’t have to be hidden anymore in Golus!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Ches, Pesach

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In the Rebbe’s Haggadah, the Rebbe brings an explanation from Torah Ohr about what Hallel is all about. It says that Hallel is praise of Hashem, and revealing Hashem. The words of Hallel praise Hashem, but what does it mean “revealing Hashem?”

On days when we say Hallel (like the days of Pesach), these are days when the Emes of Hashem is revealed in the world.

Usually, when we look around at the world, that’s all we see — a world! We see all kinds of Gashmius, which seems to run by its own system. But the emes of Hashem is that the chayus of every part of the world is only Hashem, Who created it all!

On days we say Hallel, that emes is more felt and revealed.




On Musaf of the first day of Pesach, we start to say “Morid Hatal” in davening. Some of the halachos about this or if you forget are in your siddur, and in tomorrow’s shiur.

On every Yom Tov, and on special days like Rosh Chodesh, we say Hallel as part of davening, to praise Hashem for His special nisim.

On the first two days of Pesach, not only do we say Hallel in Shacharis like every Yom Tov, but we ALSO say Hallel during Maariv! After Shemoneh Esrei at night, we say Hallel, praising Hashem for the nisim that He did for us at the time of Yetziyas Mitzrayim.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



How the Rebbeim Get Us Ready for the Geulah

When the Yidden left Mitzrayim, they had two leaders, Moshe and Aharon. They helped the Yidden get ready for Matan Torah, to be ready to accept the Torah and live the way the Torah teaches us to.

Moshe and Aharon worked together, like two halves of one neshama!

In later times, these two halves of one neshama came together in one Yiddishe leader. There is a posuk in Tehillim that says that this started in the times of Shmuel Hanavi, and the Rebbe teaches that with the Chabad Rebbeim it was the same way.

We need the koach of Moshe AND Aharon to get Yidden ready for the Geulah!

Using maamarim and sichos and being an example of how to live, the Rebbeim show us the truth of how Hashem wants Yidden to be. That’s the derech of Moshe Rabbeinu. Then, in Yechidus, with Igros, and by sending shluchim around the world, they help each person grow to be the best Yid he can be! That’s the derech of Aharon Hakohen.

With both of these kochos, all Yidden will be ready for the Geulah!

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