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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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L’ilui Nishmas R’ Simcha ben R’ Mishael Babayov ~ yartzeit Chof-Gimmel Tammuz
He was careful to learn the daily shiurim and encouraged his family to do the same!

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CHUMASH

Parshas Matos-Masei - Rishon with Rashi

Because this week we are learning TWO parshas together, the Chumash is longer than usual!

We learn about making promises. Hashem tells Moshe to fight Midyan before he passes away, and Moshe does it right away!

Promises: Hashem tells Moshe to teach the Yidden the mitzvos about Nedarim and Shevuos, two kinds of promises a person can make.

Here are some of the things the Torah teaches:

- If a person makes a Neder or a Shevuah he has to keep it
- Sometimes a father can take away his daughter’s promise
- Sometimes a husband can take away his wife’s promise

War against Midyan: Hashem tells Moshe, “Take revenge for the Yidden on Midyan, and then you will pass away.”

Even though Moshe knew that his shlichus in the world would end after this war, he didn’t wait! He did what Hashem wanted right away. He told the Yidden to get ready for war, and fight against the Midyanim because of what they did to the Yidden!

(When Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden to get ready for war, he uses the word “Heichaltzu.” There is a very famous maamar of the Rebbe Rashab that starts with this posuk. It teaches us about the Ruchnius Midyan, which is Sinas Chinam, hating another Yid for no good reason, and how we can win over it! http://chabad.org/140419)

Moshe asked that there should be 1,000 men from each Shevet, even Shevet Levi, ready to fight. Even though the Yidden didn’t want Moshe to pass away, they agreed to do the war right away.

After the last war (with Sichon and Og), the Yidden had taken a lot of gold and silver. This made their Yetzer Tovs a little weaker, and made them able to fall for Bilaam’s trick and do the aveira of marrying the daughters of Midyan. So this time, Moshe told the Yidden not to keep anything from the war, so the same thing won’t happen again chas veshalom. He sent Pinchas with the clothes of the Kohen Gadol to give them extra zechus which will help them win the war.

The Yidden attacked Midyan and killed all the men. Bilaam (who had come to get paid for his idea of Midyan tricking the Yidden into doing aveiros) used tumah magic and made the 5 kings of Midyan fly up in the air! Pinchas used the Tzitz of the Kohen Gadol, and the kings fell down and were killed. Bilaam tried to convince the Yidden that they should stop fighting since they will probably lose, but the Yidden ignored what he said and killed him also.

The Yidden took all of the women and children, and the animals and money of Midyan, back with them to Moshe. They didn’t keep anything for themselves.

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TEHILLIM

113 - 118

The kapitelach in today’s Tehillim are the ones used in Hallel!

One of the pesukim is “Rom Al Kol Goyim Hashem,” which means that “Hashem is higher than all the nations.”

Chassidus explains that the posuk also tells us what the Goyim say: They think that Hashem is high, but that Hashem is too great to deal with the world after creating it. They think Hashem leaves it to the forces of nature to make the world keep running.

Of course, Yidden know that Hashem didn’t just create the world, but Hashem creates the world every second and takes care of every single little thing with Hashgacha Protis.

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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Ches

What we learned until now is called Teshuvah Tata’ah, the lower level of Teshuvah. It means to realize what we did wrong, deciding to behave the way Hashem wants in the future, and to feel bad about what we did. The Alter Rebbe explained to us what happens in Ruchnius when we do an aveira, so that our teshuvah will be real and last!

We learned that aveiros are like clouds that separate a Yid from the chayus of Hashem, and that through Teshuvah Tata’ah, Hashem “blows away the clouds” of our aveiros.

Now that our aveiros are not blocking our connection with Hashem anymore, we are ready for the higher level of Teshuvah, Teshuvah Ila’ah.

What is that?

This is a kind of teshuvah which connects the neshama to Hashem in a much higher way.

We learned before that our neshama comes from a very strong chayus of Hashem. This chayus is like when a person blows — it takes a lot of chayus to blow, and it comes from very deep inside the person! Our neshama too has a chayus that is very strong, from very close to Hashem.

But there is something even closer than that! When someone blows, they blow the air outside of themselves, so it can go further away. But imagine the air that a person is ABOUT to blow: That is coming from very deep inside, with the same strong chayus, but it doesn’t go further away from the person at all! That is a mashal for how close a person is to Hashem when they do Teshuvah Ila’ah.

Because the Yid was separated from Hashem before, now they feel an EXTRA chayus inside of themselves to learn Torah and do mitzvos with much more excitement.

Did you ever lose a book that you really liked? It probably made you very sad! But what happens when you find it again? You are SO excited, and you like it even MORE now, you take better care of it and you use it more than you ever did before!

This extra chayus which is in the Teshuvah Ila’ah is what makes a Baal Teshuvah so special — in a way even more special than Tzadikim!

The Rebbe would eat the Seudos of Yom Tov in the Frierdiker Rebbe’s home while Rebbetzin Nechama Dina, the Frierdiker Rebbe’s Rebbetzin, was still alive. The Rebbe’s brother-in-law the Rashag would be there, and other chassidim too.

The Rebbe had been speaking many times at farbrengens about Teshuvah Ila’ah.

The Rashag asked the Rebbe about this, because it seems in Tanya that you need to first have Teshuvah Tata’ah before even starting Teshuvah Ila’ah. The Rebbe answered that this is a special hora’ah for our time. We have the koach now to start with the second level of Teshuvah! We can right away take our decision to behave the way Hashem wants from us and feel that we want to become closer to Hashem by learning Torah and doing mitzvos with an extra special chayus! Eventually that will help us to have BOTH levels of Teshuvah the way we are supposed to. (See Hamelech Bemesibo vol. 2, p. 23–27)

In the next two perakim we will learn more about HOW to do Teshuvah Ila’ah in the three areas of Avodas Hashem: Torah, Avodah, and Gemilus Chasadim.

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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Daled Tammuz

There is a level of chossid called a Pnimi. Here the Rebbe shares a quote from the Tzemach Tzedek about how a Pnimi acts:

A Pnimi doesn’t ask for brachos to make his avodah easier. He doesn’t want any shortcuts! He is ready to do Avodah, and is ready that it should be hard!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #21 - Mitzvas Asei #10, #5

Today we learn two mitzvos. We learn one mitzvah from the last perakim of Hilchos Kriyas Shema, and one from the new set of halachos we are starting today, Hilchos Tefillah.

1) (Mitzvas Asei #10) Shema: We need to say Shema every day, in the morning and at night.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vaeschanan: וְדִבַּרְתָּ בָּם בְּשִׁבְתְּךָ בְּבֵיתֶךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Brachos.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #5) Tefillah: We need to daven to Hashem. In the Torah, this is called Avodah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וַעֲבַדְתֶּם אֵת ה׳ אֱלֹקֵיכֶם

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Kriyas Shema - Tefillah

In Perek Gimmel, we learn many halachos about where we are allowed to say Shema. For example, a person can’t say Shema (or any other words of kedusha) in a smelly place or in a bathroom.

Perek Daled: Some people don’t have the mitzvah to say Kriyas Shema every day. For example, women have a different kind of Avodas Hashem, so they don’t have to do certain mitzvos that have a specific time, like saying Kriyas Shema.

Now we finish this set of halachos, and start learning Hilchos Tefillah!

Perek Alef: The Rambam tells us about how davening used to be — people used to daven in their own words. From the time of Moshe Rabbenu until Ezra Hasofer, there was no nusach for davening — everyone davened in Lashon Kodesh the way they felt and when they needed something.

When Yidden didn’t know how to speak in Lashon Kodesh very well anymore, they couldn’t express themselves properly in davening. So the Anshei Knesses Hagedolah made Shemoneh Esrei for everyone to say.

The first three brachos say how special Hashem is, and the last three brachos say “thank You” to Hashem. In the middle there are many brachos that ask Hashem for things that Yidden need.

The Chachomim also made set times for davening the different tefillos each day, that match up to the times when korbanos were brought.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Kela'im - Perek Hey

In this perek and the next four perakim, we will learn about Kilei HaKerem. The Torah is very strict about not planting other things together with grapes! Even outside of Eretz Yisroel we need to be careful with this mitzvah. We learn about how long the plant needs to be there, and how much it needs to grow, for it to be asur.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Hilchos Beis Habechirah

The Rebbe told us to learn about the Beis Hamikdash during the Three Weeks, to weaken a little bit the inyan of the Churban, and to speed up the building of the Third Beis Hamikdash!

In the Ezras Noshim of the Beis Hamikdash, there were four rooms, called “Lishkos”. There was one in each corner of the Ezras Noshim. Here’s what they were called and what they were used for:

1) Lishkas HaShemanim — The Oil Room

In this room, you get wine, oil, and flour for your korbanos. Most korbanos needed these things as a Mincha and Nesech along with the animal. But you don’t pay in this room! You need to bring a ticket for the kind of Mincha and Nesech that you need, which you buy in a different place. Then you can pick up the right amounts of flour, wine, and oil.

2) Lishkas HaMetzora’im — The Metzora Room

This is the room where a Metzora (someone who had Tzoraas) would come to become Tahor.

3) Lishkas HaNezirim — The Nazir Room

This is where a Nazir would go to finish his Nezirus. The Korban Shelamim was cooked in here, and the hair of the Nazir was burned in the fire.

4) Lishkas HaEitzim — The Wood Room

This room is where the wood to use to burn on the Mizbeiach was kept. Kohanim who were not able to do Avodah (like if they were too old or had a mum) would make sure that there were no worms in any of the wood. It is not appropriate to bring wormy wood on the Mizbeiach.

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TEFILLAH

Elokai Neshama

The first thing we said in the morning was Modeh Ani, thanking Hashem for returning our neshama. But since we said Modeh Ani before washing Negel Vasser, we weren’t able to say this as a bracha, with Hashem’s name.

Now that we made our body clean (by washing out our mouth and using the bathroom) and washed our hands as a preparation for davening, we are able to say Hashem’s holy name. We said the bracha of Al Netilas Yodayim, and thanked Hashem for our healthy body in Asher Yatzar. Now we are able to properly thank Hashem for giving us a healthy neshama, with the bracha of Elokai Neshama!

In Elokai Neshama, we use different expressions about how our neshama was given to us. Chassidus explains that these correspond to the different olamos (Ruchnius’dike levels, called “worlds”) that the neshama goes through before coming into the Gashmius’dike world.

In this bracha, the Chachomim also remind us about Techiyas Hameisim! We hinted to it in Modeh Ani, with the words “Raba Emunasecha,” saying that Hashem is faithful and will give back our neshama at Techiyas Hameisim. Here, we say it clearly, that Hashem will take away our neshama, but return it again when Moshiach comes. This keeps our emunah in Techiyas Hameisim strong!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Women and Shema

The Torah tells us that women don’t need to do some mitzvos that need to be done at a certain time — “Mitzvos Shehazman Grama.”

The mitzvah of saying Kriyas Shema, which we learned in today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, is one of these mitzvos. It has a certain time, in the morning and at night. Women do not need to keep the mitzvah of saying Kriyas Shema.

But women DO have the mitzvah of Kabolas Ol Malchus Shomayim, to recognize that Hashem is the true existence of everything, and to be ready to behave the way Hashem wants us to.

The first posuk of Shema helps us to have this Kabolas Ol. So women DO need to say at least the first posuk of Shema, “Shema Yisrael Hashem Elokeinu Hashem Echod.”

Women also need to say Emes Veyatziv, which helps us do a different mitzvah — remembering Yetziyas Mitzrayim, that Hashem took us miraculously out of Mitzrayim and can do nissim for us at any time. They should say this whole section, until Go’al Yisroel, so that their Shemoneh Esrei will be connected to a bracha for the Geulah, called being “Somech Geulah L’Tefillah.”

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Ayin se’if Alef; article on Women & Tefillah

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Nevuah Will Come Back!

During the time of the second Beis Hamikdash, the Yidden no longer had Neviim. When Moshiach comes, we will again have Nevuah as a regular thing!

וְאֶת רוּחִי אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וְעָשִׂיתִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר בְּחֻקַּי תֵּלֵכוּ וּמִשְׁפָּטַי תִּשְׁמְרוּ וַעֲשִׂיתֶם

Hashem says through the Navi Yechezkel:

Ve’es Ruchi Etein Bekirbechem — I will put back the Ruach of Nevuah inside of you (which you didn’t have during Golus)

Ve’asisi Eis Asher Bechukai Teileichu — And I will make you want to follow in My mitzvos

U’mishpatai Tishmeru Va’asisem — And you will keep My mitzvos and do them!

One of the first things we will need to use nevuah for is building the Beis Hamikdash! We know many halachos from Hilchos Beis Habechirah (which we are learning now, during the Three Weeks), but the third Beis Hamikdash is not the same as the other ones! We can learn many details from the Navi Yechezkel, who was shown the third Beis Hamikdash, but not everything there is clear. Even though the Navi Yechezkel will be there with us, and will able to explain what is not clear, that won’t be enough. We will need nevuah, which Hashem will give back to the Yidden, to help us understand how to build everything right!

Then a Ruchnius Beis Hamikdash will come down from Shomayim and come into the Beis Hamikdash that we built. This will make it a Beis Hamikdash that will last forever!

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Vov, posuk Chof-Zayin and sicha Parshas Matos-Masei Tof-Shin-Lamed-Tes

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