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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayakhel-Pekudei - Shishi with Rashi

Betzalel made the rest of the Kohanim’s clothes: The Me’il for the Kohen Gadol with the bells and pomegranates, the hats for the Kohanim and for the Kohen Gadol, the gartels, and the Tzitz for the Kohen Gadol.

After they finished everything, they had Moshe look to make sure that all of it was made in the right way. Moshe looked at each part of the Mishkan and saw that it was all done just the way Hashem wanted!

Moshe gave them a bracha that Hashem should rest in the Mishkan that they made! Moshe also davened, saying a posuk from Tehillim: “Vihi Noam Hashem Elokeinu Aleinu, Umaaseh Yadeinu Konena Aleinu...” Hashem should be with us, and show us that what we made was right!

 
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TEHILLIM

113 - 118

There is a posuk in today’s Tehillim, in Kapitel Kuf-Yud-Ches (118) that says “Hashem Li Be’ozroi, Va’ani Ereh Be’Son’ai.” “Hashem is with me, with my helpers, and I will see my enemies fall.”

How can Dovid Hamelech say that Hashem is WITH his helpers? Can there be a helper except for Hashem?

Chassidus explains that the “helpers” are the Gashmius things in the world. Hashem put a piece of Kedusha into the Gashmius things, and when we use them, we get this koach to help us! So together with davening and asking Hashem to help, a person also needs the sparks of kedusha that are in the Gashmius’dike things as part of the help as well!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Zayin

Yesterday, we learned how by using things in the world to do mitzvos, the chayus they were getting before from kelipah becomes kedusha! We make them shine with the light of Hashem!

To light Shabbos candles, you need to use your fingers to hold the match, your hands to cover your eyes, and your mouth to say the bracha. Where do you get the koach to move those parts of your body? From the food you eat! The same is true when you daven or learn Torah! Since the food helped you do the mitzvah, the chayus of the food that was from kelipah becomes kedushah!

So since we use food and other Gashmius things to help us do the mitzvah, not only does our OWN body become connected with Hashem, but all of the Gashmius things which help us do the mitzvos also become kedusha!

As we use the koach of the Gashmius world for more and more mitzvos, we will end up making the chayus from kelipah of the WHOLE world into Kedusha!

That will be completely finished at the time of the Geulah. Here’s how it works:

When Moshiach will come, two special things will happen:

1) Tumah will go away — “Ve’es Ruach Hatumah Aavir Min Haaretz” — and all the bad things that are because of tumah will disappear.

2) The world will be a Dira Betachtonim — Hashem will be felt in the world, so we will be able to see and feel all of the good things that come from Hashem!

Through our Avodah during Golus, we are making these two things happen!

Every time we stop ourselves from doing an aveira, we are taking chayus away from tumah, because it only gets chayus from aveiros. So when we don’t do an aveira, we are taking tumah away from the world, which will be finished when Moshiach comes.

And when we do a mitzvah, we bring Hashem into the world, which will also be complete when Moshiach comes!!

So when Yidden all work together to stop ourselves from doing aveiros and putting in effort to do mitzvos, we’re making the Geulah happen!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Daled Adar

The Hayom Yom was written for a year where there were TWO Adars (a Shana Me’uberes). This year there is only ONE Adar (a Shanah Peshutah), so we learn BOTH Hayom Yoms every day!

Chof-Daled Adar Alef

R’ Hillel Paritcher was a very great chossid of the Alter Rebbe, and later the Mitteler Rebbe. The Mitteler Rebbe told all of the Chassidim that came to Lubavitch, that on their way home they should teach the Chassidus they heard in all of the towns and villages they pass. Before leaving Lubavitch, R’ Hillel Paritcher asked the Mitteler Rebbe how to follow this hora’ah in places where people don’t understand Chassidus at all.

The Mitteler Rebbe told him that he should chazer Chassidus in those places too, because “the neshama hears.” Even if they don’t understand the Chassidus, their neshama hears it.

The Mitteler Rebbe used a posuk to show R’ Hillel that not only does the neshama hear the Chassidus, but it gives the person koach to do what Hashem wants!

Chof-Daled Adar Sheini

There is a Tefillah that we say many times that starts with the words Ana B’Koach.

The special tefillah of Ana B’koach has 42 words. The first letter of each of the words spells out the 42-letter name of Hashem! When we say this paragraph, we should LOOK at and THINK about (but not say) these letters.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #228 - Mitzvas Asei #98

Today’s mitzvah is the same one again (Mitzvas Asei #98) that we need to know about how food can become tomei, so we can follow all of those halachos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Tumas Ochlin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about how food and drinks can become tomei. They can only become tomei if they got wet on purpose with one of seven liquids.

In today’s perakim, Perakim Yud-Gimmel, Yud-Daled, and Tes-Vov, we learn many different cases to see when something is considered having gotten wet on purpose, which means that the person wanted the water to fall on the food. Sometimes we know that the person wanted it if he is happy it got wet, even if he didn’t do anything to make it wet! Then the food is Muchshar Lekabel Tumah, able to become tomei.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh - Perek Chof-Daled

In Perek Chof-Daled, we learn about the names on the shtar. It has to be clear who the people written on the shtar are, or else the Beis Din can’t take away the money from them.

So what happens if there are a few people with the same name in one city? How can they write a shtar that shows that they borrowed or lent money? How would we know which one the shtar is talking about?

The halacha is that they need to write their grandparents’ names, so we can tell them apart. And if their grandparents’ names are the same too, then they need to say their GREAT-grandparents’ names on the shtar!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Shabbos Mevorchim Nissan

The whole year gets a special chayus from Rosh Hashana.

Every week gets a special chayus and koach from the parshah of the week.

Every day gets a special koach and chayus from the davening of that day.

And every month gets a special chayus and koach for that month — from Shabbos Mevorchim!

That’s why there are special minhagim that we do on Shabbos Mevorchim to get that chayus! We bentch the new month, we say the whole Tehillim, and we make a farbrengen. They help us make sure that we will have all of the koach that we can get for the month!

This Shabbos is Shabbos Mevorchim of Chodesh Nissan. The Chachomim teach us that “BeNisan Nigalu,” the Yidden came out of the Golus of Mitzrayim in Nissan, and “BeNisan Asidin Lehiga’el,” the final Geulah will also be in the month of Nissan!

And the koach for this to happen comes through this Shabbos — Shabbos Mevorchim Nissan!

 

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TEFILLAH

Kabolas Shabbos

We are going through the Seder HaTefillah for the weekdays and Shabbos. Today we will learn about an additional tefillah that we say when Shabbos begins to welcome Shabbos.

In Gemara Shabbos, we learn how R’ Chanina would greet Shabbos. He would go out, wearing his special Shabbos clothing, and announce: “Come, let us go out and greet the Shabbos queen!” Nowadays, we also greet the Shabbos queen, but we do it in shul!

About 450 years ago, in Tzfas, there lived a great Mekubal called R’ Moshe Cordovero, the RaMaK. He taught Yidden to say 6 kapitelach of Tehillim, which correspond to the six days of the week. Then for the seventh part of Kabolas Shabbos, we sing a beautiful poem written by the Ramak’s brother-in-law, R’ Shlomo Halevi Alkabetz. This song, Lecha Dodi, is the words we use to greet the Shabbos queen. This is followed by a seventh kapitel of Tehillim for Shabbos, Mizmor Shir Leyom HaShabbos, and then we say a part of the Zohar, beginning with the word Kegavna, which describes Shabbos in the Ruchnius’dike Olamos.

Now all Yidden greet Shabbos in this special way, based on the teachings of the Mekubalim.

See My Prayer

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Mechiras Chometz

Not having chometz on Pesach is a very serious thing. We are not allowed to even have it lying around the house! This is called “Bal Yeira’eh U’bal Yeimatzeh,” that it can’t be seen or found.

Because of this, we need to search around our entire house to make sure that all of the chometz is taken out. We are careful that not even a little bit of chometz should be found, and spend time before Pesach getting rid of it. We are mevatel any chometz that we don’t find, saying that it is like it is worth nothing and doesn’t count.

But what if we do have real chometz that DOES count to us, like chometz that we want to use after Pesach? We can’t say that it is botul, because it is still important to us! But we can’t keep it, because then we would be doing a very serious aveira, and this chometz would be asur FOREVER to use or eat or sell, even after Pesach!

The Chachomim tell us that this chometz can be sold to a goy. This is called Mechiras Chometz. Because the halachos of selling chometz are very complicated, we don’t do this by ourselves. Instead, we authorize the Rav to sell our chometz for us.

(Some Yidden don’t sell real chometz on Pesach, because there can be questions about if the chometz is counted as being completely sold. The Alter Rebbe taught that we should sell our chometz using an Arev Kablan, a type of guarantor, which makes sure that our chometz IS completely sold! See here for an explanation of how this works.)

Any chometz that we want to be sold should be set aside in a separate area that is closed off. We can close it off by sealing it off or covering it completely with a cover that is tied down. We do not use this area on Pesach.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

What Did I Do?

Every day, in Shemoneh Esrei, we say “Es Tzemach Dovid Avdecha Meheira Satzmiach,” asking Hashem that Moshiach should come and save the Yidden. We also say, “Vesechezena Eineinu,” asking Hashem to bring us back to Yerushalayim.

If we think about what we are saying, we will realize how much we need to want Moshiach. We will ask ourselves, “What did I do today to make this happen? What did I do today to bring Moshiach?”

See Likutei Sichos 20 p. 384, Migolah L’Geulah p. 158

 
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