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CHUMASH

Revi'i with Rashi

Moshe is farbrenging with the Yidden about more things that happened in the Midbar, so they will be ready to go into Eretz Yisroel:

“Hashem told me to make a new set of Luchos, since the first ones were broken. He also told me to make an Aron to hold it in.” (This was a different Aron than the one in the Mishkan — the Yidden didn’t build the Mishkan until later.)

“I made the Luchos like Hashem told me, and went up onto Har Sinai again for another 40 days.”

(Moshe now reminds the Yidden about something else that they did — when Aharon passed away, and some of Hashem’s clouds went away, they were scared to fight with the Goyim. They turned around and tried to run back to Mitzrayim, but the Leviim chased after them and fought with them until they agreed to come back!

(Even though this happened 39 years after the Luchos, toward the end of their stay in the Midbar, Moshe tells the Yidden about this now.

Why?

To tell us that when a Tzadik passes away, it’s as sad as when the Luchos were broken, and to teach us that when the Yidden tried to run back to Mitzrayim, it was as sad for Moshe as the Cheit HaEigel.)

“After the Cheit HaEigel, Hashem said that only Shevet Levi should be the kohanim, and not the firstborn of all the Yidden. (That’s why Shevet Levi doesn’t get a part of Eretz Yisroel — they are working for Hashem and don’t have time to work in their fields. Hashem pays them with the special presents we give to the kohanim.)

“And even though you did such a big aveira, Hashem still told me to lead you towards Eretz Yisroel!”

 
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TEHILLIM

97 - 103

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Tzadik-Zayin to Kuf-Gimmel.

In one of today’s kapitelach, we have a posuk that says “Horiu LaHashem Kol Ha’aretz” — “everyone in the world should sing to Hashem!”

It is brought in Chassidus that the words “Horiu LaHashem Kol Ha’aretz” are the Roshei Teivos of (the first letters spell the word) Halacha!

When we follow Halacha, the way the Aibershter wants things to be, that’s like the world is singing together to Hashem!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Vov

The Alter Rebbe started telling us how we get a special reward for giving Tzedakah — we get Emes! Today, we learn why we need this reward:

There are two kinds of Ahavas Hashem and Yiras Hashem. One kind is the way we feel it from our own avodah, and the other is the way we feel it when Hashem helps us feel it!

Of course, when Hashem is helping us, we feel it in a much stronger way. Since these feelings come from the Emes of Hashem, they are very real and true for us.

When does Hashem help a person to feel this strong Ahavas Hashem and Yiras Hashem?

When the person connects to Hashem with HIS emes, and feels the Rachmonus for the neshama in a true and real way.

But how can a person’s emes connect to Hashem’s Emes?

When a Yid gives tzedakah and helps another Yid, Hashem connects His emes with that person’s emes! Then the person is able to get that special present of feeling Ahavas Hashem and Yiras Hashem in a true way!

This is especially the case when we give tzedakah to Eretz Yisroel!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof Menachem Av

Today we will learn that the mitzvah of Ahavas Hashem and Yiras Hashem is something we need to feel with Gashmius!

There are lots of mitzvos we can FEEL: Like if you put on Tefillin, you feel the Tefillin are heavy on your head, and the straps are tight around your arm.

Did you know that we can FEEL our Ahavas Hashem and Yiras Hashem too? They are also mitzvos that can be felt!

What does it feel like to love Hashem? It’s like if you see one of your friends after a while, and you feel so excited and happy!

And what does it feel like to have YIRAS Shomayim? It feels like when someone important comes in to see what you are doing, and you get a little shaky — am I doing what I should be doing?

We can feel our Yiras Shomayim in three ways: If you realize that you were doing something wrong, that is called “Yiras HaOnesh,” you are afraid you might be punished from Shomayim. If you feel embarrassed that you’re so small, that’s called “Yirah Boshes.”

Sometimes a person will feel amazed, like the way we feel when we see a huge mountain or waterfall or a sunrise — that’s Yiras HaRomemus — realizing how great and special Hashem is!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Asei #246, #248

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn the same mitzvah one last time, and then we learn a new mitzvah that we will learn over and over again!

1) (Mitzvas Asei #246) When people have an argument about money or other things a person can have, the Beis Din needs to pasken the way the Torah teaches.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #248) We also learn a new mitzvah: When someone passes away, who gets their things (yerusha)? We need to follow the rules in the Torah — including that the firstborn gets double!

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an - Nachlos

In today’s Rambam we finish learning the halachos about people arguing in Beis Din.

Perek Tes-Zayin: The Rambam teaches us about when the Beis Din shouldn’t trust someone — like if someone was a witness for another person selling a field, he can’t later come to the Beis Din and say that the field was stolen from him! If the field had really been stolen from him, he wouldn’t have been a witness for the other person selling it.

The last halacha of this set teaches us to be very careful not to lie in Beis Din, even when it is to get the money back to the right people!

We start a new set of halachos today, halachos about nachalos — who gets someone’s things after they pass away? The halacha is that usually it goes to the children, with the firstborn getting double!

Perek Alef teaches us how to figure out who gets the yerusha. Usually a yerusha is passed down father to son. If there are no sons, it gets passed down to the daughter.

In Perek Beis, we learn that the firstborn son gets a double portion of the yerusha! We see how many sons there are, add one to that number, and divide up the yerusha in that many equal parts. The oldest gets two of those parts, and the rest of the sons get one.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shechitah - Perek Yud-Alef

In this perek we learn about when we are not sure if an animal is a treifah or not. We are careful to check the lungs of an animal after we shecht it to make sure that there are no problems with it.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Chof Av

Today is a special day on the Chassidishe calendar — it is the yartzeit of the Rebbe’s father, R’ Levi Yitzchak.

The Rebbe’s father was the Rav in Yekatrinoslav. Because he didn’t stop teaching Torah and mitzvos to the Yidden, the government punished him by sending him far away to a small town called Chi’ili.

Even while in Golus, R’ Levik continued to write down words of Torah, like explanations to the Zohar. There was no way to buy paper in Ch’ili, so R’ Levik wrote in the white spaces around the words of the few seforim that the government allowed him to take with him. There was no ink in Ch’ili either, so the Rebbe’s mother, Rebbetzin Chana, boiled different grasses and flowers to make ink for him to use. Since each batch of ink had different grasses, you can see that the words in R’ Levik’s seforim are written with many different colors!

Some Chassidim paid a lot of money for R’ Levik to be able to go to a bigger city where he could be warmer, but he was very sick and passed away there, in Alma Ata.

R’ Levi Yitzchak had Mesiras Nefesh in Russia to spread Yiddishkeit. Because of this, he passed away at a young age.

We can learn from the Rebbe’s father to have Mesiras Nefesh also, making sure that we help all of the Yidden who don’t know about Torah and mitzvos yet — with all of our chayus!

Many of his Chiddushei Torah we STILL don’t have — they are probably somewhere in Russia. The Rebbe said that if we make a hachlata to learn these Chiddushei Torah as soon as they are found, Hashem will help that we will find them faster!

 

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TEFILLAH

Abayei

The paragraph of Abayei comes from the Gemara, Mesechta Yoma. It speaks about how the Amora, Abayei, would review the steps of the entire daily Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash in order, based on the teachings of Abba Shaul.

Even though the halacha (the way it will be done in the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi) is different, we still say it the way Abba Shaul taught it.

Meforshim explain why we still choose to say it in this way, and in a sicha the Rebbe explains why it is done this way according to Chassidus — because the order of the Avodah in this paragraph fits more according to the avodah of Yidden in the time of Golus.

See Sefer Hasichos 5752, p. 419 and footnotes there

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kissing the Sefer Torah

There are many halachos that we do to show kavod and love for the Sefer Torah. One way is by kissing the Sefer Torah when it is carried past us in shul.

There is a minhag brought in Shulchan Aruch that when the Sefer Torah comes out in shul, we should especially bring children to come and kiss it. This will help in their chinuch and get them excited to do mitzvos!

See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim siman 149

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

There Will Be No More War

Hashem gives the same message to many of the neviim, but each Navi tells it in his own way! That’s why so many nevuos say the same things about the Geulah.

Here is how the Navi Hoshea tells us about the time of the Geulah, when there will be no danger and no war:

וְכָרַתִּי לָהֶם בְּרִית בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא עִם חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה וְעִם עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וְרֶמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה וְקֶשֶׁת וְחֶרֶב וּמִלְחָמָה אֶשְׁבּוֹר מִן הָאָרֶץ וְהִשְׁכַּבְתִּים לָבֶטַח

Vechorati Lahem Bris Bayom Hahu — In that time, it will be as if there is a promise to have peace

Im Chayas Hasadeh — With the wild animals

Ve’im Of Hashomayim — And with the birds in the sky

Veremes Ho’adamah — And the bugs of the earth.

Vekeshes Vecherev Umilchama Eshbor Min Ha’aretz — The bow, the sword, and war I will break off from the world

Vehishkavtim Lavetach — And I will let the Yidden rest safely.

See Hoshea perek Beis posuk Chof

 
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