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Chamishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is preparing the Yidden to have hatzlacha in Eretz Yisroel!

Moshe Rabbeinu reminds the Yidden about how much Yiras Shomayim they had from Matan Torah! Hashem said, “If only they would ALWAYS feel this way!”

The Yidden should be very careful to do the mitzvos of Hashem all the time, and then they will be able to live for a long time in Eretz Yisroel!



72 - 76

Today’s kapitelach are Ayin-Beis to Ayin-Vov.

In Kapitel Ayin-Gimmel (73), there is a posukMi Li Bashamayim Ve’imcha Lo Chofatzti Ba’aretz.” “Do I need Shomayim? And I don’t want what’s with You in the world.”

The Tzemach Tzedek said that the Alter Rebbe used to say that this posuk means that he doesn’t want what’s WITH Hashem, like Gan Eden or Olam Haba. He just wanted Hashem Himself!

How does a person connect with Hashem Himself? By doing a mitzvah in this Gashmiyus world! The Chachomim say that one hour of teshuvah and Maasim Tovim in this world is better than the whole Olam Haba! In Olam Haba, neshamos enjoy the light of Hashem, but through a mitzvah in this world, the neshama connects with the ESSENCE of Hashem.



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

The Alter Rebbe is encouraging Chassidim to give tzedakah, by explaining what happens in Ruchnius when we give tzedakah!

We learned that when we give tzedakah, we make Hashem’s name complete.

We see this in a posuk, “Vayaas Dovid Sheim,” “Dovid made Hashem’s name.” The Zohar explains that this happened because of the tzedakah and chesed that he did!

Hashem’s name is complete when we have not just the Yud of Hashem’s name, but also the Hey. Later we will see how Hashem’s name is made through giving tzedaakah, but first we need to learn what the Chachomim teach us, that with Hashem’s name Yud and Hey, Olam Haba and Olam Hazeh were created.

Yesterday, the Alter Rebbe explained that the Yud of Hashem’s name is what gives chayus to Olam Haba, and today we will learn about the Hey of Hashem’s name:

The Hey of Hashem’s name gives chayus to Olam Hazeh, this world.


We can understand this better by using a mashal of how a person speaks.

When we talk, there are two parts:

1) One is the sound that comes from our breath.

2) The other is the way we move our mouth and throat to shape that sound into the 22 letters of the Alef-Beis.

The different letters in our speech come from a very deep koach in our neshama. This is like the Yud of Hashem’s name, which shows a very deep part of Hashem — Hashem’s pnimius.

But we can’t hear those letters without the sound itself, which comes from our breath.

Our breath is like the Hey of Hashem’s name. (Without trying to shape the sound of our breath into a letter, it will just sound like a Hey!) This isn’t as deep of a koach as the letters. This is a mashal for the Hey of Hashem’s name.

Now we can understand why Olam Hazeh gets its chayus from the Hey of Hashem’s name! This Gashmius’dike world can’t handle seeing the deep chayus of Hashem from the Yud. Instead, the Yud gives chayus to Olam Haba. This world gets its chayus from the Hey of Hashem’s name, which the world can handle.



Yud-Daled Menachem Av

The Rebbe reminds us that there is no Tachanun in Mincha, because tonight is Chamisha-Asar B’Av!

On Yud-Daled Menachem Av in the year Tof-Shin-Alef, it was 50 years since the Rebbe Rashab told the Frierdiker Rebbe, who was then 11 years old, that he should start writing down the stories that he tells him.

At that time, the Frierdiker Rebbe told this story:

When the Tzemach Tzedek started to write words of Torah and Chassidus, the Alter Rebbe told him that the Mishna says that you should get a friend to learn with — Ukenei Lecha Chaver. If you change the nekudos of the word “Ukenei,”, you can read it as “Vekaneh Lecha Chaver,” a PEN should be your friend! From this we see that it is important to write things down when you learn!

The Rebbe Rashab once said that he heard ANOTHER way to read the Mishna, in the name of the Alter Rebbe: The “pen” of your heart is what should be your friend in learning. That means that you should use your heart when you learn, and feel that what you’re learning is important for your life!



Mitzvas Asei #198

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #198) is that we SHOULD charge interest to a goy who doesn’t keep the Sheva Mitzvos Bnei Noach — a goy who doesn’t believe in Hashem. (The Chachomim made certain rules about this mitzvah.)



Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh

In today’s Rambam, we are finishing this set of halachos!

Perek Chof-Hey talks about a guarantor. A guarantor is someone who promises to pay back the money if the borrower can’t pay it back on time. One halacha is that if a person says he will be a guarantor AFTER the loan was already given (like if the lender is screaming at the borrower, and a person who hears says to stop screaming because he is ready to be a guarantor), he doesn’t really become a guarantor — he would first need to make a kinyan. (If he says he will guarantee the loan BEFORE the loan was given, he doesn’t need to make a kinyan.)

Perek Chof-Vov has more halachos about a guarantor. We learn about when the guarantor has to pay the money, and about times when the borrower has to pay back the guarantor!

The last perek, Perek Chof-Zayin, talks about a shtar, a paper that is written to show that money was borrowed.

One halacha is that we need to be careful in a shtar, to make sure that we don’t write things in a way that someone else could change them. So for example, we can’t write the word “shalosh” (three) at the end of a line — because someone could add the letters yud and shlos mem, making it say “shloshim” (thirty) instead!



Hilchos Shechitah - Perek Hey

In this perek, we start to learn the halachos of tereifah, which we will learn the details of over the next few days.



Ahavas Yisroel

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learned about the stories that the Frierdiker Rebbe wrote down.

At the time the Hayom Yom was written, many of these stories had never been printed. Now, Boruch Hashem, they are, in the Frierdiker Rebbe’s sichos and zichronos!

We can learn many things from these stories. One very important thing we can learn is about Ahavas Yisroel. We can see this from the following story:

A bochur once came to the Rebbe in Yechidus, and asked what he could do to make his Ahavas Yisroel stronger. The Rebbe told him to read the sichos of the Frierdiker Rebbe, and this would help him!


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Korban Tomid

The second paragraph that starts “Vayedaber” is about the Korban Tomid.

After cleaning off the ashes from the Mizbeiach in the morning, the kohanim were ready to bring the first korban of the day, the Korban Tomid. This korban was a sheep that was brought as an Olah, meaning that the entire animal was burned on the Mizbeiach, and no meat was left for the kohanim to eat. The Korban Tomid (“tomid” means “always”) was brought twice every day, once in the morning and once in the afternoon. The Korban Tomid was a kapara for certain aveiros that the Yidden did, and helped Hashem forgive them.

Our davening Shacharis and Mincha is instead of bringing the Korban Tomid in the morning and afternoon. We can’t bring the actual korban, but we bring ourselves close to Hashem by connecting to Him in tefillah. By saying the words of the Torah describing the Korban Tomid, Hashem will also count it as if we are bringing this important korban!

On a day that we say Tachanun, we also say a short tefillah before, asking Hashem that our davening should be mechaper our aveiros just as the Korban Tomid was mechaper on the aveiros of the Yidden.



Learning Halachos Hatzrichos

There are many mitzvos that are easy to learn just by watching other people do them. For example, it’s not hard to learn how to shake the Lulav and Esrog properly.

But other mitzvos are complicated. Unless a person actually learns the halachos about them, he will probably not always be doing them right.

For example, we know that we are not allowed to talk during davening. But what if we hear thunder in the middle of Ashrei — do we stop and say the bracha? Or what if we are davening Shema slowly and we hear the Chazan starting to repeat Shemoneh Esrei — can we answer Amen? The answer to these questions are part of the halachos of Hefsek BeTefillah, when we can interrupt our davening.

We know that pens and markers are muktza on Shabbos. But what do we do if we find a pen in the box of mentchies? And what do we do if we picked up a pen by mistake? This is part of the halachos of muktza, and you won’t always know what to do unless you learn these halachos!

The Rebbe wanted everyone to learn the halachos that we need to live properly as a Yid. Starting from the youngest grades, all the way up to kollel and in the shuls, everyone should have daily shiurim in these halachos.

See in detail Shulchan Menachem vol. 4, p. 238 ff

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Hesech Hadaas

The Chachomim tell us that Moshiach will come “Behesech Hadaas,” when we are not thinking about it.

But what is that supposed to mean? We know from Rambam that we are ALWAYS supposed to be waiting for Moshiach to come — Achakeh Lo Bechol Yom Sheyavo!

One explanation is that Moshiach will come in a time that doesn’t make sense — a time when our daas might tell us that Moshiach shouldn’t come. Even though it wouldn’t seem like we deserve Moshiach, the Gemara tells us to have emunah (which is higher than daas) that Moshiach will come right away!

So if someone thinks that the world isn’t ready for Moshiach, we see from this Gemara that this is the PERFECT time, Behesech Hadaas! With the koach of our emunah in Moshiach, Moshiach will come right away!

Likutei Sichos chelek Yud p. 171

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