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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש

 
 
 

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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

L’ilui Nishmas
Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh ~ yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan

in honor of the engagement of Mendy Rapoport and Lakey Kulek
May the chasunah take place in a good and auspicious time, and may they build a Binyan Adei Ad!

 
 

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CHUMASH

Parshas Tazria - Shvi'i with Rashi

We are learning more about Tzoraas on clothes. We learned that if someone sees a bright green or red spot on his clothing, he needs to show it to a kohen.

If after a week the spot didn’t get bigger, the person has to wash it and put it away for another week.

After the second week, the Kohen looks at the clothes again. If the spot didn’t change, it is Tzoraas and needs to be burned.

If the spot got lighter, the person cuts out the part with the spot and burns it, and the rest of the clothing is okay. But if spots come back in other parts of the clothing, the whole thing needs to be burned.

If the spot went away, the person dips the clothing in the Mikvah and it becomes tahor.

This is the end of the halachos of tzoraas on clothes.

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TEHILLIM

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Today we are starting the Sefer Tehillim, from Kapitel Alef!

In Kapitel Daled (the kapitel you say if you are 3) there is a posuk (which also has a Chassidishe Niggun that goes to the words): “Zivchu Zivchei Tzedek, Uvitchu El Hashem!” It talks about bringing korbanos to Hashem, like we are learning about in Chumash!

Another posuk that you probably know is in Kapitel Hey: “Va’ani BeRov Chasdecha Avo Veisecha...” We say this posuk in Mah Tovu. It means that we come to Hashem’s house (like a shul) to daven and thank Him! That’s why we say this posuk at the beginning of davening.

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Tes

The neshamos of very great tzadikim are always (even when they’re alive in this world) living in the world of Atzilus. They see the world the way Hashem sees it — that nothing is separate from Hashem!

For the rest of us, we can’t feel this way all the time. But at special times, even regular neshamos can feel that there is nothing that exists aside for Hashem. One of those times is during Shmoneh Esrei!

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HAYOM YOM

Alef Nisan

We don’t say Tachanun the whole month of Nissan!

During the first two weeks of Nisan, we say the “Nasi” every day.

A Nasi means a prince, the head of a Shevet. Each Nasi was the leader of his own Shevet. For the Chanukas Hamishkan, each Nasi brought special presents to the Mishkan. Each Nasi took a turn on one day of Nisan, and on that day we read about their korban. Shevet Levi was not part of these korbanos.

After reading the Nasi, we say a Yehi Ratzon afterwards, saying that “If I am from that Shevet, I should get all of the kedusha that was brought down through that korban.”

The Rebbe Rashab told his brother-in-law, R’ Moshe Horenstein, who was a kohen, to say the Yehi Ratzon anyway, even though a kohen KNOWS he’s from Shevet Levi, who doesn’t have one of these Korbanos! This is because really every Yid is connected, through something called “ibur.” Even if you’re not from that Shevet, you can still get the kedusha from it!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #293 - Mitzvas Asei #244

Today’s mitzvah in Sefer Hamitzvos (Mitzvas Asei #244) is the same as yesterday — that someone who borrows something needs to follow the halachos about borrowing.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְכִי יִשְׁאַל אִישׁ מֵעִם רֵעֵהוּ

The halachos are explained in Perek Ches of Mesechta Bava Metziah, and Perek Ches of Mesechta Shevuos.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos She'eilah Upikadon

In today’s Rambam, we learn more halachos about borrowing (“shoel”), and we also learn about a person who watches something without being paid for watching it (“shomer chinam”).

Perek Gimmel teaches us what happens if an animal we borrowed dies. If the animal died during the time it was borrowed, the person has to pay! The Rambam teaches exactly when the borrowing is considered to have started.

Perek Daled is about a Shomer Chinam, who watches something for another person without getting paid for his work.

If you watch something for someone else, you need to be very careful with it — even more careful than if it was yours! The halacha is that if you put something that belongs to someone else in a not safe place, and it got lost or stolen — even if it wasn’t your fault! — you need to pay for it.

So for example if someone asked you to watch their pencil for a few minutes, and you just left it outside in the playground, it is your fault if it gets lost or stolen.

Perek Hey teaches us what happens if something gets robbed from us while we are watching it for another person.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tumas Tzoraas - Perek Yud-Beis

This perek teaches us the halachos of Tzoraas on clothes. We learn what it looks like, and how big the spot needs to be to be counted as Tzoraas.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Haggados for Kids

The Rebbe tells us that children should have their own siddur, Chumash, and (lehavdil) tzedakah box, along with other sefarim.

One other sefer that every child should have is a Haggadah Shel Pesach!

In Shulchan Aruch it says that we buy children nuts and sweet things before Yom Tov, to make them happy on Yom Tov. It is also a good idea to get a new siddur or a new sefer, which will give them chayus to use it!

See Sefer Hasichos 5748 vol. 1, p. 343, Halachos Uminhagei Chabad p. 179

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TEFILLAH

Rosh Chodesh

Today is Rosh Chodesh Nissan! We say extra pieces in davening, and add Hallel and say Musaf for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh. Don’t forget to say the Nasi after davening!

There is also a special part of the Torah that is leined this Shabbos, Parshas Hachodesh. This parsha is leined either the Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh Nisan, or Rosh Chodesh Nisan itself if it is on Shabbos! It speaks about the mitzvah Hashem gave to Moshe Rabbeinu, about the Yiddishe calendar which starts from Rosh Chodesh Nisan!

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For the first twelve days of Chodesh Nisan, the Nesiim of each shevet took turns bringing special korbanos for the Chanukas Hamizbeiach.

After reading the part of the Torah telling us the korbanos of that day’s Nasi, we say a paragraph starting with Yehi Ratzon.

What is this Yehi Ratzon about?

We ask Hashem that the Ruchnius koach of that shevet, the Nitzutzin Kadishin, should shine on us! Each shevet served Hashem in a different way, and since Yidden are all connected, we each have a part of all of the shevatim inside of us.

When we say this paragraph, we ask Hashem that this Ruchnius koach should help us learn Torah and serve Hashem with Yiras Shomayim. We ask that this koach should help us and stay with us and our children, forever!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Motzei Shabbos

On Motzei Shabbos we should set the table, even if we’re not planning a big Melaveh Malka. We say goodbye to the Shabbos in a way of kavod, the same way we show kavod to Shabbos when it starts.

Some people have a minhag to light candles for Melaveh Malka.

The Rebbe would say during Melaveh Malka, “Da Hi Se’udasa D’Dovid Malka Meshicha” — “this is the seudah of Dovid Hamelech.”

There is also a minhag to say over a story of a tzadik at this seudah, and it is a segulah for many good things!

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch Siman Shin, se’if alef and beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Time of the Geulah

In the Gemara, there is a machlokes about when the Geulah will be.

R’ Eliezer says that the Geulah from Mitzrayim was in Nisan, but the final Geulah will be in Tishrei.

R’ Yehoshua says that the Yidden came out of Mitzrayim in Nisan, and they will also come out of Golus in NisanBeNisan Nigalu, U’beNisan Asidin Lehiga’el.

In the Medrash, when it discusses the time of the Geulah, it only brings the opinion that BeNisan Asidin Lehiga’el. This shows that the halacha is according to R’ Yehoshua — the Geulah will be in Nisan!

In many of the Sichos Kodesh and Maamorim, the Rebbe explains the connection between Nisan and Geulah. The Rebbe shows us that in Ruchnius, this month is the BEST time for Moshiach to come!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Alef, p. 235

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