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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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Parshas Tetzaveh - Shlishi with Rashi

Today we will learn how Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to make the rest of the Kohanim’s special clothes!

The Kohen Gadol should wear a special robe, called a Me’il. It should be made out of turquoise wool (that’s like a light blue color). It needs to have a special kind of neck so it doesn’t tear.

On the bottom of the Me’il there are colorful woolen balls shaped like pomegranates, and gold bells between them. (There were 72 pomegranate-shaped balls and 72 bells around the bottom of the Me’il!)

The Kohen Gadol will wear these clothes when he goes to do his avodah in the Mishkan or Beis Hamikdash. The bells will ring, and people will hear that the Kohen Gadol is coming.

The Kohen Gadol should also wear a special sign on his forehead, called a Tzitz. It is like a flat rectangle made of gold, that has the words “Kadosh LaHashem” (holy to Hashem) written on it in a way that the letters stick out.

The Tzitz should have strings that match the Me’il to keep it on the Kohen Gadol’s forehead, under the place where he wears his Tefillin. When the Kohen Gadol wears it, Hashem will forgive the Yidden for any aveiros they did with bringing korbanos the wrong way.

The Kohen Gadol will also need a Kesones, a long shirt; a Mitznefes, a round hat, and an Avnet, a belt to wear around the Kesones.

A regular kohen, a Kohen Hedyot, will have a Kesones (long shirt) like the Kohen Gadol, with an Avnet (belt) for his kesones too. He should have a different kind of hat, though, called a Migba’as.

Moshe should dress the Kohanim himself, to start them in their holy Avodah.

All of the Kohanim, and the Kohen Gadol too, should have a pair of short pants, called Michnasayim to wear so they are dressed in a way of Tznius.

All of these clothes should be worn every time a Kohen works in the Mishkan. They are not allowed to do the Avodah without wearing these special clothes!



60 - 65

In Kapitel Samach (60), the first of today’s Tehillim, we have a posuk that says “Lemaan Yeichaltzun Yedidecha, Hoshia Yemincha Va’aneini.” (We also say it by the end of Shmoneh Esrei.)

This posuk tells us why Hashem sometimes makes things hard for a person: “In order to save the one who is dear to you.” Really, the whole time Hashem wants to save the person, but Hashem wants him to show that he believes in Hashem all the time, not just when things are easy. Then everyone will know he DESERVES his brachos!

Even though sometimes things are hard for us, it’s just because Hashem wants to give us more brachos later!



Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Gimmel

Can you think of somewhere beautiful and special that makes you happy to be there? Is it a wonderful garden, a tall mountain, a waterfall or a fancy chasunah? If someone would bring you there, but you’re busy playing with a toy, you might not even notice that you are there. But once you pay attention to everything around you, you will feel so happy!

In this perek of Tanya, the Alter Rebbe is teaching us a hisbonenus that will bring us simcha. Thinking happy thoughts will make us feel happy!

The hisbonenus in this perek of Tanya is the last two pesukim of the Twelve Pesukim, Vezeh and Yismach! Today we learn the first part of the hisbonenus, the posuk of Vezeh.

This hisbonenus isn’t about something new, it is paying attention to something that is always there. Every one of us knows that Hashem is truly everywhere, but we don’t always feel it. When we think about it properly, it will make us feel very happy!

Imagine if a very important person that you really respect comes to your house. You will feel so proud and special that he came! You will be very happy because he is spending time with you.

The Alter Rebbe reminds us of two mashalim explained in Tanya, that will help us realize that Hashem is right here with us!

1) Hashem made the world with the koach of Dibur, speaking, like the words “Yehi Ohr” — let there be light. A person might think that means that Hashem said words, and the sound of those words became a world, separate from Hashem, like the way it is when a person speaks. No! When Hashem “says” something, the words don’t leave Hashem because there is nothing separate from Hashem!

That means that the whole world is a part of Hashem! It seems like we see so many different things, and really the are all part of Hashem! That means Hashem is right here with me!

2) We will learn a mashal later in Tanya (in Shaar Hayichud Veha’emunah) that also helps for this hisbonenus, from the sun and the rays of the sun.

As we will learn, the world isn’t separate from Hashem at all — it only LOOKS that way! The whole world is a part of the Aibershter. That means that Hashem is right here!

When we think about these things, and realize that Hashem is right here, and we don’t feel separate from Hashem, then we — in our mind and heart — become a comfortable place for Hashem to be. WE become a Dira, a home for Hashem!

And that is exactly what Hashem made the world for, to be able to have a Dira Betachtonim! Vezeh Kol Ha’adam Vesachlis Briyaso Uvrias Kol Ha’olamos, Eloyim Vesachtonim, Lihiyos Lo Dira Zu Besachtonim — This is what Hashem created us for, and the purpose of the entire world, the Heavens and the earth, to become a comfortable place for Hashem to be!



Yud-Alef Adar

The Hayom Yom was written for a year where there were TWO Adars (a Shana Me’uberes). This year there is only ONE Adar (a Shanah Peshutah), so we learn BOTH Hayom Yoms every day!

Yud-Alef Adar Alef

During davening, the best thing is for a person to think deep Torah secrets about Hashem, as explained in Kabbalah.

But what if someone doesn’t know all of these kavanos, or it’s too hard to remember them in the right place?

Then there is just one kavana to remember: Think about how we want Hashem to hear our tefillah, just as if we had all of the kavanos we’re supposed to have!

Yud-Alef Adar Sheini

In every halacha, we have the Niglah of the halacha, what it means and how it is done.

Chassidus also shows us two deeper things about every halacha:

1) The meaning of the halacha in Ruchnius, for example what it means in the world of Atzilus.

2) The meaning of the halacha in our Avodah. Each halacha can teach us something in our Avodas Hashem, even if it’s not a mitzvah we can actually do!

After the Rebbe made the takana to learn Rambam, many times at farbrengens, the Rebbe would take a halacha from that day’s Rambam and explain the meaning of the halacha in Ruchnius, and the hora’ah we could take from it in our Avodas Hashem! Many of the explanations were later printed in a sefer called “Yein Malchus” — do you have it in your house?



Shiur #229 - Mitzvas Asei #98

Today’s mitzvah is the same one again (Mitzvas Asei #98) that foods can become tomei. We need to follow all of the halachos about how these foods and drinks become tomei, and how to act when they do.



Hilchos Tumas Ochlin - Keilim

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning about Tumah of food and drinks:

Perek Tes-Zayin tells us which food is Bechezkas Muchsharim, that we say it probably got wet so it can become tomei.

Then the Rambam tells us that most of the time, it’s fine to make food tomei and eat tomei food! It is only a problem with holy foods, like Korbanos, Terumah, and Maaser Sheini, since we can’t eat those when we are tomei. But some Yidden, called Perushim, would be very careful to ONLY be tahor and eat tahor foods all the time.

Now we start learning a new set of halachos, about how keilim can become Tomei.

In Perek Alef we learn what kinds of containers can become tomei — ones made of sackcloth, leather, bone, metal, wood, or clay; and clothes also. For keilim made of clay, it has to be a “Klei Kibul” — to have a space inside to hold something (even just one drop). But if it is made of metal, ANY keili can become tomei!

Perek Beis teaches us the dinim of a Klei Kibul.



Hilchos Ishus - Perek Chof-Gimmel

Today the Rambam teaches us halachos for conditions about money that were made when getting married.



Megillas Esther

The Mishnah says that today is the first day that a person could hear the Megillah, in the olden days when many people lived very far away from the city. They would come to the city only on a market day, and the Chachomim said it was okay for them to hear the Megillah a few days earlier. So today, Yud-Alef Adar, is already the beginning of the “Yemei HaPurim,” the way it is explained in the Mishna, the days when we can hear the Megillah!

Today is also a special day for us as Chassidim: It is exactly a month before Yud-Alef Nisan, the Rebbe’s Yom Huledes. On this day, Hashem brought the Rebbe into the world, to lead and guide the Yidden on the final steps to the Geulah.

One year on Yud-Alef Nisan, the Rebbe asked that if people want to give presents, it should be to add in Avodas Hashem, and specifically in learning more Torah. Now is the time to think about what present we will give the Rebbe!


There is a saying from the Baal Shem Tov that everything in the world should teach us something.

But that’s only the first half of the saying of the Baal Shem Tov!

The whole saying is, everything in the world should teach us something ABOUT OUR AVODAS HASHEM.

Is the second half of the saying so important?

Yes! The Alter Rebbe explains in Tanya how for a Yid, every part of our life is supposed to be part of our Avodas Hashem. Even the things we read and learn are supposed give us chayus in our Avodas Hashem.

As the Rebbe would often quote from the Mishna, “Ani Lo Nivreisi Ela Leshamesh Es Koni,” “I was created only to serve Hashem.”

So everything we learn from the world needs to teach us something in order to serve Hashem better!

Someone once tried to prove the opposite from the Megillah — that Yidden need to spend time learning all of the secular subjects, just to become more worldly:

In the Megillah, we have the story of Bigsan and Seresh, who were standing in the king’s courtyard discussing how to kill the king. They were talking in a foreign language, and they were sure nobody else understood it. But Mordechai was part of the Sanhedrin, and needed to know 70 languages! Because of this, he was able to pass on the message and save the king’s life. This eventually is what saved all of the Yidden!

That story, said the man, proves that we need to know a lot of secular subjects!

At a farbrengen, the Rebbe talked about what this person had said. The Rebbe said that the truth is the opposite! If in the story of Purim, all of the Yidden knew secular subjects, including all of the languages, then Bigsan and Seresh would never have talked out loud! If they knew that all Yidden knew foreign languages, they wouldn’t have talked in a place where Mordechai could hear them.

In fact, most Yidden DIDN’T know foreign languages. The only reason Mordechai did was because he needed it to be part of the Sanhedrin! He only knew the secular subjects because it was important for his Avodas Hashem. And because he learned it for the right reasons, it became a part of the neis.

That is an important lesson for us too:

When we learn secular subjects, we need to remember why we’re doing it! It may be because it is part of the chinuch our parents are giving us, so that we can understand a part of Torah better, or when we’re older, it could be in order to get parnasa for our families. But each and every thing we learn is in order to help us come closer to Hashem!

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Every day we daven (at least) three tefillosShacharis, Mincha, and Maariv. The shortest one is Mincha, which doesn’t even have Shema and its brachos!

Still, in a way it is MORE special than all of the other tefillos throughout the day!

The Alshich explains why. Shacharis we daven in the morning, before we start our day. We daven Maariv at night, after we finished our work for the day. But Mincha is in the afternoon, right in the middle of all of our jobs when we’re busy! When we stop in the middle of everything we are doing, and daven to Hashem, it brings Hashem a very special nachas.



Kriyas Hamegillah

We know that there are 613 mitzvos from the Torah. The Chachomim also added another 7 mitzvos for Yidden to keep. One of these seven mitzvos is reading the Megillah on Purim!

After the neis of Purim, Mordechai wrote the Megillah, and Esther asked that it should become one of the 24 books of Tanach. Her request was accepted, and it became the sefer called Megillas Esther.

The year after the neis, Mordechai and Esther sent out a letter to the Yidden, asking them to keep Purim as a permanent Yom Tov. They should keep it by celebrating with their families and the people of their cities, giving presents of food to each other and money to the poor, eating a seudah together, and remembering the story by reading the Megillah.

The best way to do this mitzvah is to hear the Megillah in a shul with many people (“Berov Am Hadras Melech,” “the beauty of the King is when there are many people”), or at least a minyan. But the mitzvah can be kept by hearing it from a kosher Megillah anywhere. Men and women both have this mitzvah, and children should also be taught to listen.

The Baal Korei has everybody else in mind, and everyone listening should also have in mind to be yotzei the mitzvah. We need to listen to every word. If we missed hearing a word, you can read it right away (even from a Chumash) and catch up to the Baal Korei.

There are four pesukim we say out loud, before the Baal Korei, to bring more simcha:
- Ish Yehudi (2:1)
- U’Mordechai Yatza (8:15)
- LaYehudim (8:16)
- Ki Mordechai (10:3)

The ten sons of Haman are supposed to be said in one breath. Since the Baal Korei can’t be motzi everyone for holding their breath, only that they should hear the Megillah, everyone should read the 10 sons of Haman in one breath themselves!

Minhag Chabad is only to make noise by the name of Haman if we also describe him, like “Ho’agagi” or “HaRa.”

It’s our minhag that the Baal Korei raises his voice when he says “Balayla Hahu,” because that’s the main part of the neis.

You will see that we fold the Megillah like a letter (since it is called an Igeres), and don’t read it while it is rolled up. The Baal Korei also shakes the Megillah when he says “this letter” (“Ha’igeres Hazos”) that Mordechai and Esther sent out, to show that this is what they sent out!

For more halachos about Kriyas Hamegillah and other halachos of Purim, see the Halacha newsletters from the Badatz of Crown Heights and from Rabbi Lesches of Melbourne

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Purim When Moshiach Comes

Kol Hamoadim Asidim Libotel, Viyemei Hapurim Einam Beteilim Le’olam.” The Chachomim tell us that all of the Yomim Tovim will become botul when Moshiach comes, but the Yom Tov of Purim will NEVER become botul.

The Megillah even says this clearly! “Viyemei Hapurim Ho’eileh Lo Yaavru Mitoch Hayehudim, Vezichram Lo Yasuf Mizaram.” “These days of Purim will never leave the Yidden, and will never be forgotten by their children.”

But what does it mean that a Yom Tov will be botul? Does that mean no more Pesach seder, chas veshalom?

Of course not! We know that when Moshiach comes, we will be able to keep ALL the mitzvos, and none of the mitzvos will go away! We will still keep every single Yom Tov, with all of their halachos!

The word “botul” doesn’t mean that something disappears, it just means that it doesn’t seem as important. The Chachomim don’t say that Yomim Tovim will go away, they say that the Yomim Tovim will become botul! Why will Yomim Tovim become botul when Moshiach comes?

Usually, Yom Tov feels VERY different and special. Adults don’t go to work like they usually do, and we celebrate with yummy foods and wine. When Moshiach comes, all of the melacha will be taken care of for us, and we will just be busy learning Torah and doing mitzvos. And when Moshiach comes, we will ALWAYS have lots of yummy food, so that part won’t feel so special! That’s what it means that the Yom Tov will be botul — in some ways, EVERY day will be like Yom Tov, so the Yomim Tovim like Pesach and Sukkos won’t feel so different!

But the way we celebrate on Purim will ALWAYS feel different. It is the only day when we have simcha in a way of Ad D’lo Yada, without any limitations! So even though when Moshiach comes every day will feel like Yom Tov, Purim will always feel like a special day.

See Maamar Layehudim Haysa Orah, Purim 5712

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