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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayikra - Shvi'i with Rashi

In yesterday’s Chumash, Hashem told Moshe Rabbeinu that for certain aveiros, a person brings a Korban Chatas based on what he can afford — a Korban Oleh Veyored. This could be a sheep or goat, or just two birds.

What should someone do if he did one of these kinds of aveiros, but doesn’t even have enough money to buy two birds for a Korban Chatas?

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu that this kind of person can bring a flour korban (Mincha) instead! But this Korban Mincha is not like the Korban Mincha that a person brings as a present (Nedava) — there will be NO oil and NO spice on the flour, because it is for an aveira.

The kohen burns part of the flour on the Mizbeiach, and the rest is for the kohen to eat in the Beis Hamikdash.

For more serious aveiros, a person needs to bring a different kind of korban, called a Korban Asham. There are many types of Korban Asham. We learn about three today:

1) Asham Me’ilos — A person brings this kind of korban if he did me’ilah — having hana’ah from korbanos that he was not allowed to eat. He also needs to pay back what he took, plus an extra fifth. This money is given to the kohen. Then, when he brings the korban, he will be forgiven for this aveira.

2) Asham Talui — This kind of Asham is brought if a person isn’t sure he did a serious aveira that is punished by Kareis. Let’s say a person ate a piece of fat, but he isn’t sure if the fat he ate was cheilev (which is asur), or a kind of fat which is fine to eat. He brings an Asham Talui, in case he ate the cheilev.

3) Asham Gezeilos — A person brings this korban if he made a not true promise about money in Beis Din, like saying that he didn’t owe money, when really he did. He also needs to pay back the money, plus an extra fifth. Then, when he brings the korban, Hashem will forgive him for this aveira.

 
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TEHILLIM

18 - 22

In today’s Tehillim, we have a kapitel that we say every day: Kapitel Chof.

On some days we say it in davening, but on a day when we don’t say Tachanun (like during the whole Chodesh Nissan!), it’s not in davening. The Friediker Rebbe made a takana to say this kapitel every day, even on a day when we don’t say Tachanun. So on those days, we say Kapitel Chof right after davening, before the daily Tehillim.

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Ches

The Alter Rebbe told us that the main reason a neshama comes into the body is to make the body holy and to make the world holy. That’s why it’s so important to SAY the words of davening and to DO mitzvos, and it’s not enough to just think about them and have kavana.

Still, it IS important to have kavana, because kavanah is like the “neshama,” or the nefesh (soul), of the mitzvah.

The Chachomim say that a mitzvah without kavana is like a guf without a nefesh.

What’s the difference between a guf without a nefesh and a guf with a nefesh?

Everything in the world has a chayus from Hashem to make it exist. Hashem is hidden in this chayus by something called Kelipas Noga. Still, we are able to see a difference in the chayus that there is in something that is just a guf, or the chayus in something that has a guf AND a nefesh.

Of course a guf is worth something, even without a nefesh! For example, a cow that is shechted doesn’t have a nefesh anymore, but the guf is still there. The guf still has some chayus, and we can use it — for example, we can use its meat for cholent and its skin to make parchment for a mezuzah or a Sefer Torah!

Still, we can’t compare a piece of meat to a live cow. A live cow, which has a guf and a nefesh, has much more chayus that can be seen.

The same way, a mitzvah that we do without any kavana is still worth something, but we can’t compare it to the chayus in a mitzvah that we do WITH kavana!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Gimmel Nisan

Yesterday was the Yom Hilula of the Rebbe Rashab. Today we learn some of the Rebbe Rashab’s regular shiurim:

- A parsha of Chumash with Rashi
- A perek of Torah, Neviim, and Kesuvim baal peh
- A perek of Mishnayos
- Gemara Le’iyun (learning in depth) to finish 2 blatt a week
- Gemara Le’girsa (learning not as in depth) — 3 blatt a day
- some of Talmud Yerushalmi
- Poskim (like the Shulchan Aruch, but not every day)
- Midrash Rabbah — to finish the whole thing every year (he would finish the longer weeks of Medrash in weeks when the Medrash was shorter)

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #236 - Mitzvas Asei #104

Since we are learning a set of halachos that doesn’t have its own mitzvah, Hilchos Keilim, we are reviewing other mitzvos from Sefer Tahara, since keilim can also get these kinds of tumah!

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #104) is that a man who has a certain kind of tumah that comes from the body which is called Zav, becomes Tomei. This mitzvah includes all of the dinim of how he becomes a Zav and also how he makes others and other things tomei.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Keilim

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about when Keilim can become Tomei.

Perek Chof-Alef explains when a long string or chain or rope is counted as part of a keili or not. Based on the halachos in today’s Rambam, if a balloon would become tomei, the string of the balloon would be tomei too.

Perek Chof-Beis explains when clothes or cloth can become tomei. One of the halachos is that a bandage, even if it is made out of cloth, can’t become tomei. That’s because it’s not counted as a keili.

Perek Chof-Gimmel tells us the rules of how big a piece of cloth needs to be in order to become tomei.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an - Perek Hey

Perek Hey tells us when we don’t need to make a shevuah according to Torah, but the Chachomim tell us that we should make another kind of shevuah, called a “Shevuas Heses.” One example for this is an argument about a field. So if one person says, “you sold me two fields!” and the other person says, “I only sold you one,” he needs to make a Shevuas Heses. Also, for servants, “IOU notes,” or hekdesh, there is no shevuah from the Torah — only a Shevuas Heses.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Hiskashrus

Beis Nissan was the yartzeit of the Rebbe Rashab, and the beginning of the Frierdiker Rebbe’s nesius. Here is a story that the Frierdiker Rebbe said in the first maamar he said after the histalkus of the Rebbe Rashab. This maamar starts with the same words as the Rebbe Rashab’s last maamar, Reishis Goyim Amalek.

This story happened when the Frierdiker Rebbe was a young boy, a few years after the histalkus of the Rebbe Maharash. The Frierdiker Rebbe used to go often into the Yechidus room of the Rebbe Maharash.

Once he was in the room, when he saw the door opening. He was afraid, so he hid, and peeked to see who was coming in. The Frierdiker Rebbe saw his father, the Rebbe Rashab, come into the room, wearing a gartel.

The Rebbe Rashab stood in front of the table, across from the Rebbe Maharash’s chair. The Frierdiker Rebbe saw his father’s lips moving, as if he was talking, and saw tears pouring from his father’s eyes.

In the maamar, the Frierdiker Rebbe explains that the kedusha never leaves the place where a tzadik learns Torah and davens, or all of the Gashmius things a tzadik uses to serve Hashem. Since this avodah was done by a tzadik, the kedusha stays there the same way even after the histalkus!

The Rebbe Rashab recognized that the kedusha was still in the room of the Rebbe Maharash, so he had a yechidus just as he would when the Rebbe Maharash was alive.

The Rebbe later explained this much more, in the sicha of Parshas Vayikra Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin, how everything of a tzadik stays with the exact same kedusha even after histalkus. The Rebbe taught how using these same things can give us koach to have a stronger hiskashrus with the tzadik!

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin p. 375

 

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TEFILLAH

The Nasi

Don’t forget to say the Nasi! Today’s Nasi is from Shevet Zevulun.

If you look at the Nasi for every day, you will see that they are almost exactly the same! The only difference is the name of the Nasi and the name of the Shevet!

But if you look at the Medrash on the parsha of the Nasi, you will see that the Nasi of each shevet had a different kavana when he brought the korban. That’s because each shevet had a different way of serving Hashem, and even though they all brought the same korban, they chose this korban for different reasons, according to their way of avodah.

There is even one halacha sefer, called Makor Chaim, where it says that we should read the kavanah of each Nasi from Medrash Rabbah on the day that we say his Nasi! That’s not what we actually do, but it still shows us that the different kavanos of the Nasi are important.

As we learned yesterday, when we say the Yehi Ratzon after saying the Nasi, we are asking Hashem that no matter which shevet we are from, we should still get koach and chayus from this shevet too. We are asking that the type of Avodah of each of the Shevatim should help us have a deeper understanding of Hashem’s Torah, and help us serve Hashem with Yiras Shomayim.

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin p. 373 ha’arah 28

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Motzei Shabbos

On Motzei Shabbos we should set the table, even if we’re not planning a big Melaveh Malka. We say goodbye to the Shabbos in a way of kavod, the same way we show kavod to Shabbos when it starts.

Some people have a minhag to light candles for Melaveh Malka.

The Rebbe would say during Melaveh Malka, “Da Hi Se’udasa D’Dovid Malka Meshicha” — “this is the seudah of Dovid Hamelech.”

There is also a minhag to say over a story of a tzadik at this seudah, and it is a segulah for many good things!

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch Siman Shin, se’if alef and beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Kimei Tzeischa Me'eretz Mitzrayim

The Navi Micha saw in his nevuos the time before Moshiach comes. Seeing all of the troubles the Yidden would go through made Micha cry out to Hashem. He asked Hashem to take care of the Yidden the way Hashem took care of the Yidden in the time of Moshe Rabbeinu!

Hashem answered Micha: “Kimei Tzeischa Me’Eretz Mitzrayim Arenu Niflaos!” “I heard what you asked, and I will do it! Just like in the time of coming out of Mitzrayim, when I made tremendous nisim, I will show you wonders in the time of the Geulah!”

This posuk is explained many times in Chassidus, especially in the Rebbe’s sichos of Yud-Alef Nissan and Pesach! The Rebbe even called the year Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef, “Shnas Arenu Niflaos,” “the year of ‘I will show you wonders,’” based on this posuk. During that year, the Rebbe explained this posuk many times.

May we be zoche to the fulfillment of this nevuah, “Kimei Tzeischa Me’Eretz Mitzrayim Arenu Niflaos,” in this Chodesh Nisan, Chodesh Hageulah, very soon!

See Micha 7:15

 
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