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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

L’ilui Nishmas R’ Simcha ben R’ Mishael Babayov ~ yartzeit Chof-Gimmel Tammuz
He was careful to learn the daily shiurim and encouraged his family to do the same!

Anonymous
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CHUMASH

Parshas Pinchas - Shishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe to tell the Yidden about the other korbanos that we bring on Yom Tov: The korbanos for Pesach, Shavuos, Rosh Hashana, and Yom Kippur.

PESACH: Every Yid brings the Korban Pesach. Every day of Pesach, the kohanim also bring a Korban Olah like the korbanos of Rosh Chodesh, on behalf of all of the Yidden: 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs. We also bring a goat for a Korban Chatas, in case someone did an aveira with the kedusha of the Beis Hamikdash or korbanos without realizing it, like coming in when they were tamei without knowing.

SHAVUOS: (like the korban for Rosh Chodesh) 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for a Korban Olah AND a goat for a Korban Chatas.

ROSH HASHANA: 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for a Korban Olah AND a goat for a Chatas.

YOM KIPPUR: (like the korbanos of Rosh Hashana) 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas (not counting the goat for Azazel).

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha with soless (fine flour) and oil, and a Nesech (wine):

- For each lamb (Keves): 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine
- For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine
- For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

Of course, even on Yomim Tovim, we bring the Korban Tomid!

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TEHILLIM

106 - 107

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Kuf-Vov and Kuf-Zayin.

Kapitel Kuf-Zayin starts with the words “Hodu LaHashem Ki Tov, Ki LeOlam Chasdo!” “Thank Hashem because He is good, His kindness is forever!”

The first word is “Hodu,” which means to thank. But it also means something else! Hodu also means to “admit.”

What are we admitting to?

The Tzemach Tzedek explains that we know that Hashem is creating the world EVERY SECOND and is here inside us EVERY MOMENT. But we don’t see it! But we need to admit that it’s true anyway.

When Moshiach comes, we won’t have to admit it anymore — we will all be able to SEE it!

~

In a time of trouble, we add in Tehillim to bring a yeshuah and hatzalah for the world. We also add in tzedakah, like the Rebbe told us.

But really, like we learned in Rambam this week, EVERY mitzvah we add can bring a yeshuah and a hatzalah for the world! The Rambam told us that the world is like a balanced scale, and any one mitzvah can tip the scale and help the whole entire world!

The Rebbe would often speak about the special koach that children have with their mitzvos. When kids do mitzvos, and especially when they know parts of Torah by heart, that has a great power to change the world!

In fact, that is one of the messages in the Yud-Beis Pesukim that the Rebbe encouraged all kids to learn by heart and understand!

In the first posuk, Torah Tziva, we say how the Torah belongs to every one of us. As soon as we are born, even when we’re too young to understand or even say any of the words, the Torah is already our own precious yerusha!

And what is Torah? It is the instructions Hashem gives us, and what Hashem uses to run the world!

Another one of the pesukim, Bereishis Bara, speaks about how Hashem creates the world and takes care of everything inside of it.

When we take care of what WE have, by learning the Torah and keeping what it teaches us, then Hashem will take care of what HE has, the world, in the best way! That is how our Torah and mitzvos can really change the world.

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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Zayin

We are learning that when a Yid does an aveira, the neshama becomes separated from Hashem, and Hashem together with the Yid who did the aveira are chas veshalom in Golus. When a person thinks about this, it will help him never want to do an aveira again!

In today’s shiur in Tanya we learn that this is true even for “small” aveiros, which can separate the neshama from Hashem just like a big aveira that has the punishment of Kareis.

How?

Imagine that it’s a sunny day. The sun is shining and the sky is blue.

But what if the weather changes, and a big thunderstorm starts? Then the sky gets dark. Big, thick clouds block the sun, and we can’t see that it is shining. That is what a BIG aveira is like, an aveira that is a Chiyuv Kareis. The big aveira blocks the light of the neshama from shining in the body.

Sometimes though, it is a sunny day, and for a few minutes the sun hides behind a small cloud. It is still very light, but we can’t see the sun as clearly. That is like a SMALL aveira. This small aveira blocks the light of the neshama a little bit from shining in the body.

If there are LOTS of small clouds, though, like on a very cloudy day, then the sky can get very dark too.

The same thing is with aveiros! A lot of small aveiros can make someone feel separate from Hashem, just like a big aveira can.

For example, if a person gets angry or says Lashon Hara or ignores a chance to give tzedakah or learn Torah, those things each on their own might not block so much of Hashem’s chayus in the neshama from shining in the body. But when a Yid does a lot of them chas veshalom, Hashem’s chayus can be blocked from him the way it is if a BIG aveira was done.

Because of this, the teshuvah for small aveiros that were done many times needs to be as strong as the teshuvah for a big aveira which is a chiyuv Kareis.

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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Beis Tammuz

Today the Rebbe tells us how the Darkei Hachassidus affect us!

The Rebbe Rashab said:

1) A Chassidishe Vort (a saying) makes the head clear and the heart pure!

When we hear a Chassidishe vort it makes us feel like a Chossid! It takes away shmutz from our minds and makes us feel more aidel.

2) Chassidishe behavior (acting the way Chassidus teaches) makes our house bright — making it a lichtige house!

3) A Chassidishe Niggun is very special! It makes our bitachon in Hashem strong, and we KNOW that everything will be good! It brings simcha, and keeps the whole family safe from the darkness of the world.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #19 - Mitzvas Asei #73

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #73) is the same as yesterday’s: If someone does an aveira, they need to do teshuvah, to decide not to do the aveira ever again and feel bad about what they did. They also need to SAY to Hashem what they did and ask Hashem to forgive him. This is called Vidui.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Naso: וְהִתְוַדּוּ אֶת חַטָּאתָם אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ

The details are explained in the end of Mesechta Yoma.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Teshuvah

In Perek Zayin, the Rambam tells us many special things about teshuvah! Here are some of them:

- A person who does Teshuvah is in some ways GREATER than a tzadik!
בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁבַּעַלֵי תְּשׁוּבָה עוֹמְדִים אֵין צַדִיקִים גְמוּרִים יְכוֹלִים לַעֲמוֹד שָׁם

- When all the Yidden do teshuvah, Moshiach will come right away!
יִשְׂרָאֵל עוֹשִׂין תְּשׁוּבָה וּמִיַד הֵם נִגְאָלִין

In Perek Ches, the Rambam teaches us about Olam Haba, the reward for a person after he passes away. We know what our bodies like — we enjoy yummy treats, fun trips, and special presents. But our neshama loves to feel Hashem! In Olam Haba, as a reward for our avodah, our neshama will be able to enjoy feeling Hashem in a very strong way.

Perek Tes: If the real reward is feeling Hashem, why does the Torah promise us Gashmius rewards too? The Rambam explains that it is because the Gashmius helps us to do even MORE mitzvos! For example, if we have money, we can spend more time learning Torah, and can give more tzedakah.

The Rambam tells us that this is why we should want Moshiach — so we can learn Torah and do mitzvos without anything stopping us!

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Kela'im - Perek Gimmel

We aren’t allowed to plant different kinds of plants together.

Does that mean we can’t plant purple carrots next to orange carrots? No! That’s okay because they are both carrots.

In this perek, we learn what “different kinds” means. We also learn how close to each other they need to be in order to be called growing “together.” If it’s easy to see that they aren’t being planted together, like if there is a mechitzah, or they are in different fields, that’s not called kilayim.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Shabbos Mevorchim Menachem Av

This Shabbos is Shabbos Mevorchim Menachem Av.

In the times of the Beis Hamikdash this coming month was only called “Av,” not “Menachem Av.” So in Tanach, Mishnayos, and Gemara we see this month just called Av.

Later, though, it became a minhag to add the word Menachem to the name of the month. In fact, in some places, the month is called just “Menachem,” and not even “Menachem Av!”

The word Menachem means to comfort. We call the month Menachem Av to remind us that we are coming to the end of Golus, when Hashem will be Menachem us, comfort us, with the Geulah!

When we bentch the new month on Shabbos Mevorchim before Musaf, we also use the name “Menachem Av.” This has a very special meaning!

The meaning of a bracha is to bring something down into the world that is already in Shomayim.

By bentching Chodesh Menachem Av, we are asking Hashem to bring down the Geulah, which is ready to come in Shomayim! We are asking that this month, Hashem should be Menachem us and make Chodesh Av into Chodesh Menachem Av, a very happy month, a month of Geulah!

See Farbrengen Shabbos Mevorchim Menachem Av Tof-Shin-Lamed-Ches

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TEFILLAH

Modeh Ani

The Rebbe Rashab’s older brother, the Raza, was very careful with dikduk, especially in davening. He was careful to pronounce the nekudos correctly, and to say each word properly.

Once, when the Rebbe Rashab was about 9 years old, the Raza was teasing him by asking dikduk questions about davening. He asked him, “Why is there a dot after the word ‘bechemlah’ in Modeh Ani?”

The Rashab answered, “That’s the whole reason for davening! When we daven, we take that dot, that pintele that is inside of us, and spread it out.”

The Raza asked next, “Why do we daven every day?”

The Rashab answered, “Because we need the pintele to be spread out inside of us every single day.”

Then he added that the word “bechemlah” is in two places in davening, in Modeh Ani and in Ahavas Olam (before Shema). There is no pintele after the “bechemlah” in Ahavas Olam, because the davening spread it out already!

Years later, the Rebbe Rashab explained that the pintele is the “Nekudas Halev,” the Pintele Yid. When we daven, this little spark of the neshama spreads out into our whole body.

See Sicha Yud Shevat 5723

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Shabbos During the Three Weeks

During the Three Weeks between Shiva Asar B’Tamuz and Tisha B’av, we do certain things to show that we are mourning for the Beis Hamikdash.

On Shabbos, though, it’s a mitzvah to be happy and enjoy Shabbos. The halacha is that on Shabbos, we are not allowed to show any signs of mourning at all!

A Yid once came to the Rebbe’s father, who was the Rav of Yekatrinoslav. He told the Rav that he was an avel, mourning for someone who passed away. Usually he would wear slippers on Shabbos, because they are more comfortable. But slippers are also a sign of mourning, and he wanted to know if he was allowed to wear them this Shabbos. R’ Levi Yitzchak told him not to, so that nobody should even be able to think that signs of mourning are allowed on Shabbos!

So during the Shabbosim of the Three Weeks, we are very careful to enjoy Shabbos, and not to do anything less than usual to show that we are sad about the Churban.

See Likutei Sichos chelek Daled p. 1091

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Torah and Tzedakah Bring Moshiach!

During the Three Weeks, the Rebbe taught us to learn more Torah and give more tzedakah. Especially on Shabbos, we should learn even MORE Torah, and give tzedakah in a way we are allowed to, like by having Hachnosas Orchim or giving extra tzedakah before Shabbos.

We learn this from a posuk in Yeshaya. First the Navi tells the Yidden that they are not acting the way they should, which is causing the Churban. Then he promises them that the Beis Hamikdash will be rebuilt in zechus of their Torah and tzedakah!

צִיּוֹן בְּמִשְׁפָּט תִּפָּדֶה וְשָׁבֶיהָ בִּצְדָקָה

Tzion Bemishpat Tipadeh — Yerushalayim will be redeemed in the zechus of Mishpat (which means Torah)

Veshaveha Bitzedakah — And its captives will be redeemed through tzedakah!

See Yeshayahu perek Alef posuk Chof-Zayin

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