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CHUMASH

Parshas Matos-Masei - Shishi with Rashi

Today we learn about the Nesiim who will help split up Eretz Yisroel, and where the Leviim will live.

Hashem told Moshe who should be in charge of dividing up Eretz Yisroel — Elazar the Kohen Gadol, and Yehoshua bin Nun. The Nasi from each Shevet should be in charge of the part for his shevet.

Here are the names of the Nesiim:

Yehuda: Kalev ben Yefuneh
Shimon: Shmuel ben Amihud
Binyamin — Elidad ben Kislon
Dan: Buki ben Yagli
Menasheh: Chaniel ben Eifod
Efrayim: Kemuel ben Shiftan
Zevulun: Elitzafan ben Parnach
Yissachar: Paltiel ben Azan
Asher: Achihud ben Shlomi
Naftali: Pedahel ben Amihud

(We don’t say the Nesiim for Shevet Reuven or Gad, because they already have their land, on the other side of the Yarden!)

Then Hashem tells Moshe about the cities for Shevet Levi. They don’t GET a part of Eretz Yisroel — there are just certain cities that will be for the Leviim to LIVE.

The Yidden should give them the six cities which will be an Ir Miklat, and then 42 more cities. Each city needs to be surrounded by 1000 amos of open space, and 1000 amos of fields to grow things, on all sides of the cities.

In today’s Chumash, there are two very rare trop — this is the only place they appear in the entire Torah! Can you find them?

 
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TEHILLIM

1 - 9

Today we start the Tehillim again from the beginning! Today’s kapitelach are Kapitel Alef until Kapitel Tes.

Many times when Yidden were in trouble, the Rebbe would speak about a posuk from one of today’s kapitelach: “Mipi Olelim Veyonkim Yisadeta Oz” — “from the mouths of children and babies You get koach to destroy the enemies.” The Rebbe explained that the koach of the Torah and mitzvos of children is what gives us koach to destroy all of our enemies!

From this posuk we learn that when even a very small child or a baby says words of Torah or does a mitzvah, it is able to protect Yidden everywhere!

This is why chinuch of small children is so important, because it helps keep all Yidden safe!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Yud

Before we learn today’s Tanya, let’s review what we learned before: Sometimes a Yid could chas veshalom do an aveira. For all aveiros, no matter what kind, a person needs to decide that he won’t again do something that is not what Hashem wants! By giving tzedakah (and fasting a little if he can), he will become reconnected to Hashem, just like before.

We explained that when a Yid does an aveira, his neshama gets chayus from Tumah. When he does Teshuvah, his neshama goes back to only getting chayus from Kedusha!

The Alter Rebbe taught us some ways to make sure our Teshuvah lasts, and that we won’t ever do an aveira again! That is Teshuvah Tata’ah.

Finally, when a person learns MORE Torah and does MORE mitzvos than before, with MORE chayus, then he is also doing Teshuvah Ila’ah! This kind of Teshuvah is a kapara from some aveiros that even Teshuvah Tata’ah can’t forgive.

Today the Alter Rebbe tells us that davening with a special kavana and chayus is ALSO part of Teshuvah Ila’ah! We should daven with an extra-special kavana (especially in Shema and Pesukei DeZimra) along with learning Torah and doing mitzvos with extra chayus. This way, we serve Hashem with the special chayus of Teshuvah Ila’ah in all three things — Torah, Avodah, and Gemilus Chasadim!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Alef Menachem Av

Today we learn something very special about Moshiach’s humility:

Moshiach will teach Torah to ALL of the Yidden — to the Avos and Moshe Rabbeinu. That shows us how great Moshiach is, that he can even teach such great tzadikim! Still, Moshiach will ALSO teach even very simple Yidden who don’t understand very much.

This shows that Moshiach is so humble! Even though he is very great, he will learn with everyone!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #336 - Mitzvas Asei #173, Lo Saasei #362, #364, #363, #365

We are now on the last set of halachos in Rambam! These perakim talk about the mitzvos of kings, and later we will learn about the greatest king of all, Moshiach!

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn 5 mitzvos — 2 for all of the Yidden, and 3 mitzvos especially for kings!

1) (Mitzvas Asei #173) The Yidden need to choose a king who will lead them. They need to have a lot of kavod for him, even more kavod than they have for a Navi! If the king tells them to do anything that is not against Torah, they NEED to do it. If someone doesn’t listen to the king, he is called a Mored Bemalchus and he deserves to be killed.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: שׂוֹם תָּשִׂים עָלֶיךָ מֶלֶךְ

The halachos are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Beis, Mesechta Kerisus perek Alef, and Mesechta Sotah perek Zayin.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #362) We are not allowed to choose a Ger for any official jobs, like a judge or a king. For kings, it is even more specific — Hashem says that the kings will come from the family of Dovid Hamelech.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: לֹא תוּכַל לָתֵת עָלֶיךָ אִישׁ נָכְרִי אֲשֶׁר לֹא אָחִיךָ הוּא

The halachos are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Beis.

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #364) A king can’t marry too many women. In those days, people were allowed to have more than one wife, but a king can’t have more than 18. If he gets married to more wives than that, he gets malkos.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: וְלֹא יַרְבֶּה לּוֹ נָשִׁים

The halachos are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Beis.

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #363) A king isn’t allowed to collect horses. He is only allowed to have what he needs for the army, and only one horse for himself! He can’t have extra horses to run in front of him for honor or respect.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: לֹא יַרְבֶּה לּוֹ סוּסִים

The halachos are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Beis.

5) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #365) A king shouldn’t have too much money for himself. He shouldn’t have more than he needs to spend for his chariots or his servants. But he IS allowed to collect a lot of money to take care of the needs of Yidden.

The Torah tells us the reasons for these last three mitzvos. But the Torah doesn’t always tell us a reason for mitzvos, since if we would know the reasons, we might skip the mitzvah because we think the reason doesn’t apply to us. But even when we know the reason, we don’t understand the REAL reason — only Hashem does! So no matter what, we should do the mitzvos the way Hashem tells us to, whether we know why or not!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: וְכֶסֶף וְזָהָב לֹא יַרְבֶּה לּוֹ מְאֹד

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Melachim

In Perek Alef, the Rambam tells us that there are 3 mitzvos the Yidden have to keep when they come into Eretz Yisroel — in order! First, they have to make a Jewish king, then they have to get rid of Amalek, and then they have to build the Beis Hamikdash.

We learn who can be a Jewish king — only a man, who is not a Ger, who never had a job that might make people think he isn’t important.

Perek Beis teaches us about the kavod of a king. Nobody is allowed to use his things, and he needs to always dress beautifully. He should sit on a throne in his palace, and wear a crown.

The king needs to be very humble! He should take care of every Yid, like a shepherd who takes care of every sheep.

In Perek Gimmel, we learn the mitzvos for a king (which we learned in Sefer Hamitzvos). A king also has a special mitzvah to carry a Sefer Torah with him wherever he goes! Even if he can’t hold it (like when he’s sleeping or eating) it needs to be right there near him. He also has to be careful not to do anything that makes him forget about the Sefer Torah or his special job of taking care of the Yidden.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tumas Ochalin - Perek Vov

This perek has the halachos of when foods are counted as “attached” or not. A pile of dough is counted as attached — if part of the dough is touched, the whole thing is Tomei. But if figs were squashed into a pile and some of the figs became Tomei, the rest of them are still Tahor.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Hilchos Beis Habechirah

The Rebbe taught us to learn about the Beis Hamikdash during the Three Weeks. Let’s see what’s behind this takana!

One of the mitzvos Hashem gave us is the mitzvah to build a Mishkan for Hashem, “Ve’asu Li Mikdash Veshachanti Besocham.” This wasn’t only a mitzvah for the Yidden in the Midbar, it is also a mitzvah for all of the later generations, that they should make sure that there is a Beis Hamikdash for Hashem.

Even though we can’t actually build the physical Beis Hamikdash, we do the mitzvah as best as we can, by building the Beis Hamikdash in a different way.

The Gemara teaches that when a person learns the pesukim of the Torah about korbanos, Hashem counts it as if he is actually bringing that korban!

This is also true with learning about the Beis Hamikdash. When we learn the parts of Torah explaining the parts of the Beis Hamikdash and how they were built, it is like we are actually building the Beis Hamikdash! In Chumash (especially Parshas Terumah and Tetzaveh) we learn about the Mishkan, in certain chapters of the Navi Yechezkel it describes (generally) the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi, in Mishnayos Midos we learn about the way the Beis Hamikdash was set up, and in Mishnayos and Gemara Tomid, we learn about the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash. The Rambam sets up all of these halachos in an organized way in Hilchos Beis Habechirah and Sefer Avodah!

Especially during a time when we are sad about the Beis Hamikdash being destroyed, we can weaken the Churban by learning about the Beis Hamikdash, which is one way of building it!

This will also help that Hashem will see how we’re trying to build the Beis Hamikdash, and will actually give us the physical Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi with Moshiach right away!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Yud-Ches, sicha of Parshas Masei — Bein Hameitzarim

 

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TEFILLAH

Birchos HaTorah

According to Kabbalah, the brachos that we say in Birchos HaTorah are considered three separate brachos.

1) Al Divrei Sorah — we bless Hashem for the mitzvah of learning Torah!

2) Vehaarev Na — we ask that our Torah learning should be enjoyable, that it should be lasting, that our children and Klal Yisrael also appreciate it, and that we learn for the right reasons!

3) Asher Bachar Banu — we thank Hashem for choosing US to give His special gift to, and that Hashem is Nosein HaTorah, constantly giving it to us!

Some say that the three brachos are because of the three parts of Torah: Mikra (Tanach), Mishna, and Medrash (sources and reasons for the halachos of Torah and the deeper meanings of pesukim).

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

The Nine Days

Do you know the halachos of the Nine Days? Here are some of the things we aren’t allowed to do:

- We don’t eat fleishigs — even things that are cooked with fleishigs, like the soup part of chicken soup. (We are allowed to taste a bit of the Shabbos food before Shabbos to make sure the spices are good.)

- We don’t take baths or showers unless we are dirty!

- We don’t cut our nails or our hair (we can cut our nails Lekavod Shabbos).

- We don’t wear “fresh” clothes that are nice and just washed

- We don’t go swimming or boating

We don’t do these things to remind us how sad we are that we don’t have the Beis Hamikdash back yet.

But when Moshiach comes, these will be very HAPPY days!

- The Rebbe tells us to make a siyum every day of the Nine Days, to have simcha in a way that we ARE allowed!

Here is a detailed guide with the halachos of the Nine Days, by Rabbi Lesches from Melbourne, Australia: Link

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Moshiach Will Be Our King

After the times of Shlomo Hamelech, the Yidden were split into two groups — one group followed the Malchei Yehudah, and the other followed the Malchei Yisrael. The Navi Yechezkel told the Yidden a nevuah that when Moshiach comes, the Yidden won’t be split anymore! They will all be one nation, with one king.

Hashem promises:

וְעַבְדִּי דָוִד מֶלֶךְ עֲלֵיהֶם וְרוֹעֶה אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּם וּבְמִשְׁפָּטַי יֵלֵכוּ וְחֻקֹּתַי יִשְׁמְרוּ וְעָשׂוּ אוֹתָם

Ve’avdi Dovid Melech Aleihem — My servant, Dovid (Melech Hamoshiach, who comes from Dovid) will be a king over them

VeRo’eh Echad Yihiyeh Lechulam — And one “shepherd” will take care of them all. (A leader of the Yidden is like a shepherd, who watches and takes care of each of his sheep.)

U’veMishpatai Yeileichu — The Yidden will follow in the ways of My mishpatim (this is a type of mitzvah that we understand)

Ve’chukosai Yishmoru — And they will hold my Chukim in their hearts (this is a type of mitzvah we don’t understand)

Ve’asu Osam — And they will do all of these mitzvos.

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Zayin posuk Chof-Daled

 
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