🔊 Listen to today's Chitas!
👶 Listen to Sefer Hamitzvos for young children with Morah Nechama Dina!

Click here to sponsor a day of Chitas!



Parshas Mikeitz - Shvi'i with Rashi

We continue learn what happens with the Shevatim’s second trip to Mitzrayim, when they bring Benyamin along. We learn how Yosef tries to make Benyamin stay.

Yosef asked Binyomin about his family: “I know your family has a few different mothers, do you have another brother from the same mother?”

Benyamin answered, “Yes, but I don’t know where he is.”

“Do you have any children?” Yosef asked.

“Yes, I have ten sons: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Na’aman, Eichi, Rosh, Mupim, Chupim, and Ard.” When Yosef asked what those names mean, Benyamin explained how each one of them was about his missing brother, Yosef. (For example, Chupim was because Yosef and Benyamin weren’t at each other’s chuppahs.)

Yosef was so sad when he heard that, he went out of the room and cried. When he came back, he had the servants serve the meal. (Yosef, his brothers, and the Mitzriyim eating with them all ate separately, so none of them would see what the other people are eating! The Egyptians couldn’t see Yosef eating an animal they worship, and Yosef didn’t want his brothers to see that he was eating food Egyptians don’t eat, and they might figure out that he’s Jewish.)

Yosef pretended that his cup was magic, and told each of his brothers where to sit, having them sit oldest to youngest, all of each mother’s children together. The Shevatim were amazed, because they didn’t know how he could know all of this!

After everyone got their food, Yosef said “Benyamin didn’t come here because he wanted to, so he deserves more food.” When Osnas saw that Yosef gave Benyamin more food, she sent him more food too, and then Menasheh and Efrayim did the same! So Benyamin had FIVE times as much as anyone else!

Even though the Shevatim (and Yosef too) didn’t drink wine since they sold Yosef, they all did this time and they got drunk. After the meal was over, Yosef sent his head servant to fill up his brothers’ bags with food, and to put their money on top. He also had this servant hide his “magic” cup in Benyamin’s bag.

In the morning, the Shevatim started to go back to Eretz Yisrael. They didn’t go very far, when Yosef said to his head servant, “Go run after them, and when you catch them, ask them why they did not nice things to me when I was so good to them to steal my “magic” cup!”

He ran after them, and said what Yosef asked. The brothers said, “Chas veshalom! You saw that we wanted to give you back the money that we found in our bags, that shows we are honest! How could we steal from his house?! Whoever took it should die, and the rest of us would be ready to be slaves if really one of us took it!”

The head servant said, “Really you’re right, but I’ll be nice — only the one I find it with will be a slave, the rest of you can go home.” He searched through everyone’s bags, oldest to youngest, and the cup was found in Benyamin’s bag.

The brothers all ripped their clothes from sadness, put their bags back onto their donkeys (they were strong enough to each do it themselves) and went back to Mitzrayim. They tried to think of how they could fight the Mitzriyim.

When Yehudah and his brothers came to Yosef’s house, he was there waiting for them, and they bowed down in front of him. 

Yosef said, “What did you try to do to me? You want to take away my koach by taking my cup? I am a very smart man, that’s why I’m second to the king — I can figure out who took my cup even without using magic!”

Yehudah said, “What can we say? We didn’t do it, but it looks like Hashem is punishing us for an aveira we did a long time ago (selling Yosef). So here we are, as slaves.” (Yehudah thought that maybe THIS is what Hashem told Avraham, that they will need to be slaves in a different land.)

But Yosef said, “I wouldn’t do such a thing! Only the one who had the cup in his sack will be my slave, the rest of you can go home.” When Yehudah heard that Yosef only wanted Benyamin as a slave, he understood that this wasn’t what Hashem told Avraham, and he was ready to do whatever he needed to do to make sure Yosef wouldn’t keep Benyamin.



23 - 28

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Chof-Gimmel through Chof-Ches.

The pesukim in Kapitel Chof-Daled talk about the time when Shlomo Hamelech went to bring the Aron into the Kodesh Hakodoshim in the Beis Hamikdash. He asked the gates to open up, “Se’u She’arim Rosheichem.” These words are said twice in this kapitel.

The Metzudas Dovid, who explains the meaning of pesukim in Nach, says that there is also a hint here to the future: The two times it says “Se’u She’arim Rosheichem” hint to the two times when the Shechina rested and will rest in the Beis Hamikdash in its full glory — the first Beis Hamikdosh, and in the third Beis Hamikdosh!

The Gemara says that the second Beis Hamikdash was missing 5 things, and the Shechinah was not there with the same strength as with the first Beis Hamikdash. But in the third Beis Hamikdash, the Shechinah will rest in its full glory, and the end of this kapitel is hinting to that time.



Likutei Amarim Perek Zayin

There is a second kind of Kelipah called Kelipas Noga, which if used Lesheim Shomayim can become Kedusha, and if not, become the Shalosh Kelipos Hatmeios.

In the end of the last Perek, we said that anything which is not kedusha is called Kelipah. But there are two kinds of Kelipos. Yesterday we talked about the Shalosh Kelipos Hatmeios, which is non-kosher things and aveiros.

Today we are learning about the other kind of Kelipah, Kelipas Noga. This kind of kelipa is anything which is kosher or allowed, that doesn’t have any aveiros in it.

Kelipas Noga is in between Kedusha and the Shalosh Kelipos Hatmeios we talked about yesterday. It is in between, because sometimes it can become real kelipah, but other times it can be made into Kedusha!

Here is an example of the two ways: It doesn’t say anywhere in Torah that you can’t have Slurpees! So we know it must be Kelipas Noga.

Now if a person wants the Slurpee but not especially to help them serve Hashem, it goes down to the Shalosh Kelipos Hatmeios. It can’t go up to Kedusha because Kedusha is ONLY something done for Hashem. 

But let’s say they get a Slurpee in honor of Hey Teves, and they’re enjoying it by their Farbrengen, and it’s giving them a lot of chayus and helping them make good hachlatos — THAT Slurpee becomes Kedusha!

One more example:

Saying silly things and telling jokes isn’t an aveira, so it must be Kelipas Noga.

If you’re being silly just because you’re bored, it can’t become Kedusha, because you’re not doing it for Hashem.

But if you see your friend is sad, and you make some funny jokes so they’ll laugh, it becomes Kedusha, because you made jokes for Hashem’s mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel!

(Did you know that the Gemara talks about two jokers who used to make people happy? The Torah says that they have a special place in Olam Haba.

One famous Chossid who used all of his jokes for Kedusha was R’ Shmuel Munkes. Once Chassidim saw him in front of the Rebbe’s house, hanging upside down from a tree! They asked him, “What are you doing?!?” R’ Shmuel Munkes answered, “In front of a shoemaker’s house he hangs a shoe so people know what he makes. In front of the fish store you’ll see a fish hanging, so people will know what he sells. In front of the baker’s house you’ll see bread so you’ll know what he makes. So I decided to hang in front of the Rebbe’s house — so everyone will know that the Rebbe makes Chassidim!”

He did it in a funny way, because he knew that was the best way to teach Chassidim something in a way they will always remember.)



Daled Teves

There is a halacha every week to be “Maavir Sedrah.” This means to go over the parsha so that you know what is being leined in Shul. You’re first supposed to do it in Chumash, and then with a translation so you understand it.

The Shulchan Aruch says to say the pesukim twice, and Targum Onkelos one time. Targum Onkelos is a translation into Aramaic that is printed in the Chumash. This Targum was chosen as a special translation that should be used, because the Torah also has in it words written in this language.

The Chabad Rebbeim would do it this way: They would start Thursday night, and do one or two Aliyos, say each posuk twice, and then the Targum, and then go to the next posuk. On Friday afternoon (after Chatzos) when we prepare for Shabbos, they would start over from the beginning, say the whole parsha this way, and then say the Haftorah.

Shabbos morning, before davening, they would say the last Aliyah in this way again.

Sometimes, there are two haftoras — like if it’s Rosh Chodesh or Erev Rosh Chodesh, we read a special haftorah. On such a Shabbos, the Rebbeim would do both. The first one, for the Parshas Hashavua, they would say Erev Shabbos, and the special haftorah for the day they would say on Shabbos morning.

Today’s Hayom Yom has TWO parts. There are only five places in Hayom Yom that have this, and they are all written for days that were Shabbos in the year the Hayom Yom was printed! Maybe the Rebbe is teaching us that on Shabbos we have to add more to our learning of Torah and Chassidus. Here is the second section of today’s Hayom Yom:

Every night a part of our neshama goes up to Hashem to get chayus for the next day (as is written in the Zohar). If a person learns very hard during the day or davens with tremendous kavana, sometimes a person could dream about the things that they learned! This could be a dream about Gemara or Chassidus! The neshama can even learn NEW things in the dream! The reason why it had this special dream is because of the effort it put into davening and learning during the day.

(Like this year, the year the Hayom Yom was written, today was Shabbos Parshas Mikeitz, which speaks about dreams.)



Shiur #163 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #124, Asei #88, #83, Lo Saasei #155

Today we learn 4 mitzvos about korbanos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #124) Part of the Korban Mincha is usually eaten by the kohen. He is not allowed to prepare it in a way that will make it into Chometz.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Tzav: לֹא תֵאָפֶה חָמֵץ חֶלְקָם נָתַתִּי אֹתָהּ מֵאִשָּׁי

The details are explained in Perek Hey of Mesechta Menachos.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #88) The Kohanim need to eat the rest of the Mincha (flour and oil) — the part that isn’t burned on the Mizbeiach.

This mitzvah also comes from a posuk in Parshas Tzav: וְהַנּוֹתֶרֶת מִמֶּנָּה יֹאכְלוּ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו מַצּוֹת תֵּאָכֵל

The details are explained in Mesechta Menachos.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #83) When we promise to bring a korban or a present to Hashem, we need to give it at the next big Yom Tov (Pesach, Shavuos, or Sukkos).

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: לְשִׁכְנוֹ תִדְרְשׁוּ וּבָאתָ שָּׁמָּה וַהֲבֵאתֶם שָׁמָּה עֹלֹתֵיכֶם

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #155) We are not allowed to push off bringing a korban that we promised. If three Regalim (the three main Yomim Tovim) pass by and a person still didn’t bring a korban he promised, he is punished for not keeping this mitzvah.

This mitzvah comes from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: כִּי תִדֹּר נֶדֶר לַה׳ אֱלֹקֶיךָ לֹא תְאַחֵר לְשַׁלְּמוֹ

The details are explained in the beginning of Mesechta Rosh Hashana.



Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos

In today’s Rambam, we learn more halachos about bringing the Korbanos:

Perek Yud-Gimmel: We learn about the different kinds of Korban Mincha and how we bring them.

Perek Yud-Daled: This perek teaches us some general rules about when someone promises to bring a korban as a neder or a nedava.

Perek Tes-Vov: This perek continues with more detailed halachos about a nedava, when someone promises to bring a specific animal to Hashem.



Hilchos Chomeitz U'Matzah - Perek Vov

We learn how to properly keep the mitzvah of eating matzah on the first night of Pesach. One halacha is that once a child is old enough to eat bread, we teach him to eat a kezayis of matzah for chinuch.



Hey Teves

In the weeks after the nitzachon of Hey Teves, the Rebbe spoke about how this whole story was just a nisayon. A nisayon is a kind of challenge that Hashem gives you to bring out the kochos that are hiding inside.

The Medrash says that when Avraham Avinu was on his way to do the Akeidah, his hardest test, the Satan tried to stop him. First the Satan tried to convince Avraham and Yitzchak not to go, but they didn’t listen to him. So the Satan turned into a river blocking their path, so they couldn’t go any further. Avraham kept on going, until the water reached his neck. Then he turned to Hashem asking for help to cross this deep river and do what Hashem wanted to! All of a sudden, the river dried up completely and disappeared, and Avraham and Yitzchak were able to go to Har Hamoriah for the Akeidah.

This wasn’t a real river. It was just part of the nisayon, so that Avraham would use deeper kochos to ask Hashem for help and pass the test.

The things that happened to make the nisayon are not important. They are like the water — they aren’t really there and will disappear when we pass the nisayon!

Because of this, the Rebbe said that talking about the details of the nisayon won’t help anything! It will just confuse you and be a Yetzer Hara.

The Rebbe said that instead we should talk about the new kochos and peulos that came from Hey Teves! The chayus needs to be in learning the seforim, Niglah and Chassidus, and that when a new sefer or Kuntres or maamar comes out, EVERYONE needs to be excited to learn it! Everyone needs to realize that the reason it was published is for ME to learn it and live with it!

In the sichos that the Rebbe said during the nisayon, and after the nitzachon that followed, the Rebbe taught us many special things which we know and appreciate today only because of this story.

One of them was that we were given a much clearer understanding of what a Rebbe is. The Rebbe explained how a Rebbe’s inyan as Nasi continues forever, and that a Rebbe is together with his Chassidim even after his histalkus.

There were also new peulos that the Rebbe began, like publishing more maamarim and sichos, starting new Chabad Houses, and expanding the work of Chabad to a completely new level, which we are all able to see today!

See sichos of Hey Teves and Vayechi 5747, Yud-Beis Tamuz 5745, Vayikra 5747, Zos Chanukah 5746


▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼



Modeh Ani

We say Modeh Ani first thing in the morning, not Elokai Neshama like they said in the times of the Gemara. The reason we usually hear is because we are not able to say Hashem’s name right away when we wake up, since we are not as holy as Yidden were in the times of the Gemara.

But in a way, Modeh Ani is HIGHER than Elokai Neshama!

All of the names of Hashem show us certain special things about Hashem, but when we speak directly TO Hashem we are speaking to the Etzem of Hashem! In Modeh Ani we are able to speak to Hashem Himself, higher than any names!

One of the reasons we say Modeh Ani nowadays is because during this hard Golus, we need the extra koach of speaking straight to the Etzem of Hashem first thing in the morning.

See Kuntres Inyana Shel Toras Hachassidus, os Yud-Alef



Checking Mezuzos in Times of Hardship

According to halacha, we check our mezuzos every 3 and a half years, but it is our minhag to try our best to check them EVERY year, especially during the month of Elul.

It is also brought in Seforim that if someone is going through a hard time, it is also appropriate to check the mezuzos again. Since the mezuzah is our protection, we want to make sure our protection is strong.

See “Mezuzah, Divine Protection and Blessing” p. 77

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



An Exciting Avodah

In Golus, the world can look very messy. There are many times when it is hard to do mitzvos, there are lots of taavos all around us, and many sad or uncomfortable things.

It isn’t always easy to ignore those challenges and do what we are supposed to anyway.

Chassidus teaches us that all of these problems come from the Kelipah and Sitra Achara that Hashem put into the world. And hiding inside of that Kelipah and Sitra Achara are sparks of kedusha!

Our job is to find and fix up those sparks of kedusha, so that the world can become a comfortable place for Hashem, a Dira Betachtonim. We do this by making sure that our Torah, Avodah and Gemilus Chasadim are strong, and by helping Yidden who got stuck in kelipah and taavos, or grew up that way, to come closer to Yiddishkeit. By doing this, we are making the world ready for Moshiach!

When we realize that the hardships were PUT THERE just for us to overcome them, it won’t be HARD to do our avodah, it will be EXCITING! We will know that every time we see something hard in the world, it is because Hashem wants us to find the kedusha inside of that kelipah! We will be so excited to do our part in bringing the Geulah!

See Maamar Zos Chanukah 5738

Coloring Pages and Text Downloads
Booklet Format
Yiddish | Hebrew (A4) | English | Français (A4)
Individual Page Format
Yiddish | Hebrew (A4) | English | Français (A4)
Printable Chitas Summary Text
English | Hebrew (A4)

לע"נ התינוק זאב ארי' ע"ה בן יבלט"א הרה"ח ר' שניאור זלמן שי' גליק
נפטר ב' מנחם אב ה'תשע"ג

Give children around the world the gift of Kids Chitas!