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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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CHUMASH

Parshas Devarim - Shvi'i with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu continues to remind the Yidden about the things that happened to them in the Midbar, so they will be ready to go into Eretz Yisroel.

Moshe Rabbeinu reviews with Shevet Reuven, Gad, and Menasheh the promise they made — that even though they will live in these parts of Eretz Yisroel on the other side of the Yarden, they will first make sure the other Yidden are settled in Eretz Yisroel before they go back to live with their families.

Moshe tells the Yidden not to worry about the war to capture Eretz Yisroel! Look how Hashem helped them before — Hashem will fight for them again!

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TEHILLIM

44 - 48

Today’s kapitelach are Mem-Daled through Mem-Ches.

Zzzzzz…

Think of somebody sleeping. Can you see how smart he is? Can you see how strong he is? How well he can draw? How fast he can run?

No — when a person is asleep, all of these kochos are hidden.

In one of today’s kapitelach, Dovid Hamelech says “Urah, Lomo Sishan Hashem?” — “Wake up, why are You sleeping, Hashem?”

Of course, Hashem doesn’t really sleep, but sometimes Hashem’s kochos are hidden from us, so it seems like a person who is asleep.

In Golus, it is like Hashem is sleeping. Can we see the amazing nissim of Hashem? Can we see His kedusha shining? No — they are hidden from us.

So we ask, “Hashem, please wake up!”

Chassidus teaches us that we should make sure not only to ask Hashem with our words, we should “wake Hashem up” with the things we do! When we show Hashem how we are doing mitzvos with all of our kochos, even when we have to give up things we want to do, then Hashem shows us all of His kochos, showing us nissim and bringing us the Geulah!

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Gimmel

In the letter we started learning yesterday, the Alter Rebbe is explaining to the Chassidim how special tzedakah is, so they will want to give it!

The Alter Rebbe shows us how a posuk from Yeshayahu teaches us the special things that happen when a Yid gives tzedakah. Tzedakah doesn’t just make the poor person happy, it brings chayus from Hashem into the world! Because of that, we also get a lot of brachos in Gashmius and Ruchnius.

Today, the Alter Rebbe finishes explaining how this works.

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HAYOM YOM

Ches Menachem Av

Every single day, after davening (even on all of the Yomim Tovim) we say the Sheish Zechiros, the six things we have to remember every day. (Do you know what each of them are?)

~

The Rebbe Maharash used to say: How is Chassidus and Yiras Shomayim worth anything, if the main thing — Ahavas Yisroel — isn’t there! And especially if someone not only doesn’t have Ahavas Yisroel, but is even ready Chas Veshalom to hurt another person!?

The Torah tells us that the reason we are in Golus so long R”L is because we have Sinas Chinam, we can’t get along with each other. When we fix this, we won’t need to be in Golus anymore!

So even though it is very important to be very frum and learn lots of Chassidus — the MAIN thing is to make sure we have Ahavas Yisroel, and chas veshalom never do anything to cause another Yid pain.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #34 - Mitzvas Asei #19

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #19) — that after we eat, we need to bentch. (In today’s Rambam, we learn the last two perakim of halachos that are related to this mitzvah.)

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Eikev: וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ וּבֵרַכְתָּ אֶת ה׳ אֱלֹקֶיךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Brachos.

But since we also start a new set of halachos, Hilchos Milah, we learn another mitzvah too! This is the mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #215) that every Jewish boy needs to have a Bris Milah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Lech Lecha: הִמּוֹל לָכֶם כָּל זָכָר
The details are explained in Mesechta Shabbos perek Yud-Tes and Mesechta Yevamos perek Daled.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Brachos - Milah

Perek Yud: In addition to making brachos before we enjoy things (Birchos Hanehenin), the Chachomim taught us that we need to say brachos to Hashem as a way of thanking and praising Hashem constantly (Birchos Shevach VeHoda’ah). Some examples for those are the brachos we say in Birchos Hashachar every morning, Shehecheyanu, and Hagomel. (Can you think of any other examples? In this perek of Rambam, you will see many more of these kinds of brachos!)

Did you know that there is a bracha for good news, and a bracha ALSO for things that don’t seem good at all? Because it’s a mitzvah to thank Hashem for NOT-good news just like we thank Him for good news!

At the end of this perek, the Rambam tells us to remember to ask Hashem for help, thank Hashem for what He does for us, and praise Him as much as we can!

Perek Yud-Alef: In this perek, we learn halachos about another type of brachos, called mitzvah-brachos (Birchos Hamitzvos), like the bracha for washing Netilas Yodayim, or the bracha for Tefillin. Usually we say the bracha before we do the mitzvah.

The Rambam finishes off this perek and section of halachos that we should try to say as many brachos as we can, but we should be careful not to say brachos that are not necessary. Like Dovid Hamelech says in Tehillim, “Bechol Yom Avarcheka, Va’ahalela Shimcha Le’olam Va’ed.” “Every day I will bentch You, and I will praise Your name forever.” (Do you know where this posuk is from?)

Now we start to learn Hilchos Milah, about a Bris Milah:

Perek Alef: We start learning about the mitzvah of giving a baby a Bris Milah when he is 8 days old. The halacha is that if the baby is sick, we don’t do the bris right away, because danger for life pushes away all mitzvos. We can do the bris later, when it’s not dangerous for the baby.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Matnos Aniyim - Perek Ches

We learn that saying that we will give Tzedakah is like making a neder, and we need to keep it. We also learn about a Goy giving Tzedakah, and finally about the great mitzvah of Pidyon Shevuyim, helping a Yid come out of jail. The Rambam says that there is no bigger mitzvah than this one!

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INYANA D'YOMA

Shabbos Chazon

Once there was a little boy, whose father loved him very much.

One day, the father decided to have a new suit made for his son. He chose fine fabric and polished buttons, and had the tailor work hard to sew a handsome suit.

The son was so grateful and so proud to have such a wonderful suit! He loved to wear it, knowing that it was a special gift from his father, who loved him so much.

But the little boy was not as careful as he should have been. He wore the suit even when he was playing outside with his friends, and soon the beautiful suit was torn and stained.

The little boy showed his father sadly how his suit was ruined and couldn’t be worn anymore.

The father loved his son, and had the tailor make another suit, as fine as the one before.

At first, the little boy wore his suit carefully. But after a while, he forgot again. Soon this suit as well was completely ruined.

The father again went back to the tailor, and had him make the suit again. But this time, he did not give the suit to his son. He hung it in the closet, telling his son that he would only get the suit when he showed that he now knew how to take care of it.

Every year, the father would pull the suit out of the closet, reminding his son to be careful so that he would deserve to have again such a beautiful suit to wear.

~

This story is a mashal told by R’ Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev.

We are like the little boy, Hashem is the father, and the handsome suit is our precious Beis Hamikdash. Twice we were not careful with the Beis Hamikdash, and twice it was destroyed. Hashem is ready to give us another one, but we first have to show that we have learned how to take care of it.

Every year, on Shabbos Chazon, Hashem shows us a “chazon” (a vision) of the Third Beis Hamikdash. Our neshama is able to see it, and it is reminded to behave as Hashem wants us to, so that we can merit to have the third Beis Hamikdash very soon!

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TEFILLAH

Akeidah

At the beginning of davening, as a way to prepare ourselves for davening properly, we read the story of the Akeida as it is written in Torah. On a day when we say Tachanun, we add a paragraph before and after the Akeida, asking Hashem to be good to us. We ask Hashem, just as Avraham Avinu went against his nature to do what Hashem wanted, Hashem should go against any nature of the world and do good for us!

The Gemara says that Hashem Himself says these words, saying that He should overlook any strictness against Yidden, and only do kindness for them. One of the things we ask Hashem in the paragraph after the Akeidah is that Hashem should do the greatest kindness, to bring us back to our land with Moshiach Tzidkeinu very soon!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Learning Torah on Tisha B'Av

Learning Torah makes a Yid happy! Like it says in the posuk, “Pekudei Hashem Yesharim, Mesamchei Lev” — “Hashem’s laws are upright, they make a person happy!”

Usually, that’s a wonderful thing, to be happy all of the time!

But on Tisha B’Av, we are mourning for the Beis Hamikdash. Getting involved in happy Torah learning will make us forget our sadness about the Churban.

Still, we have a mitzvah to learn Torah all the time. So what should we do?

We should learn parts of Torah that talk about the Churban, so we won’t forget about it. We learn Eicha, or Iyov, or part of the Gemara Gittin.

Reading books or newspapers just because we enjoy them is not allowed. It will also keep a person from remembering that he is sad about the Churban. We are only allowed to read and study about the Churban or other sad times for Yidden.

See also Piskei Teshuvos vol. 6, p. 106

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Who Will Build the Third Beis Hamikdash?

Will we build the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi, or will it come down from Shomayim, already built?

In different places in Torah, it says different things! The Rebbe explains that BOTH will be true!

According to Chassidus, we can understand why it needs to be this way!

The first Beis Hamikdash was very special. It was given as a present from Hashem to the Yidden. But the Yidden didn’t deserve such a present, and didn’t treat it properly. That’s why it was destroyed.

The second Beis Hamikdash came through the hard work of Yidden. They had to first do teshuvah before they could start to build it. So they deserved this Beis Hamikdash! But Hashem didn’t give the same Ruchnius as with the first Beis Hamikdash. There was no Aron or Urim VeTumim, for example, and many of the nissim weren’t there.

But the third Beis Hamikdash will have BOTH maalos! It will come as a present to the Yidden, with all of the nissim, but it will also be made by us, in a way that we DESERVE it! That’s why we will build the Beis Hamikdash, AND it will come down from Shomayim. This way it will have both maalos — it will come through the work of Yidden, and as a present from Hashem!

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