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Parshas Haazinu - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is continuing to speak to the heavens and the earth. He wants them to remind the Yidden in the future about how Hashem has always taken care of the Yidden, so they will realize how foolish it is to not behave properly.

Yidden, remember this, it’s important for you:
When people made Hashem angry, what did He do?
Those people were punished, I’m sure you know
Since they didn’t follow the path they should go.

(Of course, very soon, when Moshiach will be
He’ll reward us with so much GOOD — just wait and see!)

When the world was full of Resha’im, from far and wide
Hashem made a Mabul, and all of them died.
But when people worked together, all of them
To build a tall tower to fight with Hashem —

They were all Resha’im, they also deserved to die!
But Hashem didn’t do it — do you know why?
He let them live, because later WE came
All of the Yidden, from the family of Sheim.

Instead Hashem sent them to many destinations
Each with a new language, to be 70 nations!
(Like the 70 Yidden who later went down, you see
To Mitzrayim, until Hashem set us free.)

Just because Hashem loves us, he let them live
So later to us the Torah He’d give!

We come from Yaakov, from the Avos number three
Like a rope made of THREE strings, as strong as can be!

No other nations wanted the Torah, they were glad to forsake it
But even in a huge Midbar, we were happy to take it!

And there in the Midbar, we were safe indeed
Hashem took care of us and gave us all we need.
It was like a big eagle who flies through the sky
And keeps its family safe from everyone nearby.

It doesn’t scare its family, it warns them when it’s near
And carries them high on its back — they have nothing to fear.
Of course Hashem takes even BETTER care than them!
How lucky we are to be the nation of Hashem.



44 - 48

The Tehillim for today is kapitelach Mem-Daled to Mem-Ches. We also say Kuf-Tes, Kuf-Yud, and Kuf-Yud-Alef for the three kapitelach we add each day until Yom Kippur.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a very special posuk — “Kol Kvuda Bas Melech Penima” — “The kavod of a princess is inside.” This means that a woman, because of tznius, shows her kavod inside her house, not outside in front of everyone.

(Hashem set up the world in a way that a man goes out into the world and gets parnasa, and the woman is the Akeres Habayis — making the home a place where Hashem can feel comfortable.)

But in the Navi, it says that when Moshiach comes, the women will be outside too, and even showing their kavod outside!

Since now we are so close to Moshiach, we need to start acting in a way of Geulah. So today, women and girls need to go outside too, and do mivtzoyim — but we still need to be careful to have proper tznius, because we are still in Golus!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

We are learning about the special koach that Hashem uses to make the Gashmius. Today we learn about the koach in one part of gashmiyus:

The Torah teaches us that there are four levels in GashmiusAish (fire), Mayim (water), Ruach (wind), and Afar (dirt). Dirt is the lowest kind of Gashmiyus. Still, it has the greatest koach of Hashem!

Why does it have the greatest koach of Hashem?

In Kabbalah, it explains that “Na’utz Techilasan Besofan” — the beginning is connected to the end.

That’s why Hashem put his HIGHEST chayus in Gashmius. The same thing is also when Hashem made the different kinds of Gashmius — Hashem needs to put his strongest chayus in the LOWEST part of Gashmius, the dirt! It has the koach to make things grow almost from nothing!



Ches Tishrei

We are learning the system R’ Zushe of Anipoli made for teshuvah, based on the letters of the word Teshuvah. There are five pesukim teaching us about teshuvah, that start with these five letters.

We learned the first four steps so far:

1) TOF — Tomim Tihiyeh: We need to be serious about acting the way Hashem wants! It should be the only thing that is important to us.

2) SHIN — Shivisi Hashem Lenegdi: We need to always think about how Hashem is right there in everything, giving it new chayus every second. When Hashem is with us always, we will NEED to act only the way He wants!

3) VOV — Ve’ohavta Lereiacha Kamocha: Loving another Yid is loving the part of Hashem that is inside of him, and will always remind us of Hashem Who is watching everything we do.

4) BEIS — Bechol Derochecha Do’eihu: Look around and see how everything happens with Hashgacha Protis! It reminds us that everything that happens to us is only because Hashem made it that way, and we need to use every chance to do more mitzvos.

Finally, today we will learn the last letter of the word Teshuvah, which is Hey.

Hey stands for “Hatzneia Leches Im Hashem Elokecha” — “Go in a way of Tznius with Hashem.”

There were big Tzaddikim who used to do mitzvos, in a very careful way. They would act in a way that other people didn’t realize that they were doing so many mitzvos! If people DID find out, it would make them feel very bad. They didn’t want other people to see their mitzvos, their mitzvos were just for Hashem! They didn’t want other people to look at them and think they are so special.

When we do mitzvos JUST for Hashem, and not so other people will see, it will remind us to only make Hashem happy and act the way He wants — the Avodah of Teshuvah.

When we follow these five steps of Teshuvah, we will be sure to have done the Avodah of Teshuva the way a Yid should.



Shiur #63 - Mitzvas Asei #153

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #153): How the Beis Din needs to make a calendar and decide when the months and years start.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Alef, Mesechta Rosh Hashana and Brachos.



Hilchos Kiddush Hachodesh

In today’s Rambam, perakim Tes, Yud, and Yud-Alef, we finish learning about the calendar. Today we learn about when spring starts, which the Beis Din needed to know to decide when it would be a leap year to make sure Pesach is in the spring.

Today we also start to learn the really complicated part of Kiddush Hachodesh: How the Beis Din would know where the moon was and what it should look like, so they could make sure the witnesses were telling the truth.



Hilchos Geneivah - Perek Gimmel

In Perek Gimmel we learn halachos for the Beis Din, about when a person does something that might make him not have to pay the “knas” for stealing — like if he did an even bigger aveira, and needs to be punished for that instead; or if he admitted that he stole, so he doesn’t need to pay back extra; or if he doesn’t have money to pay.




There is a halacha that when it is the special time for one mitzvah, it pushes away other mitzvos that can be done always. The same is with mivtzoyim: All year, we have so many mivtzoyim we need to think about — helping Yidden with Tefillin, Shabbos candles, Mezuzah, buying Yiddishe sefarim, and all of the other ones!

But now, there is a special mivtza coming up that we need to get ready for: To make sure as many Yidden as possible will make a bracha and shake Lulav and Esrog on Sukkos.

For something to work best, we need to plan before. Now we have just a week left until Sukkos, so we need to think about how we are going to make this year’s Sukkos mivtzoyim the best ever!


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When each Yom Tov comes during the year, we make a Shehecheyanu, thanking Hashem for bringing us again to this special time. Women make the bracha of Shehecheyanu when they bentch licht, and men make the bracha during Kiddush.

On Yom Kippur, women are able to make Shehecheyanu when they bentch licht, but of course, there is no Kiddush on Yom Kippur! Instead, the men make Shehecheyanu in davening. They say the bracha after Kol Nidrei, since we start this tefillah before shkiyah.

In order for all of the men to be able to say the bracha, first they all say it quietly, and afterwards the Chazan says it out loud. Of course, women who already said Shehecheyanu should NOT say it again — that would be a bracha levatala!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, Hilchos Yom Hakipurim, siman Tof-Reish-Yud-Tes; and Shevach Hamoadim, Hilchos Leil Yom Kippur




Kaparos is a mitzvah we do just one time every year! We usually remember most of the halachos about this special mitzvah, but there are some things we can use an extra reminder about:

1) If the chicken we are using for kaparos will not be given to poor people to eat, we should make sure to give to tzedakah as much as the chicken is worth.

2) We shouldn’t think that when we do kaparos, our aveiros are forgiven. Instead, we should think about how really, we deserve that whatever was done to the chicken should have been done to us! Thinking that will help us do teshuvah.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Kaparos

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Shofar of Moshiach

The Navi teaches us about the time of the Geulah: “Vehaya BaYom Hahu, Yitaka BeShofar Gadol” — “Hashem will blow a big Shofar.” Then it says that all of the Yidden will come back from the far away places they are in Golus, and come back to Yerushalayim to serve Hashem!

The Alter Rebbe tells us that the sound of this Shofar will have a special chayus from Hashem for the Yidden to do Teshuvah!

The shofar nowadays also helps Yidden who come to Shul, that THEY should want to do Teshuvah. But the Shofar Hashem will blow when Moshiach comes will be a VERY BIG Shofar! It will help even Yidden who don’t think about Hashem (because they are busy with the taavos that are in Gashmius), and even they will want to do Teshuvah!

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