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CHUMASH

Parshas Vezos Habracha - Shishi with Rashi

Moshe is finishing giving brachos to the Yidden before he passes away:

Because Hashem takes care of the Yidden, the Yidden will all feel safe to live in Eretz Yisroel, everyone in their own part. They won’t need to all squeeze together into the same place because they are scared of the Goyim!

Moshe didn’t need to say more details of the brachos — the Yidden have brachos in EVERYTHING!

Now Moshe finished writing the Sifrei Torah, because he will soon go onto Har Nevo and pass away.

 
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TEHILLIM

90 - 96

The first kapitel in today’s Tehillim was written by Moshe Rabbeinu. Dovid Hamelech later put it in Tehillim. It starts with the words “Tefillah LeMoshe, Ish HaElokim.” “It is a Tefillah by Moshe Rabbeinu, a person of Hashem.”

Why is Moshe Rabbeinu called “person of Hashem”?

Hashem is everything and everything is Hashem — but we can’t see Him! Hashem made the world because he wanted Yidden to act in a certain way that will make Hashem happy here.

But if we can’t see Hashem, how do we know how to act? That’s why Hashem gave Yidden a Moshe Rabbeinu, who is “a person of Hashem.” A Moshe Rabbeinu has two parts — one part of him that is “of Hashem” — very close to Hashem so he knows what Hashem wants, but he is also “a person” — so he can teach us what we need to do!

There is ALWAYS a Nasi, like Moshe Rabbeinu, who helps the Yidden do what Hashem wants at that time. Now, of course, the Rebbe is our Moshe Rabbeinu! By following the Rebbe’s horaos, we will know how to do our shlichus in the world today!

For example, during Chol Hamoed, the Rebbe reminded us to use the time to add in learning Torah and to help other Yidden with the mitzvos of the Yom TovSukkah, Lulav and Esrog, and Simcha!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof-Gimmel

We learned yesterday that when a Yid learns Torah, Hashem gives him a reward, that he will feel close to Hashem. But when ten Yidden are involved with Torah or mitzvos together, Hashem RESTS there!

This means that Hashem is there in a way that is so strong that a Yid can’t feel it in this world. Only in Gan Eden Hashem gives a neshama the koach to feel it as a special PRESENT, but in this world it is impossible to feel it — Hashem’s presence is just there. (So what difference does it make to us? It helps our avodah in a hidden way! Like the Alter Rebbe brings in Torah Ohr, davening with a minyan inspires a person to do teshuvah from this koach of Hashem that is there when there is a minyan.)

Even malachim can’t handle the strong chayus of Hashem that is there when Yidden gather together. The Alter Rebbe says in the name of his Rebbeim (the Maggid of Mezritch and the Baal Shem Tov), that if a Malach would come to a place where there is a minyan of Yidden, even if they aren’t davening or learning, he would become completely burned up and wouldn’t be able to exist! This is because of the amazing chayus of Hashem that exists there then.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Tes Tishrei

In Shemoneh Esrei, we ask Hashem for many brachos. One thing we ask Hashem for is that the fields should grow this year, and give us lots of good food!

It is brought in seforim that all year long when we say this bracha, we have in mind the special foods we need for the Yomim Tovim: The wheat for Matzah, and a good Esrog! (Somewhere else it also says wine for Kiddush.)

If our mitzvah foods grow well, everything else will too, of course!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #74 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #262

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #262), we learn the mitzvah that a man is not allowed to hold back certain things from his wife — two of them are that he has to take care of her food and clothes.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: שְׁאֵרָהּ כְּסוּתָהּ וְעֹנָתָהּ לֹא יִגְרָע

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Ishus

In today’s Rambam, we learn many halachos about what a husband has to do for his wife. He has to pay for a doctor if chas veshalom she gets sick, and if she gets put into jail he has to pay money to take her out of jail. He should talk to her nicely, and not get angry.

We also learn what a wife has to do for her husband: The Rambam says that she should have a lot of kavod for him, and do her best to do things the way he likes.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Gezeilah V'Aveidah - Perek Hey

This perek explains that we are not allowed to use things that were stolen by a robber.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Ushpizin

Today’s Ushpizin (special Sukkos guests) are Aharon Hakohen and the Tzemach Tzedek. Both of them teach us the lesson of shalom, peace.

The Mishna says that Aharon made shalom between people, and it is known that the Tzemach Tzedek made shalom between the Chassidim and the Misnagdim.

We get the koach from our two special guests of today to make shalom too!

 

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TEFILLAH

Feeling Hashem

In Likutei Torah for the Yom Tov of Sukkos, the Alter Rebbe writes that a Yid can be very excited during davening and feel very close to Hashem. But after he finishes davening, that feeling can go away!

What should we do to KEEP that special feeling?

The way to do it is by learning Hashem’s Torah — Hashem’s Chochma. The Torah tells us how Hashem wants us to act with the Gashmius we use all the time.

When a Yid learns halachos, he is thinking about Hashem all the time, just like when he davens Shemoneh Esrei!

The Rebbe gave us the takana to learn Rambam every day. By learning these halachos during the day, we keep our neshamos connected to Hashem the way they are during davening!

See maamar Ushe’avtem, Likutei Torah

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Lulav & Esrog for Lefties

When we make the bracha on the Lulav and Esrog, we take the Lulav with the right hand and the esrog with the left hand. We do this because the Lulav has 3 mitzvos (three of the minim) and the Esrog only has one. If a person does it the wrong way, he still did the mitzvah, but it is best to shake it again holding it the right way, this time without a bracha. When we hold the Lulav and Esrog by Hoshaanos, we also do it this way.

A lefty uses HIS most important hand, meaning his left hand.

For someone who is ambidextrous (can use both hands the same), he should hold the lulav with his right hand.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Tof-Reish-Nun-Alef

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Torah When Moshiach Comes

The Chachomim tell us in the Talmud Yerushalmi that all of the seforim of the Neviim and Kesuvim will be botul in the times of Moshiach. We will only have the Chamisha Chumshei Torah, the five books of the Torah, and the halachos of Torah Shebaal Peh.

But how could this be? The Rambam tells us in Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah, that the Torah NEVER changes! How can we say that parts of Torah will be botul?

The answer is that these parts of Torah will not disappear, but we won’t need to learn them anymore!

The Neviim and Kesuvim are mainly an inspiration for Yidden to keep the Torah. When Moshiach comes, and the world is full of the knowledge of Hashem, we won’t need this inspiration anymore. We will be able to understand everything that is in the Neviim and Kesuvim from the Torah itself!

That is also why we won’t need the discussion of the Gemara anymore. When Moshiach comes, we will understand the halachos even without the explanations of the Gemara!

So when Moshiach comes, our main Torah learning will be Chamisha Chumshei Torah, halacha, and the secrets of Torah that will be revealed then!

See Sefer Hasichos 5752 p. 27 (Kuntres Halachos Shel Torah Shebaal Peh She’ainam Beteilim L’olam)

 
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