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CHUMASH

Parshas Netzavim-Vayeilech - Chamishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is speaking to Yehoshua, before he leads the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel:

“Be strong and brave, Yehoshua! You will take the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel and you will make sure that each Yid gets their part.

“Hashem is going with you, don’t be afraid! He won’t leave you!”

Then Moshe wrote down the whole Torah, and gave it to the kohanim and to the Zekeinim.

Now Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden about the mitzvah of Hakhel!

After every Shemitah year, during Sukkos, when all of the Yidden come to the Beis Hamikdash, the king will sit on a special bimah in the Beis Hamikdash, and read Chumash Devarim to all the Yidden!

ALL of the Yidden will come to hear it — the men, women, AND children!

Why Chumash Devarim? Because it will help the Yidden have Yiras Shomayim, and do what Hashem wants, so that they will be able to stay in Eretz Yisroel! This way, even the Yidden who didn’t hear this “farbrengen” from Moshe Rabbeinu will hear it during Hakhel from the melech, and know what to do.

 
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TEHILLIM

104 - 105

Today’s kapitelach are Kuf-Daled and Kuf-Hey. We say another three kapitelach for Chodesh Elul: Samach-Alef, Samach-Beis, and Samach-Gimmel.

In today’s first Kapitel, Dovid Hamelech tells us about how amazing the world is, and how Hashem made everything just perfect!

The second posuk says, “Oteh Or KaSalma” — “Hashem puts on light, like clothes.”

When someone is wearing clothes, we can only see the clothes, but we know who is wearing them!

And when we see light, like the sun, we can remember that it’s like Hashem’s clothes! Even though we can’t see Hashem, Hashem is there! That will help us have Yiras Shomayim.

There is also a Ruchnius kind of light: When we learn Torah, it gives light to our Neshama! And this light is ALSO Hashem’s “clothes.” When we think about this, it helps us learn Torah properly — with Yiras Shomayim.

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Tes-Vov

Now here are some examples of how we can use the kochos of our neshama called Mochin — the way we think — to live the way a Yid should:

Chochma: When a Yid learns Torah and chassidus and starts to think about it.

Binah: Taking what we learned and finding examples, so that it becomes more real, comparing it to other things we know and trying to figure out what is the real point of what we learned.

Daas: Making it personal, so that we feel excited about what we learned.

We saw in this letter how every Yid can learn about Hashem and how to have a chayus in Yiddishkeit from the kochos in our Neshama. We also know now that the kochos of our neshama can be used to help us understand a little bit of the Sefiros of Hashem!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Alef Elul

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn where every Yid gets the koach to have Mesiras Nefesh for Yiddishkeit!

Especially right now, right before Moshiach comes, we all have a Shlichus — to get ourselves and the Yidden around us excited about Yiddishkeit and to get ready for Moshiach.

We all have the koach to have Mesiras Nefesh for our Shlichus. Where do we get this koach?

Avraham Avinu was the first one to have Mesiras Nefesh for HIS Shlichus — teaching everyone in the world that Hashem is one. Because of this, Hashem gave him a present — that all of his children will have Emunah in Hashem and the koach to have Mesiras Nefesh for their Shlichus!

We, the Yidden, are Avraham Avinu’s children, so WE get this special present!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #63 - Mitzvas Asei #153

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #153): How the Beis Din needs to make a calendar and decide when the months and years start.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Alef, Mesechta Rosh Hashana and Brachos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Kiddush Hachodesh

In today’s Rambam, perakim Tes, Yud, and Yud-Alef, we finish learning about the calendar. Today we learn about when spring starts, which the Beis Din needed to know to decide when it would be a leap year to make sure Pesach is in the spring.

Today we also start to learn the really complicated part of Kiddush Hachodesh: How the Beis Din would know where the moon was and what it should look like, so they could make sure the witnesses were telling the truth.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tefillah - Perek Alef

From the time of Moshe Rabbenu until Ezra Hasofer, there was no nusach for davening — everyone davened in their own words in Lashon Kodesh when they needed something.

Later, Yidden couldn’t properly express themselves in Lashon Kodesh anymore. So the Anshei Knesses Hagedolah wrote Shemoneh Esrei for everyone to say.

The first three brachos say how special Hashem is, and the last three brachos say “thank You” to Hashem. In the middle there are many brachos that ask Hashem for things that Yidden need.

The Chachomim also made set times for davening the different tefillos each day, that match up to the times when korbanos were brought.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Selichos

In the year Tof-Shin-Lamed-Daled (1974), the Rebbe gave a special hora’ah about Selichos:

In Selichos, we ask Hashem for a good and sweet year. That’s a kind of Tefillah. We should make sure that our Selichos doesn’t just have Tefillah — it should have Torah and Tzedakah too!

How do we do that? Before we say Selichos, we should learn a part of Torah. One good maamar is the Alter Rebbe’s maamarLecha Hashem Hatzedakah.” (This maamar is printed in the front of many Chabad Selichos books.) If we can’t learn the whole maamar, it is enough to just do the first and last part.

After we learn, we should also give tzedakah before we actually say Selichos. This way, we have Torah (what we learned), Tzedakah (that we gave), and then Tefillah (the Selichos)!

We shouldn’t only do this the first time we say Selichos, on Motzei Shabbos — we should do this EVERY day of Selichos!

Sichos Kodesh 5734, vol. 2, p. 435; Shulchan Menachem vol. 3, p. 80

 

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TEFILLAH

Selichos

In the days before Rosh Hashana, we start to say Selichos, a special tefillah where we ask Hashem to forgive our aveiros and give us a good year.

We say selichos for at least four days before Rosh Hashana. We learn to do this from the halachos about korbanos! Before we bring a korban, starting four days before, we make sure the animal doesn’t have any mum that would keep it from being able to be a korban.

On Rosh Hashana, we make ourselves like a korban before Hashem. From four days before, we search ourselves to make sure we fix any mum we might have. We do this by saying selichos.

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Selichos

We start to say selichos on the Motzei Shabbos before Rosh Hashana. If Rosh Hashana is on Monday or Tuesday, we start a week earlier, so that we will be able to say selichos at least four times. (The way our calendar is set up, Rosh Hashana can never fall on Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday.)

The first of the days of Selichos has a paragraph which speaks about saying selichos in the special time of Motzei Shabbos, “Bimtzoei Menucha.” But we can’t say selichos right away Motzei Shabbos, because Selichos speaks about our aveiros. We are not supposed to say Tachanun, asking for forgiveness for our aveiros, until after Chatzos. So we farbreng or learn until Chatzos, and say Selichos then.

During the other days of Selichos, we try to say Selichos early, because the morning is an eis ratzon, a special time for Hashem to listen to our tefillos.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Rosh Hashana, siman beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

No More Yetzer Hara!

Many of the things we know about Moshiach come from the words of the Neviim! Hashem showed them a little bit of what the world will be like when Moshiach comes, and the Neviim told it to us.

One of the things we know will happen when Moshiach comes is that there will be no more Yetzer Hara! Here are the words of the Navi Zechariah when he told the Yidden about this:

וְהָיָה בַיּוֹם הַהוּא נְאֻם ה׳ צְבָאוֹת אַכְרִית אֶת שְׁמוֹת הָעֲצַבִּים מִן הָאָרֶץ וְלֹא יִזָּכְרוּ עוֹד וְגַם אֶת הַנְּבִיאִים וְאֶת רוּחַ הַטֻּמְאָה אַעֲבִיר מִן הָאָרֶץ

Vehaya Vayom Hahu — This will happen on the day of the Geulah.

Ne’um Hashem Tzevaos — So says Hashem:

Achris Es Shemos Ha’atzabim Min Ha’aretz — I will cut off the names of the Avodah Zarah from the land

Velo Yizachru Od — And they won’t be talked about again.

Vegam Es Haneviim — And also the fake neviim

Ve’es Ruach Hatumah — And the Yetzer Hara

Avir Min Ha’aretz — I will take away from the land.

The Metzudos Dovid (a meforash on the Navi) explains that these things will happen automatically! Since when Moshiach comes the world will be full of the understanding of Hashem, no fake Navi will be able to say anything not true. And the same thing will happen with the Yetzer Hara — when we can see clearly what is true, there is no place for any tricks of the Yetzer Hara!

See Zechariah perek Yud-Gimmel posuk Beis

 
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