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Parshas Tzav - Revi'i with Rashi

We already learned about the week before Rosh Chodesh Nissan, where Moshe will get the kohanim ready to serve in the Mishkan. Now it’s happening! It is Chof-Gimmel Adar, and Hashem tells Moshe to get together all the things he needs — Aharon and his sons, the kohanim’s clothing, the Shemen Hamish’cha (“anointing oil”), the bull for the Chatas, two rams, and a basket of 30 matzos!

Moshe should have all of the Yidden come stand near the Mishkan so they can see. Moshe will act as the Kohen Gadol, wearing the white clothing the Kohen Gadol would wear on Yom Kippur. He will bring the special korbanos (a Korban Olah, a Korban Chatas, the special “Miluimkorban, and three Korban Minchas).

Moshe told all of the Yidden that he is doing this because Hashem said so, not because he likes the kavod or because he wants his brother to have kavod!

Moshe dressed Aharon in the special clothes of the Kohen Gadol, and put the tzitz on his head.

Moshe put or sprinkled Shemen Hamish’cha on each part of the Mishkan, so they will be ready to be used.



39 - 43

In Perek Mem (40) of today’s Tehillim, there’s a posuk that says “Ashrei Hagever Asher Sam Hashem Mivtacho!” “Happy is a person who has bitachon in Hashem!” The posuk says later that this person doesn’t turn to anything else for help!

The Medrash tells us that this posuk is talking about Yosef Hatzadik, who always trusted in Hashem. But once, his bitachon wasn’t perfect — he asked the Sar Hamashkim to remember him, instead of only trusting in Hashem.

The Rebbe explains to us that even though a Yid usually needs to “make a keili in Teva” (do something in Gashmius so that Hashem’s bracha has “where to go”), Hashem wanted Yosef to have even a stronger level of bitachon! Yosef had a very special neshama. Because of that, his connection to Hashem should have been SO strong that he shouldn’t even need to worry about having a keili in Teva!

Even though we aren’t expected to have a bitachon as strong as Yosef Hatzadik, we can learn from this how important it is to have the bitachon that IS expected from us!



Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Tes

Yesterday we learned about two kinds of kavana: The first kind is the kavana from the natural Ahava that a Yid has to be connected to Hashem through Torah and mitzvos. We just have to wake up this feeling, because it is already a part of us! That is compared to an animal, who acts the way it naturally feels. The second kind of kavana comes through hisbonenus, thinking deeply about Hashem until we feel Ahava and Yirah. This is compared to a person, who has sechel!

You might be feeling very down.
Your face might have a sad big frown.
Because it isn’t wonderful
That your kavana is compared to an animal.

But don’t worry, do you know who
Has this kind of kavana too?
MALOCHIM also feel this way
When they serve Hashem each day!

(That’s why in the Torah’s words
Malochim are called animals or birds.
When we say Hashem’s “Chayos,” that’s what we mean
And they looked like animals when the Merkava was seen.)

Malochim have great chayus in the Avodah they do
And feel Hashem so strongly too!
And we can feel it just like them
When we also serve Hashem.

This shows us that the kavana of bringing out the natural love for Hashem is also very special, and is compared to the level of Malochim, who are also compared to animals. This is the level that a beinoni is able to have always.

We also see from here that if this kavana is so special, we can just imagine how much greater it is to serve Hashem with the higher level of kavana, the one that is compared to a person! That is the kavana that tzadikim have always, and a beinoni can have at certain special times.



Zayin Nisan

Our nusach of “Vayehi Binso’a Ha’aron”, in the tefillah that is said when the Torah is being brought to the bimah on Shabbos and Yom Tov, we say the words “Vechirtzon Kol Amcha Beis Yisroel.”

The Rebbe tells us something today about the last names of the Rebbeim:

The Alter Rebbe’s last name was Baruchovitch. (His father’s name was Boruch!)

The Mitteler Rebbe chose a different last name — Shneuri. (After his father, the Alter Rebbe.)

The Tzemach Tzedek changed his last name too — but he didn’t choose the name of his father. The Tzemach Tzedek also chose a last name that has to do with the Alter Rebbe, Schneerson, and this became the last name of all of the Rebbeim until today!

On Yud Shevat 5711, the Rebbe officially accepted the Nesius of the Dor Hashvi’i. In that farbrengen, the Rebbe told us that we are the seventh generation from the Alter Rebbe. Even though seven is special, it is only special because it is the seventh from #1, starting from the Alter Rebbe! The Rebbe explained then the avodah of being a chossid in the seventh generation: We need to live with the Mesirus Nefesh which we were taught by the Alter Rebbe, the first generation — to do what Hashem tells us even when it is hard, and to dedicate ourselves to spread Yiddishkeit and Chassidus wherever we can!



Shiur #240 - Mitzvas Asei #109

Today we will learn the same mitzvah again, (Mitzvas Asei #109), since our Rambam is still about the same thing — becoming Tahor by using a mikvah.

This mitzvah comes from a posuk in Parshas Metzora: וְרָחַץ בַּמַּיִם אֶת כָּל בְּשָׂרוֹ

The details are explained in Mesechta Mikvaos and Tvul Yom.



Hilchos Mikvaos

In today’s Rambam, we learn about what makes a Mikvah posul.

Perek Hey: Water that comes from a keili and not from rainwater is called Mayim She’uvim. If there is too much Mayim She’uvim in a mikvah, it is posul! This perek tells us about different ways that Mayim She’uvim could come into a Mikvah and make it posul.

Perek Vov: We learn the halachos about what type of keili makes that water shouldn’t be counted as rain water anymore. Some types of pipes are not counted as a keili, since they aren’t made to HOLD water, just that water should go through them.

Perek Zayin: When things fall into a mikvah, they can sometimes help make a mikvah kosher, or sometimes make it posul. If something falls in that changes the color of the water, it makes the mikvah posul. But if snow or salt fall in, they can count as part of the 40 se’ah we need to have a kosher mikvah! Juice doesn’t count for the 40 se’ah, but it doesn’t make the mikvah posul either.



Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh - Perek Tes

In this perek, we learn some of the Halachos about what happens if two people are holding onto something, and both of them say it belongs to them. In Mishnayos, this halacha is called “Shnayim Ochazin BeTallis” — “Two people are holding on to a tallis.”

The halacha is that both people need to take a shevuah, a very strong kind of promise, that it belongs to them, and then the Beis Din splits it (or how much it is worth) between both of them.

Chassidus teaches us about this halacha, that in Ruchnius it is talking about two people who say that a certain mitzvah was done because of them. (Like if a teacher and a student both want to say it was THEIR mitzvah that the student was successful in learning Torah.) Each person needs to make a promise to say how hard they really worked on this mitzvah, and that’s how much of the mitzvah they get.



Yud-Alef Nissan

A Rebbe is a Neshma Klolis. That means that the Rebbe’s neshama has inside of it all of the neshamos of the other Yidden! So the birthday of a Rebbe is also in some way a birthday of every Yid.

What’s special about your birthday? Is it that you are older now?

If that was the main point, we should call it something that shows that you’re becoming older, like an “older-day” or “end-of-year-day.” Instead, we call it Yom Huledes — BIRTHday, meaning that it has something to do with how special it is that we were born!

It says in Nach, in the Sefer Iyov, that people are born to work hard (“Adam L’Amal Yulad”). What kind of work? The Gemara says that there are three kinds of hard work — working hard to do a job (Amal Melacha), working hard to talk (Amal Sicha), or working hard to learn Torah (Amal Torah).

A job (Amal Melacha) means what we do to make money or to take care of our homes, which can be very hard. Talking (Amal Sicha) means davening which we do every day in the right way — that’s not easy! Torah (Amal Torah) is the koach we use to learn and understand the Chochma of Hashem.

Even though the Gemara says that the main thing is the work of Torah, we really need all of them! We need to serve Hashem through a job — including the mitzvos we do with the money we earned or the home we took care of — through davening, and by learning Torah.

That’s why it’s called a “birth” day. On our birthdays, we think about the reason of our birth. We decide that this year, we will do even better in all of these types of work which Hashem brought our neshama in the world to do!

See farbrengen Yud-Alef Nissan, 5743


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After Shemoneh Esrei every day, we say Tachanun. When we say Tachanun, we ask Hashem to forgive us for things we did wrong. We do ask for Hashem’s forgiveness in one of the brachos of Shemoneh Esrei, but only in brief. After Shemoneh Esrei, we ask with much more detail.

If it is important to ask Hashem to forgive us, how come we skip it on certain days, like the whole Chodesh Nissan?

The Rebbe explains that the days we don’t say Tachanun are special days. The koach of these days brings Hashem’s forgiveness by itself! This is like what it says about Yom Kippur, “Itzumo Shel Yom Mechaper,” the day of Yom Kippur itself brings forgiveness.

On the days we don’t say Tachanun, it’s not that Tachanun is not important, it’s that what usually happens because of Tachanun happens by itself! We don’t need to say Tachanun because the koach of the special day makes it that we don’t need to actually say Tachanun at all.

To protect the kedusha of these days, we don’t say Tachanun, and let the special koach of the day accomplish what Tachanun would.

See Likutei Sichos chelek Yud-Daled, p. 401–402



Shabbos Hagadol

Don’t forget the Nasi! Today’s Nasi is the seventh Nasi (Shevet Efrayim).


One of the reasons why we call the Shabbos before PesachShabbos HaGadol” (the big Shabbos) is that the Rav gives a big drasha on Shabbos, teaching about the halachos of Pesach for those who were not able to learn it themselves.

Since we are not able to go to a drasha, it is a good idea to review the halachos of Pesach on our own!

Here are some places you can review the halachos:
- Pesach Day-By-Day (Horav Yosef Yeshaya Braun)
- Halacha Newsletter (Horav Shmuel Lesches)

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Kimei Tzeischa Me'Eretz Mitzrayim (5)

Hashem promised the Navi Micha that things would be good for the Yidden at the time of the Geulah — “Kimei Tzeischa Me’Eretz Mitzrayim Arenu Niflaos!” “Like the days you went out of Mitzrayim, I will show you wonders!”

We usually explain this posuk to mean that the Geulah Ha’asida (the final Geulah) will have nissim that are like the ones we had at the time of Yetziyas Mitzrayim!

That is true, and something wonderful, but Chassidus explains that it ALSO means something more!

Based on what is written in the Zohar, Chassidus explains that the nissim of the time of Geulah will be more special than we can imagine! Even compared to the tremendous nissim of Yetziyas Mitzrayim, these nissim will still seem incredible! That means that however you imagine the nissim of the Geulah, they are still going to be much better than that!

In many maamarim, the Rebbe explains the deeper meaning of both of these peirushim, and how they will both happen.

See the maamarim of Kimei Tzeischa in Sefer Hamaamarim Melukat

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