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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayikra - Shishi with Rashi

In yesterday’s Chumash, we learned about the Korban Chatas brought by a Kohen Gadol, the Sanhedrin, or a king. Today we learn about the Korban Chatas brought by a regular person who did an aveira by mistake.

If a person does an aveira by mistake, he brings a Korban Chatas. He can bring a goat or a sheep for this korban.

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu how this korban is brought, and how it brings forgiveness for the person.

If a person does certain kinds of aveiros (like eating from a korban when he didn’t realize he was tomei) he needs to bring a different kind of Korban Chatas, a Korban Oleh Veyored.

This kind of korban gets bigger (oleh) or smaller (yored) depending on how much the person can afford. It can be a sheep or a goat, or two birds. If he brings two birds, one of them is brought on the Mizbeiach as a Korban Chatas and the other is burned completely on the Mizbeiach as an Olah.

In tomorrow’s Chumash, we see what a person should do if he can’t even afford to bring birds as a Korban Oleh Veyored.

 
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TEHILLIM

10 - 17

Today’s kapitelach are Yud through Yud-Zayin.

Kapitel Yud-Gimmel is a tefillah crying out to Hashem over this long Golus. The last posuk in this kapitel is also the last posuk of Hodu, in davening. This posuk is full of bitachon and hope in Hashem’s yeshuah!

Let’s learn the meaning of this posuk so we will understand it when we daven!

Dovid Hamelech says to Hashem:

Va’ani Bechasdecha Votachti — And I, when I trusted in Your chesed

Yagel Libi Biyeshuasecha — My heart was happy when You helped me!

Ashira LaHashem — I am sure that I will sing to Hashem again

Ki Gamal Alai — When You will give me what I need!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Ches

We learned before that the purpose of why the neshama comes into the world is to make the body and the rest of the world holy. In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe tells us that based on this, we can understand an interesting halacha:

We see that the halacha in davening and brachos is that the person needs to actually SAY the words to be yotzei the mitzvah.

If a person had amazing tremendous kavanah, thought about the whole davening, looked at the letters and imagined saying them in front of Hashem — it’s not counted that he davened.

But if a person just says the words of davening without kavana (except for the two places where we NEED kavana), then it IS counted that he davened!

What is the reason for this halacha?

The Alter Rebbe explains that kavanah is an avodah for the neshama. The neshama helps us to focus on why we’re davening and what we’re davening for — that’s kavana.

Saying words is the avodah of the body — we use our mouth, throat, tongue, teeth, and lips. We also use the koach of the foods we ate to give us energy to say the words of the tefillos.

What is the MAIN reason why we were born? What is the MAIN reason why the neshama came into the world instead of staying up in Shomayim?

The main reason why a neshama is born is to make the Guf and the world holy. The neshama doesn’t need to become more holy — it is more holy in Shomayim! So if we are not SAYING the words of davening with our mouth, we aren’t using our body for the mitzvah, and we aren’t making our guf holy! We are missing the point! Our NESHAMA feels close to Hashem — but that’s not why we were born!

Even though having kavanah is the main part of davening, SAYING the words (Maaseh) is the main part of living! So if we don’t have kavanah, our davening isn’t so good. But if we don’t say the words, we’re missing out on the whole reason we were born!

Still, we will see later that it IS important to have kavana, because kavanah is like the “neshama” of the mitzvah.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Beis Nisan

Today is the yartzeit of the Rebbe Rashab, the father of the Frierdiker Rebbe. This year is 100 years since the histalkus. The histalkus was on Motzei Shabbos in Rostov (in Russia) and that is where his ohel is.

The very first maamar the Rebbe Rashab said as Rebbe was “Keser Yitnu Lecha,” on the second day of Sukkos, in Tof-Reish-Mem-Gimmel, a few days after the histalkus of the Rebbe Maharash.

The last maamar the Rebbe Rashab said in public was “Reishis Goyim Amalek… Keitz Sam LaChoshech,” which was said at the Purim seudah in Tof-Reish-Pey (5680/1910).

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #235 - Mitzvas Asei #106

Since we are learning a set of halachos that doesn’t have its own mitzvah, Hilchos Keilim, we are reviewing other mitzvos from Sefer Tahara, since keilim can also get these kinds of tumah!

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #106) is about a Zavah — a woman who has a specific tumah that comes from her body. This mitzvah is that we need to follow the halachos of when she becomes Tomei, and what else she makes Tomei. Even though it is important to know this mitzvah and its halachos always, as part of Torah, it was actually kept when we had a Beis Hamikdash, since someone tomei is not allowed to go into the Beis Hamikdash or eat from the korbanos!

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Keilim

In today’s Rambam, we learn about clay keilim and when they can become Tomei.

In Perek Yud-Ches we learn that a clay keili is only tomei if it is a Klei Kibul — it has a place to hold things inside.

Perek Yud-Tes teaches us about when a clay keili is broken — when are the pieces big enough that they are counted as their own keilim?

Perek Chof is about things that are attached to a clay keili, to know when they are counted as a keili by themselves.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an - Perek Daled

In Perek Daled, we learn that the Beis Din can only force the person to make a shevuah if they know exactly how much they disagree about. So if one person says, “You borrowed a wallet full of coins,” and the other person says, “you only gave me 10 coins,” then he doesn’t have to make a shevuah, since we don’t know how many coins were in the wallet. But if one person says, “You borrowed this bag of grain filled to the top,” and the other person says, “it was only filled to this line when you gave it to me,” then he DOES have to make a shevuah, since that is like a measurement.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Beis Nissan

As we learned in Hayom Yom, today is the 100th yartzeit of the Rebbe Rashab. Today is also the beginning of the Frierdiker Rebbe’s nesius. Being that the Rebbe is the Memalei Makom, fills the position of the previous Rebbeim, it is understood that this day is very special to all of us in our generation, the Rebbe’s dorDor Hashvi’i.

As an introduction to the Hayom Yom, the Rebbe writes a list of important dates and peulos in the lives of each of the Rebbeim. (Here is a link to an English translation of what the Rebbe wrote about the Rebbe Rashab, and audio shiurim of the history of the Rebbe Rashab’s life, by Rabbi Majeski and Rabbi Paltiel.)

The Rebbe taught us that this day is an Eis Ratzon, a special time, and we should do these things:

1) Learn at least one Perek of Mishnayos that starts with the letters of the name of the Rebbe Rashab.
2) Learn the Torah of the Rebbe Rashab, who organized Chassidus similar to the way the Rambam organized the halachos from the Gemara.
3) Add in Avodas HaTefillah.
4) Give extra tzedakah, especially to mosdos that do the work of the Rebbe Rashab, like Chabad yeshivos or Chabad Houses.
5) Make a farbrengen and make hachlatos in Torah and mitzvos.

See Halachos Uminhagei Chabad Beis Nisan

~

Before the Rebbe Rashab’s histalkus, he said, “Ich Gei In Himmel, Un Di Ksovim Loz Ich Eich” — “I am going up to Shomayim, but the writings of Chassidus I am leaving here.”

Even though the Rebbe Rashab would go to Shomayim where the Chassidim would not be able to see him anymore, they can always feel close to their Rebbe by learning his maamarim.

We can also feel our hiskashrus to the Rebbe by learning the sichos, maamarim, and letters that the Rebbe teaches us!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Chof-Zayin, sicha for Beis Nisan

 

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TEFILLAH

Yehi Ratzon

We learned yesterday about the Yehi Ratzon after the Nasi. In that paragraph, we ask that the Nitzutzin Kadishin, the holy sparks in each of the Shevatim should shine on us, and help us understand Hashem’s Torah better and serve Hashem properly. We ask that this help for ourselves and for our children, forever!

One of the amazing things about this Tefillah is that it includes the sparks of ALL of the Yidden! We say this tefillah every day, for each of the Shevatim, and then on the 13th day we say the total of all of the korbanos they brought, which is also for Shevet Levi. This way, we include the holy sparks of every Yid, whatever shevet he is from!

And not only is it asking that the sparks of kedusha of each YID should shine on us, but that the sparks of kedusha in the whole WORLD shine on us!

How is it asking that?

We learned recently in Tanya that all of the Yidden are split up into 600,000 general neshamos, and the world is split up into 600,000 general parts. Each neshama has a shlichus to make a certain part of the world holy, and together we make the whole world holy to prepare for the Geulah.

Since we are asking that the sparks of kedusha of every Yid should shine on us, it includes the part of the world that each Yid has an avodah to make holy. We ask that all of those sparks of kedusha should shine on us and give us koach, for us and our children, forever!

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin p. 373 and ha’arah 26

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

No Tachanun During Nissan

Don’t forget to say the Nasi! Today’s Nasi is for Shevet Yissachar.

It says in Shulchan Aruch that during the entire month of Nissan, we don’t say Tachanun.

Why?

Starting on Alef Nissan, the Nesiim of each shevet began bringing korbanos for the Mishkan. Each day, one of the Nesiim would bring his korbanos, and that day would be like a Yom Tov for him and for his shevet! So from Alef to Yud-Beis Nissan were Yom Tov days for Yidden.

Then, Yud-Daled Nissan, Erev Pesach, was like a Yom Tov for ALL of the Yidden, because they would bring the Korban Pesach!

Of course, the eight days of Pesach are actually Yom Tov!

Since so much of the month was full of Yom Tov’dike days, when we don’t say Tachanun, the Chachomim decided to just make the WHOLE month like a Yom Tov, and we don’t say Tachanun at all the entire Chodesh Nissan!

But what about the special things that come from saying Tachanun, like Hashem’s forgiveness for the Yidden?

The Rebbe says that we can’t say that on a special day we would miss out on something good. It must be that on days we don’t say Tachanun, these things don’t come from the Tachanun, but from the day itself!

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Tof-Chof-Tes se’if Ches and Tes, Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin, p. 371 ha’orah 12

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The End of Amalek

Do you know who was the first Navi to speak about Moshiach?

It wasn’t even a Jewish Navi — it was Bilaam!

One of the nevuos that Bilaam said was the posukReishis Goyim Amalek.” Like we learned in today’s Hayom Yom, the Rebbe Rashab’s last maamar explained the Ruchnius meaning of this posuk!

Here is the full posuk, from Parshas Balak (24:20):

Vayar Es Amalek — Bilaam saw the punishment that Amalek would get,

Vayisa Meshalo, Vayomar — And he started to say his nevuah:

Reishis Goyim Amalek — “Amalek was the first of the nations to make a war with the Yidden.

Ve’achariso Adei Oveid — And in the end it will be completely wiped out.”

Right before the histalkus of the Rebbe Rashab, a new government came to power in Russia, which would later bring tremendous destruction to Yidden. The Frierdiker Rebbe fought very strongly against this during his nesius. During the Rebbe’s nesius, this evil government was finally wiped out, and Yiddishkeit could again grow and even stronger, in the same place where it suffered so much before.

The Rebbe said that this was one of the signs of the Geulah, that soon we will see how ALL of the evil in the world will be wiped out, “Ve’es Ruach Hatumah A’avir Min Ha’aretz,” and kedusha and goodness will be revealed in the world, with the Geulah Sheleimah, Bekarov Mamosh!

 
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נפטר ב' מנחם אב ה'תשע"ג

 
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