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CHUMASH

Shishi with Rashi

Moshe is finishing giving brachos to the Yidden before he passes away:

Because Hashem takes care of the Yidden, the Yidden will all feel safe to live in Eretz Yisroel, everyone in their own part. They won’t need to all squeeze together into the same place because they are scared of the Goyim!

Moshe didn’t need to say more details of the brachos — the Yidden have brachos in EVERYTHING!

Now Moshe finished writing the Sifrei Torah, because he will soon go onto Har Nevo and pass away.

 
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TEHILLIM

90 - 96

The first kapitel in today’s Tehillim was written by Moshe Rabbeinu. Dovid Hamelech later put it in Tehillim. It starts with the words “Tefillah LeMoshe, Ish HaElokim.” “It is a Tefillah by Moshe Rabbeinu, a person of Hashem.”

Why is Moshe Rabbeinu called “person of Hashem”?

Hashem is everything and everything is Hashem — but we can’t see Him! Hashem made the world because he wanted Yidden to act in a certain way that will make Hashem happy here.

But if we can’t see Hashem, how do we know how to act? That’s why Hashem gave Yidden a Moshe Rabbeinu, who is “a person of Hashem.” A Moshe Rabbeinu has two parts — one part of him that is “of Hashem” — very close to Hashem so he knows what Hashem wants, but he is also “a person” — so he can teach us what we need to do!

There is ALWAYS a Nasi, like Moshe Rabbeinu, who helps the Yidden do what Hashem wants at that time. Now, of course, the Rebbe is our Moshe Rabbeinu! By following the Rebbe’s horaos, we will know how to do our shlichus in the world today!

For example, during Chol Hamoed, the Rebbe reminded us to use the time to add in learning Torah and to help other Yidden with the mitzvos of the Yom TovSukkah, Lulav and Esrog, and Simcha!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof-Beis

In the letter we learn today, the Alter Rebbe begs Chassidim to work on making sure they have a lot of Ahavas Yisroel.

Of course everyone has things they aren’t doing right and need to change or fix, but that should not stop us from being comfortable with another Yid or group of Yidden. We need to do what the Chachomim say and be humble in front of everyone. Everyone has something special, something they are good at. Even if we don’t see it, the Chachomim said so and we need to believe them! This will help us have more Achdus.

It is also important to be careful not just not to SAY Lashon Hara but even not to THINK it. Thinking is something we do deep inside, so it’s “closer” to the Neshama. It can even be worse to think than to talk!

We need to be VERY careful with how we think about other people. Then we will have Ahavas Yisroel and shalom.

When the Alter Rebbe asks chassidim to work hard to make shalom, he calls chassidim “my loved ones, brothers and friends.” Chassidim explain that when someone works to strengthen his Ahavas Yisroel with other chassidim he becomes close to the Alter Rebbe, like a good friend!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Tes Tishrei

In Shemoneh Esrei, we ask Hashem for many brachos. One thing we ask Hashem for is that the fields should grow this year, and give us lots of good food!

It is brought in seforim that all year long when we say this bracha, we have in mind the special foods we need for the Yomim Tovim: The wheat for Matzah, and a good Esrog! (Somewhere else it also says wine for Kiddush.)

If our mitzvah foods grow well, everything else will too, of course!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Asei #15, #18

Today we learn two mitzvos!

1) (Mitzvas Asei #15) We need to put a mezuzah on the doorpost of our house.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #18) Every person needs to write a Sefer Torah.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Tefillin U'Mezuzah V'Sefer Torah

Perek Hey: In today’s Rambam, we learn how to write a kosher Mezuzah and put it on the door. There are many halachos of how to do this right! One halacha is that we don’t say a bracha when we WRITE the mezuzah, but only when we put it up — because the mitzvah is putting it up.

In Perek Vov, we learn what kinds of places don’t need a mezuzah. A house has to have 10 conditions to need a mezuzah! For example, a house with no roof does not need a mezuzah.

Perek Zayin: Then, we start to learn about a Sefer Torah. It is a mitzvah for every Yid to write his own Sefer Torah. The Rambam tells us one way to do this mitzvah, by checking at least one letter of the Torah to make sure it’s not posul. The Rebbe tells us another way, by everyone buying a letter in the Sefer Torah, which is one of the mivtzoyim! (Do you and all of your friends have a letter in the Sefer Torah? You can sign up at KidsTorah.org to get one now! Adults can sign up to get a letter at Chabad.org/409282)

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Matnos Aniyim - Perek Beis

Pe’ah means leaving the corner of our fields for the poor. There are five conditions a field needs to have to be chayav in the mitzvah of Pe’ah:

1) It has to be a field of food (not like flax or cotton)
2) It has to grow from the ground (not like mushrooms)
3) It has to be guarded (to show that it belongs to someone) — not hefker
4) It has to all become ripe at the same time (not like figs, that all get ripe at different times)
5) It has to be something that can be stored for a long time, or dried and then stored (not like most vegetables)

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Ushpizin

Today’s Ushpizin (special Sukkos guests) are Aharon Hakohen and the Tzemach Tzedek. Both of them teach us the lesson of shalom, peace.

The Mishna says that Aharon made shalom between people, and it is known that the Tzemach Tzedek made shalom between the Chassidim and the Misnagdim.

We get the koach from our two special guests of today to make shalom too!

 

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TEFILLAH

Feeling Hashem

In Likutei Torah for the Yom Tov of Sukkos, the Alter Rebbe writes that a Yid can be very excited during davening and feel very close to Hashem. But after he finishes davening, that feeling can go away!

What should we do to KEEP that special feeling?

The way to do it is by learning Hashem’s Torah — Hashem’s Chochma. The Torah tells us how Hashem wants us to act with the Gashmius we use all the time.

When a Yid learns halachos, he is thinking about Hashem all the time, just like when he davens Shemoneh Esrei!

The Rebbe gave us the takana to learn Rambam every day. By learning these halachos during the day, we keep our neshamos connected to Hashem the way they are during davening!

See maamar Ushe’avtem, Likutei Torah

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Lulav & Esrog for Lefties

When we make the bracha on the Lulav and Esrog, we take the Lulav with the right hand and the esrog with the left hand. We do this because the Lulav has 3 mitzvos (three of the minim) and the Esrog only has one. If a person does it the wrong way, he still did the mitzvah, but it is best to shake it again holding it the right way, this time without a bracha. When we hold the Lulav and Esrog by Hoshaanos, we also do it this way.

A lefty uses HIS most important hand, meaning his left hand.

For someone who is ambidextrous (can use both hands the same), he should hold the lulav with his right hand.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Tof-Reish-Nun-Alef

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Torah When Moshiach Comes

The Chachomim tell us in the Talmud Yerushalmi that all of the seforim of the Neviim and Kesuvim will be botul in the times of Moshiach. We will only have the Chamisha Chumshei Torah, the five books of the Torah, and the halachos of Torah Shebaal Peh.

But how could this be? The Rambam tells us in Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah, that the Torah NEVER changes! How can we say that parts of Torah will be botul?

The answer is that these parts of Torah will not disappear, but we won’t need to learn them anymore!

The Neviim and Kesuvim are mainly an inspiration for Yidden to keep the Torah. When Moshiach comes, and the world is full of the knowledge of Hashem, we won’t need this inspiration anymore. We will be able to understand everything that is in the Neviim and Kesuvim from the Torah itself!

That is also why we won’t need the discussion of the Gemara anymore. When Moshiach comes, we will understand the halachos even without the explanations of the Gemara!

So when Moshiach comes, our main Torah learning will be Chamisha Chumshei Torah, halacha, and the secrets of Torah that will be revealed then!

See Sefer Hasichos 5752 p. 27 (Kuntres Halachos Shel Torah Shebaal Peh She’ainam Beteilim L’olam)

 
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