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Parshas Pekudei - Revi'i with Rashi

After the Yidden finished making all of the parts of the Mishkan, they had Moshe look to make sure that all of it was made in the right way. Moshe looked at each part of the Mishkan and saw that it was all done just the way Hashem wanted!

Moshe gave them a bracha that Hashem should rest in the Mishkan that they made! Moshe also davened, saying a posuk from Tehillim: “Vihi Noam Hashem Elokeinu Aleinu, Umaaseh Yadeinu Konena Aleinu...” “Hashem should be with us, and show us that what we made was right!”

There is a lesson here also for the Mishkan which every Yid builds inside of himself and inside of his life: First the Yidden used all of their kochos and did whatever they could, but for Hashem to rest inside of the Mishkan, they first had to bring it to Moshe Rabbeinu. In our Mishkan too, we need to put in all of our kochos, but after we have done what we can, we need to bring it to the Moshe of our time, the Rebbe. Only with the bracha and tefillos of the Rebbe will Hashem rest inside of what we do!



140 - 144

In one of today’s kapitelach is a posuk you all know very well, because you say it every day at the end of davening! “Ach Tzadikim Yodu Lishmecha!”

In Tof-Shin-Mem-Daled (over thirty years ago), the Rebbe asked that EVERYONE, not only chassidim, should say this posuk after davening, and also to say Hareini before davening. Saying these pesukim help bring shalom into the world!

Here is an interesting story about when that started:

In 5744, like now, there wasn’t much shalom between many countries. To help this, in a sicha for Yud-tes Kislev, the Rebbe said that every Jew should say “Hareini Mekabel” before davening, and “Ach Tzaddikim” after davening — whatever nusach they daven.

The Rebbe said that even though when the Friediker Rebbe sent shluchim to Morocco and Tunisia, he had told them not to change any of the minhagim there, he still asked that these two lines be added. Really, the Rebbe said, it was not a new minhag, since these pesukim are in the siddurim of the Rambam, the Arizal, and other tzadikim.

The tmimim (bochurim) who were shluchim in Morocco went to the shuls by the next day to tell people to start saying these pesukim. And because the Rebbe said it was so important, someone had an idea to ask if they can glue these pesukim into siddurim in shuls and schools. Out of kavod for the Rebbe, the teachers in the schools and the Gabboim in shuls let them do it, even though they daven a different nusach! One of the tmimim found these pesukim in Morrocan Siddurim from 200 and 300 years before, and the Yidden there now felt much better because just like the Rebbe said, it wasn’t a new minhag — it really WAS their nusach!

Then the tmimim decided that they need to teach the pesukim to all of the children in Tzivos Hashem. So they used a tune from the Moroccan army that everyone knew, and sang the pesukim to this tune. All of the kids loved singing it! The tmimim were hoping that just like we sing Ho’aderes Ve’ho’emunah to a tune from the French army, they would also help this song become a song of kedusha.

A few months later, when their shlichus was over, they went back to 770 for Simchas Torah (5745). They also brought some children along so they could see the Rebbe. On Motzei Simchas Torah, the bochurim took the kids to get Kos Shel Bracha. As the Rebbe poured the wine, he asked these children to come up and sing “Hareini Mekabel” for everyone there!



Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Gimmel

One day a week in a Shana Me’uberes we have a very long Tanya, and this year it is on Wednesdays. We will learn the whole Perek Lamed-Gimmel:

Can you think of somewhere beautiful and special that makes you happy to be there? Is it a wonderful garden, a tall mountain, a waterfall or a fancy chasunah? If someone would bring you there, but you’re busy playing with a toy, you might not even notice that you are there. But once you pay attention to everything around you, you will feel so happy!

In this perek of Tanya, the Alter Rebbe is teaching us a hisbonenus that will bring us simcha. Thinking happy thoughts will make us feel happy!

The hisbonenus in this perek of Tanya is the last two pesukim of the Twelve Pesukim, Vezeh and Yismach!

This hisbonenus isn’t about something new, it is paying attention to something that is always there. Every one of us knows that Hashem is truly everywhere, but we don’t always feel it. When we think about it properly, it will make us feel very happy!

Imagine if a very important person that you really respect comes to your house. You will feel so proud and special that he came! You will be very happy because he is spending time with you.

The Alter Rebbe reminds us of two mashalim explained in Tanya, that will help us realize that HASHEM is right here with us!

1) Hashem created the world with the koach of Dibur, speaking, like the words “Yehi Ohr” — let there be light. A person might think that means that Hashem said words, and the sound of those words became a world, separate from Hashem, like the way it is when a person speaks. No! When Hashem “says” something, the words don’t leave Hashem because there is nothing separate from Hashem!

That means that the whole world is a part of Hashem! WOW! It seems like we see so many different things, and really the are all part of Hashem! That means Hashem is right here with me!

2) We will learn a mashal later in Tanya (in Shaar Hayichud Veha’emunah) that also helps for this hisbonenus, from the sun and the rays of the sun.

As we will learn, the world isn’t separate from Hashem at all — it only LOOKS that way! The whole world is a part of the Aibershter. WOW! That means that Hashem is right here!

When we think about these things, and realize that Hashem is right here, and we don’t feel separate from Hashem, then we — in our mind and heart — become a comfortable place for Hashem to be. WE become a Dira, a home for Hashem!

And that is exactly what Hashem made the world for, to be able to have a Dira Betachtonim! Vezeh Kol Ha’adam Vesachlis Briyaso Uvrias Kol Ha’olamos, Eloyim Vesachtonim, Lihiyos Lo Dira Zu Besachtonim — This is what Hashem created us for, and the purpose of the entire world, the Heavens and the earth, to become a comfortable place for Hashem to be!

Then we learn something very special that happens when we have this simcha:

One of the Neviim, Chavakuk, said: “Tzadik Be’emunaso Yichyeh” — a tzadik lives with his emunah.

The Gemara tells us that with these words, Chavakuk was summarizing the entire Torah. By doing the mitzvah of emunah, a Yid can keep ALL of the mitzvos!

What is this emunah?

As we learned, every Yid believes that there is nothing except for Hashem. When we pay attention to this, by thinking about the mashalim Chassidus brings to explain it (like we just learned), we will feel that Hashem is with us! This will bring us a tremendous simcha, which will give us the koach to overcome ANYTHING that tries to stop us from doing mitzvos and connecting to Hashem!

Sometimes there are things bother us. They can be from inside of ourselves, or from someone or something else. But with the simcha and bitachon we have from knowing that Hashem is always with us, it will keep anything from getting in our way of living the way Hashem wants us to!

When we think about how “Ein Od Milvado,” that there is nothing besides for Hashem, and that Hashem is here with us all the time, our neshama will be very happy.

But really, a Yid needs to be DOUBLE happy. Why? Because, not only are WE happy that Hashem is with us, but HASHEM is also happy! When we know that Hashem has nachas from us doing our Shlichus in the world, that makes a Yid extra happy.

That’s what we learn in the last posuk of the 12 Pesukim — which comes from today’s Tanya!



Chof-Tes Adar Alef

Today the Rebbe tells that there are two nuscha’os of what to answer when someone says Lechaim at a farbrengen:

1) “Lechaim Tovim Ul’Shalom!” — “for a good life, and for shalom.” We say this because we need to be careful with wine — in the Torah, when Adam and Noach drank wine, not such good things happened. So we give a bracha that THIS wine should only be good!

2) The way the Maggid used to answer: “Lechaim Velivracha!” “For life and for bracha!”

The Alter Rebbe said this for the first time at a farbrengen. One chossid explained the reason for this nusach: “Livracha” (“for bracha”) can also mean “Lev Raka” — a soft heart. Since when we drink wine, people can see what we feel, we need a bracha that only a Lev Raka should come out.

The Tzemach Tzedek said that this chossid understood this because he davened and worked hard in his avodah for 30 years!



Shiur #187 - Mitzvas Asei #70

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #70) is to bring a korban called an Asham Talui if a person isn’t sure if he did an aveira that would need him to bring a Korban Chatas.

We learn this mitzvah from two pesukim in Parshas Vayikra:

וְאִם נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תֶחֱטָא וְעָשְׂתָה אַחַת מִכָּל מִצְוֹת ה׳ אֲשֶׁר לֹא תֵעָשֶׂינָה וְלֹא יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם וְנָשָׂא עֲו‍ֹנוֹ: וְהֵבִיא אַיִל תָּמִים מִן הַצֹּאן בְּעֶרְכְּךָ לְאָשָׁם אֶל הַכֹּהֵן וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל שִׁגְגָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר שָׁגָג וְהוּא לֹא יָדַע

The details are explained in Mesechta Kerisus.



Hilchos Shegagos

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about the korbanos a person brings if he did an aveira by mistake.

Perek Gimmel: There are many halachos about a person bringing korbanos for aveiros. One halacha is that two people cannot bring a korban together for their aveiros. If they do this, they need to both bring a new one. They get money for this by selling the korban they brought together!

Perek Daled and Perek Hey: In these perakim, we learn about a person who does many aveiros at one time. Does he need to bring more than one korban?



Hilchos Avodas Yom Hakipurim - Perek Daled

Now the Rambam tells us the seder of the day of Yom Kippur, how all of the parts of the Avodah are done in the right order.




Vayehi Bimei Achashveirosh…” The Megillah first tells us the background of what was going on in those days, Achashveirosh’s party. The actual story of the neis of Purim starts with the posuk, “Ish Yehudi Haya BeShushan Habirah,” that there was a Jewish man in Shushan, Mordechai Hatzadik, the leader of the Yidden. It was Mordechai who inspired the Yidden to do teshuvah, and gave Esther instructions which made the neis happen in a natural-looking way.

The Rebbe explains that the words “Ish Yehudi” also mean “the one in charge of making people be a Yehudi.” What is a Yehudi? Someone who follows only Torah, and ignores everything else. It is hard to act that way when we have a Yetzer Hara, but a leader of the Yidden can help! Mordechai HaTzadik, the leader of the Yidden, helped each Yid in his time to behave as a Yehudi. That was the beginning of the neis, the first and most important part of the story of Purim.

The same is true in every generation! The Rebbe teaches Yidden and inspires them that acting as a Yid is the only thing that should be important to us. This way, every Yid will be a Yehudi, and we will be bentched with the bracha of the Megillah, that “Layehudim Hoysa Orah Vesimcha VeSason Vikar” — that the Yidden will have revealed brachos in everything!

See Sicha of Purim Tof-Shin-Lamed-Alef, beginning from os Lamed-Gimmel


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Shir Shel Yom - Yom Revi'i

In the Beis Hamikdash, the Leviim would sing a special song each day, connected to that day of the week. The song for Yom Revi’i was kapitel Tzadik-Daled, starting with the words “Keil Nekamos Hashem.”

The words “Keil Nekamos Hashem” mean that Hashem is an Aibershter Who will take revenge.

We say this kapitel on Yom Revi’i since on Yom Revi’i, the sun, moon, and stars were created. The sun, moon, and stars are what made Avodah Zarah possible, like the Rambam explains.

In this kapitel, we are saying that Hashem will take revenge on and punish those who use Avodah Zarah as an excuse to do whatever they want and not behave properly.

At the end of the Shir Shel Yom, we say the “little Lechu Neranena,” the first three pesukim of the next kapitel of Tehillim. These pesukim are the beginning of Kabolas Shabbos. We add this because the first three days of the week are connected to the Shabbos before, and the days starting from Yom Revi’i are connected to the coming Shabbos! We say the first pesukim of Kabolas Shabbos to remind us to get ready for Shabbos which is coming soon!



Hocheiach Tochiach

The main mitzvah of Hocheiach Tochiach is that if we see a friend of ours not behaving properly, we need to speak to him about it and tell him to change his ways.

Another part of the mitzvah of Hocheiach Tochiach is how to behave if someone says or does something that hurts us. It is asur to stay angry at this person inside of us. Either we need to be mochel him, or we need to speak to him about it, so he will have a chance to ask us for mechilah and to stop acting in a way that hurts us.

When we are telling someone to act the way they should, it needs to be done in a kind way, not to embarrass the person. Here too, we need to talk to the other person privately, and with gentle words.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Kuf-Nun-Vov, se’if Vov

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Moshiach'dike Ambulances

In Parshas Pekudei Tof-Shin-Daled-Mem, the Rebbe spoke about the Melave Malka that Hatzolah of Crown Heights was making to raise money. The Rebbe said that the Hatzolah cars are also coming to Yerushalayim when Moshiach comes!

When Moshiach comes, we will take all of the shuls with us to Eretz Yisroel. Why? Not because we need them, but because we used the shuls to daven and do so many mitzvos! We won’t want to leave them in Golus, we will take them with us to Eretz Yisroel.

The same is with a Hatzolah car! Because it is used to save a Yid’s life, it will also come to Eretz Yisroel with Moshiach! Even though we won’t need it then, we will bring it along!

Whenever we use things to do a mitzvah, we are making them also things that will be with us when Moshiach comes!

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