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Parshas Haazinu - Chamishi with Rashi

To stop the Yidden from doing their aveiros anymore,
Hashem might let the goyim beat the Yidden in a war.

The goyim think that it’s because they’re smart, and so strong too
But if they were smarter, they’d know that can’t be true!

They tried to beat the Yidden so many times before
But even with their idols, they never won a war!

It has nothing to do with their fighting, or how powerful they’ve been
It’s only that Hashem is now letting them win.


Really, all of the aveiros are so bitter and upsetting
The punishment the Yidden deserve is worse than what they’re getting.

But Hashem won’t let the goyim DESTROY them, because then
The goyim would think that their idols are stronger than Hashem!

Never think that your aveiros can be hidden from Hashem!
Or that the Avos will keep you from getting punished for them!

Hashem knows every single thing that you do all along
And will punish so you’ll do teshuvah for what you did wrong.


When you are suffering from the aveiros, you’ll learn how to behave
You’ll see that when you need help, only Hashem can save!

The punishments will help you learn what you must know is true:
Hashem runs the world, and His mitzvos you must do.



35 - 38

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Lamed-Gimmel to Lamed-Ches. Until Yom Kippur, we continue adding three extra kapitelach. Today we say kapitelach Kuf-Gimmel, Kuf-Daled, and Kuf-Hey.

In the first Maamar the Rebbe said, Bosi Legani, he explains a posuk from today’s Tehillim: “Tzadikim Yirshu Aretz Veyishkenu La’ad Aleha.” “Tzadikim get ‘aretz’ (Gan Eden), because they make Hashem rest (Veyishkenu) in the world.”

In the maamar, the Rebbe tells us that this is OUR special shlichus too — to bring Hashem’s Shechinah into the world, which will bring Moshiach Tzidkeinu!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

To make the world, Hashem made many Ruchnius “worlds” also. There are four that we know about, called Atzilus, Beriyah, Yetzirah, and Asiyah.

Why did Hashem make these “worlds”? Because the chayus of Hashem is too strong for the world to be there. So in each “world”, Hashem hides more and more, until He is hiding enough for there to be Gashmius.

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe explains what happens in Ruchnius for this to happen. We learn a lot of things from Kabbalah to help us understand it!

At the end, we will find out that even though Hashem has to hide SO much for there to be Gashmius, it can only be from the greatest koach of Hashem to make something from nothing, “Yeish MeAyin.” Only the Koach of Hashem Himself that didn’t go through all of these Ruchnius “worlds” can make Gashmius Yeish Me’ayin.”



Vov Tishrei

R’ Zushe of Anipoli said that Teshuvah has five parts, one for each letter of the word “Teshuvah!” Today we learn that the Vov teaches us to have a lot of Ahavas Yisroel.

A Yid needs to have a good heart and be kind to others. When people are happy with the way we act, Hashem is too! The Alter Rebbe said that a way to love Hashem is by loving another Yid.

That is the Vov of the word Teshuvah, and it stands for “Ve’ohavta Le’reiacha Kamocha.”

This is the Teshuvah that comes from a Lev Tov, a good heart.



Shiur #76 - Mitzvas Asei #212

Today’s Sefer Hamitzvos is the same as yesterday’s (Mitzvas Asei #212): That a man has a mitzvah to have children.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bereishis: פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Yevamos perek Vov.



Hilchos Ishus

In today’s Rambam, the last three perakim of Hilchos Ishus, we learn about a woman who doesn’t listen to her husband when he tells her not to spend time by herself with a certain man. She is called a Sotah, and has to drink bitter water that tests her to see if she did something wrong. We will learn all the halachos about this IY”H in Hilchos Sotah, later in Rambam.

Yidden are like Hashem’s wife. Hashem gave us mitzvos, and doesn’t want us to act in a different way. We need to make sure we keep the Torah and mitzvos so that we can get all of the brachos from Hashem!



Hilchos Tefillah - Perek Tes-Vov

We learn about times when a kohen shouldn’t do Birchas Kohanim, like a kohen who is drunk. But being a rasha shouldn’t stop a kohen from bentching the Yidden — because it’s a mitzvah, and we don’t make a rasha into a bigger rasha by stopping him from doing more mitzvos!

In the last halacha, the Rambam says that any kohen that bentches the Yidden is bentched himself, like the posuk says, that Hashem says to Avraham, “Va’avarecha Mevarachecha, “I will bentch those who bentch you.” From here we see, “Kol Hamevarech Misbarech” — when someone gives a bracha to another person, he is bentched from Hashem!



Vov Tishrei

Today is the yartzeit of Rebbetzin Chana, the Rebbe’s mother. She passed away on Shabbos at Mincha time, in Tof-Shin-Chof-Hey.

Rebbetzin Chana’s life was full of Mesiras Nefesh for Yiddishkeit and Chassidus. She always helped her husband, R’ Levi Yitzchak, through all the hard times and even in Golus. She knew how important it was for him to write his Chiddushei Torah, and went and made ink herself, using plants, so he would be able to write them.

In the past few years, we had the zechus that her memoirs (chabad.org/1638270) were found and printed! We can see the Mesiras Nefesh she had, how proud she was that her son became the Rebbe and how much she appreciated his visits and the Kibud Eim that he showed her.


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Erev Yom Kippur

On Erev Yom Kippur, there is a minhag to put out plates on the tables in shul, to collect tzedakah for the people and mosdos who need. At Mincha time, people can put money onto these plates to give tzedakah.

(You can see this in videos of the Rebbe from Erev Yom Kippur. There are many plates set up on the tables, and when the Rebbe comes into shul for Mincha, he puts money into all of these plates. The Rebbe would also give to poor people who put out their hands, and to children, so that they will have coins to give tzedakah too.)

In the Luach Colel Chabad, it says that the Baal Shem Tov said, “From the sound that these coins make when you throw them onto the plates, the kelipos become separated.”

What does this mean?

There is a story behind it!

The Yidden of Mezhibuzh were having a meeting. They were talking about different problems in the city and what should be done about them. Someone complained that on Erev Yom Kippur, having the tzedakah plates on all the tables made the shul very noisy and not calm! It wasn’t the right way to go into Yom Kippur.

They decided that they wanted to stop this minhag. Collecting tzedakah is very important, but not if it makes it hard for everyone to have proper kavana in davening!

When the Baal Shem Tov heard about their decision, he refused to let them stop the minhag! He told them a story to understand why this minhag is so important!

One year, before Yom Kippur, all of the kelipos decided to gang up against the Yidden. They would all work together to stop the tefillos of the Yidden from going up to Shomayim! Without these tefillos, Hashem wouldn’t be able to forgive the Yidden, chas veshalom.

The kelipos were standing at the gates of Shomayim, when suddenly, a loud noise started! It was the jingling of all the coins being thrown into the plates in shul. The sound made the kelipos all scatter! They weren’t able to join together again in time to stop the Yidden’s tefillos from reaching Hashem, and their plot was foiled.

This is what it means that the sound of the coins falling onto the plates separates the kelipos. It stops them from joining together, and our tefillos of Yom Kippur will be able to reach straight to Hashem!

See Otzar Minhagei Chabad p. 188



Kiddush Levana

Every month, we bentch the new moon with a special bracha of Kiddush Levana.

We wait until after the seventh of the month, when the moon is getting bigger. Our minhag is to say Kiddush Levana the first Motzei Shabbos after this date, so that we can wear our Shabbos clothes to do this special mitzvah!

But in Tishrei, we don’t say Kiddush Levana right away, instead we wait until Motzaei Yom Kippur.

That’s because it’s best to say Kiddush Levana when we are happy! During the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, we are worried about doing a proper teshuvah and deserving a good judgment on the Yom Hadin.

But after Yom Kippur, a Bas Kol comes from Shomayim and tells us to go eat and drink with joy, because Hashem is happy with the Yidden! When we know that Hashem is happy with us, we are VERY happy, and that’s a perfect mood to be in to say Kiddush Levana!

But if someone is worried that it will probably be too cloudy to say Kiddush Levana on Motzaei Yom Kippur, or he won’t be able to say it for a different reason, he can do it before. In fact, there are some poskim who say you should do Kiddush Levana davka during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, so that Hashem will count this mitzvah too when He is judging us!

See Shevach Hamoadim, Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Real Thing

When we can feel something and see something, we say that it is real.

But what is REALLY real?

The truth is that the entire universe isn’t actually anything of its own — it is part of the existence of Hashem and the fact that Hashem wants Torah and mitzvos. But it doesn’t look that way yet!

When Moshiach comes, everything and everyone in the world will know that this is real. Everything will behave in a way that shows what it really is all about.

That’s why the Medrash says that in the times of the Geulah, if a person will try to pick a fig on Shabbos, the fig will scream, “It’s Shabbos!”

See Likutei Sichos Chelek Yud-Alef, p. 69

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