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Revi'i with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is talking to the Yidden about the mitzvos they will do in Eretz Yisroel!

- The nations of Amon and Moav caused the Yidden to do an aveira (the story of Bal Pe’or), so a goyishe man from those nations who becomes a Ger, and all of his children, cannot marry a Jewish woman. The nations of Mitzrayim and Edom (from Eisav), tried to hurt the Yidden’s bodies, so if a man or lady from one of these nations becomes a Yid, the third generation is allowed to marry someone who is not a Ger.

- A Jewish army camp has to be very holy! If someone is tomei, he needs to go out until he can become tahor again. We need to make sure that there is a special place for a bathroom. If a soldier is too far away from the bathroom, he has to have a shovel so he can cover up the place he used, so nobody will see and it will be a comfortable place for Hashem to be, together with the soldiers!

- If a Jewish slave runs away from the non-Jew who owns him, we can’t send him back. And if a NON-Jewish slave runs away to Eretz Yisroel, we also can’t send him back. If his owner was Jewish, the slave needs to become a Ger, and will have to pay back his owner however much he cost.

- A Jewish woman is not allowed to be a Zonah — someone who makes other people act like they are married to her. A man can’t do that either! If someone DOES chas veshalom, and they get paid for it, that money is not nice money, and we can’t use it to buy a korban for Hashem. We also can’t use a sheep that was traded for a dog as a korban.

- A Yid can’t pay interest (ribbis or neshech) when he borrows money from another Yid (he can pay a Goy interest). This way Hashem will bentch you in everything you do in the land of Eretz Yisrael, which you are going to inherit.

- If you promise to bring a korban, you have to bring it before 3 Yomim Tovim pass! You aren’t doing an aveira if you don’t make a promise, but if you don’t keep a promise, it is an aveira. So be careful to only make a promise if you are SURE you can keep it.



60 - 65

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Samach through Samach-Hey. We also say another three kapitelach for Chodesh Elul, kapitelach Lamed-Alef, Lamed-Beis, and Lamed-Gimmel.

One of the Kapitelach we say in today’s Yom of Tehillim is Kapitel Samech-Gimmel.

In this kapitel, Dovid Hamelech says how his neshama wants to be close to Hashem. He compares himself to a person who is thirsty for water in a place where there is none: “Tzoma Lecha Nafshi!”

The Rebbe explains that when a person is VERY thirsty and doesn’t have any water, when he finally gets the water it tastes so delicious to him, much better than any other water!

The same thing is when the neshama feels like it’s not close to Hashem, and it’s really “thirsty” to feel close.Then, when it DOES learn Torah and do mitzvos and feel close to Hashem, the Torah that it learns and the mitzvos that it does are much more geshmak!

That’s why Dovid Hamelech says in the next posuk, “Kein Bakodesh Chazisicha” — “If only I would see You like this bakodesh,” even when I feel holy and I don’t feel far away. Even then, I wish I would feel the same geshmak in the Torah and mitzvos!

When Moshiach comes, we will all be able to see Hashem! Halevai that then we should feel the geshmak in Torah and mitzvos like we do when our neshama is “thirsty” during Golus.



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Beis

If we give tzedakah even when it’s hard, Hashem makes the Yetzer Hara stop bothering us for a long time!

The posuk tells us about two ways we can give Tzedakah:

1) Maaseh Hatzedakah — We like to give tzedakah, since Hashem made the neshama of a Yid want to give tzedakah!

2) Avodas Hatzedakah — This is when it is hard for us, and we don’t really want to. Maybe we aren’t in the mood, it is someone who makes it hard for us to help, or it’s more than we expected to give. It takes Avodah to do it!

Anytime we do a mitzvah, something special happens in the world — in Gashmius and Ruchnius! This is any time we do the mitzvah of tzedakah, and it is even MORE with Tzedakah that is hard!

Today the Alter Rebbe teaches us that when we do Maaseh Hatzedakah, we bring shalom between the Yetzer Tov and the Yetzer Hara. The Yetzer Hara won’t try to stop us from doing good things!

But MAASEH Hatzedakah only stops the Yetzer Hara from bothering us for a little while, during the time of davening. Afterwards it will start trying to trick us again!

AVODAS Hatzedakah, giving even when it’s hard, will make the Yetzer Hara stop bothering us for a long time!



Yud-Alef Elul

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn a story that happened with the Tzemach Tzedek on Parshas Ki Seitzei, which teaches us about the job we have in Olam Hazeh.

It was at a Shabbos meal, where the Tzemach Tzedek’s sons and many Chassidim were present. The Tzemach Tzedek said that the world is a world of sheker, full of good and bad mixed together, that we need to fix up. But Olam Haba is a place of emes, truth. There, there is nothing bad that needs to be fixed up!

The Tzemach Tzedek started a niggun, and made a sign that the Chassidim should sing too. The sons of the Tzemach Tzedek joined first, and then everyone sang along. The niggun made everyone feel very uplifted!

When the Tzemach Tzedek stopped singing, he gave an example: In the Gemara, it talks about someone who doesn’t learn Torah properly, and only learns Torah “liprakim,” once in while, which is NOT the right way to learn.

In Gan Eden, this is learned differently! The word “liprakim” can mean once in a while, but it also means “to take something apart.” In Gan Eden, “Halomed Torah Liprakim” means that the Torah “takes apart” the neshama who is learning it. This way, the Torah can reach every part of it!

This is only the way Torah is learned in Gan Eden. But in Olam Hazeh, where we have a Yetzer Hara, the Torah has a different meaning, to help us fix the things that aren’t the way they should be.



Mitzvas Lo Saasei #318, #319, Asei #210, #211

Today’s mitzvos are all about Kibbud Av Va’em. They are:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #318) We are not ever allowed to curse our parents

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #319) We are not allowed to hit our parents

3) (Mitzvas Asei #210) We need to do Kibbud Av Va’em, to treat our parents with honor. We bring them food, make sure they have clothes, and help them with what they need.

4) (Mitzvas Asei #211) We need to have yirah for our parents like we would have for a king — that we should be afraid to do something against them. For example, we don’t sit in their place, and we don’t argue with what they say. (We don’t have to BE afraid of them, but we have to treat them the way we would treat someone we are afraid of.)



Hilchos Mamrim

Perek Daled: The Rambam tells us more about the Zakein Mamrei, a Talmid Chochom who argues with the Beis Din. He is not punished for just anything that he disagrees about, only about a serious aveira or something that could lead to a serious aveira.

Perek Hey: Now we start to learn about the two Mitzvas Lo Saasei about Kibud Av Va’eim. We learn about not cursing and not hurting our parents. One halacha that we learn is that if the son is a doctor, and the father needs something done that will make him bleed, the son should try to find a different doctor to do it, and if there is no one else, he should ask permission first.

In Perek Vov we learn about the halachos of Kibud Av Va’em. One of the things that we learn is that we always have to listen to our mothers and fathers — but not if they tell us to do an aveira Chas Veshalom!



Hilchos Nedarim - Perek Vov

Even if a person made a neder not to benefit from someone else, there are certain things he IS allowed to benefit from.

For example, even if someone made a neder that he won’t get anything from a friend, his friend still IS allowed to teach him Torah, give him medicine, or do Bikur Cholim, because those are mitzvos!



Chassidishe Yom Tov

Today is the day of the chasunah of Rebbe Rashab and Rebbetzin Shterna Sarah!

The Rebbe Rashab and Rebbetzin Shterna Sarah were cousins, who both lived in Lubavitch. When they were 5 years old, their Zaidy, the Tzemach Tzedek, said that they should get married! So their parents signed a paper saying that they would get married in ten years, when they were 15.

Before they got married, Rebbetzin Shterna Sarah’s family moved to Avrutch — so that is where the Chasuna was. Rebbetzin Rivkah came to the chasuna in Avrutch, but the Rebbe Rashab’s father, the Rebbe Maharash, didn’t come. He explained that there was a Ruchnius reason why.

After the chasuna, the Rebbe Rashab and Rebbetzin Shterna Sarah moved to Lubavitch. When they came, Rebbetzin Shterna Sarah saw that all of her cousins were very tall, and she was short! The Rebbe Maharash said, “Don’t worry — short trees grow good fruit!”

And that’s what happened — they had a very special “fruit” — the Friediker Rebbe!


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Pesukei Dezimra

When we learn more about davening, we start to realize that it is a special time where Hashem wants us to tell Him all of the things we need. Since we are in Golus, there are MANY things we don’t have. We might want to hurry through the first parts of davening to be able to ask Hashem already to give us all the things we need!

But the Chachomim tell us that we shouldn’t do that. In Pesukei Dezimra, we are praising Hashem. It’s not nice to praise someone quickly, just to get it over with, and then ask for many favors. We need to say Pesukei Dezimra word for word, to show Hashem that we recognize His greatness. Only then will we ask Hashem to help us.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Nun-Alef, se’if Yud-Gimmel



Order of Brachos

We learned that when we have many foods together with the same bracha, we say the bracha on the most important food.

There are a few ways for a food to be important, like if it is our favorite, if it is whole and not cut up, or it is part of the Shivas Haminim.

If we ONLY have Shivas Haminim fruits in front of us, we learned that we can choose to make the bracha on the most important fruit based on the order the Shivas Haminim are listed in the Torah, or to make the bracha on the kind we like best.

But what if we have many fruits, some whole and some cut up, some from the Shiva Minim and some not? THEN which fruit is considered the most important? Which do we make the bracha on?

If there is a fruit that we like best, and it is a whole fruit OR it is one of the Shivas Haminim, then it is easy — that is the most important fruit to make the bracha on!

But what if we DON’T have a fruit we like best?

If we like them all the same, we should choose the most important fruit from the Shivas Haminim, the first one we have from the list we said yesterday (olives, dates, grapes or raisins, figs, pomegranates). The Shivas Haminim are considered so special, that even if they are cut up they can be more important than a whole fruit!

Seder Birchos Hanehenin Perek Yud

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Greatest Beis Hamikdash

Chagai was one of the Neviim at the time that the second Beis Hamikdash was being built. He encouraged the Yidden to keep working to rebuild the Beis Hamikdash, even though it was hard.

This nevuah speaks about the second Beis Hamikdash, according to some opinions. But according to the Zohar, it is really about the third Beis Hamikdash, in the times of Moshiach!

גָּדוֹל יִהְיֶה כְּבוֹד הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה הָאַחֲרוֹן מִן הָרִאשׁוֹן אָמַר ה׳ צְבָאוֹת וּבַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה אֶתֵּן שָׁלוֹם נְאֻם ה׳ צְבָאוֹת

Gadol Yihiyeh Kavod Habayis Hazeh Ha’acharon — The kavod of this last Beis Hamikdash will be greater

Min Harishon — Than the first Beis Hamikdash!

Amar Hashem Tzeva’os — So says Hashem.

Uvamakom Hazeh Etein Shalom — And in this place (Yerushalayim) I will give peace

Ne’um Hashem Tzeva’os — So says Hashem.

See Chagai perek Beis posuk Tes

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