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Parshas Terumah - Revi'i with Rashi

In Parshas Terumah, Hashem is telling Moshe Rabbeinu how to build the home for Hashem’s Shechinah to rest, the Mishkan. We learned about the Aron, Shulchan, Menorah, and Yerios.

Today we will learn about the Kerashim, the boards for the walls of the Mishkan, and how they should be put together.

The Kerashim were tall, narrow pieces of wood covered with gold. They were attached to each other at the top with square silver pieces. At the bottom it looked like a plug — and over each part they put a silver box, like a socket.

The Kerashim were attached also by long bars: One inside the Kerashim, just one long bar that went through the WHOLE wall of the Mishkan — even around the corners! This was a big neis!

The other bars were on the outside — there were rings on the outside of the Kerashim, and straight bars went through to attach the Kerashim together.



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Today we start the Tehillim again from the beginning!

In one of today’s kapitelach there is a posuk that the Rebbe said many times in sichos about how important chinuch is, and the koach of Torah and mitzvos of children: “Mipi Olelim Veyonkim Yisadeta Oz” — “from the mouths of children and babies You get koach to destroy the enemies.”

When Yiddishe kinderlach learn Torah and do mitzvos, they have the koach to destroy all of our enemies — especially those who want to hurt Yidden in Eretz Yisroel, or anywhere else!

You shouldn’t think it’s just older kids — the words of the posuk are talking especially about little kids and even babies!



Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Vov

Today, the first day of Chodesh Adar, the month of joy, we start to learn about the importance of simcha and how we can feel it! The Alter Rebbe will show us how to always be besimcha in the way of Chabad, to think and have hisbonenus about things that help us have true joy.

A Yid has a Yetzer Tov and a Yetzer Hara who are constantly fighting inside themselves. We know that if two people are wrestling with each other, even if one is much stronger, if he takes a nap in the middle, the other person will for sure win!

The same thing is with the fight with the Yetzer Tov and the Yetzer Hara. Even though the Yetzer Tov is really stronger, because it has extra help from Hashem; still, if the person is sad or lazy or slow, the Yetzer Hara could (chas veshalom) win!

That’s why it is very important for a Yid to ALWAYS be b’simcha! Because when a Yid is happy, he has plenty of chayus to use the extra koach Hashem gave him to win over the Yetzer Hara!

But it’s not always so easy to be happy! Sometimes a person isn’t feeling well, or something happened to someone in his family, or it could be other things that bother him. When these kinds of things happen, a person might feel sad or slow. So how can we ALWAYS be besimcha?

The answer is that a Yid has the ability to think. A person can think about things that he can’t see in front of him. For example, you can think about the neshama, even though all you see is the guf (body).

Similarly, even though we only see the things that bother us, we can think about the “neshama” (the pnimius) that’s inside of these things, which can help us be besimcha.

What’s the “neshama” in things that happen that don’t look so good?

Everything comes from Hashem. But some things come from a deeper part of Hashem, and in the time of Golus, this part of Hashem is hidden. The things that happen to us that seem not good come from the deepest part of Hashem that we can’t see. That’s why now we can’t see that it’s good. However, we can think “Gam Zu L’Tova,” that this also comes from Hashem, and is also good. This can help us feel better about these things.

The Alter Rebbe tells us that there is a big reward for someone who is able to accept with love this hiding kind of good from Hashem: When Moshiach comes, and this deeper part of Hashem will become revealed, the people who were connected to it in Golus will be even MORE connected to it when Moshiach comes.

Still, even today, we ask Hashem that we should see the deeper level of Hashem in a way that it’s not hiding — that’s the bracha of “Tov Hanira Vehanigla.”

Another thing that can make a person feel sad is if he did something that he wasn’t supposed to do. (Especially knowing how bad it is to do an aveira, like we learned before in Tanya!) That could make a person feel very upset and very bad. If he is upset, he won’t have lots of energy to fight his Yetzer Hara!

So the Alter Rebbe teaches us a way to not be sad:

A person should think to himself: “Hashem sent me here in this world to do a shlichus! What’s my shlichus? To act like a Yid should. And that shlichus is EVERY MOMENT of my life! Thinking about what I’ve done wrong will not let me do the shlichus I’m supposed to be doing now! So I can’t think about it now.”

But what about Teshuvah? A person needs to think about their aveiros so they can do teshuvah!

For that, there is a special time to think about things and do teshuvah, which the Alter Rebbe will talk about a different time. But any other times, thinking about aveiros is listening to the Yetzer Hara, who is trying to get you to not do the shlichus you are supposed to do now! He wants you to be in a bad mood so you won’t want to do what you are supposed to do.



Alef Adar Alef

First the Rebbe shows us something about Torah Ohr so we will learn it right: In seforim, there are certain words that are written as Roshei Teivos — like Beis Hey for Boruch Hashem. So there is a Roshei Teivos which usually means one thing, but in today’s Hayom Yom, the Rebbe tells us about one time in Torah Ohr where the same Roshei Teivos stands for different words: (Usually beis-pey-ayin is “Bifnei Atzmo”, but here, where it’s talking about Mesiras Nefesh it stands for “Bepnimius Atzmuso”.)

There is a kapitel that we say on Rosh Chodesh in davening, called Borchi Nafshi. We bentch Hashem for all of the things He created and the things that happen every day. One of the things we say is that when the sun shines in the morning, the animals that run around all night go to sleep, and that’s when people go out to do their work, until nighttime: “Yeitzei Adam Lefa’alo, V’La’avodaso Adei Arev.”

The Rebbe explains that “going out to work” doesn’t just mean to do your job to make money. It means that every neshama that comes into the world has a special job to do — to bring the light of the neshama, and the light of Torah, into the world!

There is even a deeper meaning of this posuk. When a person “goes out” of the world and into Gan Eden, he gets a s’char based on the work he did in this world. If he learned in this world, he gets to learn Torah in Gan Eden. If he did shlichus in this world, he goes up and becomes connected to Hashem Himself.

So when we do our job here in the right way, when Moshiach will come we will have a special place in the front to learn Torah with Moshiach!



Mitzvas Asei #63, Lo Saasei #146, Asei #64

Today we are starting a new set of halachos, about how to bring korbanos. We learn three mitzvos about this:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #63) When we bring the Korban Olah, we need to follow the rules the Torah teaches of how to bring this kind of korban properly!

This mitzvah comes from the words of the psukim in Parshas Vayikra: אָדָם כִּי יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַה׳ וְגוֹ׳ אִם עֹלָה קָרְבָּנוֹ מִן הַבָּקָר

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #146)We are not allowed to eat any of the Korban Olah — all of it gets burned on the Mizbeiach. This mitzvah also includes me’ilah, not using anything that belongs to the Beis Hamikdash.

We learn this mitzah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: לֹא תוּכַל לֶאֱכֹל בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ וְגוֹ׳ כָל נְדָרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר תִּדֹּר

3) (Mitzvas Asei #64) When we bring a Korban Chatas (a korban that we bring for an aveira), we need to follow all of the halachos of how to bring it right.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Tzav: זֹאת תּוֹרַת הַחַטָּאת וְגוֹ׳



Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos

In today's Rambam, we start to learn about how to bring korbanos!

Perek Alef: We learn some general rules about Korbanos — which kinds of animals we are allowed to bring, and which Korbanos are brought by individual people and which are brought by all of the Yidden together, as a tzibur.

Perek Beis: The Rambam teaches us about the Nesech (wine) and Mincha (flour and oil) that we bring along with each Korban. We learn how much we bring for each kind of Korban.

Perek Gimmel: This perek teaches us about people bringing a Korban together, and about doing the mitzvah of Smicha. Smicha is when the person bringing the korban puts his hands on it and says before Hashem the things he did wrong, called Vidui. If someone brings a Korban Shelamim, he doesn’t say Vidui, he only speaks about the greatness of Hashem!



Hilchos Temidin Umusafin - Perek Hey

In this perek, the Rambam teaches us all about the Lechem Hapanim.



Chodesh Adar

There is a halacha that if a person has a court case with a goy, he should try to push it off until the month of Adar, because there is a good mazal for Yidden in Adar.

The Rebbe tells us that the same is true with the “court case” we have with the “goy” that is inside of ourselves:

What “goy” do we have inside? The Yetzer Hara, of course!

Every day we have court cases with our Yetzer Hara. For example, if Mommy asks us if we washed negel vasser this morning, the Yetzer Hara wants us to say yes even if we didn’t, and the Yetzer Tov wants us to tell the truth. We want to win every time, and during Adar we have a special koach to be successful!

See Sharei Hamoadim Chodesh Adar


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Musaf of Rosh Chodesh

In Musaf of Rosh Chodesh, we start the same as any other Shemoneh Esrei, with three brachos praising Hashem, and end off with three brachos thanking Hashem.

In the middle, we say one bracha which talks about Rosh Chodesh. In this bracha, we speak about the inyan of Rosh Chodesh, and ask Hashem to give us many brachos for the new month.

In the beginning of this bracha, we thank Hashem for giving us Rosh Chodesh, as a time of kapara. This reminds us of the special Korban Chatas that we bring on Rosh Chodesh, as a kapara for the Yidden.



Yaaleh Veyavo in Bentching

Vehaya Hashem Mivtacho. Oops!”

What happens if someone was bentching on Rosh Chodesh, and they forgot to add Yaaleh Veyavo?

If you remember right away, before starting the next part of bentching (“HaKeil Avinu”), there something you can say right after Uvnei, which is printed in the siddur.

But if you didn’t remember then, or if you only remembered afterwards, what should you do?


On Rosh Chodesh, we don’t go back and bentch again if we forgot Yaaleh Veyavo.

We only need to go back in bentching if there is a mitzvah to bentch with Yaaleh Veyavo on that day. On Rosh Chodesh, there is no mitzvah to wash for a seudah, so there is no chiyuv to bentch.

Only during Shemoneh Esrei of Shacharis and Mincha on Rosh Chodesh (Maariv is different), do we go back if we forgot Yaaleh Veyavo. That’s because there IS a mitzvah to daven on Rosh Chodesh, with Yaaleh Veyavo.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman 188:10

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Mishkan Le'asid Lavo

In today’s Chumash, the posuk describes the poles for the walls of the Mishkan as “Atzei Shitim Omdim,” sticks of wood that were standing upright.

The Gemara explains that this isn’t only talking about the way these poles were set up. The posuk is saying that these poles are “Omdim,” they are standing forever. The Mishkan is not only something that stood in the times of the Midbar, but the walls of the Mishkan will still stand when Moshiach comes!

The Medrash also says that the whole Mishkan is hiding, but we will find it when Moshiach comes, and Hashem will again rest there.

See Gemara Sukkah 45b

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