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CHUMASH

Parshas Vezos Habracha - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe is giving brachos to the Shevatim on the day he will pass away:

Levi: Aharon, who was the most famous Levi, was such a Tzadik! The Kohanim, who come from Aharon, will teach the Yidden Torah, and bring Ketores and Korbanos in the Beis Hamikdash.

If anyone tries to fight because they want to be Kohanim, Hashem should help the Kohanim win.

And if the Kohanim need to fight for Yiddishkeit, Hashem should help them! (This happened in the story of Chanukah — the family of Matisyahu Kohen Gadol won over the Greeks who wanted to stop the Yidden from doing mitzvos.)

Since Moshe talked about the Beis Hamikdash, now he gives the brachos to Benyamin who had the Beis Hamikdash in his part of Eretz Yisroel, and in tomorrow’s Chumash to Yosef, who had the Mishkan in his part of Eretz Yisrael.

(Even though Yosef should really be next, because he is older, Moshe gives the bracha to Benyamin first since the Beis Hamikdash — which is more important than the Mishkan — is in HIS part of Eretz Yisroel.)

Benyamin: The Shechinah will be in his part of Eretz Yisroel, as soon as the Beis Hamikdash is built! Once it is built, the Shechinah will never leave there.

 
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TEHILLIM

55- 59

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Nun-Hey through Nun-Tes. Today we also finish the whole Sefer Tehillim which we started on Rosh Chodesh Elul.

In the end of today’s first Kapitel is the very special niggun Padah Veshalom, which we sing on the Geulah of the Rebbeim. In this kapitel, Dovid Hamelech is talking about his OWN Geulah, because there were people who fought against him.

Dovid Hamelech says at the end, the last three words, “Va’ani Evtach Bach” — “and I trust in You.” Dovid Hamelech didn’t think about the people who were trying to hurt him (chas veshalom), and only trusted in Hashem, that Hashem will help him. And of course, Hashem did!

We learn from this in our fight with the Yetzer Hara: If we do what we are supposed to and trust in Hashem, we will for sure win!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

Today the Alter Rebbe explains why Hashem needed to use so many words to make the world.

The koach of Ein Sof is too strong to make a world that has so many details. That’s why Hashem took this koach of Ein Sof and used many letters in Parshas Bereishis (the words it says, and also other ways of rearranging those letters to say different words) to create these things — because it is WITH the letters that there becomes so many things in the gashmiyus world from the koach of Ein Sof.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud Tishrei

Minhagim:

(These Minhagim are all already printed in our Machzor. Here are some of them:) We say Krias Shema like every Shabbos and Yom Tov. We say the Yud-Gimmel Midos Horachamim when we take out the Sefer Torah, even on Shabbos. We say the Yom Tehillim after Musaf. We say Ledovid Hashem Ori also by Mincha. We leave the Aron Kodesh open for the whole Ne’ilah. There is no Birkas Kohanim by Ne’ilah. We don’t say the bracha “She’asa Li Kol Tzorki” on Yom Kippur at all, we wait until the next day.

The fast of Yom Kippur is 25 hours long. We add on some time before and after the fast, “Lehosif Me’hachol Al Hakodesh” (to make part of a regular day into Yom Tov). This means that our fast goes into the 26th hour too! (The number 26 is the Gematria of Hashem’s holy name!)

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #81 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #356

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #356), that if a husband and wife decide that they can’t be married anymore, and the husband gives his wife a get, they can change their minds and get remarried, unless the woman gets married to someone else in between. Once she gets married to another person, she can never get married to her first husband again, even if she gets a get from her second husband.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: לֹא יוּכַל בַּעְלָהּ הָרִאשׁוֹן אֲשֶׁר שִׁלְּחָהּ לָשׁוּב לְקַחְתָּהּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Yevamos in many places.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Girushin

We are learning more halachos about a get in today’s Rambam. One halacha says that a person shouldn’t get married to someone that he wants to give a get to later. When we get married, we should try to stay married forever.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tefillah, Tefillin U'Mezuzah V'Sefer Torah - Perek Daled

When a person wears tefillin, he needs to be very careful with what he does and thinks. The tefillin are even more holy than the Tzitz that the Kohen Gadol wears on his head! The tzitz only has Hashem’s name once, and each of the Tefillin has Hashem’s name 21 times!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Seudah of Motzei Yom Kippur

After Yom Kippur, the Rebbeim wouldn’t just have a piece of cake and then rest from the long and hard avodah of the day. They were careful to wash and eat a real Yom Tov seudah, including singing niggunim and saying Divrei Torah!

See Hisvaaduyos 5746, vol. 1, p. 446; Otzar Minhagei Chabad, Motzei Yom Kippur

 

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TEFILLAH

Ne'ilah

The word “Ne’ilah” means to lock up. The simple meaning is that it’s the end of the day, and it’s our last chance to ask Hashem to forgive us, since the doors are about to be locked.

Chassidus explains that Ne’ilah means that the doors are being locked BEHIND us. This is the time when the deepest part of a Yid’s neshama comes very close to Hashem. It is a very special private time, like a Yechidus with Hashem, that only happens once a year!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Motzei Yom Kippur

One of the reasons we blow the tekiyah at the end of Yom Kippur is to remind us that it is a Yom Tov, and the seudah we eat after Yom Kippur is a Yom Tov meal!

That’s also the reason why we wish each other “Good Yom Tov” as we go home after Ne’ilah.

At this time, a Bas Kol comes from Shomayim, telling us to eat and drink joyfully!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Tof-Reish-Chof-Gimmel

There are many more halachos for Yom Kippur. See the Halacha Newsletters from Badatz of Crown Heights, and Rabbi Shmuel Lesches of Melbourne to review them all!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Leshana Haba'ah BiYerushalayim!

At the end of Yom Kippur, after the last Tekiyah, we announce “Leshana Haba’ah Biyerushalayim!” “Next year in Yerushalayim!”

The Frierdiker Rebbe explains that this doesn’t mean that we will wait until next Yom Kippur for Moshiach to come, chas veshalom. It means that Hashem should bring Moshiach RIGHT NOW, and we’ll go right away to Eretz Yisroel! That way, “Leshana Haba’ah,” next Yom Kippur, we will already be fully settled in Yerushalayim!

Bracha of Erev Yom Kippur, 5752

 
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