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CHUMASH

Parshas Haazinu - Shishi with Rashi

Today we are going to finish the song/poem of Haazinu:

Hashem let the Goyim hurt the Yidden when they weren’t acting good
But the Goyim didn’t have to be so mean — they did more than they should!

Now Hashem is going to need to punish THEM instead
“I was only angry with the Yidden for a while,” is what Hashem said.

Harninu Goyim AmoGoyim, listen to how great the Yidden are!
Even though they suffered in Golus near and far

They STILL knew that it was good, they trusted in Hashem
And He will take revenge now on anyone who was hurting them!

 
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TEHILLIM

140 - 150

Today we are going to finish the whole Sefer Tehillim! Since there are only 29 days in Elul, we say the Tehillim for day 29 AND day 30, kapitelach Kuf-Mem to Kuf-Nun. We also say three kapitelach for Chodesh Elul: Pey-Hey, Pey-Vov, and Pey-Zayin.

In Kapitel Kuf-Mem-Zayin, Dovid Hamelech talks about the greatness of Hashem and how He runs the world! At the end, he says “Maggid Devarav LeYaakov, Chukav Umishpatav L’Yisrael.” “Hashem tells over His words to the Yidden, and His mitzvos.”

The Medrash says about this posuk that people will sometimes tell others to do something, even though THEY don’t do it! Like a person will say “Eat all the food on your plate” — even though they didn’t finish their chicken.

But Hashem does everything that He tells us to do! That’s why it says HIS words and HIS mitzvos — Hashem does them too!

For example, Hashem puts on Tefillin. The Gemara tells us that in OUR Tefillin, it says how great Hashem is. In HASHEM’S Tefillin, it says how special the Yidden are and how proud Hashem is that we make the world into a comfortable place for Hashem!

(We learn about this in the Bar Mitzvah Maamar!)

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Tes

This letter in Igeres Hakodesh is an explanation of inyonim in Chassidus. One of the inyonim explained here is the difference between what a Navi sees and what a Chochom understands about Hashem. Today we will learn the question that starts the explanation.

We learned in Parshas Ki Sisa that Moshe Rabbeinu asked for permission to see Hashem.

Hashem said he would be able to, but only the “back.” A person is not able to see the “face” of Hashem.

But if you look in Kabbalah and Chassidus, you will see that a person CAN understand what the “face” of Hashem means. In fact, if you learn this Igeres Hakodesh well, you can learn it right here!

Does that mean that the Arizal, and anyone else who knows Kabbalah, knew MORE than Moshe Rabbeinu? How could that be? Doesn’t it say in the end of Chumash that there will never be another Navi as great as Moshe Rabbeinu?

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Tes Elul

Today is the birthday of the Tzemach Tzedek!

In a letter to a chosid, the Frierdiker Rebbe tells him that he needs to be very careful to stay healthy — the Torah warns us about this! Then the Frierdiker Rebbe tells him:

The Alter Rebbe says that we have NO IDEA how precious a Yid’s body is to Hashem!

This is also very important to think about Erev Rosh Hashana! Hashem judges us for all of the Gashmius things we will need this coming year — we need to remember how important it is to Hashem that Yidden should be healthy and have everything Gashmius that they need.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #71 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #355

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos we learn (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #355) that a person is not allowed to do things that show he is married to a woman without first doing the mitzvah of Kiddushin, getting married according to Torah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Ki Seitzei: לֹא תִהְיֶה קְדֵשָׁה מִבְּנוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל

The details are explained in Mesechta Kesubos and Kiddushin.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Ishus

We learned that Kiddushin (getting married according to Torah) can be by the man giving something to the woman.

Perek Hey: In this perek, we learn about what a person can use to do Kiddushin.

One halacha is that we can’t use something asur for Kiddushin, like something stolen, or like Basar B’Chalav, milk and meat mixed together.

Perek Vov: The Rambam tells us halachos about conditions that are made at the time of Kiddushin. There are four things that need to happen when a condition is made:

1) The condition has to say what happens both if the condition is met, and if the condition is not met.
2) First he has to say the positive — if it happens, there is Kiddushin, and if not, there is not Kiddushin.
3) The condition has to be said before the action — say the condition before giving the ring or shtar.
4) The condition has to be something that is possible. If the condition is impossible, they are married right away, because it must have been a joke!

For example, the chosson might say, “I am giving you this ring to marry you, if my father agrees — if he doesn’t, we won’t be married.” This is the right way to make a condition, and the halacha is that if his father agrees, they are married.

Perek Zayin: This perek teaches us more conditions and tricky cases where we might not be sure if someone is really married. In the end of the perek, we learn that once the Kiddushin happened, even if they change their minds right away, they are still married!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tefillah - Perek Tes

The Rambam teaches us HOW to daven with a minyan. We learn which parts the chazan says out loud, and which parts to say quietly by ourselves. We need to answer to Kedusha and Kaddish!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Chassidishe Yom Tov

Today is the Tzemach Tzedek’s birthday!

In the time of the Tzemach Tzedek, the Chassidim were hoping more than ever before that Moshiach would come. The Tzemach Tzedek made shalom between the Chassidim and Misnagdim, and explained how Niglah and Chassidus fit together.

With all of that Achdus, Chassidim were sure that Moshiach must be coming right away!

Our Rebbe also made Achdus with all kinds of Yidden, and showed us how all parts of Torah are really connected! So we can be SURE that Moshiach MUST be coming right away!

 

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TEFILLAH

Maariv of the Night of Rosh Hashana

Today is Erev Yom Tov, so we don’t say Tachanun! We also don’t blow the shofar after davening, like we usually do during Chodesh Elul. One of the reasons why is so that we separate between the shofar blowing of Elul which is a minhag, and the shofar blowing on Rosh Hashana which is a mitzvah. It is a minhag to have extra kavana and daven Mincha, the last tefillah of the year, with extra kavana!

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The Rebbeim would always have a very special davening on the first night of Rosh Hashana. In Tof-Shin-Nun-Beis, the Rebbe asked us that we also try to make our davening on the first night of Rosh Hashana extra special!

It is our minhag that after davening on the first night of Rosh Hashana, we wish each other personally, “Leshana Tova Tikaseiv Veseichaseim!” “You should be written and sealed for a good year!” (For a girl, we say “Leshana Tova Tikaseivi Veseichaseimi.”)

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Erev Rosh Hashana

Here are some halacha newsletters for Rosh Hashana: Halacha Newsletter by Rabbi Lesches (Melbourne) and Day By Day Halachic Guide by Badatz of Crown Heights

Some of the things we need to do Erev Rosh Hashana are:

- An extra-long Selichos
- Hataras Nedarim (it’s not our minhag for women to do it)
- We DON’T blow the Shofar
- Give extra Tzedakah
- Write a Pa”n — we ask the Rebbe to ask Hashem for us that we should have a Shana Tova (The Rebbe is like the “head” of all Yidden, and since the head sometimes feels pain from the body more, and since the head is closer to Hashem, we make sure to ask the Rebbe — the head — to ask Hashem for a Shana Tova for each of us and for all Yidden together.)
- Make a hachlata

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Moshiach Down Here

The Frierdiker Rebbe once said that in a higher Ruchnius’dike world, Moshiach already came. They are already celebrating there! But here in this world, Hashem is waiting for Yidden to do teshuvah so that Moshiach can come.

The Rebbe also told us similar words, that Moshiach is already here and all we need to do is open up our eyes! Each of us just needs to do our part to prepare to greet Moshiach B’poel Mamosh!

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Alef p. 81, Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef and Nun-Beis in many places

 
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