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CHUMASH

Parshas Beshalach - Sheini with Rashi

Paraoh told the Yidden they could leave Mitzrayim, but then Hashem hardened Paraoh’s heart and he changed his mind and decided he wanted the Yidden to come back.

The Mitzriyim chased after the Yidden, and caught up to them when it was almost nighttime, Chof Nisan.

The Yidden saw the Mitzriyim coming, with Paraoh at the front, along with the Malach of Mitzrayim! The Yidden knew that Hashem said they would go to Eretz Yisroel, but still they were very scared, and they cried out to Hashem to save them.

When they saw that the Mitzriyim still were coming closer, some of the Yidden started talking in a not-nice way. They said, “Moshe, there’s not enough place to bury us in Mitzrayim? Why did you bring us to die in the Midbar? You should have just left us in Mitzrayim!”

Moshe told the Yidden not to worry, Hashem would take care of the Mitzriyim, and that after today, the Yidden won’t see the Mitzriyim ever again!

 
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TEHILLIM

44 - 48

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Mem-Daled through Mem-Ches.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a very special posuk: “Kol Kvuda Bas Melech Penima” — “The kavod of a princess is inside.” This means that a woman, because of tznius, shows her kavod inside her house, not outside in front of everyone.

(Hashem set up the world in a way that a man goes out into the world and gets parnasa, and the woman is the Akeres Habayis — making the home a place where Hashem can feel comfortable.)

But in the Navi, it says that when Moshiach comes, the women will be outside too, and even showing their kavod outside!

Since now we are so close to Moshiach, we need to start acting in a way of Geulah. So today, women and girls need to go outside too, to go to school and learn Torah, and to do mivtzoyim. But since we are still in Golus, and we still have a Yetzer Hara, we need to be careful that it should be in a way of tznius.

Farbrengen Parshas Tazria Tof-Shin-Mem-Alef, see Tehillim with Pirush Tehilos Menachem, Kapitel Mem-Hey p. 23

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Alef

We learned yesterday that the mashal of a person’s speaking is different than the nimshal of Hashem’s words which were used to create the world. A persons’ words become separated from him after he says them, but NOTHING can become separate from Hashem! So even after Hashem said the words that created the world, the world didn’t become something separate — it is always connected to Hashem.

Did you ever see a one-way mirror? Some shuls have a special kind of Mechitzah where from the men’s side, it looks like a mirror, but from the women’s side, you can see straight through like plain glass! The whole world is a little bit like that! When we look around at the world, it looks like it is something for itself. From Hashem’s point of view, though, the whole world never becomes separate from Hashem.

The whole world is always one with Hashem. It is only that Hashem made many tzimtzumim, like layers of hiding through the different Ruchnius worlds, all the way until this Gashmius’dike world.

Hashem wanted that the things that are created should FEEL separate. Hashem WANTS us to feel like we have an existence of our own, so that we will be able to live in the world and serve Hashem.

The truth is, however, that this is only how we feel. All of the levels of hiding are “see-through” to Hashem, they don’t hide anything at all! What is dark to us is light to Hashem. Even the tzimtzumim are part of Hashem!

When Moshiach comes, we will also be able to see it!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Ches Shevat

Baruch Hashem, now we’re right before the Geulah!

We need to know that any tzaros (Chas Veshalom) that Yidden have are because Moshiach is about to come, and just like it hurts before a baby is born, it “hurts” right before Moshiach comes.

But we don’t want this hurting to last a long time. We need to do everything we can to make Moshiach come RIGHT AWAY! We need to especially be careful to keep all of the mitzvos in the most beautiful way, and do EVERY minhag without any compromise!

One time, a reporter came to the Rebbe from a big television station, and asked the Rebbe, “What is your message for the whole world about Moshiach?” The Rebbe answered that Moshiach is ready to come — everyone should do something EXTRA (“something additional”) in goodness and kindness to bring Moshiach. Then the Rebbe gave the reporter and the video people TWO dollars, to show them by example that we need to do something extra.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #182 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #117, #119, #118, Asei #53, #52

The first three mitzvos of today’s mitzvos are about the Korban Pesach, and the next two are from the next set of halachos, Hilchos Chagigah.

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #117) We can’t leave any of the Korban Pesach meat until the next day — we need to eat it all on the night of Pesach!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo, where the Yidden are given the mitzvah of the Korban Pesach: וְלֹא תוֹתִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד בֹּקֶר

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #119) We are not allowed to leave over any meat from the Korban Pesach we bring on Pesach Sheini — it needs to all be eaten that night.

This mitzvah comes from a posuk in Parshas Behaalosecha, where the Yidden are taught about Pesach Sheini: לֹא יַשְׁאִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד בֹּקֶר

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #118) We can’t leave any meat from the Korban Chagigah, which is brought on Yud-Daled Nissan together with the Korban Pesach, until after the time we are supposed to eat it. We can eat the Chagigah for two days, so we have to make sure to finish it then!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: וְלֹא יָלִין מִן הַבָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר תִּזְבַּח בָּעֶרֶב בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן לַבֹּקֶר

The details of this mitzvah are explained in many places in Mesechta Pesachim and Mesechta Chagigah.

4) (Mitzvas Asei #53) It is a mitzvah to be Oleh Regel, to come to the Beis Hamikdash three times a year, on Pesach, Shavuos, and Sukkos! A person needs to bring his sons along with him, and anyone who can go himself has a mitzvah to go. When we come to the Beis Hamikdash on these special times, we bring a korban called an Olas Re’iyah, which is a korban olah and completely burned on the Mizbeiach.

We learn this mitzvah from another posuk in Parshas Reeh: שָׁלוֹשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה יֵרָאֶה כָל זְכוּרְךָ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Chagigah.

5) (Mitzvas Asei #52) We come to the Beis Hamikdash three times a year — Pesach, Shavuos, and Sukkos! When we are there, we bring a Korban Chagigah. This is a korban shelamim, which we are also able to eat part of and enjoy!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: שָׁלשׁ רְגָלִים תָּחֹג לִי בַּשָּׁנָה

The details of this mitzvah are also explained in Mesechta Chagigah.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Korban Pesach - Chagigah

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning about the Korban Pesach.

Perek Tes: In this perek, we learn the Halachos of how we eat the Korban Pesach in a group.

Perek Yud: We learn many halachos about the aveira of not breaking a bone in the korban. We also learn about the mitzva of bringing a Korban Chagigah along with it. The perek finishes with the differences between bringing the korban on Pesach or on Pesach Sheini!

Now we start learning about the Korban Chagigah:

Perek Alef: The Rambam starts to tell us about the mitzvah of going to the Beis Hamikdash for the three Yomim Tovim of Pesach, Shavuos, and Sukkos. There were three korbanos that Yidden needed to bring, called Olas Re’iya, Korban Chagigah, and Shalmei Simcha.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Avodim - Perek Ches

Perek Ches teaches us that if a Jew sells a slave to a non-Jew, he gets a knas (fine) that he has to pay up to 10 times as much as the slave is worth to set him free!

There are also other things that the master can do that will set his slave free. For example if he puts tefillin on his slave, that shows that he doesn’t consider him a servant anymore, and he goes free! But if he taught him Torah that’s not a proof that he doesn’t consider him a servant.

We also learn the last two mitzvos of a slave that escapes to Eretz Yisroel, not to send him back, and to treat him well.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Yud Shevat

One of the minhagim of Yud Shevat is to learn through the maamar of the Frierdiker Rebbe that he gave to Chassidim to learn on the day of Yud Shevat in the year of his histalkus, in Tof-Shin-Yud (1950). We learn part of the maamar after Maariv, after Shacharis, and after Mincha. This way, we finish the whole maamar on Yud Shevat.

This maamar starts with the words “Bosi Legani,” which is what Hashem said at the time of Matan Torah, “I came to My garden.”

In one of the sichos on Yud Shevat, the Rebbe explained why the posuk compares the world to a garden: Sometimes the world looks like a scary place. But a Yid needs to remember that it’s really a special place, it’s Hashem’s world that Hashem watches every second! It’s just that the Yetzer Hara tries to get us to think it’s scary, so we won’t be brave to act the way Hashem wants us to.

But if we remember that all of the hard things we see are from Hashem, we try hard to find the good things in the world, and work to make the world a place for Hashem’s Shechinah to feel comfortable — we will for sure bring Moshiach, when everyone will be able to see that the world is Hashem’s garden!

The Rebbe also had a minhag to explain one se’if (section) of this series of maamarim every year. There are 20 se’ifim in the Frierdiker Rebbe’s hemshech Bosi Legani, so from Tof-Shin-Yud to Tof-Shin-Lamed, the Rebbe explained the entire series of maamarim. The Rebbe did the same thing again over the next 20 years, and began the third cycle. Chassidim have continued the cycle the way the Rebbe started it. We learn the maamarim that the Rebbe said or edited for the se’if of each year.

This year we are learning the 10th se’if, for the 4th time since Yud Shevat (5720, 5740, 5760, 5780)! We learn the Rebbe’s maamar of Tof-Shin-Chof and Tof-Shin-Mem.

 

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TEFILLAH

Vayomer

The Mitzvah of Kriyas Shema has three paragraphs — Shema and Ve’ahavta, Vehaya Im Shamoa, and Vayomer.

In the third paragraph, Vayomer, we speak mostly about the mitzvah of Tzitzis. The Gemara shows that we actually speak about FIVE important inyonim, which is why it was put together with the other paragraphs of Shema.

The Rambam talks about the two most important things in Vayomer, which are the mitzvah of Tzitzis, and speaking about Yetziyas Mitzrayim.

In the second paragraph of Shema, Vehaya Im Shamoa, we were mekabel Ol Mitzvos, we accepted to do all of the mitzvos. In Vayomer it says that by wearing tzitzis, we will remember to do all the mitzvos! So the mitzvah of tzitzis will help us to do all of the mitzvos, like we just accepted to do.

Vayomer also speaks about Yetziyas Mitzrayim. It is a mitzvah to remember Yetziyas Mitzrayim every morning and night, and now we are able to do this mitzvah right away!

These seem to be two separate reasons that have nothing to do with each other. But IY”H tomorrow, we will learn how the Alter Rebbe explains this in Tanya, that really they are both the same thing!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kiddush

The Gemara teaches that there are ten things we should have for a Kos Shel Bracha, a kos used for a bracha, such as Kiddush or Havdalah.

Today we will learn about the first two things on this list: Shetifah and Hadacha.

A Kos Shel Bracha should be cleaned inside (shetifah), and outside (hadacha). This means that if the kos is dirty, we should rinse it and wash it, or at least wipe it clean with a napkin or cloth.

According to halacha, if the kos is already clean, we don’t need to worry about these two anymore. But in Sifrei Kabbalah, it seems that there is an inyan in Ruchnius to do this anyway. According to this, we should rinse the kos before Kiddush (or wipe it if we don’t have water), even if it is already clean.

We actually saw this by the Rebbe, that before using a Kos Shel Bracha at a farbrengen, the Rebbe would take a cloth and wipe the kos clean.

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Reish-Ayin-Alef se’if Yud-Ches, siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Beis, and Piskei Teshuvos siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Ki Besimcha

The Rebbe accepted the nesius at the farbrengen of Yud Shevat 5711. The last thing the Rebbe said before leaving this farbrengen was that Chassidim need to work together with shalom and Achdus to bring the Geulah.

The Rebbe explained the posukKi Besimcha Seitzeiu” (which was usually sung at the end of the Rebbe’s farbrengens) to show what happens when we have shalom.

1) First, a good eitza to have Shalom and Achdus is to have simcha! When we are besimcha, it is easier to have Shalom. This is hinted to in the posuk, because first we say “Besimcha Seitzeiu” (go out with simcha), and then “Uveshalom Tuvalun” (and you will be brought with shalom).

2) Sometimes things are hard for us. When we have shalom, these things not only won’t be in the way, but they will help us to do even more! We say this in the posuk, “Heharim Vehagva’os Yiftzechu Lifneichem Rina,” “the mountains and hills,” which usually block people, “will burst into song in front of you” — they will start to help you!

3) When we have shalom, the nevuos about Moshiach will come true! We hint to this in the posuk, by saying “Vechol Atzei Hasadeh Yimcha’u Chof,” that all the trees of the field will clap hands. Rashi explains that this is because the trees will ALL give fruit, which is one of the nevuos which will take place in the times of the Geulah!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Beis page 503

 
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