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CHUMASH

Parshas Korach - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash we learn about the avodah of Shevet Levi and the presents the Yidden need to give to them.

Hashem told Moshe to put Aharon’s stick (with the almonds) back in front of the Aron, to remind everyone that Hashem wants Aharon to be the Kohen Gadol.

The Yidden realized now that Hashem didn’t want ALL of the Yidden to be Kohanim, but they were scared that they would go into the Mishkan by mistake and they would be punished for it!

So Hashem had Moshe remind the Leviim of their job, to make sure nobody goes into the Mishkan by mistake.

~

Now Hashem tells the Yidden the presents they need to give to the Kohanim.

Here are some of the presents:

- parts of certain Korbanos
- Terumah (part of every Yid’s olive oil, wine, and grain)
- Bikurim (the first fruits)
- Hekdesh (something a Yid wants to give to Hashem)
- Pidyon HaBen money
- firstborn cow, sheep or goat
- Peter Chamor — the sheep used for a Pidyon when a firstborn donkey is born

Hashem gave these presents to the Kohanim so they don’t need to work to earn money, they can spend their time doing their job serving Hashem. They won’t get a part of Eretz Yisroel, and they also won’t get to keep things from the wars the Yidden fight.

Hashem tells Aharon, “Ani Chelkecha Venachalas’cha” — “I am your part of Eretz Yisroel, and I am your yerusha.”

 
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TEHILLIM

10 - 17

Today’s kapitelach are kapitel Yud to Yud-Zayin.

Kapitel Yud-Gimmel in Tehillim is a tefillah for the long Golus. In the paragraph before this kapitel, it says that a person in a time of tzaar should say this kapitel.

The last posuk is full of bitachon that Hashem will help us and save us from this Golus!

Va’ani Bechasdecha Votachti — I trust in Your kindness, Hashem

Yagel Libi Biyeshuasecha — My heart will be happy because of You saving me

Ashira LaHashem Ki Gomal Alai — I will sing to Hashem because Hashem has given me kindness!

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Tes

Even though Chochmah is the highest level by a person, it is not a good description at all for Hashem.

Before we said that there are 5 steps from a person’s Sechel/Chochmah (understanding) until Maaseh (doing).

The Alter Rebbe explained how Sechel is SO much higher than the Maaseh! But Hashem’s Chochmah is like the LOWEST level for Hashem! Just like our Chochmah is SO much higher than maaseh, Hashem is SO much higher than His Chochmah!

But really, the Alter Rebbe says, you can’t say that Hashem is “higher than” Chochmah. Because that’s like saying that “you can’t touch what you’re thinking about because it’s so high.” Isn’t that silly! Of course you can’t touch what you’re thinking about with your fingers! Thoughts aren’t things we can touch!

It’s very silly to think that we can say that Hashem is higher than Chochmah! Hashem isn’t just HIGHER than Chochmah, they are two things that have no connection!

So why do we call Hashem “a Chochom?” Because Chochmah COMES FROM Hashem.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Beis Tammuz

Today we learn in Hayom Yom that Ahavas Yisroel gives us the zechus we need to have our tefillos answered!

In our Siddur, at the beginning of davening (after morning Brachos), it says “Nachon Lomar Kodem HaTefillah: Hareini Mekabel Alai Mitzvas Asei Shel VeAhavta LeReiacha Kamocha.” That means — It is the right thing to say this before davening: “I am ready to do the Mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel!”

Why did the Alter Rebbe put this in his siddur?

Because having Ahavas Yisroel is like opening up a “door” for our davening to be able to go inside. When we have Ahavas Yisroel, our davening will be able to go straight up to Hashem — and Hashem will listen to our Tefillos.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #306 - Mitzvas Asei #246

In today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #246), we learn (like the past few days) that if there are ever people who have an argument about money or belongings, then Beis Din has a mitzvah to decide what should be done, according to the rules of the Torah.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an

Perek Yud-Gimmel: Here’s a case that could come before Beis Din: Reuven was living in a house for a long time, and Shimon came to him and said, “What are you doing in this house?! It’s mine!” What does the Beis Din do?

There’s a big problem here — Reuven doesn’t have a contract to show that the house is his! He didn’t keep the paper!

So Beis Din will believe Reuven, and let him stay in the house, because of something called “chazaka” — if a person was living in a house or using a field for 3 years, with other people knowing, that proves it belongs to him — because otherwise Shimon would have told him to move out a long time ago!

But there are some people where this is not a proof — like business partners. These people might not mind if their partner is using their house, but it doesn’t mean that they should be able to keep it forever! There is a different halacha for them — Shimon needs to prove the house used to be his, and needs to make a special kind of shevuah that he didn’t give it away or sell it.

In Perek Yud-Daled, one of the things we learn is that even if a person CAN’T use chazaka to prove that the property is theirs, they can bring witnesses to show that they bought it.

But a robber can’t do that either! If he once stole a field, the Beis Din will never be able to trust him, because maybe the person only pretended to sell the field to him because he was scared of him, since he is a robber!

Perek Tes-Vov teaches us what to do when witnesses come to Beis Din to say that the person has a chazaka on the property, but they don’t say exactly the same thing. If one person says he grew wheat for three years and the other witness says he grew barley, we accept the witnesses, because that is a small detail. But if one witness says he worked there during the odd years, and the other witness says he worked there during the even years, then we don’t have any witness to say he has a chazaka, and he has to give the property back!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Metamei Mishkav U'Moshav - Perek Yud-Alef

There are some times when we trust an Am Ha’aretz, and believe him when he says that something is Tahor.

During the Shalosh Regalim, we say that EVERY Yid is like a Chaver! Everyone becomes tahor to go to the Beis Hamikdash, so we trust them that they and the things that they touched are tahor!

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

What is a Hilula?

The yartzeit of a tzadik, especially of a Rebbe, is called a “hilula”. Why is it called that?

In Aramaic, the word “hilula” means a chasunah. We use a chasunah as a mashal to understand what happens on the yartzeit of a tzadik.

When a chosson and kallah get married, it isn’t just a simcha down here. When the chosson and kallah are joined together by the chasunah, they bring down a koach of Hashem which is Ein Sof, with no limits! Now that they are married, even though they are Gashmius’dike people with limits, they can use this koach of Ein Sof to bring children into the world, which will have children and grandchildren of their own — with no limits!

This is also like what happens on the yartzeit of a tzadik. On the day of the tzadik’s yartzeit, all of the things that the tzadik did all of his life go up, together with the neshama of the tzadik, to a much higher level than before! When it goes up so high, it makes a koach of Ein Sof of Hashem to shine!

There is a rule in Torah: Whatever is higher is able to come down to a lower level. So on the yartzeit of a tzadik, this new koach of Ein Sof of Hashem comes down into the Gashmius’dike world. It brings bracha without limits, in Ruchnius and in Gashmius, to everyone who is connected to the tzadik!

That is why the yartzeit of a tzadik is called a hilula. Because just like with a chasunah, it is able to bring down such a special koach of Hashem, a koach of Ein Sof!

Even after Moshiach comes, and the neshama of the tzadik comes back into a Gashmius’dike guf, the day of the hilula will always be this special day which brings bracha to everyone connected to the tzadik!

See (for example) farbrengen Yud Shevat 5718 and 5711

 

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TEFILLAH

Yaalzu

After saying the paragraphs of Ribono Shel Olam and Hashkiveinu, we say the most important part of Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah: Shema!

The Gemara brings a posuk from Tehillim to show why we need to say Shema again before bed: “Romemos Keil Bigronam, VeCherev Pifiyos Beyadam.” “They praise Hashem with their throats, a double-edged sword is in their hands.” The Gemara explains that because they praise the oneness of Hashem with the words of Shema, they have extra protection, like a person with a sharp double-edged sword.

We know that this is talking about the Shema before bed because of the posuk before: “Yaalzu Chasidim Bechavod, Yeranenu Al Mishkevosam.” “Pious Jews celebrate with kavod, they sing while on their beds.” “Singing on their beds” means the Shema that we say when going to sleep.

We see from these pesukim that saying Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah helps protect us!

After we say Shema, we say these pesukim from Tehillim of “Yaalzu” and “Romemos” to remember the power of the Shema.

The Alter Rebbe explains in Tanya that the “sword” of Kriyas Shema is very powerful! There are certain aveiros that can give chayus to kelipah. The holy words of Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah, when they are said while thinking about what the words mean, are able to destroy that chayus!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Minhagei Yom Hilula

Today we are going to learn some of the minhagim that the Rebbe instructed should be done on Yud Shevat, the Yom Hilula of the Frierdiker Rebbe. Based on this, many Chassidim also follow these minhagim on Gimmel Tammuz.

These minhagim help us connect to the special ruchnius chayus of the day.

The Rebbe teaches us that the day of a hilula of a tzadik (especially a Nasi) is a time for tremendous brachos for all the chassidim that are connected to the Rebbe. These minhagim also help us make keilim to accept and benefit from these brachos. We hope that Gimmel Tammuz this year will be a day of big celebration in Yerushalayim Ir Hakodesh together with the Rebbe, and then we will keep special minhagim to connect to the immense chayus that this day will always have.

Some of the minhagim can’t be done on Gimmel Tammuz itself this year, because it is on Shabbos:

Here are some of the minhagim that can be done before Shabbos:

- Before Shabbos, we light a yartzeit licht. If we can, it is best to light one made out of Shaava (beeswax) — because the word Shaava stands for “Hakitzu Veranenu Shochnei Afar” — “the neshamos that passed away should wake up and be happy!” — a posuk about Techiyas Hameisim. This reminds us that to ask Hashem that there should be Techiyas Hameisim right away, so the Rebbe can take us out of Golus, to the Geulah Sheleimah!

- We also can’t write a Pa”n on Shabbos, so it can be written either before or after Shabbos. If we can go to the Ohel, we read our Pa”n there, if not we can put it inside a Sefer of the Rebbe until it is sent or brought to the Ohel. After we write the Pa”n, we close our eyes and try to remember a time we saw the Rebbe (if we had that zechus), or we look at a picture.

- It is the minhag to give tzedakah to one of the Rebbe’s mosdos. We can also do this before or after Shabbos (or both!)

As based on the Rebbe’s letter for Yud Shevat (Hebrew or English)

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

We Need Moshiach!

Needing Moshiach isn’t a new thing. In all of the generations, Yidden have always davened for Moshiach to come, the time when we will be able to learn Torah and do mitzvos properly, the way Hashem wants us to!

Even Moshe Rabbeinu asked Hashem for Moshiach, when he was taking the Yidden out of Mitzrayim! He said, “Shlach Na Beyad Tishlach,” “Please, Hashem, send the person you will send later — Moshiach — to take the Yidden out of this Golus too!”

In Tehillim, we see many times how Dovid Hamelech hoped and davened for the Geulah.

So think about it: They needed Moshiach in order to keep Torah and mitzvos properly even in the times of Moshe Rabbeinu, in the Midbar, where Hashem took care of everyone’s needs, and they were able to learn Torah all of the time! If they needed Moshiach even then, we most certainly need Moshiach now, when the Golus is so dark!

We are in a long Golus, where we are not able to learn Torah and do mitzvos properly, and there is a lot of darkness and pain. Now we REALLY feel how much we need Moshiach in order to be the way Hashem really wants us to be.

Together, Yidden should call out “Ad Mosai!” We should tell Hashem that this Golus is too long! Hashem doesn’t turn away the tefillos of many Yidden together, and He will bring Moshiach right away!

The Rebbe spoke about this at a farbrengen in Tof-Shin-Mem-Ches. After saying this, the Rebbe cried out “Ad Mosai!” All of the Chassidim answered, “Ad Mosai!”

Then the Rebbe said, “To keep us from being too sad, we should call out Ad Mosai with a niggun.”

The Chassidim started singing Ad Mosai to the tune of a niggun.

See Toras Menachem 5748, vol. 1 p. 460

 
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