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CHUMASH

Chamishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden to do what Hashem wants, even after Moshe passes away. They shouldn’t forget to bring the korbanos that Hashem asked for.

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden to always bring the Korban Tamid two times every day, just like Hashem said. (These pesukim are a part of davening, the paragraph that starts “Vayedaber” that we say in korbanos before Shacharis and Mincha! After the Churban, Shacharis and Mincha take the place of these korbanos, so we say this paragraph before davening.)

Hashem also tells Moshe to remind the Yidden about the special korban of Shabbos. (We say these pesukim in Musaf on Shabbos, since our davening takes the place of the korban.) He reminds them about the korban for Rosh Chodesh, too. (Since we can’t bring the actual korban, we say THESE pesukim in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh, which is in place of bringing the korban. These pesukim are also part of the Kriyas HaTorah for Rosh Chodesh.)

TAMID: (2 times every day) 1 lamb for an Olah

SHABBOS: 2 lambs for an Olah

ROSH CHODESH: 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for an Olah AND a goat for a Chatas (in case any Yidden did an aveira by coming into the Beis Hamikdash or bringing a Korban while they were tomei without realizing it)

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha (fine flour and oil) and a Nesech (wine).

For each lamb (Keves) : 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine

For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine

For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

 
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TEHILLIM

106 - 107

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Kuf-Vov and Kuf-Zayin.

Kapitel Kuf-Zayin starts with the words “Hodu LaHashem Ki Tov, Ki LeOlam Chasdo!” “Thank Hashem because He is good, His kindness is forever!”

The first word is “Hodu,” which means to thank. But it also means something else! Hodu also means to “admit.”

What are we admitting to?

The Tzemach Tzedek explains that we know that Hashem is creating the world EVERY SECOND and is here inside us EVERY MOMENT. But we don’t see it! But we need to admit that it’s true anyway.

When Moshiach comes, we won’t have to admit it anymore — we will all be able to SEE it!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Zayin

We are learning that when a Yid does an aveira, his neshama becomes separated from Hashem, and Hashem and the Yidden are chas veshalom in Golus. When a person thinks about this, it will help him never want to do an aveira again!

In today’s shiur in Tanya we learn that this is true even for “small” aveiros, which can separate the neshama from Hashem just like a big aveira.

How?

Imagine that it’s a sunny day. The sun is shining and the sky is blue.

But what if the weather changes, and a big thunderstorm starts? Then the sky gets dark. Big, thick clouds block the sun, and we can’t see that it is shining. That is what a big aveira is like.

Sometimes though, it is a sunny day, and for a few minutes the sun hides behind a small cloud. It is still very light, but we can’t see the sun as clearly. That is like a small aveira.

If there are LOTS of small clouds, though, like on a very cloudy day, then the sky can get very dark too.

The same thing is with aveiros! A lot of small aveiros can make someone feel separate from Hashem, just like a big aveira can.

For example, if a person gets angry or says Lashon Hara or ignores a chance to give tzedakah or learn Torah, those things each on their own might not block so much of Hashem’s chayus. But when a Yid does a lot of them chas veshalom, Hashem’s chayus can be blocked from him the way it is if a BIG aveira was done.

Because of this, the teshuvah for small aveiros that were done many times needs to be as strong as the teshuvah for a big aveira which is a chiyuv Kareis.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Beis Tammuz

Today the Rebbe tells us how the Darkei Hachassidus affect us!

The Rebbe Rashab said:

1) A Chassidishe Vort (a saying) makes the head clear and the heart pure!

When we hear a Chassidishe vort it makes us feel like a Chossid! It takes away shmutz from our minds and makes us feel more aidel.

2) Chassidishe behavior (acting the way Chassidus teaches) makes our house bright — making it a lichtige house!

3) A Chassidishe Niggun is very special! It makes our bitachon in Hashem strong, and we KNOW that everything will be good! It brings simcha, and keeps the whole family safe from the darkness of the world.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Asei #245

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #245) is the very same mitzvah again! Do you know it by heart yet? When we buy things or sell things, we need to follow the Torah rules for doing it.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Shluchim VeShutfim

In today’s Rambam, we are learning more about sending someone else to do something for you (a shliach) and about partners working together (a shutaf).

One of the things we learn in Perek Beis is that someone who is under a certain age can’t be a shliach. If someone sends a kid as a shliach, it’s his own fault if something gets broken or lost!

Of course, even a kid can be a shliach of the Rebbe! In fact, they used to call the Kinus for kids “Yaldei Hashluchim,” “the kids of shluchim.” But based on what the Rebbe said about the special koach and shlichus that children have, they realized that they should change it to “Tze’irei Hashluchim” — the young shluchim! They’re not just children of shluchim, they’re shluchim themselves!

Perek Gimmel teaches us about how a person can send a shliach to argue for him in Beis Din. (That’s like a lawyer.)

In Perek Daled we start learning about how people can become partners in business.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Maachalos Asuros - Perek Alef

Today we start to learn a new set of halachos — about keeping ourselves holy, through only eating kosher! The food that we eat is very important, because it becomes part of us.

In this first perek we learn about kosher and non-kosher animals and birds. Do you know what signs a kosher animal has to have?

- It chews its cud (swallows its food, but then goes back and chews it again and again)

- It has split hooves (hard feet that are split in half)

The Torah tells us the names of 24 birds that are not kosher, all other kinds of birds are kosher. But if you don’t know all of these birds and what they look like, you can only eat a kind of bird that you KNOW is kosher.

The Rambam also gives us signs to know what’s a kosher or a non-kosher bird. One way to know that a bird is NOT kosher is if it attacks other birds or animals with its claws and eats them. Can you think why that kind of bird is not kosher?

We also learn the signs of kosher locusts, and kosher fish. (Do you know what signs a kosher fish has?)

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Hilchos Beis Habechirah

At the top of the 15 steps going into the Azara, where the Mizbeiach was, there were two big gates, called Shaar Nikanor. These gates were very unusual — they were the only ones in the whole Beis Hamikdash that weren’t covered with gold, and they were named after a person! Why?

Nikanor was a Yid who loved the Beis Hamikdash so much, that he wanted to do something special for it! He decided to take all of his money and go to Alexandria, in Mitzrayim, where there were coppersmiths who could do the most beautiful work in the world. He paid them a lot of money to make two huge doors for the Beis Hamikdash out of the finest copper that money could buy.

They worked very hard, and made two magnificent doors. Nikanor paid them, and hired a ship to bring the heavy doors to Eretz Yisroel.

On the way, there was a big storm, and the sailors were afraid the ship would sink! “It’s because of these heavy copper doors!” they cried out, and even though Nikanor begged them not to, they threw one of the doors into the sea. At first, the ship seemed to be doing better, but then it started to rock again like it would sink! The sailors wanted to throw the other door into the water too, but this time Nikanor held onto the door tightly! He yelled, “If you throw this one in, you will have to throw me in too!”

The sailors didn’t want to do that, and soon the storm ended and the ship made it to Eretz Yisroel. Nikanor was very sad that he had only one door for the Beis Hamikdash — but then, he saw something shining in the water! The second door didn’t sink, even though it was so heavy! It floated behind the ship, all the way to Eretz Yisroel!

The Chachomim decided not to cover these doors with gold, so that everyone will see the neis that Hashem made!

These doors were so heavy, it took 20 kohanim to open them! They were only opened on Shabbos and Yom Tov and if the king was there. On other days, you would go into the Azara using smaller doors on the sides of Shaar Nikanor.

 

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TEFILLAH

Asher Yatzar

The next bracha we say in Birchos Hashachar in the morning is Asher Yatzar. We say it in Birchos Hashachar for two reasons:

1) In the morning, we are like a new creation, a “Beryah Chadasha!” We are starting a new day, a new avodah. We thank Hashem for giving us this amazing guf that we can use to serve Hashem with!

2) The Chachomim teach us to say the bracha of Asher Yatzar after using the bathroom. Since we aren’t allowed to daven if we need to use the bathroom, and a person usually needs to use the bathroom in the morning, we will probably need to say Asher Yatzar at the beginning of Birchos Hashachar anyway.

In the bracha of Asher Yatzar, we speak about the amazing body Hashem gave us, and how incredible it is that it works just right!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Asher Yatzar

Every time we use the bathroom during the day, we say the bracha of Asher Yatzar.

After coming out of the bathroom, we wash our hands and say this bracha, thanking Hashem that our body is working well.

When we say the bracha of Asher Yatzar — just like with any other bracha — we shouldn’t be doing anything else, not even drying our hands. We should be paying attention to what we are saying, and appreciating that our body is working properly.

It is written in seforim that paying attention to the words that we say in this bracha, to thank Hashem for His kindness that our body is working properly, is a segulah for good health.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Yud-Daled

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Nevuah Will Come Back!

During the time of the second Beis Hamikdash, the Yidden no longer had Neviim. When Moshiach comes, we will again have Nevuah as a regular thing!

וְאֶת רוּחִי אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וְעָשִׂיתִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר בְּחֻקַּי תֵּלֵכוּ וּמִשְׁפָּטַי תִּשְׁמְרוּ וַעֲשִׂיתֶם

Hashem says through the Navi Yechezkel:

Ve’es Ruchi Etein Bekirbechem — I will put back the Ruach of Nevuah inside of you (which you didn’t have during Golus)

Ve’asisi Eis Asher Bechukai Teileichu — And I will make you want to follow in My mitzvos

U’mishpatai Tishmeru Va’asisem — And you will keep My mitzvos and do them!

One of the first things we will need to use nevuah for is building the Beis Hamikdash! We know many halachos from Hilchos Beis Habechirah (which we are learning now, during the Three Weeks), but the third Beis Hamikdash is not the same as the other ones! We can learn many details from the Navi Yechezkel, who was shown the third Beis Hamikdash, but not everything there is clear. Even though the Navi Yechezkel will be there with us, and will able to explain what is not clear, that won’t be enough. We will need nevuah, which Hashem will give back to the Yidden, to help us understand how to build everything right!

Then a Ruchnius Beis Hamikdash will come down from Shomayim and come into the Beis Hamikdash that we built. This will make it a Beis Hamikdash that will last forever!

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Vov, posuk Chof-Zayin and sicha Parshas Matos-Masei Tof-Shin-Lamed-Tes

 
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