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CHUMASH

Parshas Devarim - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu reviews with the Yidden how they captured the lands of Sichon and Og.

Sichon and Og: Moshe Rabbeinu reminds the Yidden how they won over Sichon and Og, the kings of the Emori, even though these kings were SO strong! Hashem told them to fight with these nations, and they did, completely capturing their land.

Part of their land went to Shevet Reuven and Gad, and part to some of the families of Shevet Menasheh.

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TEHILLIM

44 - 48

Today’s kapitelach are Mem-Daled through Mem-Ches.

Zzzzzz…

Think of somebody sleeping. Can you see how smart he is? Can you see how strong he is? How well he can draw? How fast he can run?

No — when a person is asleep, all of these kochos are hidden.

In one of today’s kapitelach, Dovid Hamelech says “Urah, Lomo Sishan Hashem?” — “Wake up, why are You sleeping, Hashem?”

Of course, Hashem doesn’t really sleep, but sometimes Hashem’s kochos are hidden from us, so it seems like a person who is asleep.

In Golus, it is like Hashem is sleeping. Can we see the amazing nissim of Hashem? Can we see His kedusha shining? No — they are hidden from us.

So we ask, “Hashem, please wake up!”

Chassidus teaches us that we should make sure not only to ask Hashem with our words, we should “wake Hashem up” with the things we do! When we show Hashem how we are doing mitzvos with all of our kochos, even when we have to give up things we want to do, then Hashem shows us all of His kochos, showing us nissim and bringing us the Geulah!

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Alef

In this letter, the first letter in Igeres Hakodesh, the Alter Rebbe is encouraging Chassidim to add extra chayus in their learning Torah, and especially their davening, so that their neshamos will be strong!

Yesterday, we learned the first part of this letter. That part was written before the Alter Rebbe left to Mezritch. This second part that we learn today was written after he left. By then, he had found out from his Rebbe (the Maggid) about his special shlichus in the world — and that it will be hard, and even dangerous for him to do it!

Yesterday we learned about the mashal of a person, who has TWO halves — a top and a bottom! The top half is very important, but we need the bottom half to help us get to where we need to be. Our top half is our mind and our heart, which we use to think about the greatness of Hashem and bring out feelings of Ahava and Yirah, to want to be and stay connected to Hashem. The lower half, starting from the waist, is in Ruchnius our Emunah in Hashem, which makes it possible to think about Hashem’s greatness and bring out these feelings during davening.

But this emunah needs a “belt”! When a person puts on a belt, he feels strong! We also need to put on a Ruchnius “belt” to feel our strong emunah. What is the belt? The halachos of Torah! They make our Emunah and Chayus in serving Hashem very strong! That is the meaning of the words of Shlomo Hamelech, “Chagra B’Oz Masneha” — the Yidden put a belt on their waist which is Oz (strength), Torah. (The Rebbe gave us the special takanah of learning Rambam, and also strengthened the takana of Chalukas Hashas. One of the things it does for us is that it gives us strength in our Emunah!)

The Alter Rebbe tells us that besides for strengthening our emunah by learning halacha and Torah Shebaal Peh, there is also a special time to make the upper part of our neshama strong — to make our Ahavas Hashem and Yiras Hashem strong. When is this? This is when we daven Shacharis! We need to use this chance and daven with all of our might!

Tomorrow, IY”H, in the last part of this letter, the Alter Rebbe will make some takanos to make sure that we use this time in the best way.

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HAYOM YOM

Ches Menachem Av

Every single day, after davening (even on all of the Yomim Tovim) we say the Sheish Zechiros, the six things we have to remember every day. (Do you know what each of them are?)

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The Rebbe Maharash used to say: How is Chassidus and Yiras Shomayim worth anything, if the main thing — Ahavas Yisroel — isn’t there! And especially if someone not only doesn’t have Ahavas Yisroel, but is even ready Chas Veshalom to hurt another person!?

The Torah tells us that the reason we are in Golus so long is because we have Sinas Chinam, we can’t get along with each other. When we fix this, we won’t need to be in Golus anymore!

So even though it is very important to be very frum and learn lots of Chassidus — the MAIN thing is to make sure we have Ahavas Yisroel, and chas veshalom never do anything to cause another Yid pain.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #79 - Mitzvas Asei #222

Today’s Sefer Hamitzvos is the same as yesterday’s (Mitzvas Asei #222) — that if a man and woman can’t stay married, the husband has to give his wife a get. (A get is a paper that shows that they are not married anymore.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְכָתַב לָהּ סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻת וְנָתַן בְּיָדָהּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Gitin.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Girushin

Today in Rambam (Perakim Daled, Hey, and Vov) we learn about the get and how a person can write it. A get can’t be written with invisible ink or juice that will disappear! It’s better not to write a get with a pencil, because it can be erased.

We also learn about how someone can give a get. A get has to be given to the woman. We learn the halachos if he throws her the get, or gives it to someone else to give to her.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Gezeilah VaAveidah - Perek Yud

One of the things we learn is what happens if a person robbed a field and then fixed up part of it, or planted or built something there.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Shabbos Chazon

Once there was a little boy, whose father loved him very much.

One day, the father decided to have a new suit made for his son. He chose fine fabric and polished buttons, and had the tailor work hard to sew a handsome suit.

The son was so grateful and so proud to have such a wonderful suit! He loved to wear it, knowing that it was a special gift from his father, who loved him so much.

But the little boy was not as careful as he should have been. He wore the suit even when he was playing outside with his friends, and soon the beautiful suit was torn and stained.

The little boy showed his father sadly how his suit was ruined and couldn’t be worn anymore.

The father loved his son, and had the tailor make another suit, as fine as the one before.

At first, the little boy wore his suit carefully. But after a while, he forgot again. Soon this suit as well was completely ruined.

The father again went back to the tailor, and had him make the suit again. But this time, he did not give the suit to his son. He hung it in the closet, telling his son that he would only get the suit when he showed that he now knew how to take care of it.

Every year, the father would pull the suit out of the closet, reminding his son to be careful so that he would deserve to have again such a beautiful suit to wear.

~

This story is a mashal told by R’ Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev.

We are like the little boy, Hashem is the father, and the handsome suit is our precious Beis Hamikdash. Twice we were not careful with the Beis Hamikdash, and twice it was destroyed. Hashem is ready to give us another one, but we first have to show that we have learned how to take care of it.

Every year, on Shabbos Chazon, Hashem shows us a “chazon” (a vision) of the Third Beis Hamikdash. Our neshama is able to see it, and it is reminded to behave as Hashem wants us to, so that we can merit to have the third Beis Hamikdash very soon!

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TEFILLAH

Akeidah

At the beginning of davening, as a way to prepare ourselves for davening properly, we read the story of the Akeida as it is written in Torah. On a day when we say Tachanun, we add a paragraph before and after the Akeida, asking Hashem to be good to us. We ask Hashem, just as Avraham Avinu went against his nature to do what Hashem wanted, Hashem should go against any nature of the world and do good for us!

The Gemara says that Hashem Himself says these words, saying that He should overlook any strictness against Yidden, and only do kindness for them. One of the things we ask Hashem in the paragraph after the Akeidah is that Hashem should do the greatest kindness, to bring us back to our land with Moshiach Tzidkeinu very soon!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Erev Shabbos Tisha B'Av

Even though we don’t eat fleishigs during the Nine Days, we are allowed to taste fleishige Shabbos food on Erev Shabbos to make sure it is good. (This taste is only a drop, to make sure it has the right spices.)

If men will be in shul for Maariv on Motzei Shabbos, they should bring their Tisha B’Av shoes there before Shabbos, because we aren’t allowed to wear them on Shabbos.

Since Tisha B’Av is on Shabbos this year, we won’t fast until Sunday. That means that Shabbos is Erev Tisha B’Av. On Erev Tisha B’Av we don’t learn after Chatzos, so we should try to say Chitas and learn about the Beis Hamikdash BEFORE davening. If someone forgot, he can still finish learning until Shkiah.

After Chatzos, we should learn about the Churban, or learn some of the sichos the Rebbe said on Shabbos when it was Erev Tisha B’Av!

We don’t eat a Seudah Hamafsekes this year, because we don’t do anything that looks like mourning on Shabbos. Instead, we eat a big Seudah Shlishis, but make sure to stop before Shkiah.

For more halachos of Tisha B’Av, see the Halacha Newsletter by Rabbi Shmuel Lesches from Melbourne, Australia

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Who Will Build the Third Beis Hamikdash?

Will we build the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi, or will it come down from Shomayim, already built?

In different places in Torah, it says different things! The Rebbe explains that BOTH will be true!

According to Chassidus, we can understand why it needs to be this way!

The first Beis Hamikdash was very special. It was given as a present from Hashem to the Yidden. But the Yidden didn’t deserve such a present, and didn’t treat it properly. That’s why it was destroyed.

The second Beis Hamikdash came through the hard work of Yidden. They had to first do teshuvah before they could start to build it. So they deserved this Beis Hamikdash! But Hashem didn’t give the same Ruchnius as with the first Beis Hamikdash. There was no Aron or Urim VeTumim, for example, and many of the nissim weren’t there.

But the third Beis Hamikdash will have BOTH maalos! It will come as a present to the Yidden, with all of the nissim, but it will also be made by us, in a way that we DESERVE it! That’s why we will build the Beis Hamikdash, AND it will come down from Shomayim. This way it will have both maalos — it will come through the work of Yidden, and as a present from Hashem!

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