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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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CHUMASH

Parshas Eikev - Shlishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is reminding the Yidden about the things that happened during the last forty years of traveling in the midbar. They are getting ready to go into Eretz Yisroel with Yehoshua!

“You are about to go into the special land of Eretz Yisroel! Don’t make a mistake and think that Hashem is taking out the goyim and letting you go in because you are tzadikim and you deserve it!”

Moshe Rabbeinu doesn’t want the Yidden to have gaava (to think about themselves and how important and special they are), because then they will be busy thinking about themselves, and won’t be able to think about Hashem and doing what Hashem wants!

“Remember that right after Matan Torah, you decided to make the Eigel — and remember what happened to everyone who helped!

“Remember all the times when you complained about food and water instead of having bitachon that Hashem will take care of whatever you need!

“Remember how you complained that you didn’t want to go into Eretz Yisroel after the Meraglim came back!

“So why are you going into Eretz Yisroel, if you don’t deserve it? Because the goyim are acting in ways that make Hashem upset, and He doesn’t want them to live there anymore. It is also because of the Mesiras Nefesh the Avos had to act the way Hashem wants, and Hashem’s promise to them that their children would get Eretz Yisroel.

“Don’t think that you can act however you want and still stay in Eretz Yisroel — you need to make sure to live the way Hashem tells you, in order to deserve to stay!”

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TEHILLIM

88 - 89

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Pey-Ches and Pey-Tes.

In Kapitel Pey-Tes, there’s a posuk, “Ki Amarti Olam Chesed Yibaneh” — Hashem said, “I will build a world of chesed.”

Chassidus explains that Hashem created the world with the midah of Chesed. Why did Hashem choose this midah?

To use the midah of Chesed, there needs to be someone else to give to or help. We see this with Avraham Avinu, whose strongest midah was the midah of Chesed. When there were no guests, it bothered him very much! Without someone to GIVE to, you can’t use Chesed.

This is one of the reasons Hashem created the world — so that He could show His Chesed! In order to use Hashem’s midah of Chesed, there needed to be a world to do Chesed for!

Hashem also gave each of us the Midah of Chesed! We use our Chesed when we have Ahavas Yisroel to help another Yid.

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

Since Hashem is so hidden in the world we need to do something special so that Hashem will give it chayus. When we give chayus to another Yid by giving tzedaka, Hashem gives chayus to the world!

Now we understand what it means, that someone who gives tzedakah “makes” Hashem’s name (“Vayaas Dovid Sheim”). Because when we give Tzedakah, it makes Hashem give chayus to Olam Hazeh which is made with the Hey of Hashem’s name, and not only to Olam Haba which is made with the letter Yud! So by giving Tzedakah, the letter Yud and ALSO the letter Hey give chayus — and only with the letter Hey is Hashem’s name complete!

This is another letter where the Alter Rebbe gets Chassidim excited to give more tzedakah, by explaining the special things that happen when we do this mitzvah.

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Ches Menachem Av

Here’s something that the Mitteler Rebbe heard from the Alter Rebbe about Ahavas Yisroel:

A Yid has to be so full of Ahavas Yisroel for another Yid, that no matter how hard it is to love him (like even if he is very annoying or hurt us), we will still love him and treat him with Ahavas Yisroel no matter what.

Here is a story that shows us that we need to have Ahavas Yisroel even when it is very hard:

A chossid once came to the Rebbe Rashab in yechidus. He told the Rebbe that he was at the doctor, and the doctor told him he has to take a very yucky medicine! He asked for a bracha that it should get easier.

The Chossid was very surprised at the answer he got: The Rebbe told him that he doesn’t even have a little bit of how much Ahavas Yisroel he really needs to have!

The Rebbe Rashab explained: “Do you think that Ahavas Yisroel is just dancing with another Jew on Simchas Torah? Ahavas Yisroel can be very hard! Sometimes it can even hurt!”

The Chossid understood that if he was careful with his Ahavas Yisroel, and was even ready to do things that were uncomfortable or hurt, in order to help another Yid, then the medicine wouldn’t bother him so much!

Heard from the Chossid R’ Moshe Rubin A”H

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #44 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #321

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #321) is the same as yesterday’s — not to go out of the Techum Shabbos. The Techum Shabbos is an area of 2,000 amos (about 1 kilometer, or over a half mile) surrounding the city. We aren’t allowed to travel past that point on Shabbos.

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Beshalach: אַל יֵצֵא אִישׁ מִמְּקֹמוֹ בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי

It means, “No person should leave his place on the seventh day.” The Gemara says that this means not to go more than 2,000 amos outside of the city. The Mechilta (a midrash on the Chumash) also teaches that this posuk is talking about not going out of the Techum Shabbos.

The Gemara in Mesechta Eiruvin teaches us the halachos about this mitzvah, and tells us that if someone does go outside of the Techum Shabbos, they get Malkos.

We will IY”H learn the halachos and details of this mitzvah in Rambam in two days!

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Shabbos

In today’s Rambam, we learn about not doing a sh’vus. A sh’vus is something which the Chachomim said is asur either because it is LIKE the way we do a melacha, or because it is something that might make someone forget and actually DO the melacha. Many of the things we don’t do on Shabbos are because of sh’vus.

All three perakim today (Chof-Alef, Chof-Beis, and Chof-Gimmel) teach us about different kinds of sh’vus. The Rambam organizes them according to which melacha they are based on.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Terumos - Perek Ches

The daughter of a kohen is allowed to eat terumah… unless she gets married to someone who is not a kohen! If a girl from a non-kohen family gets married to a kohen, she is allowed to start eating terumah because of her husband. We learn more halachos about this.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Yidden and the Moon - Part 1

We just celebrated Chamisha-Asar B’Av! We learned that there are many special things that happened to Yidden on this day, which makes it a Yom Tov.

One main point of this Yom Tov is that it shows how Yidden will have the greatest good when Moshiach comes after the terrible Churban that happened on Tisha B’Av.

This Yom Tov is in the middle of the month, when we have a full, round moon. Yidden are also compared to the moon, which grows to be full again after being small! The same way, even though the time of Tisha B’Av made the Yidden feel very small, Hashem made many good things happen for us on Chamisha-Asar B’Av, like the full, shining moon. This good will be complete when Moshiach comes.

Still, the Chachomim tell us only one lesson of what we need to do from this Yom Tov: Since the nights start getting longer, we should start learning more Torah, and Hashem will add life to our lives.

Of course, since the nights keep getting longer, we need to keep adding more in Torah each day!

But this lesson doesn’t seem to be connected to the full moon of this Yom Tov! The full moon lasts only one day, and then it gets smaller again. But the Torah learning we are adding in is supposed to become more every day!

So how is adding in learning Torah a lesson that is connected to the full moon of Chamisha-Asar B’Av?

We will IY”H learn the answer in the next shiur!

See farbrengen Parshas Va’eschanan Tof-Shin-Mem-Hey

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TEFILLAH

Pesukim After Ketores

After the parts of davening that speak about how the ketores is made, we say three pesukim which Dovid Hamelech put into Tehillim:

The posukHashem Tzeva’os Imanu” was said by Avraham Avinu. It means that Hashem is always with us and gives us koach.

The posukHashem Tzeva’os Ashrei Adam” was said by Yitzchak Avinu. It says that a person who trusts in Hashem is very fortunate!

The posukHashem Hoshia” was said by Yaakov Avinu. In this posuk, we ask Hashem to save us!

According to Kabbalah, saying these pesukim three times after saying the ketores has a very strong koach!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Korbanos

When we say the words in davening that speak about the korbanos, Hashem counts it as if we are actually bringing these korbanos!

We know that by learning about mitzvos that we can’t keep now, Hashem counts it like we are doing them. But that’s only if someone is actually learning and understanding it. So if someone doesn’t understand about the korbanos, is it worth it to say those parts of davening?

The Rebbe explains (based on what is written in the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch) that the words of these paragraphs themselves are like bringing the korbanos! Even if we didn’t learn about the korbanos and don’t understand them, Hashem still counts it as if we are bringing these korbanos, just by us saying the words.

As the posuk says, “Uneshalma Parim Sefaseinu,” that the words of our mouths are counted as if the actual korbanos were brought.

See Shulchan Menachem vol. 1, p. 189

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Kibbutz Galuyos

After the days of Shlomo Hamelech, the Yidden split into two groups, each with their own king. Unfortunately, they never got back together, and the group under the Malchei Yisrael was sent into Golus and lost.

But as we see in the words of the Neviim, when Moshiach comes, all of the Yidden will be gathered together again under one king!

The Navi Hoshea also says this in one of his nevuos:

וְנִקְבְּצוּ בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יַחְדָּו וְשָׂמוּ לָהֶם רֹאשׁ אֶחָד וְעָלוּ מִן הָאָרֶץ כִּי גָדוֹל יוֹם יִזְרְעֶאל

Venikbetzu Bnei Yehudah Uvenei Yisrael Yachdav — The Yidden of Yehudah and the Yidden of Yisrael will be gathered together

Vesamu Lahem Rosh Echad — And they will make themselves one leader

Ve’alu Min Ha’aretz — And they will go up from the land of Golus to Eretz Yisroel

Ki Gadol Yom Yizre’el — Because the day of Kibbutz Galuyos will be great!

See Hoshea perek Beis posuk Beis

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