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CHUMASH

Parshas Eikev - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is continuing to farbreng with the Yidden and speaking to them, to get them ready to go into Eretz Yisroel. He reminds them that all of the brachos they will have there are all from Hashem, and remembering this will help make sure the Yidden have the zechus to stay in Eretz Yisroel!

When you come into Eretz Yisroel, you will build houses and become rich. You might make a mistake and think that you have all of these things because you are special and smart! You might say “Kochi Ve’Otzem Yadi Asa Li Es HaChayil Hazeh!” “It was MY koach that made me have all of these good things!”

But the truth is that it is HASHEM who made all of the nissim in the Midbar, and it is the same HASHEM who will give you the koach to have hatzlacha in the things you are doing! “Vezacharta Es Hashem Elokecha, Ki HU Hanosein Lecha Koach Lasos Chayil!” “Remember HASHEM, because HE gives you the koach to succeed!”

If you forget and think about Avodah Zarah instead (chas veshalom), Hashem will not be happy. You will lose the special zechus to live in Eretz Yisroel!

Now you are going into a land with very strong kings. They are much stronger than you — but you don’t have to be afraid, because Hashem is with you and will help you conquer the land!

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TEHILLIM

83 - 87

Today’s Tehillim is kapitelach Pey-Gimmel to Pey-Zayin.

Every single kapitel in today’s Tehillim has a special niggun which was made in honor of the Rebbe’s Yom Huledes! Can you find the niggun in each one?

In Kapitel Pey-Daled, the posuk says “Yeilchu Mechayil El Choyil, Yeiro’eh El Elokim BeTzion.” This means that people who trust in Hashem go from strength to strength, and they go before Hashem in Yerushalayim.

The Rebbe tells us that Yeilchu Meichayil El Choyil, when we are always doing better than before, brings Yeiro’eh El Elokim Betzion, that we will be able to go to the Beis Hamikdosh! When we keep trying to do better, every single day and every single hour, we will bring Moshiach!

Chassidus says that there is a new chayus from Hashem that comes into the world, not just every day, but every hour! When that chayus comes, we get more opportunities to grow in Yiddishkeit! We need to make sure to use that new energy to do more!

See Yechidus to Bar/Bas Mitzvah 26 Nissan 5751

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

We are learning about how tzedakah “makes Hashem’s name.”

Hashem’s name is written with a Yud and a Hey. Each of these letters does something different:

The Yud of Hashem’s name gives chayus to Olam Haba, which is more ruchniyus’dik, and the Hey gives chayus to Olam Hazeh (here!), where Hashem is more hidden and we can’t feel the chayus as much.

In the beginning, there were no Yidden, and Hashem gave His chayus WITHOUT anyone doing anything! But after Adam HaRishon was created, and especially after the Yidden became Hashem’s nation, Hashem needs US to do mitzvos so He will give chayus to the world.

What mitzvah especially has this koach for Hashem to give chayus to the Hey, so that Olam Hazeh will be able to exist?

You guessed it! The mitzvah of tzedakah!

Because when we give chayus to another person by giving tzedakah, Hashem ALSO gives tzedakah — He gives chayus to the world!

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Zayin Menachem Av

Yesterday we said that Chassidus is like fire.

Why is this? The Tzemach Tzedek explained:

Fire is hot — it has lots of chayus! Chassidus is like fire because it gives chayus to the Torah that we learn. Chassidus explains the Neshama of the halachos that we learn. Even when the neshama is in Gan Eden, it learns the same halacha that we learn in the world! But since there is no Gashmius there, it learns the Ruchnius of the halacha.

Chassidus teaches us the Ruchnius of the halachos! When a Yid knows that his neshama will learn the same thing in Gan Eden as he is learning now, it gives him a special chayus!

That’s why Chassidus is compared to fire — because when we learn it, it lights a fire in our neshama and brings excitement to our learning.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #43 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #321

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos we learn another mitzvah about Shabbos (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #321): On Shabbos we can’t go more than 2,000 amos (about 1 kilometer, or over a half mile) outside of the city — that’s called Techum Shabbos.

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Beshalach: אַל יֵצֵא אִישׁ מִמְּקֹמוֹ בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי

The posuk means, “A person should not leave his place on the seventh day.” The Gemara says that this means not to go more than 2,000 amos outside of the city. The Mechilta (a midrash on the Chumash) says the same thing.

The Gemara in Mesechta Eiruvin teaches us the halachos about this mitzvah, and tells us that if someone does go outside of the Techum Shabbos, they get Malkos.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Shabbos

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning about the halachos of carrying, hotza’ah.

Perek Yud-Ches: We learn how much a person has to carry to be punished for the melacha of carrying on Shabbos. There are different amounts, depending on the type of thing. (Of course, it is still asur to carry any amount!)

At the end of this perek, there is a halacha that the Rebbe would quote many times: If a person carries a small amount of food — less than the shiur — even inside of a very big keili, he is not punished for the melacha, because he wants to carry the food inside, and not the container. One time the Rebbe quoted this halacha to show that even if a person has a big and beautiful house, since the main thing he wants is the sefarim inside, it is as if the house is full of seforim — a Bayis Molei Seforim! The rest of the house is just there for the main thing, the sefarim!

Perek Yud-Tes: We are allowed to wear things outside on Shabbos, and it isn’t a problem of hotza’ah. In this perek, we learn what is considered wearing and what is considered carrying. One halacha is that if you wear a box over your head to keep your clothes dry, it’s called carrying, because a box is not a regular kind of clothes! Only normal clothing is not called hotza’ah.

The Rambam tells us to make sure to check our pockets before Shabbos so we don’t carry by mistake!

Perek Chof: Since a person is not allowed to even let his animals do melacha on Shabbos, the Rambam teaches us the halachos of what an animal is not allowed to go out with on Shabbos. He also teaches us the rest of the halachos about not letting our animals or our servants do work on Shabbos.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Terumos - Perek Zayin

Today we learn that a kohen without a bris or a kohen who is tamei is not allowed to eat Terumah.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Leben Mit Der Tzeit

In today’s Chumash, Sheini of Parshas Eikev, Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden about the Midbar that they traveled through.

The Rebbe tells us that Moshe Rabbeinu wasn’t only talking about the Midbar that the Yidden went through on their way to Eretz Yisroel. He was also hinting to the long Golus that the Yidden are going through now! This last Golus before Moshiach comes is compared to a desert.

The way Moshe Rabbeinu tells us about the Midbar also teaches us what this Golus is all about, and shows us how we can fight the Golus and bring the Geulah!

The first thing Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden about the Midbar is that it was a Midbar Gadol V’Norah — a great and mighty desert. This shows us the first problem that Golus can give us: To make us think that the parts of the Golus are special and important. Really, a Midbar isn’t so great and special — it’s just a Midbar! Even though many parts of Golus SEEM so important, like being rich or famous — it’s just a Golus!

This also shows us the first way to FIGHT the Golus: By being a proud Jew! Don’t look at the Golus as so important, because there is nothing more special than being a Jew and keeping Torah and mitzvos!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Beis, Parshas Eikev (p. 371)

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TEFILLAH

Ketores

Since davening today is instead of the Avodah of the Beis Hamikdash, we say the words from Torah that speak about the Avodah every day in davening.

In the Beis Hamikdash, after bringing the Korban Tomid, they would bring the Ketores. So after reading the part of Torah speaking about the Korban Tomid, we read about the Ketores.

We say a short paragraph as an introduction, and then read the parsha of Ketores from the Chumash. Afterwards we say the words of the Mishna that explain the details of the mixture of spices.

The Arizal writes that speaking about the details of the Ketores is very special. It is connected with birurim, taking sparks of kedusha that are stuck in kelipah and elevating them again.

The Zohar in Parshas Vayakhel speaks at length about the special rewards we get for saying the Ketores every day, especially when we say it with kavana!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Adding in Learning Torah

At this time of year, the nights start getting longer. The Chachomim tell us that nights are for learning, so at this time of year, we need to add in learning Torah! They promise that when we spend more time learning, Hashem will give us more time to live!

Learning Torah is very important for everyone. One thing that happens when we learn Torah is that we are trying to understand Hashem’s Chochma. When our mind is used to thinking with Hashem’s Chochma, it will help us use that chochma every time we have to make a decision! This will help us always choose to do what Hashem wants.

So now is the time to make a hachlata to join a shiur in person, over the phone or online, start a shiur, or make a chavrusa.

See Farbrengen Parshas Va’eschanan Tof-Shin-Nun

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Hashem Always Loves the Yidden

The Navi Hoshea lived at the time of the first Beis Hamikdash.

The Yidden in the times of Hoshea were not following Hashem. They were serving Avodah Zarah and not listening to Hashem. In the first perek of Hoshea, the Navi gives the Yidden tochacha for not staying strong in serving Hashem.

In the second perek, we see that Hashem always loves the Yidden, no matter what. We will see this love revealed in the times of the Geulah!

וְהָיָה מִסְפַּר בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כְּחוֹל הַיָּם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִמַּד וְלֹא יִסָּפֵר וְהָיָה בִּמְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יֵאָמֵר לָהֶם לֹא עַמִּי אַתֶּם יֵאָמֵר לָהֶם בְּנֵי קֵ-ל חָי

Vehaya Mispar Bnei Yisrael — The amount of Yidden will be

Kechol Hayam — Like the sand by the sea

Asher Lo Yimad Velo Yisafer — Which can’t be measured or counted!

Vehaya Bimkom Asher Yei’amar Lahem Lo Ami Atem — And instead of the Yidden being called “Not My nation,”

Yei’amar Lahem Bnei Keil Chai — They will be called “Children of the living Hashem!”

In a short maamar of the Alter Rebbe, this posuk is explained:

The word the posuk uses to say “instead of” is “Bimkom,” which can also mean “in the place.” The Alter Rebbe explains that in the same place where the Yidden were called “Not My nation,” because of the aveiros they did, they will be called “Bnei Keil Chai,” children of Hashem.

Where is that place? Right here in the Gashmius’dike world!

This posuk is saying that when Moshiach comes, the Yidden will do a complete teshuvah. Then, there will be nothing stopping kedusha from shining right here in Olam Hazeh like it shines in Ruchnius’dike worlds!

Because of this teshuvah, we will be able to see Hashem in this Gashmius’dike world the way Hashem can nowadays only be seen in Olam Ha’Atzilus!

See Hoshea perek Beis, posuk alef; Maamarei Admor Hazakein Haketzarim – Hosafos, Maamar Peleg Elokim

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