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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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לזכות רחל בת ראשא ראזע לרפואה שלימה וקרובה
~ by the Duchman Family ~


מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש


Those who make Chitas for the month of Nissan possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות רפואה שלימה וקרובה לזאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל

The Gaerman Family
L'ilui Nishmas Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh
~ for her yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan ~


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Parshas Shemini - Sheini with Rashi

We learn about the Avodah done in the Mishkan on the eighth day of the Miluim, to prepare it for Hashem’s Shechinah to rest there.

The Yidden were sad that even though Moshe Rabbeinu had brought korbanos for seven days, the Shivas Yemei Hamiluim, Hashem’s Shechinah wasn’t resting yet in the Mishkan.

Moshe brought the Korban Tomid of the morning, like Hashem told him to.

Then after Aharon brought the rest of the korbanos of the day, he gave a bracha to the Yidden. Using the words of Birkas Kohanim, he asked Hashem to forgive him and all of the Yidden for the Cheit Ha’egel, so that Hashem would be able to rest in the Mishkan.

Then Aharon Hakohen came down from the Mizbeiach — but Hashem still didn’t send a fire down from Shomayim onto the korbanos! Aharon felt that it was his fault, because of the Cheit Ha’egel. He told Moshe that he shouldn’t have had him bring the korbanos, because now he is embarrassed.

Moshe and Aharon went together into the Mishkan, so that Moshe could show Aharon how to bring the ketores, and also so they could daven together that Hashem should rest in the Mishkan.

Then they came out and bentched the Yidden, using the posuk we have in Tehillim (90): “Vihi Noam Hashem Elokeinu Aleinu.” “Yehi Ratzon Shetishreh Shechinah Bemaasei Yedeichem” — Hashem’s Shechinah should rest in the Mishkan you built!



79 - 82

In today’s first kapitel, we have a posuk that we say out loud by our Seder! “Shfoch Chamos’cha El Hagoyim Asher Lo Yeda’ucha…” “Hashem, pour out Your anger on the goyim that don’t believe in You!”

It is our minhag to say this paragraph when we are sitting down.

Someone is sent with a candle to open the door, and then says this paragraph there. Everyone else waits for them before continuing the seder.

When the Frierdiker Rebbe was a young boy, his father the Rebbe Rashab told him that the seder is a special time to ask Hashem for good things. He should use this time to ask for Ruchnius, not for Gashmius! He should ask specifically to be a mentch, and especially at the time of Shefoch Chamos’cha.



Likutei Amarim Perek Mem

The Alter Rebbe is telling us that learning and davening and doing mitzvos by themselves, even though they are what Hashem wants and they are holy, but since we are doing them WITH gashmius, we need to fill it up with Ruchnius so it will go up closer to Hashem.

(Even though the main thing is DOING the mitzvah, we want our mitzvos to also shine and be beautiful, and for that we need to have kavana — to think about how we love Hashem and that we are ready to have Mesiras Nefesh to always be connected to Him.)

Even though love for Hashem is also a mitzvah, the whole point of this mitzvah is to give chayus into the other mitzvos. So it’s only called “wings” for other mitzvos, to make them “fly” up close to Hashem.



Tes-Zayin Nisan

On the second night of Pesach, we say Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah like every other night. (On the first night, we skip most of it, since it is Leil Shimurim, and Hashem is watching over us even MORE than usual.)

Before we ask the Mah Nishtana, we say, “Tatteh, Ich Vil Bai Dir Fregen Fir Kashes” — “Tatteh, I am going to ask you four questions.” This is part of the nusach of the Haggadah, and we don’t change it! Just like in bentching, a person also says “Es Avi Mori… Ve’es Imi Morasi” (“Hashem should bentch my father and my mother”), even if their parents are R”L not alive anymore, a person says “Tatteh Ich Vil Bai Dir Fregen,” whether or not his parents are there.



Shiur #263 - Mitzvas Asei #245

We start a new Sefer in Rambam, called Kinyan (acquiring)!

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #245) is that we need to follow the halachos about when something is counted as sold. The Torah teaches us that the person who bought it has to show it belongs to him, like by picking it up.



Hilchos Mechirah

In today’s Rambam, we learn halachos of buying things.

In Perek Alef we learn about buying a field or house. Just saying that you are selling it doesn’t make it sold according to halacha! There are three ways that make the sale happen: One is by giving money. The second is with a shtar document. The third way is by the person walking through it, getting a key, locking it or other things that show that it is his.

In Perek Beis we learn how to buy a slave to work for you, and how to buy an animal.

In Perek Gimmel we learn about buying things like furniture, and the Chachomim said that it is bought by shlepping it or picking it up.



Hilchos Isurei Biah - Perek Daled

This perek has many halachos about what is asur when a woman is tomei.



Haggadah Shel Pesach

An explanation from the Rebbe on Mah Nishtanah:

Golus is like night. During the day, the sun shines, everything is clear, and we can see what’s happening. At night, it is dark. We can’t see everything, and it can be very confusing.

A Jewish child asks, “Mah Nishtanah Halaila Hazeh?” “Why is the Geulah from this Golus different than the Geulah from every other Golus?”

Each question shows how the Geulah will be so much greater than any other Geulah:

- Dipping: To become tahor, we dip in the mikvah. By this Geulah, Hashem will make us completely tahor, for the guf and the neshama!
- Chometz: Our aveiros come from gaavah, which is puffed up like chometz! When Moshiach comes, everyone will have complete bittul, and we will not want to do anything that separates us from Hashem.
- Maror: Even though they are healthy and make our food yummier, a person can live without vegetables. When Moshiach comes, we will see how all of the gashmius things are extra, and they will feel like maror to us — something bitter!
- Leaning: When Moshiach comes, we will be completely relaxed! We know we won’t ever have to go back into Golus again. We will be able to really recline, because we will be free!

But how can we have such a great Geulah, if this Golus is so hard?

The answer is that “Avadim Hayinu LeParaoh BeMitzrayim!” When the Yidden were in Mitzrayim, they also had a very hard Golus, but Hashem saved them anyway! Hashem will do that again — even if it seems like it’s impossible.

(Later in Hayom Yom we will learn another explanation of Mah Nishtana!)

See sicha of Pesach 5732

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Sefiras Haomer

Today we start a very special mitzvah that we will be doing all the way until Shavuos. This mitzvah is called Sefiras Ha’omer!

Right after Shemoneh Esrei of Maariv, we do this mitzvah, counting the days until Matan Torah. (If we forgot to count in Maariv, we can still count with a bracha until Alos Hashachar.)

This is a mitzvah from the Torah!

Right after experiencing Yetziyas Mitzrayim, we also want to feel how the Yidden felt when they left the tumah of Mitzrayim. They didn’t just leave the tumah, they also counted the days to prepare themselves, making themselves more aidel in order to get the Torah.

We also prepare ourselves day by day during Sefiras Ha’omer to prepare for Matan Torah. We slowly teach our Yetzer Hara how to serve Hashem, through the steps of Sefiras Ha’omer. When we get to Shavuos, we will be much more aidel and ready to receive the Torah!



Morid Hatal

Pesach is a Yom Tov connected to a season. Pesach always needs to be in the spring. So on the first day of Pesach, in Musaf, we start saying a piece of davening connected to the spring and summer: Morid Hatal. We stop praising Hashem for the rain and start praising Him for dew!

This looks like just two little words in Shemoneh Esrei. But in halacha, these words are very important. We are only allowed to talk about Hashem’s praise for rain in its proper time.

If someone says “Mashiv Haruach U’Morid Hageshem” by mistake, even if he realizes right away, he needs to go back to the beginning of Ata Gibor and say this bracha again.

If someone realizes that he said “Mashiv Haruach U’Morid Hageshem” instead of “Morid Hatal” after saying Hashem’s name in the bracha at the end of this paragraph (“Baruch Ata Hashem Mechayeh Hameisim”), then he has to go back to the beginning of Shemoneh Esrei and say it again.

If someone only realizes before the next tefillah (like Mincha, or Maariv, or Shacharis for the next day), he should daven Shemoneh Esrei twice to make up for his mistake.

What happens if someone wasn’t paying so much attention and can’t remember if he said Morid Hatal or Mashiv Haruach? It depends what his habit is. If it is still less than 30 days since starting to say Morid Hatal, he still has the habit of saying Mashiv Haruach U’Morid Hageshem. We say that he probably still said it, and he needs to daven Shemoneh Esrei again.

But if it is more than 30 days since starting Morid Hatal, his habit is to say Morid Hatal already. He probably said Morid Hatal if he wasn’t paying attention, and he doesn’t have to say Shemoneh Esrei again.

In the first Shemoneh Esrei of Chol Hamoed (in Maariv), we will start saying Vesein Beracha. We will IY”H learn the halachos of those words tomorrow.

See Shevach Hamoadim, dinim of Morid Hatal

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Doing Mitzvos to Bring Moshiach

We will soon learn in Tanya one kavana that a Yid should have when he does mitzvos, that the mitzvah should help all of the Yidden and bring the Shechinah into the world.

Nowadays, Rebbe shows us how even kids can do mitzvos with this special kavana!

The Rebbe told us that every mitzvah we do could bring Moshiach and bring the Shechinah into the world! When we do mitzvos to bring Moshiach now, we are doing mitzvos with this special kavana which we learn in Tanya!

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