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CHUMASH

Parshas Naso - Shishi

Yesterday we started to learn about the presents that the Nesiim brought on the day the Mishkan was set up. We learned the presents of the first five Nesiim.

Today we learn the rest of the presents that the Nesiim brought for Chanukas Hamzbeiach:

Here is the order they brought their korbanos:

Vov NisanNasi for Shevet Gad: Eliasaf ben De’uel
Zayin Nisan (Shabbos) — Nasi for Shevet Efrayim: Elishama ben Amihud
Ches NisanNasi for Shevet Menashe: Gamliel ben Pedahtzur
Tes NisanNasi for Shevet Binyamin: Avidan ben Gidoni
Yud NisanNasi for Shevet Dan: Achiezer ben Amishadai
Yud-Alef NisanNasi for Shevet Asher: Pagiel ben Ochran
Yud-Beis NisanNasi for Shevet Naftali: Achira ben Einan

Even though all of their presents were exactly the same, the Torah tells us every detail of the present of each Nasi! This is because they had different kavanos when they brought these things.

 
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TEHILLIM

69 - 71

In one of today’s kapitelach (Ayin-Alef) there are four niggunim! It was the Rebbe’s 70th birthday kapitel and chassidim were so happy that they made many niggunim!

One of them is on the words “Kemofes Hayisi LoRabim, VeAta Machsi Oz.” Dovid Hamelech says, “I was an example to many people, and You give me strength!” When a Yid acts in a way that will be a Dugma Chaya for other people, Hashem gives him special hatzlacha in everything he does!

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Daled

The Alter Rebbe is explaining how even though everything is part of Hashem’s chayus, it looks like it exists on its own.

The Medrash says that even if everyone in the world would get together and try to figure out how to create even just a little tiny wing of a mosquito (from nothing) and make it alive, they wouldn’t be able to!

That is because Hashem made the world out of NOTHING. This is something no one can understand, and something that only Hashem can do!

Today the Alter Rebbe tells us that the SAME thing is with the way Hashem HIDES in the world.:

Hashem made everything in such an amazing way! (Even if we only know a little bit about Hashem’s world, we can already see how everything is made exactly the way it needs to be!). So just by looking at the world, everyone should be able to figure out right away that Hashem made it all and is giving it chayus every second!

But it is NOT that way. We have to THINK about it to know that Hashem made everything and is the chayus of the world. And still, there are even people who say that the world made itself and there is chas veshalom NO Hashem!

How can this be?

Because the SAME GREAT Hashem who made the world with the SAME GREATNESS hid Himself in the world SO WELL, that nobody will know that He made it! Only when a Yid thinks and uses the kochos of his neshama can he know and feel it.

This hiding is from the name of Hashem called Elokim while Hashem making the world is with the name Yud- Kay-Vov-Kay.

When we praise Hashem in the beginning of Shemoneh Esrei, we use the words “Hagadol” and “Hagibor,” “great” and “mighty.” This is talking about these two infinite kochos of Hashem of Chesed and Gevurah, the power to create everything from nothing (HagadolChesed), and the power to hide in it, so it looks like it exists on its own (Hagibor — Gevurah).

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Gimmel Sivan

The Tzemach Tzedek would make many niggunim! He used to sing while he would learn Torah, and sometimes would stop learning or writing to sing a niggun.

The Rebbe Maharash said that the Tzemach Tzedek’s niggunim were connected to what he was learning — he could tell what the Tzemach Tzedek was learning by what niggun he sang.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #305 - Mitzvas Asei #246

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #246) — a Beis Din needs to judge cases about money according to the halachos the Torah teaches.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an

In today’s Rambam, we learn more halachos about how a Beis Din should decide when people come with an argument about money.

In Perek Daled, we learn that the Beis Din can only force the person to make a shevuah if they know exactly how much they disagree about. So if one person says, “You borrowed a wallet full of coins,” and the other person says, “you only gave me 10 coins,” then he doesn’t have to make a shevuah, since we don’t know how many coins were in the wallet. But if one person says, “You borrowed this bag of grain filled to the top,” and the other person says, “it was only filled to this line when you gave it to me,” then he DOES have to make a shevuah, since that is like a measurement.

Perek Hey tells us when we don’t need to make a shevuah according to Torah, but the Chachomim tell us that we should make another kind of shevuah, called a “Shevuas Heses.” One example for this is an argument about a field. So if one person says, “you sold me two fields!” and the other person says, “I only sold you one,” he needs to make a Shevuas Heses. Also, for servants, “IOU notes,” or hekdesh, there is no shevuah from the Torah — only a Shevuas Heses.

Perek Vov: In this perek, the Rambam talks about how the Beis Din makes sure that people are telling the truth in Beis Din.

Some of the halachos talk about what happens if it seems like the person is a liar. If a person is a liar in Beis Din, he can’t make a shevuah (a very strong promise) which would make him potur from paying. Instead, he just has to pay. But a person is only considered a liar by the Beis Din if he says something in front of them, and then someone else brings two witnesses who say that they saw the opposite.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Eidus - Perek Chof-Alef

Perek Chof-Alef teaches us specific examples about when Eidim Zomemim, witnesses that we proved to be lying, have to pay money to the person they were lying about:

If Eidim Zomemim lied and said that Reuven had to pay back $500 last week, and Reuven says he only has to pay it back next year, the Eidim Zomemim owe Reuven money! They pay him however much it is worth to be able to use $500 for a year.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Yud-Gimmel Sivan

Today is the first day after the Yemei Tashlumin to bring Korbanos for Shavuos. That means that the whole Yom Tov of Shavuos is over.

The Rebbe explains to us that there is something very special about this day!

Why?

A Yid has an achrayus to always add more in kedushaMaalin Bakodesh!

How can we add MORE in kedusha when we just finished such a special Yom Tov?

The answer is that the main point of Torah is to USE it to live the way Hashem wants. We learn a lot of Torah, and we learn from it how we should act. The lesson of the day after Shavuos is to take all of the Torah we learned and got, and make it part of how we live!

The chayus of Shavuos and the days afterwards made us want to make hachlatos in learning and teaching Torah. Now is our chance to start keeping these hachlatos, even on a regular weekday! That is true Maalin Bakodesh, and that’s what’s special about Yud-Gimmel Sivan!

 

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TEFILLAH

Story

The Rebbe told over this story many times during farbrengens — more than ten times throughout the years!

The Rebbe heard this story from the Frierdiker Rebbe, who said it in the name of the Rebbe Rashab, about his father-in-law, the son of the Tzemach Tzedek, whom the Frierdiker Rebbe was named after:

HoRav HaTzadik R’ Yosef Yitzchok, the son of the Tzemach Tzedek, was married to the daughter of R’ Yaakov Yisroel Cherkasser (who was not a Chabad chossid). While Chabad Chassidim daven for a long time, with a lot of hisbonenus, other types of Chassidim did not follow this derech. They would just daven together with the minyan, however long that took.

When R’ Yaakov Yisroel Cherkasser asked R’ Yosef Yitzchok about his derech in davening, R’ Yosef Yitzchok answered that he davensBetzibur.” (This usually means davening with a minyan.) R’ Yaakov Yisroel was happy to hear that his son-in-law followed the same derech as him!

Once, however, R’ Yaakov Yisroel sent someone to call his son-in-law, and the messenger saw that he was still davening! R’ Yaakov Yisroel wondered why he was still davening, because the minyan had already finished!

A little while later, he sent his servant again, and he saw that R’ Yosef Yitzchok was still davening!

This happened a few times until R’ Yosef Yitzchok was finally finished davening, which took a long time. R’ Yaakov Yisroel Cherkasser asked his son-in-law, “Didn’t you say that you try to daven Betzibur?”

He answered that he heard from his father the Tzemach Tzedek, in the name of the Alter Rebbe, that the word “tzibur” comes from the word “Litzbor,” to gather. We gather together all of the ten kochos of the neshama, and all of the sparks of kedusha that we came in contact with, when we daven. That takes a long time!

See Likutei Sichos Chelek Beis p.477

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Davening Quietly

The best way to daven Shemoneh Esrei is to say the words quietly, but in a way that you can hear it by yourself.

Still, if someone said the words of Shemoneh Esrei so quietly that only his lips were moving, and he couldn’t hear the words, he is still yotzei.

But if someone just THOUGHT the words without saying them at all, it is not counted as davening.

In Tanya, the Alter Rebbe explains why saying words is so important:

The reason the neshama came into the world was not to make itself holy, but to make the body and the world holy, by using them for kedusha. Thinking does use the body, but not in a way that we can see. To do most mitzvos, we are supposed to actually say words or do things, which use Gashmius in a way that can easily be seen. That’s why even with the mitzvah of davening, where the main thing is kavana, it is very important to actually SAY the words using at least our lips. This way the neshama is able to use the guf for kedusha, which is the reason it came down into a guf.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Kuf-Alef and Tanya Perek Lamed-Ches

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Leviim Le'Asid Lavo

At the end of Parshas Naso, we learn that the Leviim carried the kelim of the Mishkan in the Midbar. The Navi Yeshaya says that when Moshiach comes, they will have Techiyas Hameisim, and will need to make themselves tahor to do their avodah! This is what will be said to the Leviim at that time:

סוּרוּ סוּרוּ צְאוּ מִשָּׁם טָמֵא אַל תִּגָּעוּ צְאוּ מִתּוֹכָהּ הִבָּרוּ נֹשְׂאֵי כְּלֵי ה׳

Suru Suru — Turn away, turn away!

Tze’u Misham — As you go away from there,

Tamei Al Tiga’u — Don’t touch anything tamei.

Tze’u Mitocha — When you go out of the Golus,

Hibaru Nosei Klei Hashem — Make yourself tahor, Kohanim and Leviim who carried Hashem’s keilim in the Midbar!

The Kohanim and Leviim will have to become tahor, because they will need to do the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi!

See Yeshaya perek Nun-Beis posuk Yud-Alef and Pirush Rashi

 
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נפטר ב' מנחם אב ה'תשע"ג

 
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