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NOTE: Chitas should be learned only after Chatzos.
Rambam and Sefer Hamitzvos should be learned only after the fast is over.

 

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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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CHUMASH

Parshas Va'eschanan - Rishon with Rashi

Moshe tells the Yidden how he wished he could go into Eretz Yisroel.

Va’eschanan — Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden how he begged Hashem to be able to go into Eretz Yisroel. He knew that Hashem already told him no, but he hoped that gezeira would be taken away! After capturing the land of Sichon and Og, which would later become part of Eretz Yisroel, he davened to Hashem to let him go across the Yarden into Eretz Yisroel too.

But Hashem still said no. Moshe Rabbeinu was able to look at Eretz Yisroel, but only Yehoshua would lead them there.

Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden that they should realize how kind Hashem was to them! Even though they did aveiros, they would be able to go into Eretz Yisroel.

The Yidden should be very careful not to take away anything from Hashem’s mitzvos, or add to Hashem’s mitzvos. By staying close to Hashem, that is how they are alive and ready to go into Eretz Yisroel!

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TEHILLIM

49 - 54

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Mem-Tes to Nun-Daled.

In today’s Tehillim, in Kapitel Nun-Gimmel, it talks about the churban of the Second Beis Hamikdash. At the end of the kapitel, Dovid Hamelech says how he hopes Hashem will save the Yidden!

This posuk is TWICE in Tehillim! Once in Kapitel Yud-Daled, and once here.

The Medrash says that both times where it says “Mi Yitein,” hoping that Hashem will give the Geulah, also matches with two places in Torah where it says these words “Mi Yitein!”

In one place in the Torah, Hashem says how He hopes the Yidden will all have Yiras Shomayim, and in the other place, Moshe Rabbeinu hopes that all of the Yidden will be neviim. The Medrash says that both of these will come true when Moshiach comes!

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Daled

Many letters in Igeres HaKodesh are about how special it is to give Tzedakah. This is another one:

The Gemara says that the Geulah will come because the Yidden give Tzedakah!

To understand this better, we learn that every Yid has two kinds of feelings:

Chitzonius HaLev: If someone thinks about Hashem and the zechus he has to do Hashem’s mitzvos, the excitement he feels is Chitzonius HaLev.

Pnimius HaLev: This is an even STRONGER feeling — it doesn’t come from thinking — it comes from VERY deep inside a Yid’s neshama!

We can see an example for Pnimius HaLev from a Gashmius’dike feeling: Sometimes a person wants something or cares about something VERY IMPORTANT! He doesn’t need to think about it, he FEELS how much he needs it! It is so strong a person can even do things for it that make no sense! (It comes from such a deep place in the neshama — it’s even higher than sechel, the part of us that understands!)

Understanding the levels of feeling a Yid has in Avodas Hashem will help us understand the kind of personal Geulah that the mitzvah of tzedakah brings to a Yid!

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HAYOM YOM

Tes Menachem Av

We learn many of the minhagim that we keep on the fast of Tisha B’av.

At Mincha on Tisha B’Av, we say Shema (because we put on Tefillin in Mincha, not Shacharis), then finish the end of ShacharisShir Shel Yom, Ein K’Elokeinu — and the things we usually learn right after Shacharis, and then daven Mincha. We don’t say the BrachaShe’asa Li Kol Tzorki” until the next day.

Since Torah makes a Yid happy, on Tisha B’av we aren’t allowed to learn all of the parts of Torah! We learn about the Churban or other sad things.

Every year, the Rebbe Rashab would learn the Medrash on Eichah. It has a lot of stories and explanations from the Chachomim in the times of the Gemara, about the Churban. He would also learn the part of Gemara that tells the story of the Churban, in Mesechta Gittin.

In the morning, after Shacharis, he would say the whole Kinos (poems that the Chachomim wrote, where we cry to Hashem about the Golus — “Ad Mosai!”). Then he would say Eichah.

We lein the Torah and a Haftorah in Shacharis AND Mincha. The Rebbe Rashab would get the Maftir Aliyah (the last part of the Torah reading, and then reading the Haftorah) sometimes in both Shacharis and Mincha.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #35 - Mitzvas Asei #215

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos we learn the same mitzvah again — (Mitzvas Asei #215) that every Jewish boy needs to have a Bris Milah. A father has a mitzvah to make sure his son has one.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Lech Lecha: הִמּוֹל לָכֶם כָּל זָכָר
The details are explained in Mesechta Shabbos perek Yud-Tes and Mesechta Yevamos perek Daled.

We also say the beginning of the Rambam’s nusach in davening. (This is one of the places where people who do Sefer Hamitzvos say the exact same thing as those who learn 3 perakim of Rambam!)

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Milah - Tefillos MiKol Hashana

In today’s Rambam, we learn the halachos about how to do a bris and which brachos to say.

Perek Beis: We are allowed to make a bris on Shabbos, but we need to prepare everything before Shabbos. If we forgot, we need to do the Bris Milah the next day.

Perek Gimmel: We learn the brachos we say when we do a Bris Milah. There is a bracha for the mohel, and a bracha for the father.

Then we end the second sefer of Rambam! As an addition to this sefer, where we learned the halachos of davening, we start reading through the whole davening according to the Rambam’s siddur.

If you pay attention, you will see many differences between our nusach and the Rambam’s nusach!

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Matnos Aniyim - Perek Tes

We learn that every city should have a Gabbai who is in charge of giving out Tzedakah to people who need. Everyone in the city should give money to this Gabbai for him to give out to the poor.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Tisha B'Av

Tisha B’Av is a good time to make hachlatos. Here’s why:

If you’re old enough to fast, how many times do you think about how you’re hungry and you want to eat? If you’re younger, how many times do you want a freeze pop or a cookie and then remember that it’s Tisha B’Av? How does that make you feel?

Probably, you think about how Tisha B’Av is almost over, and you can’t wait to eat then.

But there is something more we should be thinking about!

The reason we fast on Tisha B’Av is that the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed because of our aveiros, like only having Ahavas Yisroel for people we like or people who give us things. We fast because that helps us do teshuvah and fix up the reason that the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed.

So when you feel hungry, don’t go look at the clock — think about how you’re going to have more Ahavas Yisroel!

When Hashem sees that we make good hachlatos, He gives us the reward right away — even before we start actually doing it! So with our good hachlatos today about having Ahavas Yisroel and fixing up the reason for the Churban, Hashem will certainly give us our big reward — Moshiach now!

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TEFILLAH

Nacheim on Tisha B'Av

In Mincha on Tisha B’Av, we add an extra paragraph in the bracha of Bonei Yerushalayim. This paragraph starts with the word “Nacheim,” which means to comfort. In Nacheim, we ask Hashem to comfort the Yidden for the Churban, and to rebuild the Beis Hamikdash.

The Arizal says that one of the reasons that we say Nacheim now is that during Mincha time on Tisha B’Av, Moshiach was born. This means that right when the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed, Hashem was already planning the Geulah, when the third Beis Hamikdash would be built!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Washing Hands on Tisha B'Av

When we wash Negel Vasser, we only wash up until the knuckles, because the tumah only reaches until there on Tisha B’Av. (Washing for bread is not because of this kind of tumah, and if we need to wash for bread, we wash our whole hand.)

Right after Tisha B’Av, we wash Negel Vasser on our whole hand. During Tisha B’Av, because we had a lower level of kedusha from the sadness of the fast, the tumah doesn’t come onto our whole hand. That’s why we only wash until our knuckles. When the kedusha comes back to us after the fast is over, the tumah tries to come along also. We wash our whole hands Negel Vasser to remove this tumah.

For detailed halachos of Tisha B’Av, see the Halacha Newsletter prepared by Rabbi Shmuel Lesches, Melbourne, and the Day by Day Halacha Newsletter prepared by Rabbi Sholom Osdoba, London

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The End Will Be Good!

On Tisha B’Av we read Eichah, not only at night, but also when we finish Kinos during the day.

Megillas Eicha is a nevuah written by the Navi Yirmiyah. He saw that the way the Yidden were acting would make Hashem let there be a Churban, and he tried to warn the Yidden to do teshuvah. He told his talmid, Boruch ben Neriah, to write down the nevuah Hashem told him about what would happen if the Yidden didn’t do teshuvah.

The Navi’s words were read to the king, Yehoyakim. The king got so angry he ripped up the scroll and threw it into the fire! Hashem told Yirmiyah to write down his nevuah again. Yirmiyah did, and also added another perek at the end. This is the megillah of Eicha.

The words of Megillas Eicha are very sad. They talk about the terrible things that will happen in the times of the Churban, and all of these things did come true.

The Tzemach Tzedek wrote Reshimos on Eicha, where he explains that these nevuos can also be talking about the Geulah! They may look sad, but really there is a very happy meaning.

For example, the very first posuk in Megillas Eicha starts, “Eicha Yashva Badad, Ha’ir Rabosi Am,” “Oh, how Yerushalayim now sits alone, the city that was so full of people…”

The Tzemach Tzedek explains that this is talking about the time of Moshiach! Then, the Yidden alone will sit in Yerushalayim, not bothered by any of the nations around them.

In a maamar, the Rebbe explains the connection between the pshat of Eicha, which is so sad, and the Chassidus which explains things in such a happy way!

The Churban didn’t just happen as something for itself. Hashem set things up that first there needs to be a Churban and a Golus, and only then can there be a Geulah. One thing brings the next!

We know about this from the maamar of Bosi Legani: First there were seven aveiros that took the Shechinah further and further away from the world, and then seven tzadikim brought it back, until Moshe Rabbeinu was able to build the Mishkan. First things get harder, but then Hashem makes them much better even than before!

The same thing is with the Churban. First Hashem made the pshat of Eicha come true, the terrible things that happened with the Churban. But then this will bring us to the Geulah, when all of the wonderful explanations of Megillas Eicha will come true!

IY”H we will see this very very soon!

See Maamar Eicha 5731

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