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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח אברהם אהרן הלוי בן הוו״ח שניאור זלמן יששכר געציל רובאשקין
ליום היארצייט שלו ט׳ ניסן

L’ilui Nishmas
Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh ~ yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan

in honor of the engagement of Mendy Rapoport and Lakey Kulek
May the chasunah take place in a good and auspicious time, and may they build a Binyan Adei Ad!

 
 

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CHUMASH

Parshas Metzora - Sheini with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we learn the second part of what the Metzora needs to do to become tahor again.

Once the kohen sees that the tzoraas is gone, the first step of becoming tahor is what we learned yesterday, using two birds, water, and the eizov. Then the person needed to shave and go to the mikvah. On the seventh day, he needed to shave his hair again and go to the mikvah again!

Now he is tahor, but he is still Mechusar Kaparah, his kaparah is not complete. He still needs to bring his korbanos! We learned yesterday that on the eighth day, the person brings three korbanos — a Korban Chatas, Asham, and Olah, as well as a Korban Mincha and a log of oil.

In today’s Chumash, we learn how these korbanos are brought:

The Korban Asham is brought like every other Korban Asham, in the tzafon (north) side of the Chatzer. Then the kohen takes some of the blood of the korban, and puts it on the person’s right ear, thumb, and big toe.

Then the kohen takes some of the oil and pours it into his palm. Using his right finger, the kohen sprinkles oil towards the Kodesh Hakodoshim seven times. Then he puts oil onto the same places he put the blood: On the person’s right ear, thumb, and big toe. Whatever oil is left in the kohen’s palm should be put on the person’s head.

Then the kohen brings the Korban Chatas, and finally the Korban Olah, together with the Mincha that goes along with each korban. Then the kaparah is complete, and the person is fully tahor from his tzoraas.

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TEHILLIM

18 - 22

In today’s Tehillim, we have a kapitel that we say every day: Kapitel Chof.

On some days we say it in davening, but on a day when we don’t say Tachanun (like during the whole Chodesh Nissan!), it’s not in davening. The Frierdiker Rebbe made a takana to say this kapitel every day, even on a day when we don’t say Tachanun. So on those days, we say Kapitel Chof right after davening, before the daily Tehillim

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Tes

In Tanya we learn that our mitzvos won’t have “wings” to fly up to Hashem if we don’t do mitzvosLishma.”

What does “Lishma” mean? It means that we can’t do the mitzvah just because that’s what our parents or teachers taught us to do. We need to do the mitzvah with a love for the mitzvah and the fear of being separated from Hashem through an aveira.

When e do mitzvos in this way, our mitzvos will have their “wings” to fly up to Hashem.

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HAYOM YOM

Gimmel Nisan

Yesterday was the Yom Hilula of the Rebbe Rashab. Today we learn some of the Rebbe Rashab’s regular shiurim:

- A parsha of Chumash with Rashi
- A perek of Torah, Neviim, and Kesuvim baal peh
- A perek of Mishnayos
- Gemara Le’iyun (learning in depth) to finish 2 blatt a week
- Gemara Le’girsa (learning not as in depth) — 3 blatt a day
- some of Talmud Yerushalmi
- Poskim (like the Shulchan Aruch, but not every day)
- Midrash Rabbah — to finish the whole thing every year (he would finish the longer weeks of Medrash in weeks when the Medrash was shorter)

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #295 - Mitzvas Asei #197, Lo Saasei #234

In today’s Rambam, we are starting a new set of halachos: The halachos about borrowing or lending money. There are many mitzvos about this, and today we are learning two of them:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #197) To lend money to poor people, to make their life a little bit easier. The Rambam says that this is even more important than tzedakah! That’s because people don’t want to become poor and need to ask for money — it will be very embarrassing for them! When you give them a loan, you save them from needing to ask for tzedakah!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: אִם כֶּסֶף תַּלְוֶה אֶת עַמִּי אֶת הֶעָנִי עִמָּךְ

The details are explained in many places in Mesechta Kesubos and Mesechta Bava Basra.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #234) Not to ask a person to pay back your loan if you know he can’t.

We learn this mitzvah from the same posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: לֹא תִהְיֶה לוֹ כְּנשֶׁה

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh

In Perek Alef, we learn that it’s a special mitzvah to give a loan to a poor person, or anyone who needs it. Lending money is a very big mitzvah!

But borrowing money is a very serious thing too — if a person borrows money when he does not need to, and then can’t pay back the loan, he is called a rasha.

Perek Beis teaches us how the Chachomim helped make it easier for us to lend money: After the time of the Gemara, there were a lot of sneaky people who said they couldn’t pay back their loans — even though they really could. The Chachomim decided to force people to make a shevuah (a very strong Torah promise in Hashem’s name) in front of the Beis Din if they said that they did not have money. That stopped people from lying, and kept everyone from being afraid to lend money!

We also learn the halacha that when someone gives a loan, he should have witnesses, a mashkon, or a contract, to show that it is a serious thing and make sure all of the details of the loan are clear (like the exact amount he lent).

In Perek Gimmel the Rambam teaches us about a mashkon: A mashkon (a security) is when someone takes an object from someone he lent money to, and gives it back when he is paid back. We learn the details of mitzvos we will be learning later, like not taking a mashkon from an almanah (widow), or not taking a mashkon from keilim that are used to make food with.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tumas Tzoraas - Perek Yud-Daled

The Rambam teaches us about what kinds of houses can get Tzoraas, and what it looks like.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Hiskashrus

Beis Nissan was the yartzeit of the Rebbe Rashab, and the beginning of the Frierdiker Rebbe’s nesius. Here is a story that the Frierdiker Rebbe said in the first maamar he said after the histalkus of the Rebbe Rashab. This maamar starts with the same words as the Rebbe Rashab’s last maamar, Reishis Goyim Amalek.

This story happened when the Frierdiker Rebbe was a young boy, a few years after the histalkus of the Rebbe Maharash. The Frierdiker Rebbe used to go often into the Yechidus room of the Rebbe Maharash.

Once he was in the room, when he saw the door opening. He was afraid, so he hid, and peeked to see who was coming in. The Frierdiker Rebbe saw his father, the Rebbe Rashab, come into the room, wearing a gartel.

The Rebbe Rashab stood in front of the table, across from the Rebbe Maharash’s chair. The Frierdiker Rebbe saw his father’s lips moving, as if he was talking, and saw tears pouring from his father’s eyes.

In the maamar, the Frierdiker Rebbe explains that the kedusha never leaves the place where a tzadik learns Torah and davens, or all of the Gashmius things a tzadik uses to serve Hashem. Since this avodah was done by a tzadik, the kedusha stays there the same way even after the histalkus!

The Rebbe Rashab recognized that the kedusha was still in the room of the Rebbe Maharash, so he had a yechidus just as he would when the Rebbe Maharash was alive.

The Rebbe later explained this much more, in the sicha of Parshas Vayikra Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin, how everything of a tzadik stays with the exact same kedusha even after histalkus. The Rebbe taught how using these same things can give us koach to have a stronger hiskashrus with the tzadik!

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin p. 375

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TEFILLAH

The Nasi

Don’t forget to say the Nasi! Today’s Nasi is from Shevet Zevulun.

If you look at the Nasi for every day, you will see that they are almost exactly the same! The only difference is the name of the Nasi and the name of the Shevet!

But if you look at the Medrash on the parsha of the Nasi, you will see that the Nasi of each shevet had a different kavana when he brought the korban. That’s because each shevet had a different way of serving Hashem, and even though they all brought the same korban, they chose this korban for different reasons, according to their way of avodah.

There is even one halacha sefer, called Makor Chaim, where it says that we should read the kavanah of each Nasi from Medrash Rabbah on the day that we say his Nasi! That’s not what we actually do, but it still shows us that the different kavanos of the Nasi are important.

As we learned yesterday, when we say the Yehi Ratzon after saying the Nasi, we are asking Hashem that no matter which shevet we are from, we should still get koach and chayus from this shevet too. We are asking that the type of Avodah of each of the Shevatim should help us have a deeper understanding of Hashem’s Torah, and help us serve Hashem with Yiras Shomayim.

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin p. 373 ha’arah 28

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

No Tachanun During Nissan

It says in Shulchan Aruch that during the entire month of Nissan, we don’t say Tachanun.

Why?

Starting on Alef Nissan, the Nesiim of each shevet began bringing korbanos for the Mishkan. Each day, one of the Nesiim would bring his korbanos, and that day would be like a Yom Tov for him and for his shevet! So from Alef to Yud-Beis Nissan were Yom Tov days for Yidden.

Then, Yud-Daled Nissan, Erev Pesach, was like a Yom Tov for ALL of the Yidden, because they would bring the Korban Pesach!

Of course, the eight days of Pesach are actually Yom Tov!

Since so much of the month was full of Yom Tov’dike days, when we don’t say Tachanun, the Chachomim decided to just make the WHOLE month like a Yom Tov, and we don’t say Tachanun at all the entire Chodesh Nissan!

But what about the special things that come from saying Tachanun, like Hashem’s forgiveness for the Yidden?

The Rebbe says that we can’t say that on a special day we would miss out on something good. It must be that on days we don’t say Tachanun, these things don’t come from the Tachanun, but from the day itself!

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Tof-Chof-Tes se’if Ches and Tes, Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Mem-Zayin, p. 371 ha’orah 12

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Kimei Tzeischa Me'eretz Mitzrayim

The Navi Micha saw in his nevuos the time before Moshiach comes. Seeing all of the troubles the Yidden would go through made Micha cry out to Hashem. He asked Hashem to take care of the Yidden the way Hashem took care of the Yidden in the time of Moshe Rabbeinu!

Hashem answered Micha: “Kimei Tzeischa Me’Eretz Mitzrayim Arenu Niflaos!” “I heard what you asked, and I will do it! Just like in the time of coming out of Mitzrayim, when I made tremendous nisim, I will show you wonders in the time of the Geulah!”

This posuk is explained many times in Chassidus, especially in the Rebbe’s sichos of Yud-Alef Nissan and Pesach! The Rebbe even called the year Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef, “Shnas Arenu Niflaos,” “the year of ‘I will show you wonders,’” based on this posuk. During that year, the Rebbe explained this posuk many times. IY”H over the next few days, we will learn some of the explanations brought in Chassidus on this posuk!

See Micha 7:15

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