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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש


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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

L’ilui Nishmas
Chana Tzivia bas R’ Yosef Yitzchok A”H


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Parshas Naso - Chamishi with Rashi

The parsha in Chumash which we are learning now goes back to tell us what happened on Rosh Chodesh Nissan, the day the Mishkan was put up.

For seven days, Moshe Rabbeinu put up the Mishkan and took it down every day. On this day, Moshe puts up the Mishkan one last time. (Now it will stay built until the Yidden have to travel. Then the kohanim will take it down, and they will carry it to the next place Hashem wants them to be. They put it up again to use in the place where they stop.)

Last time, when Moshe asked for people to bring gold and other things to MAKE the Mishkan, the Nesiim (the leaders of the Shevatim) waited. Now that they saw that this was a mistake, and they brought their presents for USING the Mishkan FIRST.

The Nesiim joined together and brought 6 covered wagons and 12 oxen to be used to carry the Mishkan from place to place. At first Moshe wasn’t sure he should take them, but Hashem told him to give these wagons to the Leviim to use.

Moshe gave 2 wagons to the family of Gershon to carry the curtains, and the other 4 wagons to the family of Merari, since the boards of the Mishkan, carried by Merari, were much heavier. He didn’t give any to the family of Kehos, because they were in charge of the parts of the Mishkan that had to be carried by hand, like the Aron and the Menorah.

The Nesiim also wanted to bring korbanos for their whole Shevet. Hashem told Moshe that they should bring them one day at a time, in the order they camp in the Midbar.

The first one to bring his korban was Nachshon ben Aminadav, from Shevet Yehudah. He paid for the whole thing himself, even though it was a korban from his whole Shevet.

There were five parts of his korban. They were:

1) A silver bowl (that weighs 130 shekel) and one silver sprinkling bowl (that weighs 70 shekel), both of them were full of flour mixed with oil (for a Korban Mincha)
The Gematrias of these bowls hint to Adam and Noach.

2) A gold spoon (that weighs 10 shekel) full of Ketores
This hints to the Torah and Mitzvos.

3) His nicest bull, ram, and lamb (for a Korban Olah)
These hint to Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov.

4) One young goat for a Korban Chatas (in case someone became tomei by mistake and then came into the Mishkan)
This hints to Yosef.

5) 2 oxen, 5 rams, 5 goats, and 5 lambs for a Korban Shelamim.
These hint to the Kohanim, Leviim, and Yisraelim; and also to Torah, Neviim and Kesuvim.

All of the Nesiim brought the same Korbanos, because they all wanted to show how special it is that we got the Torah and can bring korbanos to Hashem!

But they also each were thinking about different kavanos when they brought their Korbanos. That’s why the Torah says EACH Nasi’s present again, even though they are all the same!

Here is the order they brought their korbanos:

Alef NisanNasi of Shevet Yehudah: Nachshon ben Aminadav
Beis NisanNasi of Shevet Yissachar: Nesanel ben Tzuar
Gimmel NisanNasi of Shevet Zevulun: Eliav ben Chelon
Daled NisanNasi of Shevet Reuven: Elitzur ben Shedeiur
Hey NisanNasi of Shevet Shimon: Shlumiel ben Tzurishadai

We learn the rest of the Nesiim’s presents tomorrow.



49 - 54

In the last posuk of Kapitel Nun, Dovid Hamelech says: “Zoveiach Todah Yechabdaneni” — “a person who brings a Korban to give thanks to Hashem is bringing Hashem kavod.”

The word “Zoveiach” (“bring a korban”) means to shecht. The Gemara says that a person who shechts his Yetzer Hara brings kavod to Hashem!

How do we shecht our Yetzer Hara? The Rebbe explains that when we shecht an animal, that animal doesn’t have chayus anymore. The same thing is when we shecht our Yetzer Hara. The Yetzer Hara loses its chayus in getting excited about Gashmius things that we like or want. Instead, we should get excited about Kedusha things, like davening or doing mitzvos!

By getting excited about things for Hashem, we stop being excited about things for the Yetzer Hara. This takes away the chayus from our Yetzer Hara, and brings kavod to Hashem!



Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Beis

The world is created in a way of Yeish Me’Ayin, so it needs a constant chayus of Hashem in it to make it exist. This chayus is the letters of the Asara Maamaros, which the world was created with.

The Alter Rebbe tells us about people, who even though they believe that Hashem made the world, they make a big mistake. They don’t think that there is such a thing as Hashgacha Protis or that Hashem does nisim.

How do they make this mistake? They think that Hashem makes the world the way a person makes something, for example a clay bowl. He can make the bowl and then walk away, and the bowl just stays there. That’s because he is making one thing from another thing.

But Hashem makes the world from NOTHING, Yeish Me’Ayin! Since it is created Yeish Me’Ayin, it always needs the chayus from Hashem in it so it can exist.

Even though those people don’t believe in the miracles of the Torah, the Alter Rebbe tells us — so that we should know — an example from Kriyas Yam Suf! With Kriyas Yam Suf, the water stood up like a wall — but only when Hashem kept the wind blowing against it. Even though this was a neis with something that was already there, and Hashem just made it work in a different way, it STILL needed a constant koach of Hashem.

If that’s the way it is with something that is already there, of course the world, which is created from nothing, needs a constant koach of Hashem so it can exist!

What is this chayus that Hashem gives the world? It is the letters of the Alef-Beis that spell the ten things Hashem said to create the world, the Asara Maamaros! These letters of the Alef-Beis come into every part of the world and make them exist.



Tes Sivan

When the Frierdiker Rebbe came to America, he began many new projects to strengthen Yiddishkeit. One of these projects, which was directed by our Rebbe, was called Chevras Mishnayos Baal Peh. This Chevra was to encourage people to learn Mishnayos by heart. The Mishnayos was split up for the entire year, and everyone who joined the program got a part to learn by heart.

On Isru Chag Shavuos in Tof-Shin-Beis (the year before the Hayom Yom was written), there was an event held in honor of completing oone cycle of learning the whole Mishnayos by heart, and splitting up Mishnayos to learn Baal Peh for the coming year. The Frierdiker Rebbe said a sicha there, and yesterday and today’s Hayom Yoms (Ches and Tes Sivan) are the main points of that sicha. Today’s Hayom Yom talks about the Mishnayos Baal Peh.

When the air of the world isn’t tahor, we can’t feel our connection to Hashem very well.

The world needs to have more tahor air!

How do we make the air tahor? The only way to do it is with words of Torah! Reviewing Mishnayos Baal Peh makes our connection to Hashem shine and makes the air tahor for us, and everyone around us!

Mishnayos shows that our neshama is connected to Hashem, because the word “Mishnah” is the same letters as the word “Neshama”!

Mishnayos that we learn Baal Peh is a very good way to make the air tahor wherever we go, even when we don’t have a sefer with us. This is what the posuk says, “Uvelechtecha Baderech,” that we should speak words of Torah even when we are going on our way!

The Frierdiker Rebbe says that it’s hard to find words to say how much reviewing Mishnayos all the time helps us, and protects every Yid! And there are no words to explain the nachas it brings Hashem!



Shiur #315 - Mitzvas Asei #226, #227, #230, #231, Lo Saasei #66

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos we learn 5 more mitzvos. The first two are kinds of Misas Beis Din — the ways Beis Din needs to punish people who are Chayav Misa.

1) (Mitzvas Asei #226) The Beis Din needs to follow the halachos of Hereg

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: נָקֹם יִנָּקֵם

2) (Mitzvas Asei #227) The Beis Din needs to follow the halachos of Chenek

We also learn this mitzvah from Parshas Mishpatim: מוֹת יוּמָת

We learn the details of both of these mitzvos in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Zayin.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #230) After being put to death, people who did certain aveiros need to be hung

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְתָלִיתָ אֹתוֹ עַל עֵץ

4) (Mitzvas Asei #231) A person who is put to death by Beis Din needs to be buried on the same day. Part of this mitzvah is also that a person who passes away should be buried on that day (unless it is more kavod for the meis to wait before burying him).

We also learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: כִּי קָבוֹר תִּקְבְּרֶנּו בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא ּ

5) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #66) It is asur to leave a person hanging overnight. We learned in today’s third mitzvah that the Beis Din needs to punish people for certain aveiros by hanging them. These aveiros are connected to Avodah Zarah or Birchas Hashem, the opposite of bentching Hashem. The reason we don’t leave a person hanging overnight is so that Yidden won’t be reminded about these aveiros.

We also learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: לֹא תָלִין נִבְלָתוֹ עַל הָעֵץ

We learn the details of all of these mitzvos in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Vov.



Hilchos Sanhedrin

Today we learn more of Hilchos Sanhedrin, the halachos of a Beis Din and how the judges need to act.

Perek Zayin: One interesting halacha is called Zabla — if two people who are arguing (like about money) and each want to go to a different judge, they can each choose one judge, and then those judges pick out a third judge to make sure that the halacha will be paskened in a fair way.

Perek Ches and Tes teach us the halachos about following the Rov (majority), what most judges say. We act differently when it is a case of Dinei Nefashos, when someone may be Chayav Misa.



Hilchos Shevuos - Perek Gimmel

Today we learn about times when a person would not be punished for doing something they promised not to do, like if they were forced to promise but didn’t really mean it, or if they thought they were allowed to even after their promise.



Chassidishe Parsha

In the first maamar of the Likutei Torah for this week, Parshas Naso, the Alter Rebbe explains how the travels of the Yidden in the Midbar were preparing the world for the Geulah.

What is a Midbar?

In a Midbar, there is no water. Nothing can grow there.

Kedusha is a source of life! Kedusha is about making things grow! A place where nothing can grow must be the opposite of kedushakelipah.

The Yidden traveled for 40 years in the Midbar, this place of kelipah. But they had the Aron and the Shechinah traveling in front of them! This great light of kedusha pushed away the kelipah that was there.

These years in the Midbar, then, were very important. They were already preparing the world for the coming of Moshiach! Because of the travels of the Yidden in the Midbar, the kelipah was pushed away. This was a preparation which would eventually let the light of the Geulah shine!

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Yud-Beis Pesukim Review - Torah Shebichsav

The Yud-Beis Pesukim come from three general parts of Torah: Torah Shebichsav, Torah Shebaal Peh, and Chassidus.

What is the difference between these three parts of Torah?

Torah Shebichsav is the written Torah, the Chumash and the rest of the seforim of Nach. Until the time of Rabbeinu Hakadosh, it was the only part of Torah that was allowed to be written down. It has all of the 613 mitzvos in it, and the stories of the Avos and Bnei Yisroel until the end of the times of the Neviim. But everything in it is written in a short way.

Torah Shebaal Peh explains the Torah Shebichsav. First in the Mishna, then in the Gemara and Medrashim, the mitzvos of the Torah are explained. The Aggadah tells us the stories of the Torah with more detail. Then the Rambam teaches us the halachos of the mitzvah, and the Shulchan Aruch which teaches us how to keep the mitzvos nowadays. Of course there are many seforim from the Rishonim and Acharonim from all generations which explain these even more!

Then there is Chassidus. Chassidus does not add anything new, but it is like the neshama of the Torah. It shows us how every halacha and story in the Torah has a source in Ruchnius, and how every halacha and lesson from the Torah is important for our Avodas Hashem and connect us to Hashem in a stronger way.

The Yud-Beis Pesukim have two sets of six pesukim each. The first two of each set are from Torah Shebichsav, the second two are from Torah Shebaal Peh, and the third two are from Chassidus.

IY”H we will learn more about this in the next shiurim.



Velo Sasuru

There are six mitzvos that we are supposed to keep all the time. These mitzvos keep us always connected to Hashem!

The sixth of these mitzvos is “Velo Sasuru.” This mitzvah comes from the posuk, “Velo Sasuru Acharei Levavchem Ve’acharei Eineichem,” “you shouldn’t turn to follow after your heart and your eyes.” That means that you shouldn’t believe or behave according to ideas that are not the way Torah teaches.

The Chachomim teach us that we should be careful not to read or watch things that teach us non-Torah ideas, so that we won’t end up following them. This means not to read books or newspapers that are against Torah, and not to look at advertisements or videos that show a way of life that is not right for a Yid.

Part of this mitzvah is also to be careful not to look at or think about things which are not tznius, which can make a person think or do something against Torah.

Any time that we keep ourselves from looking where we shouldn’t look, or thinking what we shouldn’t think, we are keeping this mitzvah! The Chachomim teach us that if a person holds himself back from doing an aveira, Hashem rewards him as if he did a mitzvah. The Alter Rebbe tells us in Tanya that for this reason we should be happy every time we are able to keep this mitzvah!

The reason why this is the last mitzvah is that when we keep the first five mitzvos (1- to believe in Hashem, 2- not to believe in anything else, 3- to know that Hashem is One, 4- to have Yiras Hashem, 5- and have Ahavas Hashem), then it will make it much easier to keep this mitzvah!

We learned before that the best way to be strong in these mitzvos is through learning Chassidus, which shows us how to live according to these mitzvos all the time.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Seven Times As Good

The Navi Yeshaya gives a mashal about Hashem’s goodness in the times of the Geulah.

Imagine that night, which can feel scary and dangerous, felt as good and safe as daytime! And that daytime, when we can see things clearly and feel safe, was MUCH better!

This is a mashal for the way things will be when Moshiach comes. The “night” times, times of pain and suffering, will not exist. And the “day” times, the times during Golus that things are good, will be so much better during the Geulah!

וְהָיָה אוֹר הַלְּבָנָה כְּאוֹר הַחַמָּה וְאוֹר הַחַמָּה יִהְיֶה שִׁבְעָתַיִם כְּאוֹר שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים בְּיוֹם חֲבֹשׁ ה׳ אֶת שֶׁבֶר עַמּוֹ וּמַחַץ מַכָּתוֹ יִרְפָּא

Vehaya Or HaLevana Ke’Or HaChama — The light of the moon will be like the light of the sun,

Ve’Or HaChama Yihiyeh Shivasayim — And the light of the sun will be seven times seven as strong

Ke’Or Shivas HaYamim — As the light of all of the seven days of Creation together!

Rashi says that we see that things will be 343 times as good — seven times seven (Shivasayim) times seven (days of Creation)!

BeYom Chavosh Hashem Es Shever Amo — On the day that Hashem will bandage their injuries

U’Machatz Makaso Yirpa — And will completely heal their wounds.

May we be zoche to see Hashem’s goodness with the Geulah Sheleimah now!

See Yeshaya perek Lamed posuk Chof-Vov

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