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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש

 
 
 

Those who make Chitas for the month of Nissan possible:

 
 

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות רפואה שלימה וקרובה לזאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל

The Gaerman Family
L'ilui Nishmas Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh
~ for her yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan ~

 
 

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CHUMASH

Parshas Tzav - Revi'i with Rashi

We already learned about the week before Rosh Chodesh Nissan, where Moshe will get the kohanim ready to serve in the Mishkan. Now it’s happening! It is Chof-Gimmel Adar, and Hashem tells Moshe to get together all the things he needs — Aharon and his sons, the kohanim’s clothing, the Shemen Hamish’cha (“anointing oil”), the bull for the Chatas, two rams, and a basket of 30 matzos!

Moshe should have all of the Yidden come stand near the Mishkan so they can see. Moshe will act as the Kohen Gadol, wearing the white clothing the Kohen Gadol would wear on Yom Kippur. He will bring the special korbanos (a Korban Olah, a Korban Chatas, the special “Miluimkorban, and three Korban Minchas).

Moshe told all of the Yidden that he is doing this because Hashem said so, not because he likes the kavod or because he wants his brother to have kavod!

Moshe dressed Aharon in the special clothes of the Kohen Gadol, and put the tzitz on his head.

Moshe put or sprinkled Shemen Hamish’cha on each part of the Mishkan, so they will be ready to be used.

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TEHILLIM

60 - 65

One of the Kapitelach we say in today’s Yom of Tehillim is Kapitel Samech-Gimmel.

In this Kapitel, we have one of the Rebbe’s niggunim: “Tzoma Lecha Nafshi!” There are many tapes and videos of the Rebbe singing this niggun.

The words mean that our neshama is “thirsty” for Hashem, just like a person who is in a Midbar is SO thirsty for water. Our neshama wants to be with Hashem very much!

We also feel this way when we are in Golus and can’t see Hashem. We try to do a lot of mitzvos and bring the Geulah so we will be able to see Hashem here in this world!

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Tes

In Tanya we learn that our mitzvos won’t be able to go up to higher Ruchnius worlds if we don’t do mitzvosLishma.”

What does “Lishma” mean? It means that we can’t do the mitzvah just because that’s what our parents or teachers taught us to do. We need to do the mitzvah with a love for the mitzvah and the fear of being separated from Hashem through an aveira.

When we do mitzvos in this way, our mitzvos will be able to go up higher and become more Ruchnius’dik.

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Alef Nisan

Today we learn one of the things we are supposed to do on a Yom Huledes:

On a person’s birthday, he should spend some time by himself to think. He should try to remember things that happened to him in the past, and think about them to see if they were the way they should be. He should do teshuvah for things he realizes were wrong, and fix up the things that should be done better.

On Yud-Alef Nissan Tof-Shin-Chof-Beis, Shnas Hashishim, the Rebbe explained why we spend time on a birthday doing teshuvah. The Rebbe compares it to two times that we say Tachanun, even though you might think we don’t need to:

On a Bar Mitzvah, which the Zohar says is a simcha like a Chasunah, the Bar Mitzvah boy says Tachanun. Why? Because the idea of Tachanun is to do teshuvah for things that were not done right, and the special day of Bar Mitzvah is a special time to fix up whatever was missing before!

Many people don’t say Tachanun on the yartzeit of a tzadik, but it is the Chabad minhag to say Tachanun on these yartzeits. Why? Because there is so much special Ruchnius koach on that day, we want to use it to help us do teshuvah!

For the same reason, we make sure to use our birthday as a time to do teshuvah. Since on a person’s birthday Mazalo Gover, it is the best time to spend time thinking about the things that need to be corrected, and use the koach of this day to correct them!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #258 - Mitzvas Asei #236, Lo Saasei #289, #296

Today we learn yesterday’s mitzvah again — Mitzvas Asei #236. This mitzvah is that if a person makes someone else get hurt, he needs to pay him to make up for what he did.

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְכִי יְרִיבֻן אֲנָשִׁים וְהִכָּה אִישׁ אֶת רֵעֵהוּ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Perek Ches of Mesechta Bava Kama.

We also learn two more mitzvos, from the next set of halachos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #289) A Yid is not allowed to kill another person.

This mitzvah is one of the Aseres Hadibros, which are in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תִּרְצָח

The halachos are explained in Perek Tes of Mesechta Sanhedrin, and Perek Beis of Mesechta Makos.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #296) The Beis Din is not allowed to take money from someone who killed on purpose, in order not to punish him the way the Torah tells us to.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Masei: וְלֹא תִקְחוּ כֹפֶר לְנֶפֶשׁ רֹצֵחַ אֲשֶׁר הוּא רָשָׁע לָמוּת

The dinim of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Makos.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Chovel U'Mazik - Rotzeiach U'Shmiras HaNefesh

In today’s Rambam, we learn the last two perakim about someone that damages another person’s things. We also learn the first perek of Rotzeiach, about someone who Chas Veshalom killed someone else.

In Perek Zayin, we learn about kinds of damage that you can’t see — like making something tomei, where it doesn’t look different. We also learn about doing something that makes something get damaged, like moving a pillow away when a glass is falling, and when someone isn’t sure how much damage he did.

In Perek Ches we learn the din of a moser — someone who tells on a Yid to the government so they will take him or his money. It is a VERY BIG aveira.

In the first Perek of Hilchos Rotzeiach we learn the two mitzvos in today’s Sefer Hamitzvos and the BIGGEST MITZVAH a person can do — to save the life of another Yid. The Rambam tells us that if a person saves another Yid it is like he saved the WHOLE world!

The Rebbe tells us that the same is true of helping a Yid to do a mitzvah and giving every child a good chinuch. It is also like saving their life, which the Rambam says is like saving the WHOLE world!

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Sotah - Perek Gimmel

The Rambam teaches us exactly how the sotah is tested to find out if she did an aveira or not. She is brought into the Beis Hamikdash and her clothes are ripped so she won’t look beautiful. Dust and bitter wood are put into a bowl of water, and a paper that has certain words (including Hashem’s name) written on it is dipped into the water and the letters are rubbed off into the water.

The woman has to drink this bitter water, and if she did the aveira, she will die. If she didn’t do the aveira, Hashem rewards her for how embarrassing the mitzvah of sotah is, and she gets brachos for health and children.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Chassidishe Yom Tov

Today is a special Chassidishe Yom TovYud-Alef Nissan, the Rebbe’s birthday!

On a person’s birthday, “mazalo gover” — their neshama has a LOT of koach! When it’s the Rebbe’s birthday, all of the Chassidim get from this koach too.

One of the minhagim the Rebbe told us to do on our own birthdays, is to have a farbrengen with our family and friends. We say a Shehecheyanu on a new fruit, and thank Hashem for His chesed to us, by bringing us into the world and giving us the chance to do our shlichus here in the world as Yidden.

On Yud-Alef Nissan, chassidim also join together with their family, friends, and other Yidden and make a farbrengen. We thank Hashem for His chesed to us by giving us such a great Rebbe. We thank Hashem for the zechus to be living in this special generation, which the Rebbe told us is the last generation of Golus and the first generation of Geulah!

Yud-Alef Nisan is a good time for us to make hachlatos to strengthen the shlichus which each of us have, and to add in learning Torah, especially in the Rebbe’s sichos and maamarim and Igros Kodesh, through which we are able to be connected with the Rebbe all the time!

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

The Rebbe's Kapitel

One of the minhagim of a birthday, as the Rebbe teaches us, is to learn our new kapitel. It is a minhag of Chassidim to learn the Rebbe’s kapitel in honor of the Rebbe’s birthday on Yud-Alef Nissan!

This year, the Rebbe’s kapitel is Kuf-Chof. The Rebbe spoke about this kapitel in one of the rallies with Tzivos Hashem!

In Tehillim, Dovid Hamelech gives us words to tell Hashem how we feel. It is like davening, where the Anshei Kneses Hagedolah gave us words to help us daven to Hashem.

In Kapitel Kuf-Chof, Dovid Hamelech speaks to Hashem on behalf of every Yid. In the end of the kapitel, he talks about the Golus that Yidden have among the nations. He says, “Ani Shalom, Vechi Adaber, Heima Lamilchama!” “I want shalom, but when I speak about that, it just makes the Goyim want to make Milchama, war!”

This also has a Ruchniyus meaning: Our neshama doesn’t want to be tested by Hashem, to see if it will look for taavos instead of doing what Hashem wants. It just wants to think about Torah and mitzvos! That’s why there is a halacha that we aren’t allowed to go in a place where there is something not tznius, or a road where there is Avodah Zarah. We don’t want to go looking for a war with the Yetzer Hara! That’s what it means, “Ani Shalom” — “I want peace.”

But Hashem makes the Yetzer Hara, and all of the not-good things in the world, to come bother us anyway, like in a real war! That’s what the posuk is saying — “Heima Lamilchama,” “they want war.”

Dovid Hamelech starts this kapitel with the word “Shir,” meaning a song. A person only sings when they are happy! Even though the Yetzer Hara is bothering us, Dovid Hamelech is still happy, because he knows Hashem is only testing us. When the neshama shows that it is strong and won’t let itself be convinced by the Yetzer Hara and the taavos of the world, the deepest kochos of the neshama will come out.

That gives a Yid a WONDERFUL reason to be happy and sing to Hashem!

See rally to Tzivos Hashem, Chanukah 5747

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Taanis Bechoros

Don’t forget to say the Nasi! Today’s nasi is Shevet Asher.

~

During Makas Bechoros, Hashem gave the Malach Hamaves permission to kill ALL firstborn boys. But Hashem made a neis and had the malach skip over the houses of the Yidden, and all of them were saved!

To remember this neis of how the bechorim were saved in Mitzrayim, nowadays firstborn boys fast on the day of Erev Pesach. Since this year Erev Pesach is on Shabbos, we fast on Thursday instead (since it is best not to fast on Erev Shabbos.)

If a firstborn son isn’t Bar Mitzvah yet, his father fasts for him until he is old enough to fast on his own.

We are allowed to break this fast to eat at a Seudas Mitzvah, like a bris, Pidyon Haben, or siyum. In shul, there is usually a siyum after davening, and the bechorim are allowed to break their fasts to celebrate at this siyum.

Even though we usually drink something or eat before davening to be able to daven with proper kavana, a bechor should remember not to eat until after the siyum!

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Tof-Kuf-Chof-Zayin

Here are links to Halacha Newsletters, to make sure we are doing everything the way Hashem wants us to on Erev Pesach and Pesach!
- Pesach Day-By-Day (Horav Yosef Yeshaya Braun)
- Halacha Newsletter (Horav Shmuel Lesches)

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Picturing the Geulah

There is a very famous letter that the Rebbe wrote to someone in the government in Eretz Yisroel on Yud-Alef Nissan. The Rebbe writes that even as a child, he already started to picture in his mind what the Geulah will look like, including how we will thank Hashem for the Golus then!

The Rebbe writes in this letter:

From the day I went to cheder, and even before, I started to imagine what the Geulah will be like. It will be a Geulah where ALL of the Yidden are taken out of Golus, and it will be such a great Geulah that we will even be able to understand then why Hashem made the Golus so hard. …In the end, we will even THANK Hashem for the hard parts of Golus!

See Igros Kodesh chelek Yud-Beis p. 414

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