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Shishi with Rashi

Moshe is still farbrenging with the Yidden, so they will behave in a way that they can STAY in Eretz Yisroel!

Moshe tells the Yidden about how special Eretz Yisroel is! Even though Mitzrayim is very beautiful, Eretz Yisroel is MUCH nicer!

In Mitzrayim, everyone waits for the Nile River to flood to water the fields, but in Eretz Yisroel, Hashem sends rain from Shomayim.

Then Moshe reminds the Yidden that if they listen to Hashem they will get rain and Hashem will take care of them, but if they don’t, Hashem won’t send rain. Everyone will be hungry because nothing will grow, and they will have to leave this very special place, Eretz Yisroel…

So Yidden! Listen to what Hashem says and you can live in Eretz Yisroel forever!

In today’s Chumash we have the second of the three paragraphs of Shema, which starts with the words “Vehaya Im Shamo’a”! If you learn it inside, you will know what it means every time you say it in davening!



106 - 107

Today’s kapitelach are Kuf-Vov and Kuf-Zayin.

Kapitel Kuf-Zayin starts with the words “Hodu LaHashem Ki Tov, Ki LeOlam Chasdo!” “Thank Hashem because He is good, His kindness is forever!”

The first word is “Hodu,” which means to thank. But it also means something else! Hodu also means to “admit.”

What are we admitting to?

The Tzemach Tzedek explains that we know that Hashem is creating the world EVERY SECOND and is here inside us EVERY MOMENT. But we don’t see it! So we need to admit that it’s true anyway.

But when Moshiach comes, we won’t have to admit it anymore — we will all be able to see it!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Zayin

The chayus of Hashem is brought into the world for the Yidden to keep Torah and mitzvos, so the chayus is split up into as many “parts” as there are Yidden!

The chayus of Hashem is very strong. If it would all come into the world at once, the world wouldn’t be able to handle it! So Hashem sends the world “pieces” of chayus, through the Torah.

What are these “pieces”? There are 613 main pieces, one for each of the 613 mitzvos! Each of those mitzvos is split up into many parts too, a part for each halacha about that mitzvah. Since the halachos about each mitzvah have no end (Ein Sof), there is also no end to the pieces of chayus that come down into the world!

Since the reason for the world is so that Yidden can do mitzvos, our neshamos are split up in the same way! The neshama of Adam Harishon had 613 “parts,” and from the parts of that neshama came the neshamos of the Avos and the Shevatim and all of the Yidden until Moshiach comes!

Then, in the times of the Geulah, we will see what the Navi Hoshea said in his nevuah, that the Yidden will be too many to count!

So we see that the neshamos of the Yidden are also split up like the chayus of Hashem which comes into the world through the mitzvos: 613 main parts, which are split up into so many that they won’t be able to be counted!

This will help us understand the posuk “Ashreinu, Mah Tov Chelkeinu” — we are so lucky for the chelek (part) that we have.



Chof-Beis Menachem Av

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn about the importance of cleanliness in Avodas Hashem.

Do you say brachos in the morning? You probably know that you need to wash a second Negel Vasser first, but there’s something else you need to wash too — your mouth! The Rebbe Rashab said that we should make sure to rinse out our mouths before brachos every day! (Except on a fast day.)



Mitzvas Asei #248

Today, we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #248) — that we need to give the yerusha (inheritance) to the right people as it says in Torah.



Hilchos Nachalos

Perek Vov: In this perek, we learn that we are not allowed to change who is supposed to get the yerusha! A person can give away some of his property as a present, but he can’t say “my son ___ shouldn’t get a part of the yerusha.

The Chachomim teach us that it is NOT a good thing to give away all of a person’s property to keep the children from getting a part of the yerusha.

Perek Zayin teaches us that the Beis Din doesn’t let someone have their part of the yerusha until they are sure that the person really passed away. So if the father disappeared when he was on a long trip, the sons don’t get the yerusha even if they think that their father must have passed away. (These halachos aren’t as strict as the halachos of letting the widow get remarried, since this is just money and getting married if someone is already married could be a very serious aveira.)

Perek Ches is a very short perek! The Rambam teaches us that we don’t let a different relative take care of a field for a child under Bar Mitzvah, or a person who was captured. That’s because that relative might then say that it was HIS field that he got as a yerusha, and people could believe him, since after all, he is a relative.



Hilchos Shechitah - Perek Yud-Gimmel

In this perek, we learn the halachos about the mitzvah of Shiluach HaKan, sending away the mother bird before taking her babies or eggs from her nest.



Shtus D'Kedusha

The Rebbe told a story about his father, R’ Levi Yitzchak (whose yartzeit was on Chof Av):

It was getting closer to Pesach. In Yekatrinoslav, one of the biggest cities in Ukraine, the government officials knew that soon the Yidden would be looking for matzah.

Back then, the Russian government owned EVERYTHING. Nobody could have their own store, or their own factory, or their own Matzah Bakery. The government would need to arrange for matzah to be baked. Since Yidden would only buy matzah with a hechsher, the government decided to ask R’ Levi Yitzchak (the Rav in Yekatrinoslav) to say that it was kosher.

R’ Levi Yitzchak agreed — but when he explained how they would need to make the matzah Shmurah, they didn’t want to follow all of the rules. It would cost the government more money and be complicated to make the matzah properly! They wanted R’ Levi Yitzchak to give a hechsher even without doing it right. They tried to convince R’ Levi Yitzchak to agree.

The Russian government in that time would give people very big punishments, even for little things. (This actually happened to R’ Levi Yitzchak later in his life, and he passed away early because of it.) Everyone had to listen to exactly what they said — or else!

Even though the Russian government was so powerful and so scary, R’ Levi Yitzchak didn’t think about what would happen. He knew that it wasn’t right to give a hechsher to matzah that wasn’t made exactly the way halacha teaches. He told the government that he did NOT agree!

Really, that would have been enough for R’ Levi Yitzchak to deserve a huge punishment! How dare he tell the government that he won’t do what they told him to!

But instead of punishing him, they said that they can’t follow all of his rules unless they get permission from the higher officials in Moscow. They sent him there to ask himself.

R’ Levi Yitzchak traveled to Moscow, and told the government officials there firmly what he needs to give a hechsher. Amazingly, they agreed to what he said! They wrote an order that all of the mills where they grind the flour for matzah have to follow the rules that Rabbi Schneerson gives — even if it ends up being more expensive for them!

What R’ Levi Yitzchak did sounds CRAZY! How could he think of not listening to the big scary Russian government?

It WAS crazy — but a good kind of crazy. In Chassidus this is called Shtus D’Kedusha. We can learn from here that we should do what we know the Torah wants us to, and not be scared of what might happen! We can be strong even if it sounds meshugah, because we know we are doing the right thing!

For example, if Mommy asked us if we washed negel vasser in the morning but we forgot, we know we need to tell the truth. We don’t think about what’s going to happen — how we will have to stop eating and go wash negel vasser and Mommy might be upset. We just do what we need to do!

Or, for example, a Tatty who needs to learn Torah and go to a shiur, but is scared that if he goes, he might miss a chance to earn a lot of money. He needs to do what the Torah tells him to, and not worry what could happen!

Or a Mommy who was asked by someone to do a favor, and she does it — not thinking about how she might miss a chance to go shopping and get the things she really wanted to.

It might seem crazy to not do something that’s fun or good for you, but if you’re doing what Hashem wants you to, that’s a GOOD kind of crazy! That’s Shtus D’Kedusha, which comes from a very deep part of the neshama. Acting in this way brings us special brachos from Hashem!


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Ana B'koach

Another reason why we say Ana B’koach is to hint to another part of the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash that we didn’t say yet!

We said parts of the Torah about the Terumas Hadeshen, the Korban Tomid, and the Ketores. We mentioned most of the rest of the steps of the Avodah in the paragraph of Abaye.

But there was something else that was done in the Beis Hamikdash every day that we didn’t say anything about here! In the Beis Hamikdash, they said Birchas Kohanim every day. (We did say the words of Birchas Kohanim in brachos, we didn’t say that it is part of the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash.)

When we say Ana B’koach, we are hinting to Birchas Kohanim!

Ana B’Koach has hinted inside of it Hashem’s holy name. In the Beis Hamikdash, when they said Birchas Kohanim, they said the name of Hashem, the holy Sheim Hameforash! Ana B’Koach hints to that.



Kavod for the Sefer Torah

We do many things to show our kavod for the Sefer Torah.

One of the things we do is to be melaveh (escort), to go along with the Sefer Torah.

Any person who helped do something with the Sefer Torah while it was out of the Aron Kodesh, should escort the Sefer Torah if he is nearby. He should continue walking with it until it is brought to where it belongs.

For example, the person who did Hagbah (lifting up the open Sefer Torah for everyone to see) should go along with the Sefer Torah, back to the Aron Kodesh. The person who did Gelilah (tying and covering the Sefer Torah) should also go together with the Sefer Torah if it is brought back right away (like in Mincha of Shabbos). The person who opens up the Aron Kodesh should also go along with the Sefer Torah until it is brought to the Bimah.

IY”H tomorrow we will learn how everyone else in the shul is also melaveh the Sefer Torah.

See Shulchan Aruch siman 149, and Piskei Teshuvos vol. 2, p. 208

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Techiyas Hameisim in the Torah

The last posuk of today’s Chumash is from the paragraph of Vehaya, in Shema:

לְמַעַן יִרְבּוּ יְמֵיכֶם וִימֵי בְנֵיכֶם עַל הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע ה׳ לַאֲבֹתֵיכֶם לָתֵת לָהֶם כִּימֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם עַל הָאָרֶץ

Lemaan Yirbu Yemeichem Vimei Veneichem — So you and your children will live for a long time

Al Ha’adamah — on the land (Eretz Yisroel)

Asher Nishba Hashem La’avoseichem Laseis Lahem — which Hashem promised the Avos to give to them

Kimei Hashomayim Al Ha’aretz — as long as the days of the heaven over the earth!

Rashi asks, why does it say that Hashem promised the Avos to give Eretz Yisroel to THEM? Hashem never gave Eretz Yisroel to the Avos, Hashem gave it to the Yidden that are now in the Midbar!

Rashi brings an answer from the Sifri: Hashem DID promise to give Eretz Yisroel to the Avos, and it will happen! When Moshiach comes, Hashem will give the Avos the land He promised them.

This is one of the places in the Torah which teaches us that there will be Techiyas Hameisim!

See Devarim perek Yud-Alef, posuk Chof-Alef, with Rashi

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