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CHUMASH

Parshas Tzav - Shlishi with Rashi

When Moshe Rabbeinu was on Har Sinai, Hashem gave him a special mitzvah for the Yidden to do: To build a home for Hashem among the Yidden, the Mishkan! We learned about how Moshe told the Yidden about it, and how it was actually built. The Yidden were also taught about how to USE the Mishkan! In Parshas Vayikra, we learned about many of the korbanos that are brought there, especially the Korbanos Yochid, that people will need to bring. We learn more details in Parshas Tzav, and in today’s Chumash we finish learning about these korbanos:

Moshe Rabbeinu teaches the Yidden that when Hashem saves them from certain dangerous things, they will need to bring a Korban Todah as a way of saying “thank You” to Hashem. There are four kinds of dangers to bring a korban for: After a person takes a trip across the ocean or through the desert, comes out of jail, or has a Refuah Sheleimah from being very sick.

This korban has two parts — an animal for a Korban Shelamim, and 40 Mincha korbanos — 30 made into 3 kinds of matzah with oil, and 10 made into chometz’dike bread. (Because of this, on Pesach we skip a part of davening! We don’t say Mizmor L’sodah, which speaks about this korban, since it has chometz and can’t be brought on Pesach!)

The Korban Todah is a kind of Korban Shelamim. Besides for the Korban Todah, Moshe also teaches some more details about other types of Korban Shelamim!

One of the reasons it is called a Korban Shelamim is because it brings Shalom to many people! This kind of korban is not ALL burned up on the Mizbeiach, and not only kohanim can eat from it. Part of a Korban Shelamim is burned, part goes to the kohanim, and part can be shared with ANY Yid who is tahor! Since the korban is brought for a happy reason, it can be shared with many other people and makes them happy too.

The person bringing the korban holds the parts to be burned on the Mizbeiach and given to the kohanim, together with the kohen, and they wave them in different directions, like we wave a Lulav and Esrog.

Which parts of the Korban Shelamim are brought on the Mizbeiach?

The parts of EVERY korban which are burned on the Mizbeiach, like the Cheilev (certain pieces of fat) and blood. In fact, we are not allowed to eat these things from ANY animal, not just korbanos!

Now Moshe has finished teaching the Yidden about six kinds of korbanos!
1) Korban Olah - the korban that is ALL burned on the Mizbeiach
2) Korban Mincha - a korban of flour and oil
3) Korban Chatas - a korban brought if a person did an aveira by mistake
4) Korban Asham - for specific aveiros, including certain aveiros done on purpose
5) Miluim - the korbanos the kohanim will bring when they first become kohanim
6) Shelamim - a korban brought for a happy reason (like a Korban Todah)

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TEHILLIM

55- 59

In today’s Tehillim, we say Kapitel Nun-Hey (55), which Dovid Hamelech said to thank Hashem for saving him from people who wanted to hurt him. Dovid Hamelech talks about how we need to have bitachon in Hashem!

He says, “Hashlech Al Hashem Yehovcha, Vehu Yechalkelecha” — “Give Hashem your problems, and He will take care of you.”

Chassidus explains that sometimes, we know where to go for help. We know which doctor, or which teacher, or which person to ask. We have bitachon that they will be good messengers to bring the bracha of Hashem, and things will be good.

But even when we have NO IDEA what to do or who to ask for help, we should still have bitachon that Hashem will help us!

All of the things we do — like asking a doctor — are like taking out a cup (a keli) to catch the bracha of Hashem. But even if we don’t know where to find a “cup,” because we have no idea what to do, “Hu Yechalkelecha” — HASHEM will give us a keli! We should of course try our best, but Hashem will help us even when it looks like there is nothing we can do.

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Tes

Even without kavana, a person can do a mitzvah. Still, the mitzvah is not complete unless it is able to go up to a higher Ruchnius level! To do that, the mitzvah needs to be done with kavana.

We learned before in Tanya that there are two kinds of Kavana. The higher kind comes from thinking about the greatness of Hashem with our minds, and creating a feeling of love and fear for Hashem. The lower kind is just remembering that we have a koach of Mesiras Nefesh inside of ourselves, and waking up that hidden Ahava for Hashem.

The lower kind of Kavana makes the mitzvos go up to the Ruchnius world of Yetzira, and the higher kind of kavana makes the mitzvos go up even HIGHER Ruchnius world called Beriyah! There are also very big Tzadikim whose kavana makes the mitzvos go even higher (to the Ruchnius world of Atzilus)… but that’s something that only big tzadikim can do!

If a person just does mitzvos without kavana, because he’s used to doing them, his mitzvos do not go up to these higher Ruchnius levels at all. Even though they are still mitzvos, and that is the most important thing, those mitzvos are not complete.

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HAYOM YOM

Yud Nisan

A Yiddishe marriage is very holy! There is a very special mitzvah that husbands and wives keep when they are married, called Taharas Hamishpacha. By keeping this mitzvah, their children are born in a Torah and a Yiddishe way, which makes a difference for their body and their neshama.

In many of his letters, including the one this Hayom Yom is taken from, we see that the Frierdiker Rebbe wanted more Yidden to start keeping Taharas Hamishpacha. He would encourage Yidden, and especially Chassidim, to teach others about it. Later, the Rebbe made this one of the ten mivtzoyim!

Today we learn something to think about that will make sure we are doing this mivtza with enough chayus:

Imagine that Hashem gave us a chance to save a WHOLE CITY from being destroyed. Wouldn’t we do everything we possibly could to save the city? And not only that, wouldn’t we be thankful to Hashem for the zechus of being able to do such a big mitzvah?

Well, teaching other Yidden about Taharas Hamishpacha also saves the lives of Yidden! Just like we would be excited and full of energy to save the Gashmius lives of a whole city, we should be even MORE excited and full of chayus to do everything we can to save the Ruchnius AND Gashmius lives of Yidden by teaching them and helping them keep the mitzvah of Taharas Hamishpacha!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #257 - Mitzvas Asei #236

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #236) is the same as yesterday’s: that if a person makes someone else get hurt, or damages their things, he needs to pay him to make up for what he did.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְכִי יְרִיבֻן אֲנָשִׁים וְהִכָּה אִישׁ אֶת רֵעֵהוּ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Perek Ches of Mesechta Bava Kama.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Chovel U'Mazik

In today’s Rambam, we learn two perakim about the halachos of someone who hurt another person, and we start learning the halachos about someone who damaged someone else’s possessions.

Perek Daled talks about kinds of people that have different halachos if they got hurt — like a mother who had a baby inside, or if someone hurts their parents, or if a servant was hurt. The halachos of what needs to be paid can be different for each kind of person.

Perek Hey teaches us that it is asur to even pick up your hand against another Yid. Someone who does is called a rasha, even if he didn’t hurt him! But even though it is such a serious aveira to hurt another person, a person who was hurt should be mochel the person who hurt him if he asks for forgiveness.

Perek Vov starts the halachos about damaging someone else’s THINGS (not about hurting the person, like we were learning before).

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Sotah - Perek Beis

Today we learn when a woman doesn’t have to drink the sotah water, even if she was acting like a sotah. For example, her husband has to be able to hear and speak, otherwise she doesn’t have to drink it. The Rambam shows us how we learn this from certain pesukim.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Erev Yud-Alef Nissan

Today is Erev Yud-Alef Nisan, the birthday of our Rebbe, the Nasi Hador.

What is a Nasi Hador?

Hashem makes sure that the Yidden always have a leader. Hashem gives the leader of the Yidden the neshama of Moshe Rabbeinu, our first leader! He has the shlichus to show the Yidden in his time the way to serve Hashem. We call that leader the Nasi Hador, the leader of the whole generation! Just like Moshe Rabbeinu brought the mahn to all the Yidden, the Nasi Hador brings the brachos for everyone in his time.

But that isn’t all! Even all of the THINGS in the world at that time are connected to the Nasi!

In the Chumash, a “Nasi” can also mean a king! Everyone in the country knows about the king, and the whole country is called “his.” Everything in the country (even the streets!) is called the KING’s.

(That’s why the Torah tells us to wipe out even the animals of Amalek — because everything in the country has the name of Amalek, it all needs to be destroyed.)

The same thing is true with the Nasi Hador, the king of the generation. Everything in his time is called “the Nasi’s!” Hashem put everything there to help us do the job the Nasi tells us to do, how to serve Hashem the right way for that time.

In our time, the Rebbe told us that every Yid has the shlichus to bring the Geulah by spreading Yiddishkeit, Torah and mitzvos, to himself and to others! So everything that is in the world in our time is here to help us with that shlichus.

So for example, the next time you go to your computer or your phone, ask yourself: How is this machine going to help me fulfill the Rebbe’s shlichus that I was given to help bring Moshiach closer?

See farbrengen Yud Shevat 5722. (In the farbrengens of Yud Shevat, the hilula of the Frierdiker Rebbe, the Rebbe would often explain the inyan of a Rebbe and the Nasi Hador.)

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TEFILLAH

Haggadah Shel Pesach

We have been learning about the way the Haggadah is set up. In Maggid we ask the questions about why we are having a seder tonight, and then we give the answer, in a way that starts with the shameful part and ends with praise to Hashem (“Maschil Begnus Umesayeim Beshevach”). Then we go through the pesukim that are said when a person brings Bikurim, where we thank Hashem for Yetziyas Mitzrayim, together with the explanations from the medrash in Sifri. We then mention the three important things at the seder: Pesach, Matzah, and Maror. We say the words of Mishnah saying that in every generation we need to relive Yetziyas Mitzrayim! Just like the Yidden showed their thanks then by saying Hallel, we also show our thanks now when we relive Yitziyas Mitzrayim by saying Hallel. We finish off this section of the Haggadah with a bracha.

When we say Hallel in Maggid, we only say the first two paragraphs, and then stop! We don’t finish the rest until after Shulchan Orech, near the end of the whole seder!

Why do we only say two paragraphs of Hallel, and then stop in the middle?

The Gemara says that the first two parts of Hallel are speaking about Yetziyas Mitzrayim, Kriyas Yam Suf, and Matan Torah — things that happened then.

The later parts of Hallel speak about Le’asid Lavo, the Geulah when Moshiach comes! Since that is a separate thing, we speak more about it later.

First we finish thanking Hashem for the Geulah from Mitzrayim, and eat the matzah and maror which are connected to Yetziyas Mitzrayim.

After the seudah, we start talking about the future — the final Geulah! We say the rest of Hallel which is speaking about the Geulah, which we hope to celebrate very soon, Bimheira Veyameinu Mamosh!

See the Rebbe’s Haggadah, Dibur Hamas’chil “Halelukah Halelu – Lemaano Mayim”

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Haseibah

Don’t forget the Nasi! Today is the tenth day of Nisan, which is Shevet Dan. (Today is also the yartzeit of Miriam Haneviah.)

~

Part of the mitzvah of the seder is to feel like we ourselves are going out of Mitzrayim! Because of this, we celebrate the seder in a way of cheirus, freedom!

We show that we are acting in a way of freedom by leaning on our side as kings do when they eat. We lean on our left side (even a lefty!) when we drink the cups of wine or eat the matzah at the seder.

Our minhag is that women don’t do haseibah. Women rely on the opinion that says that since nobody leans during the year anymore, it isn’t a sign of freedom.

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Tof-Ayin-Beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Yetziyas Mitzrayim in the Days of Moshiach

There is an opinion that says that Le’asid Lavo, we will still talk about Yetziyas Mitzrayim. (We say this in the Haggadah.)

Why will we talk about Yetziyas Mitzrayim, if the Geulah from this Golus will be so much greater?

In Mitzrayim, the Yidden were stuck in a lot of tumah. It took an extra special koach from Hashem to pull them out of the tumah at the time of Yetziyas Mitzrayim!

When Moshiach comes, there won’t be any tumah anymore. We won’t need the extra-special help from Hashem to take us away from the Yetzer Hara.

But still, we will want that extra special koach of Hashem! The way we can get it when Moshiach comes is by learning about the time when Hashem used that koach, the time of Yetziyas Mitzrayim! Then we will have that koach of Hashem, in the best way possible, even Le’asid Lavo, after Moshiach comes!

See Maamar Kimei Tzeischa 5742

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