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Shishi with Rashi

Today Moshe Rabbeinu will be telling the Yidden about four kinds of mitzvos:

1) People that don’t have to fight in a war: Someone who is in his first year of marriage doesn’t have to go to fight. He spends time with his new wife and makes her happy! The same is if he bought a new house and didn’t live there for a year yet, or if he planted a new vineyard and this is the first year he can eat the fruits — he also doesn’t go fight.

2) If a person can’t pay back money that he borrowed, the Beis Din can take some of his things instead of the loan money. But the Beis Din CAN’T take things that he would need for work, because then he will have no way to live.

3) If someone kidnapped another person and uses him as a slave, after being warned not to, his punishment is to be killed by the Beis Din.

4) Keep the halachos of Tzoraas: We learned the details of this mitzvah in Chumash Vayikra. You should remember how important it is from the story of Miriam, when she said Lashon Hara and got Tzoraas.

Then we go back to the mitzvos about someone borrowing money:

If a person can’t pay you back your money, you can ask him to give you something from his house until he pays it back (called a Mashkon), to make sure he will give it back as soon as he can. But you can’t go into his house to take a Mashkon — he needs to bring it out to you.

If he is poor and you take his pajamas as a Mashkon, you need to make sure that he has them back at night when he needs to go to sleep! He will thank you, and even if he doesn’t, Hashem will consider it a special zechus that you are helping him give back the loan and STILL making sure he has what he needs when he needs it.



69 - 71

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Samach-Tes, Ayin, and Ayin-Alef. We also say three kapitelach for Elul: Lamed-Zayin, Lamed-Ches, and Lamed-Tes.

In today’s Tehillim, we say a posukYemalei Fi Tehilasecha.” “My mouth should be full of Your praises.”

The Gemara says that we learn from here that when we say a bracha, our mouth needs to be FULL of the bracha. That’s why we shouldn’t say a bracha with food in our mouth — our mouth should be full of Hashem’s bracha, not full of food!

In today’s shiur Tehillim, there are niggunim in EVERY kapitel! Can you find them? Do you know how to sing them all?



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Gimmel

Yesterday we said that there are two kinds of Yidden — some that are more serious and strict with themselves, and others that are more freilich and ready to give EVERYTHING, in their Avodas Hashem.

There are two examples for these two types:

1. Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel: Beis Shamai was usually very strict, and Beis Hillel would find a way to be patient with the most annoying people, and not as strict when he paskened Halacha.

2. Yitzchak and Avraham: Yitzchak was very strict with himself. He was always working to become better . He used his midah of gevurah. Avraham was kind (Chesed) and had a lot of Hachnosas Orchim — even to people who didn't believe in Hashem.

The Alter Rebbe tells us that in kedushah, these two midos are not by themselves! Chesed has Gevurah and Gevurah has Chesed! (We know this from Sefiras Ha’omer, where we see that every midah has all the other midos inside of it too!)

Since they are all connected, we see that sometimes even Beis Hillel was MORE strict than Beis Shamai! And sometimes, Beis Shamai was LESS strict than Beis Hillel!

Avraham Avinu, whose Avodah was Chesed, was also able to show a lot of Gevurah, like when he brought Yitzchak to be a Korban.

The same is with EVERY Yid’s neshama — everyone has both midos of Chesed and Gevurah, and there is a time to use each one.

So if everyone has Chesed AND Gevurah, why do we say that there is a difference, and that there are different ways in Avodas Hashem?

Beis Shamai was USUALLY strict, and the Chesed was hiding. Beis Hillel was USUALLY kind, and the Gevurah was hiding. The same thing is with Avraham and Yitzchak! Each of them had BOTH midos, but one of them was usually hiding.

So each of us have both midos, but our Avodah is usually in one way.



Yud-Gimmel Elul

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn what happens to a chossid the first time he goes into Yechidus.

What is a Bris Mila?

You will probably answer that there is a part of the skin that needs to be taken off a baby boy so his body can become connected to Hashem. (A girl is born with a guf that is ALREADY connected, so she doesn’t need to have a Bris.)

That’s a very good answer — but it’s not the WHOLE answer!

We are born with ways of thinking that come from the Yetzer Hara. These ideas are like extra skin that cover our Neshama, and make it harder for us to serve Hashem with the aidelkeit we need to have!

The Chossid R’ Chanoch Hendel said that all Chassidim knew that when a Chossid goes into Yechidus, he gets a “bris milah” for his Neshama! Once you go into Yechidus for the first time, that “Orlah,” the grobkeit and way of thinking of the Yetzer Hara, are taken away, and one can now think and feel like a Chossid!

It only takes one time for a Chossid to go to the Rebbe, and it changes a person forever!



Mitzvas Lo Saasei #168

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #168): Even though a regular kohen SHOULD become tomei to go to a levayah of someone in his family who passed away, a Kohen Gadol should NOT.



Hilchos Aveil

In today’s Rambam, we learn halachos about how we act if someone passes away R”L.

One of the halachos in Perek Gimmel is that even though kohanim have to be so careful not to become tomei, even a kohen should become tomei if a Nasi (or a Rebbe) passes away to show kavod.

In Perek Daled, we learn about Kavod Hameis, showing kavod for a person who passed away.

Perek Hey teaches halachos about aveilus, how a person acts when a close relative passes away.



Hilchos Nedarim - Perek Ches

We learn that the halacha is based on what was happening and what the person was thinking when he made the Neder, and not just what he says!



Yud-Gimmel Elul

Today is the Yom HaChasunah of the Frierdiker Rebbe and Rebbetzin Nechama Dina!

The Frierdiker Rebbe was the only son of the Rebbe Rashab and Rebbetzin Shterna Sara. When he was seventeen, it was time to look for a shidduch. A few choices came up, but the Rebbe Rashab said that he wanted his son to get married to someone who was related to the family. They chose Rebbetzin Nechama Dina, who was also a great-granddaughter of the Tzemach Tzedek.

At the time of the Chasunah, the Rebbe Rashab said a very long maamar that starts with the words Samach Tesamach. This maamar talks about Simcha, and how Simcha is stronger than anything! It teaches what a person should think about when he does a mitzvah, so that he will have Simcha Shel Mitzvah!

During the Sheva Brachos, the Rebbe Rashab announced the beginning of Yeshivas Tomchei Temimim, and made the Frierdiker Rebbe the head of the yeshivah!


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Tefillos of Yomim Noraim

We are a little more than two weeks away from Rosh Hashana! Let’s take the time to learn more about the upcoming Yomim Tovim.

It is important to understand the meaning of the special davening of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur. We add many sections to davening, which speak about the meaning of these holy days. We speak about crowning Hashem as King, how Hashem judges the world, and asking for a good year.

Even though we might already know how to look inside of our Machzor and say the words clearly, it is also important to UNDERSTAND what we are saying.

The Rebbe told Baalei Tefillah that before davening on the Yomim Noraim, they should first spend time going over the meaning of the tefillos. This is especially important for someone who is being the Shliach Tzibur for a whole shul, but it is also important for everyone!

IY”H over the next two weeks we will look at the general meaning of the tefillos and piyutim (poems) that we say in the Machzor. We will also review some of the halachos of these special days.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Kitzur Hilchos Yomim Noraim siman yud



Bringing Children to Shul on Rosh Hashana

When Yidden keep a minhag, it becomes a halacha!

One beautiful minhag of Yidden is to try to make sure that every child comes to shul during Rosh Hashana. Some kids can stay for longer, and others can only come for a short time. But every child should be there at least for a little while, and be part of the davening as much as they can be.

They should listen to the Shofar in shul if they can, and answer Amen and Amen Yehei Shemei Rabbah along with the minyan.

Children love being part of the davening in shul!

When adults see the chayus and temimus of the kids, it also makes them more excited about davening. Having children davening in shul helps adults do their avodah better, and feel more Ahava and Yiras Hashem!

See Likutei Sichos vol. 29, p. 536, Otzar Minhagei Chabad p. 91

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Hashem Will Again Choose Yerushalayim!

Hashem showed the Navi Zechariah a malach who asked why Hashem is not helping the Yidden. Hashem told the malach not to worry, because the second Beis Hamikdash will be rebuilt. The malach told Zechariah to tell this to the Yiddden!

The malach also told the Navi that even though there will be another Churban, there will also be another Geulah. In the end, there will again be a Beis Hamikdash in Yerushalayim.

עוֹד קְרָא לֵאמֹר כֹּה אָמַר ה׳ צְבָאוֹת עוֹד תְּפוּצֶנָה עָרַי מִטּוֹב וְנִחַם ה׳ עוֹד אֶת צִיּוֹן וּבָחַר עוֹד בִּירוּשָׁלִָם

Od Kra Leimor — And you should say even more!

Ko Amar Hashem Tzeva’os — So says Hashem:

Od Tefutzena Arai Mitov — “My cities will be scattered, and sent away from the good land of Eretz Yisroel.

Venicham Hashem Od Es Tzion — But Hashem will again one day comfort Tzion,

U’vachar Od BiYerushalayim — And again choose Yerushalayim!”

See Zechariah perek Alef posuk Yud-Zayin

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