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CHUMASH

Sheini with Rashi

Moshe and Elazar HaKohen counted the Yidden, like Hashem told them to.

The Torah tells us each of the Shevatim, and the families from that Shevet.

By looking at the names of the families, we learn interesting things about some of the people in the Torah!

- Korach’s family is counted too, because Korach’s sons didn’t die! (During the argument with Korach, they did teshuvah in their hearts, but it looked like they were still part of Korach’s group. Hashem gave them a fair punishment — it looked like they were killed when they were swallowed by the ground. Hashem gave them a safe place to stay underground, and let them come out after that generation had passed away.)

- One of the families of Menasheh, Tzelofchad, had no boys — only girls. The Torah tells us all of their names: Machla, Noa, Chaglah, Milkah, and Tirtza. (We will hear a special story about them later in the parsha!)

- The Torah also tells us that Serach, Asher’s daughter, was still alive!

All together, there were 601,730 Jewish men older than 20.

 
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TEHILLIM

90 - 96

Today’s kapitelach Tehillim are Tzadik to Tzadik-Vov.

In today’s Tehillim, we have the kapitel that the Leviim would sing in the Beis Hamikdash on Shabbos — the Shir Shel Yom for Shabbos.

One of the pesukim in this kapitel speaks about how everybody thanks Hashem on Shabbos. Chassidus explains on the words “Tov Lehodos LaHashem” (it is good to praise Hashem) that it’s the goodness of Hashem that makes people praise him. Of course Hashem is always good, but on Shabbos we can FEEL it, so that’s why especially on Shabbos His goodness makes us want to thank and praise Hashem!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Vov

We said that when a Yid does an aveira chas veshalom, he can get Tumah Chayus. Today we will see that not only CAN he get that kind of chayus, but he gets A LOT!

Why?

When a Yid does an aveira, the Hey of Hashem’s name gets separated from the other letters, like we learned before.

Where does it go to? To the koach of tumah!

Who made it go there? The person who did the aveira, chas veshalom. The koach of tumah is VERY happy to get the chayus — so happy, that it gives a lot of chayus to the person who did the aveira! Of course this is not good chayus, but it does make it possible to live a tumah life for a long time.

(Since he is alive, he has more chances to do teshuvah, and Hashem certainly helps every Yid to do teshuvah!)

When a Yid does Teshuvah, then the Hey comes out of its Golus in the tumah, and goes back to being part of Hashem’s name!

Now we understand what Teshuvah is all about: It’s bringing the Hey out of the koach of Tumah, where a Yid puts it when he does an aveira. His Teshuvah brings the Hey back to where it should be! Now, instead of the person getting his chayus from tumah, he is again able to receive his chayus from kedusha.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Tes Tammuz

Did you ever go on a long trip? Hopefully you didn’t forget to say Tefillas Haderech!

The Rebbe Rashab had a minhag that even when he was on a LONG trip, staying in one place for months and months, he STILL said Tefillas Haderech EVERY DAY. Since there is no chiyuv to say the bracha, in order not to say a bracha for no reason, he didn’t say Hashem’s name in the bracha at the end.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Asei #236

Today we will learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #236)! If a person hurts someone else, he has to make up for what he did by paying him for the five kinds of things he damaged: That now he is worth less money because he is handicapped, that it hurt him, for the doctor bills, for the time he couldn’t work, and that he was embarrassed. A Beis Din decides how much money needs to be paid for each of these things.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Shecheinim

In today’s Rambam, we learn about how to be a good neighbor according to Torah.

In Perek Zayin, we learn about a person’s right to have a window. We can’t tell another person to block off his window so he won’t look at us, if he had his window there first. We also can’t block his window by building a wall of our house too close.

Perek Ches teaches us about when a person can build something that reaches out over his neighbor’s yard, like a porch. If his neighbor knew about it and didn’t stop him, the neighbor can’t change his mind later. But building a sukkah doesn’t prove anything, unless it stays up for a whole month after Sukkos, because everyone knows that a sukkah isn’t meant to stay!

In Perek Tes, the Rambam tells us when we need to leave extra space to make sure we don’t ruin something belonging to our neighbor. For example, if we build a tub for laundry, we have to build a strong one, and at least 3 tefachim away from our neighbor’s wall, so that the water won’t leak out and ruin his wall.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Isurei Biah - Perek Chof

In this perek we learn how to know if someone is a kohen.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Hilchos Beis Habechira

After the first Beis Hamikdash was destroyed, Hashem told the Navi Yechezkel to teach the Yidden all of the measurements of the Beis Hamikdash. This way they will be embarrassed of their aveiros and want to go back and have the Beis Hamikdash again.

The Medrash tells us that Yechezkel asked Hashem, “What is the point of telling this to the Yidden, if they aren’t building it now anyways?”

Hashem answered Yechezkel, “If the Yidden learn about the Beis Hamikdash, I will consider it as if they are really building it!”

The Rebbe tells us that because of this, during the Three Weeks, when we are thinking about the Churban, we should learn about the way the Beis Hamikdash was built. This way it will be with us through our learning, and the feeling of the Churban won’t be as strong. It will also make us ask for the THIRD Beis Hamikdash, and Hashem will give it to us right away!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Yud-Ches, parshas Masei — Bein Hameitzarim

 

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TEFILLAH

Modeh Ani

Before we enjoy a tasty bite
A sweet, sweet smell, or a beautiful sight

We say a bracha to thank Hashem
For creating all of them!

Every morning, we realize
That we got a gift, when we open our eyes.

Our neshama has been returned again
A special gift straight from Hashem!

Just like the Birchos Hanehenin, the brachos on enjoying Hashem’s wonderful world, we also thank Hashem for our neshama in Modeh Ani. We can’t thank Hashem BEFORE starting to enjoy being awake and alive, but as soon as we open our eyes, we thank Hashem right away! We are about to enjoy the pleasure of having our neshama and chayus back again, in time for a new day.

Modeh Ani doesn’t look like a bracha, because our hands are still tomei, and we can’t say Hashem’s name yet. That’s why it doesn’t start with the words “Baruch Ata Hashem.”

Later, after washing our hands and saying Asher Yatzar, we will thank Hashem again for returning our neshama, with the bracha of Elokai Neshama.

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

New Clothing During the Three Weeks

During the Three Weeks, we don’t do certain things that show we are happy, like having chasunahs.

One halacha is that we don’t wear new clothes during this time.

So are we allowed to BUY new clothes during the Three Weeks? The halacha is that we are not — unless it is something that we can only buy during the Three Weeks, or if it will be more expensive later (like if it is on sale only now).

But these halachos are only about regular clothing — things like socks or undershirts are not a problem, and we can buy them or wear them even when they are new.

Here is a detailed guide with the halachos of the Three Weeks, by Rabbi Lesches from Melbourne, Australia

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Torah and Tzedakah Bring Moshiach!

During the Three Weeks, the Rebbe taught us to learn more Torah and give more tzedakah. Especially on Shabbos, we should learn even MORE Torah, and give tzedakah in a way we are allowed to, like by having Hachnosas Orchim or giving extra tzedakah before Shabbos.

We learn this from a posuk in Yeshaya. First the Navi tells the Yidden that they are not acting the way they should, which is causing the Churban. Then he promises them that the Beis Hamikdash will be rebuilt in zechus of their Torah and tzedakah!

צִיּוֹן בְּמִשְׁפָּט תִּפָּדֶה וְשָׁבֶיהָ בִּצְדָקָה

Tzion Bemishpat Tipadeh — Yerushalayim will be redeemed in the zechus of Mishpat (which means Torah)

Veshaveha Bitzedakah — And its captives will be redeemed through tzedakah!

See Yeshayahu perek Alef posuk Chof-Zayin

 
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