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CHUMASH

Rishon with Rashi

In last week’s parsha, Moshe complained to Hashem that things were now WORSE for the Yidden!

Hashem told Moshe that he shouldn’t complain, Hashem will keep His promises! Sometimes it doesn’t look better right away, but Hashem will always do what He says.

“Now tell the Yidden that I am about to keep the promise I made to the Avos, that I will give their children the land of Eretz Yisroel! I will take them out of Mitzrayim, and bring them to Eretz Yisroel!”

Moshe told the Yidden what Hashem had said, but things were so hard in Mitzrayim, that the Yidden didn’t feel better by hearing this.

Then Hashem told Moshe to tell Paraoh to let the Yidden go. Moshe said, “But even the Yidden didn’t listen to me — how will Paraoh listen?”

Hashem gave Moshe and Aharon instructions: He told them to be patient with the Yidden, and speak to Paraoh with kavod.

We will IY”H see the continuation of their shlichus in the Chumash for Yom Shlishi.

 
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TEHILLIM

106 - 107

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Kuf-Vov and Kuf-Zayin.

In kapitel Kuf-Zayin we talk about four kinds of dangers a person can go through.

When the kapitel speaks about the people in each danger, it says that they cried out to Hashem when they were in pain.

From here we see that when we have any kind of troubles and something is bothering us, we need to cry out to Hashem to ask Hashem to help us. Then, like the posuk says many times, Yodu LaHashem Chasdo, Venifle’osav Livnei Adam — Hashem will show us His kindness and give us everything we need, and we will thank Hashem!

See Farbrengen Yud-Beis Tamuz 5727, Tehillim with Pirush Tehillas Menachem, p. 9

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Yud-Beis

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe explains how a beinoni is different than a tzadik.

We learned that the beinoni doesn’t do any aveiros, and when he davens his Nefesh Habehamis can’t even come up with ideas to make him do the wrong thing! So why is he called a Beinoni, which means in between? We said that a beinoni is between a tzadik and a rasha, but it sounds like a beinoni is just like a tzadik!

The Alter Rebbe explains that even though the neshama’s love for Hashem can make the Nefesh Habehamis go to sleep, it’s not pushing it away at all — it’s still there, just as strong. After davening, it wakes up and goes right back to what it was doing before.

The Beinoni has a hidden love for Hashem all the time, which helps him control his behavior. However, it’s not the strong feeling he has during davening which puts his Nefesh Habehamis to sleep. The Ahavas Hashem he has all day can only stop him from doing aveiros, but it can’t stop his Nefesh Habehamis from sending not good thoughts into his mind!

That’s why a beinoni is different than a tzadik. With a tzadik, the Nefesh Habehamis is sleeping all the time (or changed into a Yetzer Tov!). The beinoni, however, can only put his Nefesh Habehamis to sleep at certain times (like during davening). For the rest of the time, he needs to use the special koach Hashem gives him (Moach Shalit Al Halev) to always be in control!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Beis Teves

Today’s Hayom Yom teaches us that it is EVERYONE’s job to spend time every day towards chinuch of children.

You know that there is a mitzvah for boys over Bar Mitzvah to put on Tefillin every day. It doesn’t matter if the boy is a big Talmid Chochom or can’t even read the Alef Beis.

The Rebbe Rashab said that the same thing is with the mitzvah of chinuch! All Yidden, whether they are big tzadikim or simple people, need to spend a half an hour every day thinking about the chinuch of children.

They need to do everything they can — and even more! — to make sure that children are going in the path of Yiddishkeit.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Lo Saasei #217, #218

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn two mitzvos about not mixing ANIMALS together:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #217) We aren’t allowed to make two different kinds of animals get married to each other, like a cow with a sheep.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #218) We are not allowed to make two different kinds of animals shlep a plow or a wagon together.

We learn the halachos of these two mitzvos in tomorrow’s Rambam.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Kela'im

In Rambam, we finish learning about Kilai HaKerem, not growing any other kind of plant together with grapes.

Perek Vov: We learn how much of the grapes become asur if they are planted close to vegetables. We also learn about mavrich, when a person makes the grapevine go underground and come up in a different place. Can we plant something else in that in-between space?

Perek Zayin: We learn what is considered a Kerem (vineyard) according to halacha, and what is considered just a single vine, which is less strict than a full Kerem.

Perek Ches: There are two ways to grow grapes: Letting the vines grow on the ground, or draping the vines over a wall, a fence, or an arch. Letting them grow on the ground is the regular way we grow grapes. When the vines are hanging over something else, called Aris, there are different halachos.

We also learn that the halachos are a little different outside of Eretz Yisroel.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Biyas Hamikdash - Perek Beis

A kohen is not allowed to go into the Kodesh without a good reason, and the Kohen Gadol is not allowed to into the Kodesh Hakodoshim except on Yom Kippur. We also learn what happens if a kohen is R”L mourning for someone. A person is not allowed to send a korban through someone else when they are mourning, but when they are tamei it is sometimes allowed.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Chinuch

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learned what the Rebbe Rashab said about chinuch: Just like there’s a mitzvah of tefillin that everyone needs to do every day, everyone needs to think about the chinuch of children every day, how to influence children that they should follow the derech of Yiddishkeit and Chassidus.

In a sicha, the Rebbe explains why the Rebbe Rashab used the example of Tefillin, and not another mitzvah that we do every day. One of the things that are special about the mitzvah of tefillin is that it is one of the mitzvos where the kavana is also very important! We are not supposed to just put on tefillin, we are supposed to think about the purpose of the mitzvah, that our heart and mind should have bittul to serve Hashem, Shibud Halev Vehamoach.

Our thinking about chinuch needs to be like the mitzvah of tefillin! We shouldn’t spend the time just to be yotzei, we should put our minds and hearts to it, and make sure that our children, every Jewish child, and every single Yid will follow the path of Torah that they are taught.

See Likutei Sichos chelek Alef p. 9

 

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TEFILLAH

Asher Yatzar

The next bracha we say in Birchos Hashachar in the morning is Asher Yatzar. We say it in Birchos Hashachar for two reasons:

1) In the morning, we are like a new creation, a “Beryah Chadasha!” We are starting a new day, a new avodah. We thank Hashem for giving us this amazing guf that we can use to serve Hashem with!

2) The Chachomim teach us to say the bracha of Asher Yatzar after using the bathroom. Since we aren’t allowed to daven if we need to use the bathroom, and a person usually needs to use the bathroom in the morning, we will probably need to say Asher Yatzar at the beginning of Birchos Hashachar anyway.

In the bracha of Asher Yatzar, we speak about the amazing body Hashem gave us, and how incredible it is that it works just right!

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Vov, se’if alef

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kibud Av Va'Eim

Our parents are very special. They are Hashem’s partners in bringing our neshamos into the world! Someone who is a partner with Hashem in this important job for sure deserves a lot of respect! We also owe so much to our parents for everything they have done for us, and we have a lot of Hakoras Hatov we need to show!

The Torah gives us some rules in how to show this Derech Eretz and Hakoras Hatov to our parents, and here are some of the halachos:

1) If a Mommy or Tatty have a place that they always sit in, we shouldn’t sit there.

2) We should treat what our parents say with respect, and not say things like “I don’t think so,” or even “that’s right.” We can’t just talk to them like we would talk to our friend.

3) When a Mommy or Tatty are in a room with us, that is special! When they come in, we should stand up to show them kavod — at least one time in the morning and at night.

4) We need to give them food or drink if they want it.

Are you wondering why a lot of people don’t do these things? That’s because a Tatty and Mommy are allowed to decide they don’t need this kavod, and if they do, the kids can show kavod in different ways. Even if our parents don’t mind, though, we should still try to keep some of these halachos!

But here are some things that we always NEED to do:

1) We need to listen to what our Mommy and Tatty tell us.

2) It is a very big aveira to hit a Mommy or Tatty or curse them — even worse than the aveira of hitting or cursing any other Yid!

And the BIGGEST kavod that we should show for our parents is to make them proud of us by going in the ways of Hashem and living like a mentch — to give them Yiddishe, Chassidishe nachas!

See Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deiah siman Reish-Mem

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Moshiach's Job

The Rambam paskens about the things that Moshiach will do:

Moshiach will bring back the Melucha of Dovid Hamelech. We will again have Yiddishe kings, from the family of Dovid, ruling over the Yidden.

Moshiach will build the Beis Hamikdash, and gather together the Yidden from all over the world.

In the times of Moshiach, we will be able to do all of the mitzvos we weren’t able to keep during the time of Golus! For example, we will be able to bring korbanos again, and keep the halachos of Shemitah and Yovel.

See Rambam Hilchos Melachim Perek Yud-Alef halacha alef

 
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