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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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Those who make Chitas for the month of Menachem Av possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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Parshas Va'eschanan - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden the parsha of Shema, that the Yidden should keep their emunah strong, remember Hashem, remember Yetziyas Mitzrayim, and remember their achrayus to keep the mitzvos!

Today’s Chumash starts off with Shema! We learn the whole Shema, until Uvisharecha! Rashi explains that “Hashem Elokeinu Hashem Echod” is talking about Moshiach — when Moshiach comes, Hashem’s name will be one!

We need to love Hashem “bechol levavcha” — with our Yetzer Tov, AND our Yetzer Hara.

In the first parsha of Shema, we have the first five of the Ten Mivtzoyim! Ahavas Yisroel (as the Alter Rebbe explained that one of the ways we love Hashem is through loving a Yid), Chinuch, Torah, Tefillin, and Mezuzah. Can you find them all in the first parsha of Shema?

Then Moshe tells the Yidden to be careful when they come into Eretz Yisroel, not to forget about Hashem. Since Hashem had the Goyim build cities for the Yidden, and dig them wells and plant them trees, it might be easy to forget that HASHEM is Who gave them all of these things!

The Yidden shouldn’t worship Avodah Zarah — it will make Hashem upset and He will punish them. Instead, they should be careful to keep all the mitzvos, and Hashem will be happy for the Yidden to live in Eretz Yisroel!

Then Moshe tells us something we know from the Haggadah:

If your son asks you “What are these mitzvos Hashem gave to you?” You should explain — Avadim Hayinu — we were slaves to Paraoh in Mitzrayim, and Hashem took us out so we could go to Eretz Yisroel! Hashem gave us all of these mitzvos so we will stay alive, and it is our zechus to keep them.



72 - 76

Today’s kapitelach are Ayin-Beis to Ayin-Vov.

In Kapitel Ayin-Gimmel (73), there is a posukMi Li Bashamayim Ve’imcha Lo Chofatzti Ba’aretz.” “Do I need Shomayim? And I don’t want what’s with You in the world.”

The Tzemach Tzedek said that the Alter Rebbe used to say that this posuk means that he doesn’t want what’s WITH Hashem, like Gan Eden or Olam Haba. He just wanted Hashem Himself!

How does a person connect with Hashem Himself? By doing a mitzvah in this Gashmiyus world! The Chachomim say that one hour of teshuvah and Maasim Tovim in this world is better than the whole Olam Haba! In Olam Haba, neshamos enjoy the light of Hashem, but through a mitzvah in this world, the neshama connects with the ESSENCE of Hashem.



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

The Alter Rebbe is encouraging Chassidim to give tzedakah, by explaining what happens in Ruchnius when we give tzedakah!

We learned that when we give tzedakah, we make Hashem’s name complete.

We see this in a posuk, “Vayaas Dovid Sheim,” “Dovid made Hashem’s name.” The Zohar explains that this happened because of the tzedakah and chesed that he did!

Hashem’s name is complete when we have not just the Yud of Hashem’s name, but also the Hey. Later we will see how Hashem’s name is made through giving tzedaakah, but first we need to learn what the Chachomim teach us, that with Hashem’s name Yud and Hey, Olam Haba and Olam Hazeh were created.

Yesterday, the Alter Rebbe explained that the Yud of Hashem’s name is what gives chayus to Olam Haba, and today we will learn about the Hey of Hashem’s name:

The Hey of Hashem’s name gives chayus to Olam Hazeh, this world.


We can understand this better by using a mashal of how a person speaks.

When we talk, there are two parts:

1) One is the sound that comes from our breath.

2) The other is the way we move our mouth and throat to shape that sound into the 22 letters of the Alef-Beis.

The different letters in our speech come from a very deep koach in our neshama. This is like the Yud of Hashem’s name, which shows a very deep part of Hashem — Hashem’s pnimius.

But we can’t hear those letters without the sound itself, which comes from our breath.

Our breath is like the Hey of Hashem’s name. (Without trying to shape the sound of our breath into a letter, it will just sound like a Hey!) This isn’t as deep of a koach as the letters. This is a mashal for the Hey of Hashem’s name.

Now we can understand why Olam Hazeh gets its chayus from the Hey of Hashem’s name! This Gashmius world can’t handle seeing the deep chayus of Hashem from the Yud. Instead, the Yud gives chayus to Olam Haba. This world gets its chayus from the Hey of Hashem’s name, which the world can handle.



Yud-Daled Menachem Av

The Rebbe reminds us that there is no Tachanun in Mincha, because tonight is Chamisha-Asar B’Av!

On Yud-Daled Menachem Av in the year Tof-Shin-Alef, it was 50 years since the Rebbe Rashab told the Frierdiker Rebbe, who was then 11 years old, that he should start writing down the stories that he tells him.

At that time, the Frierdiker Rebbe told this story:

When the Tzemach Tzedek started to write words of Torah and Chassidus, the Alter Rebbe told him that the Mishna says that you should get a friend to learn with — Ukenei Lecha Chaver. If you change the nekudos of the word “Ukenei,”, you can read it as “Vekaneh Lecha Chaver,” a PEN should be your friend! From this we see that it is important to write things down when you learn!

The Rebbe Rashab once said over this vort from the Alter Rebbe, “Vekaneh Lecha Chaver,” that a pen should be your friend. He explained that it means that the “pen of your heart” is what should be your friend in learning: That everything that we learn, we should try to experience, and we should feel that what we’re learning is important for our life!



Shiur #40 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #320

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #320) is the same as yesterday’s. We are not allowed to do any of the kinds of work called melacha on Shabbos.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תַעֲשֶׂה כָל מְלָאכָה

The details are explained in Mesechta Shabbos.



Hilchos Shabbos

In today’s Rambam, perakim Tes, Yud, and Yud-Alef, we learn many of the Lamed-Tes melachos that we started in the last perek of yesterday’s Rambam! We learn about not cooking, or even putting something near a warm place so it will cook too. We learn about not writing, or cutting nails, or tying knots, and many more of the melachos and their details!

We will finish learning the rest of the Lamed-Tes Melachos in the first perek of tomorrow’s Rambam.



Hilchos Terumos - Perek Daled

We are learning more about the person that separates Terumah. If someone can’t do it himself, he can have someone else do it for him — this is called making a shliach. If someone doesn’t officially make a shliach, another person can’t separate the terumah for him. So his workers can’t just do it for him without him asking them to!



Ahavas Yisroel

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learned about the stories that the Frierdiker Rebbe wrote down.

At the time the Hayom Yom was written, many of these stories had never been printed. Now, Boruch Hashem, they are, in the Frierdiker Rebbe’s sichos and zichronos!

We can learn many things from these stories. One very important thing we can learn is about Ahavas Yisroel. We can see this from the following story:

A bochur once came to the Rebbe in Yechidus, and asked what he could do to make his Ahavas Yisroel stronger. The Rebbe told him to read the sichos of the Frierdiker Rebbe, and this would help him!

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Korban Tomid

The second paragraph that starts “Vayedaber” is about the Korban Tomid.

After cleaning off the ashes from the Mizbeiach in the morning, the kohanim were ready to bring the first korban of the day, the Korban Tomid. This korban was a sheep that was brought as an Olah, meaning that the entire animal was burned on the Mizbeiach, and no meat was left for the kohanim to eat. The Korban Tomid (“tomid” means “always”) was brought twice every day, once in the morning and once in the afternoon. The Korban Tomid was a kapara for certain aveiros that the Yidden did, and helped Hashem forgive them.

Our davening Shacharis and Mincha is instead of bringing the Korban Tomid in the morning and afternoon. We can’t bring the actual korban, but we bring ourselves close to Hashem by connecting to Him in tefillah. By saying the words of the Torah describing the Korban Tomid, Hashem will also count it as if we are bringing this important korban!

On a day that we say Tachanun, we also say a short tefillah before, asking Hashem that our davening should be mechaper our aveiros just as the Korban Tomid was mechaper on the aveiros of the Yidden.



Learning Halachos Every Day

At this time of the year, close to Chamisha-Asar B’Av, we need to increase in our Torah learning!

In the introduction to the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, the Mitteler Rebbe writes that the main part of learning needs to be in order to know how Hashem wants us to act. It’s especially important to learn the section of Shulchan Aruch called Orach Chayim, which is about things we do all the time. We can’t always run to the Rav to ask a question, so we need to know the regular halachos well!

Based on this, the Rebbe says that everyone needs to make a set time every day to learn the practical halachos that we need to know, for example the halachos about Hefsek B’Tefillah or brachos. The main thing is that we should learn every single day, even for just a few minutes, because this will help us remember the halachos. Since all halachos are connected, the halacha you learn today will help you remember the halacha you learned yesterday!

See Toras Menachem vol. 7 p. 117, Shulchan Menachem vol. 4, p. 239

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Hesech Hadaas

The Chachomim tell us that Moshiach will come “Behesech Hadaas,” when we are not thinking about it.

But what is that supposed to mean? We know from Rambam that we are ALWAYS supposed to be waiting for Moshiach to come — Achakeh Lo Bechol Yom Sheyavo!

One explanation is that Moshiach will come in a time that doesn’t make sense — a time when our daas might tell us that Moshiach shouldn’t come. Even though it wouldn’t seem like we deserve Moshiach, the Gemara tells us to have emunah (which is higher than daas) that Moshiach will come right away!

So if someone thinks that the world isn’t ready for Moshiach, we see from this Gemara that this is the PERFECT time, Behesech Hadaas! With the koach of our emunah in Moshiach, Moshiach will come right away!

Likutei Sichos chelek Yud p. 171

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