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CHUMASH

Parshas Tetzaveh - Shishi with Rashi

Today we learn about the Korban Tomid! This is a Korban that is brought EVERY DAY on the Mizbeiach as a present to Hashem! You can see it in your siddur too (in different words, from Parshas Pinchas) in the paragraph starting Vayedaber.

Even in the week of Chanukas Hamishkan, Moshe had to bring the Korban Tomid:

One lamb in the morning (Shacharis time)

with:

- dough made of fine flour mixed with olive oil
(it doesn’t have to be the same kind of oil like for the Menorah)

- a quarter of a hin of wine, poured over the Mizbeiach

AND

One lamb in the afternoon (Mincha time)
with the same dough and wine.

Then, Hashem will be with the Yidden!

 
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TEHILLIM

55- 59

In the end of today’s first Kapitel is the very special niggun Padah Veshalom, which we sing on the Geulah of the Rebbeim. Because we are almost at the time of the Geulah of Purim, it is a very good time to sing this Niggun again!

On this posuk, the Gemara learns that someone who learns Torah, and helps others, and davens with a minyan is like he was “Padah” Hashem and the Yidden, like he took them out of Golus!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Tes

Sometimes the Yetzer Hara can get very chutzpadik and not let the Yetzer Tov shine.

In yesterday’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe told us a mashal from the Zohar to help us understand what it is, and what to do about it:

Were you ever at a bonfire? There are many pieces of wood, and they all burn, making a huge fire!

Why are there so many pieces? Why don’t we just light one big tree? If you tried it, you would see very quickly that it won’t light!

Even with a bonfire, if there is a piece of wood that it is too big, it just won’t burn. You first need to chop it into smaller pieces.

We are like a piece of wood. We are trying to light ourselves with the light of the neshama! When the Elokus that the neshama knows about shines in our heart, we feel excited, and we “burn” with the light of the neshama!

But if we get too big and chutzpadik, and the things we know don’t make us excited anymore, we have timtum. We won’t be able to “burn!”

So what do we need to do? Break ourselves into smaller pieces, by thinking about how low the guf is. Then we will be humble and have bittul, and the light of the neshama will be able to come back into our heart.

First of all, we need to realize that the guf is low. Even though we have a neshama, we aren’t like tzadikim who changed the guf into Ruchniyus, so it never wants to do anything against what Hashem wants. Our guf is Gashmiyus, and it likes to do things even if Hashem doesn’t let!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud Adar Alef

The Rebbe reminds us of the order of the paragraphs before bentching:

On a day when we say Tachanun we say Al Naharos Bavel, Lamnatzeiach Binginos and Avarcha.

On a day we don’t say Tachanun, we say Shir Hamaalos, Livnei Korach, and Avarcha.

Then we say “Zeh Cheilek” and do Mayim Achronim. After washing our fingers, we say Vayedabeir Eilai.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Asei #161, Lo Saasei #140

Today we learn two mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #161) It is a mitzvah to count Sefiras Haomer. Even though the mitzvah is to count both the days and the weeks, that is a detail of the mitzvah and it is not counted as two separate mitzvos.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Emor: וּסְפַרְתֶּם לָכֶם מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #140) If an animal was supposed to be a korban, and then someone made it posul on purpose, or if it became posul after shechting it, we are not allowed to eat it.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: לֹא תֹאכַל כָּל תּוֹעֵבָה

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Bechoros.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Temidin U'Musafin - Pesulei HaMukdashin

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning about the Yom Tov korbanos:

Perek Tes: We learn about the korbanos of Rosh Hashana. We also learn about the order korbanos need to be brought in.

Perek Yud: In this perek we learn about the special korbanos of Yom Kippur and Sukkos. We also learn about the Nisuch Hamayim — the water that was poured on the Mizbeiach when the Korban Tomid was brought on Sukkos, along with the wine that was usually poured!

Now we start learning a new set of halachos, about what makes korbanos posul:

Perek Alef: One example of how a korban can become posul is if even a part of the animal was outside of the Azara when it was shechted.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Pesulei Hamukdashin - Perek Daled

Today we learn what happens to a Chatas and an Asham that can’t be brought as korbanos.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Avodah

In Tanya, we’re learning about what to do if a person can’t seem to get excited about the Chassidus that they know. This problem is called Timtum Halev.

The Alter Rebbe explained that it happens when a person’s Yetzer Hara is getting too proud and chutzpadik. We need to show the Yetzer Hara that it isn’t special, and then it will stop blocking us from feeling excited!

The Rebbe once said a maamar about Timtum Halev, in the first few years after becoming Rebbe. In this maamar, the Rebbe gave us three ways to try to get rid of our timtum:

1) A person should think about how instead of trying to become closer to Hashem, and trying to become a beinoni, all he cares about is his food and drink or how to get the Gashmius things he wants! That’s just like an animal! The only difference is that an animal eats hay, and he eats other food… This will make him feel humble, and have an open heart to get excited again about Chassidus and Avodas Hashem.

2) Learn about deep things in Elokus, like about high levels of Hashem! These things can also break right through into the heart, and let the heart feel excited about all the Torah and Chassidus he knows.

3) Say a lot of words of Torah and Tefillah, because words of Torah have a very strong koach (of Chochma!). They can break right through into the heart, even though the Yetzer Hara is trying to block it.

And if none of these things work, and the person is still not excited about doing his Avodas Hashem, then he probably has a DIFFERENT kind of timtumTimtum Hamoach. The way to fix Timtum Hamoach is connected to what we’ll be learning in Igeres Hateshuvah, later in TanyaIY”H we’ll learn more about it there!

See maamar Lefichach, Shemini 5716, based on a maamar of the Alter Rebbe

 

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TEFILLAH

Hiskashrus With Hashem

Usually, people translate the word Tefillah as “prayer.” Prayer means to ask for something that you need or want. Even though it is true that we do ask for things in davening, that’s not all that Tefillah means!

In Chumash and Mishnayos, we see that one meaning of the shoresh of the word Tefillah is to connect. (For example, Rochel named Bilhah’s son Naftoli, to show that she was now joining Leah in having children.)

Even if we don’t have something that we need, we still need to daven to Hashem so that we will stay connected!

The neshama of a Yid always is connected to Hashem. But it can’t always feel it, since it is inside of a guf that is busy with Gashmius’dike things like eating and sleeping.

So Hashem set up special times during the day so that we can refresh our connection with Him! Those times are the tefillos we daven a few times throughout the day.

And that’s the main point of davening — to keep our hiskashrus with Hashem strong!

See Likutei Sichos Chelek Beis, p. 410

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Bentching

When we daven, we are not supposed to even hold something except for a siddur, because it will distract us from having kavana.

There are also halachos like this with bentching!

When we bentch, we shouldn’t do any kind of work, even something easy that we don’t need to concentrate for, like clearing off our plates or sweeping off crumbs. Doing that makes it look like we don’t care so much about the bracha. Of course, we shouldn’t do something that we DO need to think about, even something holy, like listening to a shiur or a Dvar Torah! That will definitely keep us from having kavana.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman 96, and siman 183 se’if yud-daled

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Korban Tomid

In today’s Chumash, we learn about the Korban Tomid, the korban that was brought to Hashem two times every day.

Nowadays, we are not able to bring this special korban. The Medrash tells us that saying Shema in the morning and at night takes the place of bringing the Korban Tomid!

The Medrash brings a mashal:

There was once a man whose son took care of him. Every day, the son would bring his father two meals. After some time, the father saw that the son was poor, and couldn’t afford to bring him food. He called over his son and told him, “I know you can’t continue bringing me the meals like you have been doing until now. But please, come listen to me giving my shiur in shul twice a day. For me, that will be as sweet as the meals you have been bringing.”

The Medrash explains that Hashem tells the Yidden, “I know you have been bringing me the Korban Tomid twice a day. But the Beis Hamikdash will be destroyed, and you won’t be able to bring it anymore. Instead, please say Shema twice a day, and to me it will be worth even more than all of the korbanos.

IY”H, very soon we will have the Beis Hamikdash again! Then we will not only be able to say Shema twice a day, but to bring the Korban Tomid to Hashem as well!

See Torah Sheleima Parshas Tetzaveh, p. 239

 
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