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CHUMASH

Parshas Beshalach - Sheini with Rashi

Paraoh told the Yidden they could leave Mitzrayim, but then Hashem hardened Paraoh’s heart and he changed his mind and decided he wanted the Yidden to come back.

The Mitzriyim chased after the Yidden, and caught up to them when it was almost nighttime, Chof Nisan.

The Yidden saw the Mitzriyim coming, with Paraoh at the front, along with the Malach of Mitzrayim! The Yidden knew that Hashem said they would go to Eretz Yisroel, but still they were very scared, and they cried out to Hashem to save them.

When they saw that the Mitzriyim still were coming closer, some of the Yidden started talking in a not-nice way. They said, “Moshe, there’s not enough place to bury us in Mitzrayim? Why did you bring us to die in the Midbar? You should have just left us in Mitzrayim!”

Moshe told the Yidden not to worry, Hashem would take care of the Mitzriyim, and that after today, the Yidden won’t see the Mitzriyim ever again!

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TEHILLIM

44 - 48

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Mem-Daled through Mem-Ches.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a very special posuk: “Kol Kvuda Bas Melech Penima” — “The kavod of a princess is inside.” This means that a woman, because of tznius, shows her kavod inside her house, not outside in front of everyone.

(Hashem set up the world in a way that a man goes out into the world and gets parnasa, and the woman is the Akeres Habayis — making the home a place where Hashem can feel comfortable.)

But in the Navi, it says that when Moshiach comes, the women will be outside too, and even showing their kavod outside!

Since now we are so close to Moshiach, we need to start acting in a way of Geulah. So today, women and girls need to go outside too, to go to school and learn Torah, and to do mivtzoyim. But since we are still in Golus, and we still have a Yetzer Hara, we need to be careful that it should be in a way of tznius.

Farbrengen Parshas Tazria Tof-Shin-Mem-Alef, see Tehillim with Pirush Tehilos Menachem, Kapitel Mem-Hey p. 23

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Yud-Ches

Yesterday we started to learn about how it is “Karov Me’od,” very doable for every Yid to keep Torah and mitzvos with Ahava and Yirah. This is true even for someone who cannot create feelings of Ahava and Yirah through deep concentration and hisbonenus. We can do this by REMINDING ourselves of an Ahava Mesuteres that we all already have inside of us! Today we start learning about the Ahava Mesuteres.

Every Yid has an “Ahava Mesuteres,” a hidden love for Hashem. It’s something we all have built in to our neshama. If you have a neshama, you have a love for Hashem hiding inside — automatically!

You can probably think of some things you got passed down from your parents — like maybe the color of their hair, or their talent for singing. Every Yid gets Ahava Mesuteres from the Avos, the parents of all of the Yidden!

The Avos loved Hashem very much. They were botul to Hashem, doing everything Hashem wanted, without thinking of themselves at all. Because of that, Hashem gave them a reward — that their love for Hashem will become something that their children will have as part of their neshama. That’s why we all have this Ahava Mesuteres, a hidden love for Hashem!

The place of this Ahava Mesuteres is in the Chochma of the neshama. There’s a very good reason why Hashem put it there, and IY”H we will be learning more about it in tomorrow’s shiur of Tanya!

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HAYOM YOM

Ches Shevat

Baruch Hashem, now we’re right before the Geulah!

We need to know that any tzaros (Chas Veshalom) that Yidden have are because Moshiach is about to come, and just like it hurts before a baby is born, it “hurts” right before Moshiach comes.

But we don’t want this hurting to last a long time. We need to do everything we can to make Moshiach come RIGHT AWAY! We need to especially be careful to keep all of the mitzvos in the most beautiful way, and do EVERY minhag without any compromise!

One time, a reporter came to the Rebbe from a big television station, and asked the Rebbe, “What is your message for the whole world about Moshiach?” The Rebbe answered that Moshiach is ready to come — everyone should do something EXTRA (“something additional”) in goodness and kindness to bring Moshiach. Then the Rebbe gave the reporter and the video people TWO dollars, to show them by example that we need to do something extra.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #211 - Mitzvas Asei #111

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #111) is the SECOND step a Metzora needs to take to become Tahor — shaving off all of his hair.

We learn this from the words of a posuk in Parshas Metzora: וְהָיָה בַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי יְגַלַּח

The halachos of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Nega’im.

The Rambam also explains why the shaving of the Metzora is a separate mitzvah from his korbanos, but with a Nazir, who also has to shave and bring korbanos, they are part of the same mitzvah.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Tumas Tzoraas

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about Tzoraas:

Perek Yud-Alef: Now we learn the halachos about the first step for a Metzora to become Tahor. We learn about the water and the plants that are used, and what happens if the bird that was shechted is Treif, or the blood got spilled by mistake. We also learn about the second step, where he waits seven days and then goes to the Beis Hamikdash to get his hair cut off and bring his korban.

Perek Yud-Beis: This perek teaches us the halachos of Tzoraas on clothes. We learn what it looks like, and how big the spot needs to be to be counted as Tzoraas.

Perek Yud-Gimmel: The Rambam teaches us the halachos of what kinds of material can get Tzoraas, and what we do once the kohen says it is Tomei. If a Kohen says that a piece of clothing is Tomei, and it gets mixed up with other clothes, we aren’t allowed to use ANY of them! In this perek, the Rambam finishes teaching us the halachos of Tzoraas on clothes.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Bechoros - Perek Beis

We learn about a bechor that has a mum. One of the things we learn about is what kinds of mum make a Bechor not good for a korban. If the bechor has one of these kinds of mum, the kohen is allowed to eat it also outside of Yerushalayim.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Yud Shevat

One of the minhagim of Yud Shevat is to learn through the maamar of the Frierdiker Rebbe that he gave to Chassidim to learn on the day of Yud Shevat in the year of his histalkus, in Tof-Shin-Yud (1950). We learn part of the maamar after Maariv, after Shacharis, and after Mincha. This way, we finish the whole maamar on Yud Shevat.

This maamar starts with the words “Bosi Legani,” which is what Hashem said at the time of Matan Torah, “I came to My garden.”

In one of the sichos on Yud Shevat, the Rebbe explained why the posuk compares the world to a garden: Sometimes the world looks like a scary place. But a Yid needs to remember that it’s really a special place, it’s Hashem’s world that Hashem watches every second! It’s just that the Yetzer Hara tries to get us to think it’s scary, so we won’t be brave to act the way Hashem wants us to.

But if we remember that all of the hard things we see are from Hashem, we try hard to find the good things in the world, and work to make the world a place for Hashem’s Shechinah to feel comfortable — we will for sure bring Moshiach, when everyone will be able to see that the world is Hashem’s garden!

The Rebbe also had a minhag to explain one se’if (section) of this series of maamarim every year. There are 20 se’ifim in the Frierdiker Rebbe’s hemshech Bosi Legani, so from Tof-Shin-Yud to Tof-Shin-Lamed, the Rebbe explained the entire series of maamarim. The Rebbe did the same thing again over the next 20 years, and began the third cycle. Chassidim have continued the cycle the way the Rebbe started it. We learn the maamarim that the Rebbe said or edited for the se’if of each year.

This year we are learning the 12th se’if, for the 4th time since Yud Shevat (5722, 5742, 5762, 5782). We learn the Rebbe’s maamar of Tof-Shin-Chof-Beis and Tof-Shin-Mem-Beis.

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TEFILLAH

Birchas Hamazon

Who made the brachos of bentching?

R’ Nachman, an Amora, tells us in Mesechta Brachos:

The first bracha, Hazan Es Ha’olam, is from Moshe Rabbeinu. This bracha speaks about how Hashem satisfies our hunger. When Hashem sent down the mohn from Shomayim, Moshe Rabbeinu set up this bracha to thank Hashem.

The second bracha is from Yehoshua. This bracha finishes, “Al Ha’aretz Ve’al Hamazon,” thanking Hashem not only for the bread, but also for the land. Yehoshua led the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel, where they had to grow their own grain and make their own bread. They now would thank Hashem not only for the food, but for the earth which made it possible to grow it!

The third bracha was set up by Dovid Hamelech and Shlomo Hamelech. There we ask Hashem for brachos for the Yidden and for Yerushalayim, where Dovid Hamelech was the king. “Al Yisroel Amecha, Ve’al Yerushalayim Irecha.” Shlomo Hamelech, who built the Beis Hamikdash, added, “Ve’al Habayis Hagadol Vehakadosh,” asking for a bracha for the Beis Hamikdash!

We will IY”H learn about the fourth bracha, which has a story behind it, in the next shiur.

See Gemara Brachos daf Mem-Ches amud beis

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kiddush

The Gemara teaches that there are ten things we should have for a Kos Shel Bracha, a kos used for a bracha, such as Kiddush or Havdalah.

Today we will learn about the first two things on this list: Shetifah and Hadacha.

A Kos Shel Bracha should be cleaned inside (shetifah), and outside (hadacha). This means that if the kos is dirty, we should rinse it and wash it, or at least wipe it clean with a napkin or cloth.

According to halacha, if the kos is already clean, we don’t need to worry about these two anymore. But in Sifrei Kabbalah, it seems that there is an inyan in Ruchnius to do this anyway. According to this, we should rinse the kos before Kiddush (or wipe it if we don’t have water), even if it is already clean.

We actually saw this by the Rebbe, that before using a Kos Shel Bracha at a farbrengen, the Rebbe would take a cloth and wipe the kos clean.

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Reish-Ayin-Alef se’if Yud-Ches, siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Beis, and Piskei Teshuvos siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Ki Besimcha

The Rebbe accepted the nesius at the farbrengen of Yud Shevat 5711. The last thing the Rebbe said before leaving this farbrengen was that Chassidim need to work together with shalom and Achdus to bring the Geulah.

The Rebbe explained the posukKi Besimcha Seitzeiu” (which was usually sung at the end of the Rebbe’s farbrengens) to show what happens when we have shalom.

1) First, a good eitza to have Shalom and Achdus is to have simcha! When we are besimcha, it is easier to have Shalom. This is hinted to in the posuk, because first we say “Besimcha Seitzeiu” (go out with simcha), and then “Uveshalom Tuvalun” (and you will be brought with shalom).

2) Sometimes things are hard for us. When we have shalom, these things not only won’t be in the way, but they will help us to do even more! We say this in the posuk, “Heharim Vehagva’os Yiftzechu Lifneichem Rina,” “the mountains and hills,” which usually block people, “will burst into song in front of you” — they will start to help you!

3) When we have shalom, the nevuos about Moshiach will come true! We hint to this in the posuk, by saying “Vechol Atzei Hasadeh Yimcha’u Chof,” that all the trees of the field will clap hands. Rashi explains that this is because the trees will ALL give fruit, which is one of the nevuos which will take place in the times of the Geulah!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Beis page 503

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